On This Day

What Happened in September 1941

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
  • Sep 2 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • Sep 3 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • Sep 3 KYW TV channel 3 in Philadelphia, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 4 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • Sep 4 New York Yankees clinch their 3rd straight AL pennant; beat the Red Sox, 6-3; earliest date in baseball history a team has captured a flag
  • Sep 6 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
  • Sep 6 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 7 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: 1939 champion Bobby Riggs beats Frank Kovacs 5-7, 6-1, 6-3, 6-3

  • Sep 7 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Sarah Palfrey Cooke beats fellow American Pauline Betz Addie 7-5, 6-2; sweeps all 3 women's titles

Siege of Leningrad

Sep 8 WWII: Siege of Leningrad by German, Finnish, and eventually Spanish troops begins; battle lasted over 28 months, as Russia repels the invasion; well over a million lives

  • Sep 8 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by German forces begins
  • Sep 8 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated

Historic Event

Sep 11 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

Historic Event

Sep 11 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Historic Event

Sep 11 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

  • Sep 12 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • Sep 15 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania
  • Sep 16 German armoured troops surround Kyiv, Ukraine

Historic Event

Sep 16 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

  • Sep 16 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto

Sports History

Sep 17 Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4

  • Sep 17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • Sep 17 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)

Meeting of Interest

Sep 17 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

Meeting of Interest

Sep 19 1st meeting of partisan leaders Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

  • Sep 19 German army conquers Kiev
  • Sep 19 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
  • Sep 22 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • Sep 23 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • Sep 23 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • Sep 23 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • Sep 24 Nine Allied governments pledge adherence to the common principles of policy set forth in the Atlantic Charter
  • Sep 24 Bomb explosion in German headquarter in Hotel Continental in Kiev
  • Sep 25 Brooklyn Dodgers win their 1st pennant in 21 years

Historic Event

Sep 27 US President Roosevelt launches the 1st Liberty ship, freighter SS Patrick Henry

Appointment of Interest

Sep 27 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general (Gruppenfuehrer)

  • Sep 28 Phillies lose club record 111th game

Sports History

Sep 28 Ted Williams ended the baseball season with .406 batting avg

Boxing Title Fight

Sep 29 Joe Louis TKOs Lou Nova in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Sep 29 Million jam downtown Brooklyn to cheer NL champ Dodgers in a parade
  • Sep 29 Nazi massacre at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine begins, 33,771 mostly Jews murdered
  • Sep 30 Approximately 33,771 Jews are shot to death or buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine by Nazi troops over two days
  • Sep 30 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 John Van Hamersveld, American graphic artist of album covers, movie and concert posters, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Sep 2 John Thompson, American Basketball Hall of Fame center, coach and broadcaster (NBA C'ship 1965, 66, Boston Celtics; coach NCAA C'ship 1984, Georgetown), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2020)
  • Sep 2 Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league fullback, captain and coach (24 Tests; St. George RLFC; ARL "Immortal"), born in Wollongong, Australia (d. 2018)
  • Sep 3 Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer, born in Ufa, Republic of Bashkiria (d. 1990)
  • Sep 3 Billy Hawks [Hawkes], American R&B and jazz Hammond B3 organist, born in Richmond, Virginia
  • Sep 4 Marilena Chaui, Brazilian philosopher, born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • Sep 4 Sushilkumar Shinde, Indian politician (Minister of Home Affairs, 2012-14), born in Solapur, India
  • Sep 4 Joanna Van Gyseghem, English actress, born in Tunbridge Wells, England
  • Sep 4 Ramesh Sethi, Kenyan cricketer, born in Kenya
  • Sep 4 Ken Harrelson, American baseball utility (MLB All Star; AL RBI leader 1968; KC A's, Boston Red Sox) and broadcaster (Boston Red Sox, NY Yankees, Chicago White Sox), born in Woodruff, South Carolina
  • Sep 4 Aleksandar Shalamanov, Bulgarian soccer defender (42 caps; PFC Slavia Sofia) and alpine skier (Winter Olympics 1960), born in Boyana, Bulgaria (d. 2021)
  • Sep 4 Alfons Dirnberger, Austrian soccer midfielder (3 caps; FC Austria Wien), born in Tulin, Austria (d. 2022)
  • Sep 6 Monica Mason, England's ballerina, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Sep 6 Willibrord Frequin, Dutch television reporter, born in Arnhem, Netherlands
  • Sep 6 Michael "Micky" Waller, British blues and rock drummer (Long John Baldry; Jeff Beck Group), born in Hammersmith, London, England (d. 2008)
  • Sep 7 Mogoboya Noko Nelson Ramodike, South African politician in Lebowa (d. 2012)
  • Sep 8 Alan Feinstein, American actor (Max-Berrengers, Family Tree), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 8 Donald "Dante" Drowty, American singer (The Evergreens), born in Los Angeles, California

Bernie Sanders

Sep 8 Bernie Sanders, American politician (Rep-(Independent)-Vermont 1991-2007, Senator-(I)-Vermont 2007-), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Sep 9 Karin von Aroldingen, German ballet dancer (NYC Ballet Co), born in Griez, Germany (d. 2018)
  • Sep 9 Curtis Otto Bismark Curtis-Smith, American pianist, composer, and educator, born in Walla Walla, Washington (d. 2014)
  • Sep 9 Les Braid, England, bass (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)

Otis Redding

Sep 9 Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter ("(Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay"; "Respect"), born in Dawson, Georgia (d. 1967)

  • Sep 9 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist (created C programming language, helped developed Unix), born in Bronxville, New York (d. 2011)
  • Sep 10 Pyotr I Klimuk, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30)

Stephen Jay Gould

Sep 10 Stephen Jay Gould, American paleontologist and popular science writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)

  • Sep 10 Gunpei Yokoi, Japanese inventor and video game designer (d. 1997)
  • Sep 12 Hans-Karsten Raecke, German composer, born in Rostock, Germany
  • Sep 13 David Clayton-Thomas [Thomsett], Canadian singer (Blood, Sweat & Tears - "Spinning Wheel"), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England
  • Sep 13 Tadao Ando, Japanese self-taught architect (Church of the Light), born in Osaka, Japan
  • Sep 13 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish politician (10th President of Turkey), born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • Sep 14 Alberto Naranjo, Venezuelan jazz drummer, composer and arranger, born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 2020)
  • Sep 15 Signe Toly Anderson, American singer, founding member of Jefferson Airplane ("Chauffeur Blues"), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2016)
  • Sep 15 Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 30), born in Lipniki, Reichskommissariat Ukraine, German-occupied Poland
  • Sep 15 Flórián Albert 'the Emperor', Hungarian footballer, born in Hercegszántó, Hungary (d. 2011)
  • Sep 15 Yuri Norstein, Russian animator (Hedgehog in the Fog), born in Andreyevka, Russia
  • Sep 16 Jim McBride, American director and actor (Hot Times, Breathless, Big Easy), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 16 Joe Butler, American rock vocalist and drummer (Lovin' Spoonful), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • Sep 16 Tommy Carberry, Irish jockey (d. 2017)
  • Sep 16 Richard Perle, American political advisor, born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 17 Bob Matsui, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-2005), born in Sacramento, California (d. 2005)
  • Sep 17 William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (Olympic gold 1948), born in Stockholm (d. 2012)
  • Sep 17 Nils Arne Eggen, Norwegian soccer defender (29 caps; Rosenborg, Vålerengen FC) and manager (Norway; Rosenborg), born in Orkdal, Norway (d. 2022)
  • Sep 18 Clive Burton, British neuropathologist (d. 1996)
  • Sep 18 Hafliði Hallgrímsson, Icelandic cellist, and composer (Herma), born in Akureyri, Iceland
  • Sep 19 Mariangela Melato, Italian actress (Swept Away; Flash Gordon: Summer Night), born in Milan, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Sep 19 "Mama" Cass Elliot, American pop vocalist (Mamas & The Papas - "California Dreaming"; "Mondy, Monday"; solo -"Dream A little Dream Of Me"), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1974)
  • Sep 19 Jim Fox, British pentathlete (Olympics gold 1972), born in Pewsey, Wiltshire, England
  • Sep 19 Umberto Bossi, Italian politician (leader of the Northern League), born in Cassano Magnago, Italy
  • Sep 20 Dale Chihuly, American glass sculptor (Louis Tiffany Award 1967), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Sep 20 John Wismont, American watercolor painter (over 50,000), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 20 Sylvester [J. Pussycat Sr.,], Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Friz Freleng (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Notes to You"
  • Sep 21 Tony Moon, American doo-wop singer, arranger, guitarist (Dante & the Evergreens - "Alley Oop"), producer, and songwriter ("Soldier of Love"), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 21 R. James Woolsey, Jr., American lawyer and director of Central Intelligence Agency, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Sep 21 Jack Brisco, American pro wrestler (NWA World Heavyweight Champion 1973–75), born in Seminole, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Sep 22 Cesare Salvadori, Italian fencer (Olympic gold sabre team 1972; silver 1964, 68), born in Turin, Italy (d. 2021)
  • Sep 22 Jeremiah Wright, American pastor (f Trinity United Church of Christ), born in Philadelphia, Pennslyvania
  • Sep 24 John Mackey, American NFL tight end (Baltimore Colts, San Diego Chargers), born in Roosevelt, New York (d. 2011)

Linda McCartney

Sep 24 Linda McCartney (née Eastman), American photographer, musician (Wings), and 1st wife of Paul McCartney, born in New York City (d. 1998)

  • Sep 24 Tony Rutter, British motorcycle road racer (Formula Two World C'ship 1981-84; 7 x Isle of Man TT Races), born in Wordsley, England (d. 2020)
  • Sep 26 Joe Bauer, American rock drummer (Youngbloods - "Let's Get Together"), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Sep 26 Martine Beswick, English actress (Dr Jekyll & Sister Hyde), born in Port Antonio, Jamaica
  • Sep 26 Salvatore Accardo, Italian violinist and conductor, born in Turin, Italy
  • Sep 27 Roger Claessen, Belgian soccer striker (17 caps; Standard de Liège), born in Warsage, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Sep 27 Serge Ménard, Québécois politician
  • Sep 27 Peter Bonetti, English soccer goalkeeper (7 caps; World Cup 1966; Chelsea 600 games), born in London, England (d. 2020)
  • Sep 28 Charley Taylor, American Pro Football HOF wide receiver and running back (8 × Pro Bowl; First-team All-Pro 1967; Washington Redskins), born in Grand Prairie, Texas (d. 2022)
  • Sep 28 Edmund Stoiber, German politician
  • Sep 29 David Steele, British cricketer (England batsman, courageous v Lillee 1975), born in Bradeley, Stoke-on-Trent, England
  • Sep 29 Don Nix, American 'Memphis Soul' saxophonist (Last Night), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Sep 29 Kermit Zarley, American golfer, author (Canadian Open 1970), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Sep 29 Frederick "Fred" West, British contractor and serial killer (12 charges of murder), born in Herefordshire, England (d. 1995)
  • Sep 29 Jon Brower Minnoch, American, world's heaviest recorded man at 1,400lb (635 kilograms; 100 stone), born in Bainbridge Island, Washington recorded man (d. 1983)

Famous Weddings

  • Sep 11 Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 1 Benjamin Dwight, American tennis championship umpire, dies
  • Sep 1 "Kansas City" Frank [Melrose], American jazz and blues pianist, killed in a bar fight in Hammond, Indiana at 33
  • Sep 6 Hugo Loudon, president-director (Royal Oil), dies at 81
  • Sep 9 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, dies at 85
  • Sep 9 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), dies at 72
  • Sep 29 Friedrich Angel, German mathematician (group theory), dies at 79