On This Day

What Happened in April 1942

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on Japanese occupied harbor city Kupang, Timor, Indonesia
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Apr 2 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Dorothy Kirby retains title by 5 strokes ahead of Eileen Stulb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Arnold Schoenberg & Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan

Sport awardUS Masters Golf

Apr 13 9th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Byron Nelson wins an 18-hole playoff by 1 stroke over runner-up Ben Hogan

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein

  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 18 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 3-1 for a 4-3 series win; Toronto recovers after losing first 3 games
  • Apr 20 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith in 2:26:51.2
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Alan Blakley, British guitarist and record producer (The Tremeloes - "Here Comes My Baby"; "Silence Is Golden"), born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 1 Danny Brooks [Jim Mealey], American pop bass vocalist (The Dovells - "Bristol Stomp"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 197?)
  • Apr 1 Phil Margo, American rock vocalist (Tokens - "The Lion Sleeps Tonight"), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 1 Samuel R. Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron; Neveryona), born in Harlem, New York
  • Apr 2 Leon Russell [Claude Russell Bridges], American musician and singer-songwriter ("Tight Rope"; "Delta Lady"; "Carney"), born in Lawton, Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • Apr 2 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • Apr 2 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef who specializes in French cuisine (Iron Chef), born in Izumi, Kagoshima, Japan
  • Apr 2 Roshan Seth, Indian-born British actor (Mississippi Masala), born in Patna, Bihar, India
  • Apr 2 Terry Holland, American college basketball coach (Davidson, Virginia) and athletics administrator (Davidson, Virginia, East Carolina), born in Clinton, North Carolina
  • Apr 3 Billy Joe Royal, American country and pop singer ("Down in the Boondocks"), born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 2015)
  • Apr 3 Marsha Mason, American actress (Blume in Love, Cinderella Liberty), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Apr 3 Michael Elliott, American skier (Olympics 1968), born in Durango, Colorado
  • Apr 3 Rick Sylvester, Hollywood stuntman, parachute ski jumper (world record 3,300')
  • Apr 3 Wayne Newton, American singer and entertainer (Daddy, Don't You Walk So Fast), born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • Apr 3 Marek Perepeczko, Polish actor (Janosik), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • Apr 3 Herb “Herbie” Greene, American photographer best known for his portraits for rock and roll luminaries (The Grateful Dead), born in Indio, California
  • Apr 4 Kitty Kelley, American journalist and author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra), born in Spokane, Washington
  • Apr 4 Kris Jensen, American musician (Torture), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Apr 5 Allan Clarke, British rock vocalist (Hollies - "Air That I Breathe"), born in Salford, Lancashire, England
  • Apr 5 Arthur Barrett, West Indian cricketer (WI leggie early 70's), born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Apr 5 Peter Greenaway, Welsh film director, born in Newport, Wales
  • Apr 5 Peter Magowan, American businessman, MLB owner (SF Giants), born in NYC, NY (d. 2019)
  • Apr 6 Barry Levinson, American Academy Award-winning film director, and screenwriter (Diner; Rain Man; Good Morning, Vietnam), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Apr 6 Phil Austin, American comedian (Firesign Theater)
  • Apr 6 Anita Pallenberg, Italian model and actress credited as the muse of the Rolling Stones, born in Rome, Italy (d. 2017)
  • Apr 7 Edda Barends, actress (Arthur & Eva)
  • Apr 7 Jeetendra, Indian actor
  • Apr 7 Nick Drake-Lee, English rugby union prop (8 caps; Leicester Tigers), born in Kettering, England (d. 2021)
  • Apr 8 Douglas Trumbull, American film director (Silent Running, Brainstorm), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 8 Eduard Visser, Dutch writer (Fyffes are now called Chiquita)
  • Apr 8 Roger Chapman, British progressive rock vocalist (Family - "In My Own Time"), born in Leicester, England
  • Apr 9 Brandon De Wilde, American actor (Jamie; Wild in the Sky), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)
  • Apr 9 Earl Hilliard, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Apr 10 Ian Callaghan, English footballer, born in Toxteth, Liverpool, England
  • Apr 10 Nick Auf der Maur, Canadian journalist and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1998)
  • Apr 11 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5), born in Enem, Russia (d. 2014)

Person of interestJacob Zuma

Apr 12 Jacob Zuma, South African politician, President of South Africa (2009-18), born in Nkandla, South Africa

President of South Africa Jacob Zuma
President of South Africa
Jacob Zuma
  • Apr 12 Bill Bryden, British stage and film director, born in Greenock, Scotland
  • Apr 12 Daniel Schmidt, American composer and builder of American gamelan
  • Apr 12 Frank Bank, American actor (Lumpy-Leave it to Beaver), born in Hollywood, California (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 Carlos Reutemann, Argentine racing driver (Formula One) and politician, born in Santa Fe, Argentina
  • Apr 13 Bill Conti, American film score composer (Rocky, The Right Stuff), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Apr 13 Ataol Behramoğlu, Turkish poet and writer, born in Çatalca, Istanbul Province, Turkey
  • Apr 14 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • Apr 15 Walt Hazzard, American basketball player (Olympic gold 1964), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2011)
  • Apr 15 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • Apr 15 Kenneth Lay, American CEO and Chairman of Enron, born in Tyrone, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Apr 16 Jim Lonborg, American MLB pitcher (AL Cy Young 1967), born in Santa Maria, California
  • Apr 17 Mario Brenta, Italian writer and director (Maicol, Barnabo of the Mountains), born in Venice, Italy
  • Apr 17 David Bradley, British actor (Walder Frey-Game of Thrones), born in York, Yorkshire
  • Apr 18 Jochen Rindt, Austrian auto racer (posthumous World F1 title 1970), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Apr 18 Steve Blass, American professional baseball player, born in Canaan, Connecticut
  • Apr 19 Alan Price, English rock keyboardist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun), born in Fatfield, Washington, England
  • Apr 19 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist and photographer, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (disappeared in 1975).
  • Apr 19 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur (founder, CEO, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing), born in Covington, Kentucky
  • Apr 19 Edwin "Eddie" Kramer, South African-British recording engineer, producer and photographer (Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Kiss, Rolling Stones, David Bowie, The Beatles), born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • Apr 21 Bobby McClure, US gospel singer (Don't Mess Up a Good Thing)
  • Apr 22 Denis Lill, New Zealand-born British actor (Only Fools and Horses), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • Apr 23 Sandra Dee [Alexandra Zuck], American actress (Gidget, Imitation of Life), born in Bayonne, New Jersey (d. 2005)

Person of interestBarbra Streisand

Apr 24 Barbra Streisand, American singer, actress and award winner (People), born in Brooklyn, New York

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Apr 24 Richard M. Daley, American politician, 43rd Mayor of Chicago (1989-2011), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 24 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian pilot cosmonaut, born in Yangiyul, Tashkent
  • Apr 25 John Martin Dalby, Scottish composer, born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • Apr 25 Jon Kyl, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona (1987-95), born in Oakland, Nebraska
  • Apr 26 Bobby Rydell, American rock singer (Wild One, Bye Bye Birdie), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 26 Claudine Auger, French actress (Thunderball) and Miss France (1958), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 26 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Naifeld, Sumy (d. 1992)
  • Apr 26 Jim Lambright, American college football coach (University of Washington 1993-98; 44–25–1 record), born in Everett, Washington (d. 2020)
  • Apr 27 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18), born in Tula, Russia
  • Apr 27 John Shrapnel, English actor, born in Birmingham, Warwickshire
  • Apr 27 James Lee "Jim" Keltner, American drummer, described as "the leading session drummer in America", born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Apr 28 Mike Brearley, English cricketer (outstanding England captain 1977-81), born in Harrow, Middlesex, England
  • Apr 29 Galina Kulakova, Soviet nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1972), born in Logachi, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 Albert Siklós, Hungarian composer, dies at 63
  • Apr 3 Paul Gilson, Belgian composer, dies at 76
  • Apr 8 Alfred Mombert, German poet, dies at 70
  • Apr 8 Kostas Skarvelis, Greek songwriter (b. 1880)
  • Apr 12 Johannes E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 80
  • Apr 13 Henk Sneevliet, Dutch Communist, executed at 58
  • Apr 15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61

Person of interestHugh S. Johnson

Apr 15 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration & member of FDR's Brain Trust, dies of pneumonia at 60

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • Apr 15 Joshua Pim, Irish tennis player (Wimbledon 1893-94), dies at 72
  • Apr 17 Jean Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
  • Apr 18 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor & art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), dies at 67

Person of interestLucy Maud Montgomery

Apr 24 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • Apr 24 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • Apr 25 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • Apr 30 Catherine Murphy Urner, American composer, dies at 51
  • Apr 30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)