On This Day

What Happened in July 1941

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st commercial TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC
  • Jul 1 Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial

Baseball Record

Jul 1 NY outfielder Joe DiMaggio, on way to a record 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game MLB hit streak in a 9-2 win over Boston Red Sox at Yankee Stadium

  • Jul 1 WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 1 WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in NYC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 2 Joe DiMaggio hits a 3-run homer off Boston's Dick Newsome to pass Willie Keeler's MLB record 44 game hitting streak
  • Jul 2 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)

Music History

Jul 2 Noël Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London

  • Jul 4 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • Jul 4 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes

Historic Event

Jul 4 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

  • Jul 5 German occupiers disband political parties

Sports History

Jul 6 New York Yankees team unveils a monument to former captain Lou Gehrig in center field at Yankee Stadium; the future Hall of Famer died the previous month

  • Jul 7 Nazis execute 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • Jul 7 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • Jul 7 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
  • Jul 8 9th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • Jul 8 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • Jul 9 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • Jul 10 Continuation War: Finland invades East Karelia as hostilities with the Soviet Union resume following the German invasion in June
  • Jul 10 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland
  • Jul 11 German troops attack Dnjepr

PGA Championship

Jul 13 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Vic Ghezzi wins his only major title over defending champion Byron Nelson in 38 holes

  • Jul 13 Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of umpire Ray Snyder
  • Jul 13 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • Jul 14 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • Jul 14 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • Jul 14 Jam rationed in Holland
  • Jul 15 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Historic Event

Jul 15 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

  • Jul 16 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 16 Joe DiMaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
  • Jul 17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland
  • Jul 18 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • Jul 19 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Music History

Jul 19 BBC World Service begins playing V(ictory) ("...-" in Morse code) (opening of Ludwig van Beethoven's 5th symphony)

Historic Event

Jul 19 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Historic Event

Jul 19 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt appoints the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)

Film & TV History

Jul 19 Tom and Jerry first appear under their own names in cartoon "The Midnight Snack" by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera

  • Jul 20 Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17

Historic Event

Jul 20 The Guinea Pig Club forms, made of severely injured airmen treated by Archibald McIndoe at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, England [1]

  • Jul 21 200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine

Historic Event

Jul 21 Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp

  • Jul 24 FDR demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China
  • Jul 24 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
  • Jul 25 FDR bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan
  • Jul 25 41-year-old Lefty Grove wins his 300th and final MLB career game as the Boston Red Sox defeat Cleveland Indians, 10-6 at Fenway Park
  • Jul 26 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • Jul 26 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • Jul 27 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • Jul 27 German army enters Ukraine
  • Jul 27 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
  • Jul 30 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands
  • Jul 31 U-boats sink and damage 21 allied ships this month (80,521 tons)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 John Gould, British composer and musical comic
  • Jul 1 Rod Gilbert, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame right-wing, 1960-78 (NY Rangers; first NYR to have # retired), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2021)
  • Jul 1 Sally Quinn, American CBS newscaster (Morning Show), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • Jul 1 Twyla Tharp, American dancer and choreographer (Twyla Tharp Dance Troupe), born in Portland, Indiana
  • Jul 1 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist (1994 Nobel laureate for G-protein discoveries), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • Jul 1 Myron Scholes, Canadian-American financial economist (Nobel 1997), born in Timmins, Ontario
  • Jul 2 Stéphane Venne, French Canadian songwriter
  • Jul 3 Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Indian film director and cinematographer (Kathapurushan, Mathulikal), born in Mannadi, Travancore, British India
  • Jul 3 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 3 Wylie Walker Vale, American endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2012)
  • Jul 4 Brian Willson, American peace activist, born in New York
  • Jul 4 Sergio Oliva, American body builder (The Myth, IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1967-9), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2012)
  • Jul 5 Barbara Frischmuth, Austrian writer, born in Altaussee, Salzkammergut, Austria
  • Jul 7 Jim Rodford, British rock bassist (The Kinks; Argent; Zombies), born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2018)
  • Jul 7 Michael Howard, British politician
  • Jul 7 Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
  • Jul 7 Marco Bollesan, Italian rugby union number 8 (47 caps; CUS Genova, Partenope) and coach (Italy 1985-88), born in Venice, Italy (d. 2021)
  • Jul 8 Dario Gradi, Italian-born football manager
  • Jul 9 Don McPherson, American R&B singer (The Main Ingredient - "Everybody Plays the Fool"), born in Indianapolis (d. 1971)
  • Jul 9 James Scott, director (Strike it Rich)
  • Jul 9 Scotty Baesler, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Jul 9 Takehide Nakatani, Japanese lightweight judoka (Olympic gold 1964), born in Hiroshima, Japan
  • Jul 10 Ian Whitcomb, English rocker (You Turn Me On), born in Woking, Surrey (d. 2020)
  • Jul 10 Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30), born in Komarovka, Belarus
  • Jul 10 Robert Pine, American actor (Joe Getraer-CHiPs), born in Scarsdale, New York
  • Jul 10 David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Jul 10 Jake Eberts, Canadian film producer (Chariots of Fire; Dances with Wolves), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2012)
  • Jul 11 Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver
  • Jul 12 Joseph Whipp, American actor (Escape from Alcatraz), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 13 Grahame Corling, Australian cricket fast bowler (5 Tests, 12 wickets, BB 4/60; NSW CA), born in Newcastle, Australia
  • Jul 13 Jacques Perrin, French actor (Cinema Paradiso, 317th Platoon) and filmmaker, born in Paris, France
  • Jul 13 Lut[guard] Tomsin, actress/director (Knock on the Door)
  • Jul 13 Robert Forster [Foster], American actor (Medium Cool, Jackie Brown), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2019)
  • Jul 13 Steve Gibbons, British singer-songwriter, guitarist, and record producer (The Ugly's - "Wake Up My Mind"; solo - "Tulane"), born in Harbourne, Birmingham, England
  • Jul 14 Tatyana Kuznetsova, Soviet cosmonaut (youngest person selected for space training at 20 but never flew), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2018)
  • Jul 14 Maulana Karenga, American author and activist, born in Parsonburg, Maryland
  • Jul 14 Andreas Khol, Austrian politician, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
  • Jul 15 Geoffrey Burgon, British jazz trumpeter, and film, television and concert composer (City Adventures), born in Hampshire, England (d. 2010)
  • Jul 16 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • Jul 16 Hans Wiegel, Dutch commissioner of the queen (Frisia), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 16 Jan Krajenbrink, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oostwold, Netherlands
  • Jul 16 Mišo Kovač, Croatian musician (Mojoj vjernoj publici), born in Tribunj, Croatia
  • Jul 17 Bob Taylor, English cricket wicketkeeper (57 Tests, 174 dismissals, 3 x 50s; Derbyshire CCC), born in Stoke-on-Trent, England
  • Jul 17 Daryle Lamonica, American football quarterback (Pro Bowl 1970, 72; AFL MVP 1967, 69; Oakland Raiders, Buffalo Bills), born in Fresno, California (d. 2022)
  • Jul 17 Morimichi Takagi, Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman (NPB All-Star 1966–67, 73, 79; Chunichi Dragons), born in Gifu, Japan (d. 2020)
  • Jul 18 Jack Jersey, Indonesian-Dutch singer and producer, born in Cimahi, Indonesia (d. 1997)
  • Jul 18 Lonnie Mack, American rocker (Baby What's Wrong), born in Aurora, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Jul 18 Martha Reeves, American singer (Martha & the Vandellas - "Dancing in the Street"), born in Eufaula, Alabama
  • Jul 19 Jennifer Dunn, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Washington), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2007)
  • Jul 19 Jerry Huckaby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Hodge, Jackson Parish Louisiana
  • Jul 19 Natalia Bessmertnova, Soviet ballerina (Bolshoi, Lenin Prize 1970), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2008)
  • Jul 19 Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician (VVD) and Minister of Traffic, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 19 Phil Upchurch, American jazz, blues, and session guitarist ("You Can't Sit Down"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 20 Vladimir Afanasiyevich Lyakhov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 32/34, T-9, TM-6)
  • Jul 20 Kurt Raab, German actor (d. 1988)
  • Jul 21 Jim Bates, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-91) 1st to be censured for sexual harassment, born in Denver, Colorado
  • Jul 21 Ken Cory, American actor (The Candidate; Without A Trace), born in Hanover, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)
  • Jul 22 George Clinton, rocker (Parliament-Funkadelic), born in Kannapolis, North Carolina
  • Jul 22 Susie Berning, American golfer (US Women's Open 1968, 72-73, Western Open 1965), born in Pasadena, California
  • Jul 22 Ron Turcotte, Canadian jockey
  • Jul 23 Richie Evans, American auto racer (9 x NASCAR Modified Champion 1973, 78-85), born in Westernville, New York (d. 1985)
  • Jul 23 Sergio Mattarella, Italian politician and President of Italy (2015-), born in Palermo, Italy
  • Jul 24 Barbara Love, American soul singer (Friends of Distinction), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 24 Tony Dunne, Irish soccer left-back (33 caps, Republic of Ireland; Manchester United; Bolton Wanderers; Irish Footballer of the Year 1969), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2020)

Nate Thurmond

Jul 25 Nate Thurmond, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (7-time NBA All Star), born in Akron, Ohio (d.2016)

  • Jul 25 Raúl Ruiz, Chilean filmmaker (Three Sad Tigers), born in Puerto Montt, Chile (d. 2011)
  • Jul 25 Peter Suschitzky, Polish-British cinematographer and photographer, born in London

Emmett Till

Jul 25 Emmett Till, American lynching victim, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1955)

  • Jul 25 Manuel "Manny" Charlton, Spanish hard rock guitarist (Nazareth - "Love Hurts"), born in La Línea, Andalusia, Spain
  • Jul 26 Brenton Wood [Alfred Smith], American rock musician ("Gimme Little Sign"), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • Jul 26 Darlene Love [Wright], American singer ("He's a Rebel"; "Christmas (Baby Please Come Home)"), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 27 Andrew McMaster, Scottish keyboardist, and songwriter (The Motors - "Airport"; "Tenement Steps"), born in Calton, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jul 27 Johannes Fritsch, German composer, born in Bensheim, Germany (d. 2010)
  • Jul 28 Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1980-92; La Scala, 1986-2005; Chicago Symphony 2010-present), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy
  • Jul 29 David Warner, English actor (Star Trek VI, Time Bandits), born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • Jul 30 Count Desmond [Edward Benjamin], Binghamton NY, sword swallower
  • Jul 30 Paul Anka, Canadian singer (Put Your Head on My Shoulder), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jul 31 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, born in Surat, India (d. 2004)
  • Jul 31 Heather McKay, Australian squash player (British Open 1962-77, inaugural women's World Open 1976), born in Queanbeyan, NSW
  • Jul 31 Gerry Philbin, American NFL defensive end (All-time All-AFL Team; NY Jets), born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island

Famous Weddings

William Holden

Jul 12 Actor William Holden (23) weds actress Brenda Marshall (25) in Las Vegas

Judy Garland

Jul 27 American singer and actress Judy Garland (19) weds British-American musician David Rose (31); divorce in 1944


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • Jul 5 Oskar Fried, German-Russian composer, dies at 69
  • Jul 8 Philippe Gaubert, French flautist, conductor (Paris Opéra, 1919-41), composer, and teacher (Paris Conservatoire), dies of a stroke at 62
  • Jul 8 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • Jul 10 Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton [LeMothe], American jazz pioneer pianist and composer ("King Porter Stomp"), dies at 56
  • Jul 11 Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (discovered the Minoan palace of Knossos in Crete), dies at 90
  • Jul 17 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), dies at 62
  • Jul 18 Dionyssios Lavrangas, composer, dies at 80
  • Jul 20 Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (b. 1867)
  • Jul 21 Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet, dies at 68
  • Jul 26 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • Jul 26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • Jul 26 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), dies at 44
  • Jul 26 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
  • Jul 27 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, dies at 83
  • Jul 29 James Stephenson, British actor (Letter, Espionage Agent, Nancy Drew), dies at 52