On This Day

What Happened in October 1941

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Dmitri Shostakovich evacuated by plane to Moscow

  • Oct 1 H Martin/R Blane's musical "Best Foot Forward" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 2 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • Oct 2 Germans launch attack on Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Oct 3 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • Oct 3 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 3 "The Maltese Falcon" directed by John Huston and based off Dashiell Hammett's 1929 novel of the same name, starring Humphrey Bogart and Mary Astor, premieres in New York City

  • Oct 5 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Mickey Owens drops a 3rd strike and Tom Hendrick reaches 1st safely for Yankees for a famous Baseball World Series error; would have been last out, instead Yankees score 4 and win 7-4; win series, 4-1
  • Oct 6 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • Oct 6 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1, in 38th World Series
  • Oct 7 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • Oct 8 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins

USAManhattan Project

Oct 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves an atomic program that would become the Manhattan Project

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • Oct 9 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • Oct 10 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing

  • Oct 11 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • Oct 12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • Oct 13 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children and old people
  • Oct 14 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • Oct 15 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Oct 15 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • Oct 16 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • Oct 16 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia during the siege of Odessa, part of the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union

Soviet Sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko
Soviet Sniper
Lyudmila Pavlichenko
  • Oct 17 USS Kearney becomes the 1st US destroyer torpedoed in World War II, while the country is still officially neutral
  • Oct 18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • Oct 19 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
  • Oct 20 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 23 Walt Disney's animated film "Dumbo" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Oct 25 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa, Ukraine
  • Oct 25 Germany attacks Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Oct 27 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 28 "How Green Was My Valley" based on the novel by Richard Llewellyn, directed by John Ford and starring Walter Pidgeon and Maureen O'Hara premieres in New York (Best Picture 1942)

Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 29 Cole Porter's musical "Let's Face It" premieres in New York City

Composer and Lyricist Cole Porter
Composer and Lyricist
Cole Porter
  • Oct 31 Mount Rushmore Monument is completed in South Dakota, designed by Gutzon Borglum
  • Oct 31 Prior to US joining WWII, German submarine U-552 torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James near Iceland
  • Oct 31 Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Ron Meagher, American rock bassist (The Beau Brummels), born in Oakland, California
  • Oct 2 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2017)

Person of interestChubby Checker

Oct 3 Chubby Checker [Ernest Evans], American singer-songwriter (The Twist, Limbo Rock), born in Spring Gully, South Carolina.

Singer and Dancer Chubby Checker
Singer and Dancer
Chubby Checker

Person of interestAnne Rice

Oct 4 Anne Rice, author (Interview with a Vampire), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice
  • Oct 4 Lori Saunders, Kansas City Mo (Petticoat Junction, Dusty Trails)
  • Oct 4 Roy Blount, Jr., American writer
  • Oct 4 Jerrel Wilson, American NFL punter (Pro Bowl 1970-72; Super Bowl 1970; KC Chiefs), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2005)
  • Oct 5 Ricardo Hoffmann, marathon swimmer (299 miles)
  • Oct 5 Eduardo Duhalde, President of Argentina (2002-03), born in Lomas de Zamora, Greater Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Oct 7 Martin Murray, English rocker (Honeycombs), born in London, England
  • Oct 7 Larry Young [Khalid Yasin], American jazz musician (Unity), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1978)
  • Oct 7 John Ford Noonan, American playwright (A Coupla White Chicks Sitting Around Talking), born in Stamford, Connecticut (d. 2018)
  • Oct 7 Boris Gaganelov, Bulgarian soccer defender (51 caps; CSKA Sofia 350 games), born in Petrich, Bulgaria (d. 2020)
  • Oct 7 Enrique Antonio "Tony" Silvester, Panamanian-American R&B singer-songwriter (The Main Ingredient - "Everybody Plays the Fool"), born in Panama (d. 2006)
  • Oct 8 Jesse Jackson, American clergyman and Democratic presidential candidate (1984, 88), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Oct 9 Trent Lott, American politician (Rep-R-MS, 1973-1989, Senator-R-MS 1989-2007), born in Grenada, Mississippi
  • Oct 9 Brian Lamb, American founder of c-span, born in Lafayette, Indiana
  • Oct 9 Chucho Valdés [Jesús Valdés Rodríguez], Cuban musician (Orquesta Cubana de Música Moderna), born in Quivicán, Cuba
  • Oct 10 Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigerian writer and environmentalist, born in Bori, Nigeria (d. 1995)
  • Oct 10 Laurence Henry Tribe, Harvard Law professor, born in Shanghai, China
  • Oct 10 Peter Coyote [Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon], American actor (ET, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 11 Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter, born in Frederick, Maryland (d. 1999)
  • Oct 11 Charles Shyer, American film director (Private Benjamin), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 12 Craig Washington, American politician (Rep-D-Texas), born in Longview, Texas
  • Oct 12 Michael Mansfield, English barrister, born in London
  • Oct 13 John Snow, English cricketer (fiery England quickie Unpopular with Aussies), born in Peopleton, Worcestershire, England
  • Oct 13 Paul Simon, American singer-songwriter and actor ("Kodachrome"; "One-Trick Pony"; "Graceland"), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Oct 13 Neil Aspinall, British music executive (The Beatles), born in Prestatyn, Wales (d. 2008)
  • Oct 14 Jim Courter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • Oct 14 Art Shamsky, American baseball player, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Oct 14 Alexander Burdonsky, Russian theater director and Joseph Stalin's grandson, born in Samara, Russia (d. 2017)
  • Oct 16 Derek David Bourgeois, British composer, conductor and educator (National Youth Chamber Orchestra) born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 2017)
  • Oct 16 Erkki Jokinen, Finnish classical composer, noted for his embrace of the accordion, born in Tervakoski, Finland
  • Oct 16 Tim McCarver, baseball catcher (Phils, Mets)/sportscaster (ABC, CBS)
  • Oct 17 Alan Howard, British rock bassist (Brian Poole & The Tremeloes - "Do You Love Me?")
  • Oct 17 Earl Thomas Conley, American country singer (Too Many Times), born in Portsmouth, Ohio
  • Oct 17 Jim Seals, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and fiddler (Seals & Crofts - "Summer Breeze"), born in Sidney, Texas
  • Oct 17 Viden Apostolov, Bulgarian soccer defender (22 caps; PFC Botev Plovdiv 429 games), born in Novi Iskar, Bulgaria (d. 2020)
  • Oct 19 Simon Ward, actor (4 Musketeers, 4 Feathers), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • Oct 21 Marina Ripa, countess/writer (My First 40 Years), born in Rome, Italy
  • Oct 21 Steve Cropper, American rock and soul guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Booker T & MGs; Otis Redding; The Blues Brothers), born in Willow Springs, Missouri
  • Oct 22 Charles Keating, English actor (Carl Hutchins-Another World), born in London, England, (d. 2014)
  • Oct 23 Colin Milburn, cricketer (England bat whose career was cut short)
  • Oct 23 Igor Smirnov, Moldovan politician
  • Oct 23 Mel Winkler, American actor (Devil in a Blue Dress), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2020)
  • Oct 24 Frank Aendenboom, Flemish actor (Lion of Flanders), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2018)
  • Oct 24 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), born in Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • Oct 25 Anne Tyler, American writer (Accidental Tourist), born in Hennepin County, Minnesota
  • Oct 25 Bobby Keetch, English footballer and entrepreneur, born in Tottenham, North London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 25 Helen Reddy, Australian-American rock vocalist ("I Am Woman"; "You And Me Against The World"), born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (d. 2020) [1]
  • Oct 26 Harald Nielsen, Danish soccer player (Olympic silver 1960), born in Frederikshavn, Denmark (d. 2015)
  • Oct 27 Dick Trickle, American race car driver, born in Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin (d. 2013)
  • Oct 28 Curtis Lee, American singer (Pretty Little Angel Eyes), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 2015)
  • Oct 28 Glen Moore, American jazz bassist and composer, born in Portland, Oregon
  • Oct 28 Hank Marvin [Brian Rankin], English rocker (the Shadows), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England
  • Oct 28 John Hallam, British character actor, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2006)
  • Oct 28 André Quilis, French rugby union flanker (5 caps; RC Narbonne), born in Coursan, France (d. 2020)
  • Oct 29 Brian Yuile, New Zealand cricketer (NZ slow left-armer took 34 wkts in 17 Tests), born in Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Oct 30 Otis Williams [Otis Miles], American singer and songwriter (The Temptations - "Just My Imagination"), born in Texarkana, Texas
  • Oct 30 Jim Ray Hart, American baseball player (Giants), born in Hookerton, North Carolina (d. 2016)
  • Oct 31 Lucas Brown Jackson, American basketball player (Olympic gold 1964), born in San Marcos, Texas
  • Oct 31 Derek Bell, British racing driver, born in Pinner, Middlesex, England
  • Oct 31 Dan Alderson, American scientist (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) and sci-fi fandom figure, (d. 1989)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 13 NFL halfback Red Grange (38) weds flight attendant Margaret Hazelberg

NFL Legend Red Grange
NFL Legend
Red Grange

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Wilhelm Kienzl, Austria composer (Kuhreigen), dies at 84
  • Oct 5 Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States, dies at 84
  • Oct 9 Helen Morgan, American singer, actress, dies of liver ailment at 41
  • Oct 12 Harry Micajah Daugherty, American politician, lawyer and political manager accused of corruption, dies at 81
  • Oct 13 GJ Berenschot, general/supreme commander Dutch East Indies army, dies
  • Oct 17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
  • Oct 18 Dirk Fock, Dutch politician and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1921-26), dies at 83
  • Oct 18 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal, dies at 81
  • Oct 20 Ken Farnes (WWII) 15 Tests for England, cricketer (60 wickets), dies
  • Oct 25 Robert Delaunay, French artist, dies at 56
  • Oct 26 Arkady Gaidar, Russian Soviet children's writer, killed in combat at 37
  • Oct 26 Victor Schertzinger, American composer and director (Uptown NY), dies at 53
  • Oct 27 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist (physiology of development, fertilization, cell division), dies of pancreatic cancer at 58
  • Oct 29 Harvey Hendrick, American baseball player (b. 1897)
  • Oct 31 Herwarth Walden, German art writer and critic, dies in a Soviet prison at 63