What Happened in July 1942

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 WWI: German troops conquer Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, Crimea, after a 250 battle; Russia takes it back in 1944

Historic Event

Jul 3 Adolf Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine

  • Jul 3 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • Jul 4 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)

Historic Event

Jul 4 Siege of Sevastopol ends with the surrender of Soviet forces and after massive German bombing raids that leave just 11 city buildings undamaged

  • Jul 4 US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins
  • Jul 5 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Chôros 6/9/11
  • Jul 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • Jul 6 10th MLB All Star Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, NYC, AL runs are homers

Historic Event

Jul 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam

  • Jul 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • Jul 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj

Knighthood

Jul 7 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

Sports History

Jul 7 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) loses to AL all stars 5-0

Historic Event

Jul 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish women in Ravensbrück concentration camp, in northern Germany

  • Jul 10 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • Jul 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • Jul 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • Jul 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • Jul 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Jul 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • Jul 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • Jul 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • Jul 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record); flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Transport #6 departs Pithiviers, France with 928 French Jews sent to Aushwitz Concentration camp; 45 survive until the war's end
  • Jul 18 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
  • Jul 18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • Jul 19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and The Hague

Music Premiere

Jul 19 US première of Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony in NYC by the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini in a concert broadcast nationwide on NBC radio

  • Jul 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • Jul 20 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy taking 8-8; West Indian cricket domestic first class record
  • Jul 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress
  • Jul 20 Time magazine puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich on its cover
  • Jul 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia
  • Jul 22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • Jul 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Historic Event

Jul 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

  • Jul 23 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad
  • Jul 23 German troops conquer Rostow
  • Jul 23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins
  • Jul 24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time

Music Premiere

Jul 24 Irving Berlin's musical "This Is The Army" premieres in NYC

  • Jul 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • Jul 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • Jul 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • Jul 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • Jul 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Boulevard, in honor of former Bronx Borough President and US Congressman, Henry Bruckner

Historic Event

Jul 30 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

  • Jul 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • Jul 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Andraé Crouch, American gospel singer (The Color Purple; The Lion King), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2015)
  • Jul 1 Doug Carpenter, Canadian NHL coach, 1984-91 (NJ Devils, Toronto Maple Leafs), born in Cornwall, Ontario
  • Jul 1 Geneviève Bujold, Canadian actress (King of Hearts; film Anne of the Thousand Days; Choose Me; Coma), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 1 Sandra Crouch, American Grammy Award-winning gospel singer, drummer and songwriter, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 1 William Carney, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York, 1979-87), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • Jul 2 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • Jul 2 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • Jul 3 "Dr." Lonnie Smith, American jazz Hammond B3 organist (George Benson Quartet; Lou Donaldson), born in Lackawanna, New York (d. 2021) [1]
  • Jul 3 Paco Stanley, Mexican TV personality, born in Mexico City (d. 1999)
  • Jul 4 Floyd Little, American Pro/College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Syracuse University; 5 x Pro Bowl; First-team All-Pro 1969; Denver Broncos), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2021)
  • Jul 4 Hal Lanier, American MLB baseball player, 1964-73 (San Francisco Giants, New York Yankees), born in Denton, North Carolina
  • Jul 4 Michael, English Prince of Kent and paternal first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, born in Coppins, Iver, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Jul 4 Peter Rowan, American bluegrass singer-songwriter, guitarist, mandolin player, and yodeller (Old and In The Way - "Panama Red"), born in Wayland, Massachusetts
  • Jul 4 Stefan Meller, Polish diplomat and 9th Minister of Foreign Affairs (2005-06), born in Lyon, France (d. 2008)
  • Jul 5 Hannes Löhr, German footballer and manager, born in Eitorf, Rhine Province, Germany
  • Jul 6 Raymond Depardon, French photographer, born in Villefranche-sur-Saône, France
  • Jul 7 Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
  • Jul 7 Christopher "Chris" Stamp, British music producer, psychodrama therapist and manager (The Who, Jimi Hendrix), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • Jul 8 Janice Pennington, American Playboy playmate (May 1971) and model (The Price is Right), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 8 Phil Gramm, American economist and politician (US Representative for Texas, 1979-85; US Senator from Texas, 1985-2002), born in Fort Benning, Georgia
  • Jul 9 Edy Williams, American actress (Dr Minx), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Jul 9 Hermann Burger, Swiss poet and writer, born in Menziken, Switzerland (d. 1989)
  • Jul 9 Paul B. Henry, American professor of political science and politician from the U.S. state of Michigan, born in Chicago, Illinois (d.1993)
  • Jul 9 Richard Roundtree, American actor (Getting Even, Shaft), born in New Rochelle, New York
  • Jul 9 Robert J. Frankel, American thoroughbred race horse trainer (5 x Eclipse Award for Outstanding Trainer; US Champion Trainer by earnings 1993, 2002, 03), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • Jul 10 Ronnie James Dio [Padavona], American singer, songwriter and musician (Elf; Rainbow; Black Sabbath; Dio; and Heaven & Hell), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire (d. 2010)
  • Jul 11 Aarón Padilla Gutiérrez, Mexican soccer striker (55 caps; Pumas, Atlante, Veracruz), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)
  • Jul 11 Len Hauss, American football center (5 x Pro Bowl; Washington Redskins), born in Jesup, Georgia (d. 2021)
  • Jul 11 Tomasz Stańko, Polish trumpeter (Astigmatic), born in Rzeszów, Poland (d. 2018)
  • Jul 12 Billy Smith, Australian rugby league halfback (26 Tests; St. George), born in Fremantle, Western Australia
  • Jul 12 Richard Stoltzman, American clarinetist (Tashi), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Jul 13 (Jim) "Roger" McGuinn, American folk-rock guitarist, and singer-songwriter (The Byrds - "Turn! Turn! Turn!"; "Eight Miles High"), born in Chicago, Illinois

Harrison Ford

Jul 13 Harrison Ford, American actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Blade Runner), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • Jul 13 Jay Uzzell, rocker (Corsairs)
  • Jul 13 Rod Chandler, American politician (Rep-R-WA, 1983-93), born in La Grande, Oregon
  • Jul 13 Stephen Jo Bladd, American drummer (J Geils Band - "Centerfold"; "Freeze Frame"), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jul 13 Tom King, American rock guitarist, songwriter, guitarist, and arranger (The Outsiders - "Time Won't Let Me"), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Jul 14 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • Jul 15 Henry McCubbin, MEP (Labour)
  • Jul 15 Mil Mascaras, Mexican professional wrestler
  • Jul 15 Philip R Sharp, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana, 1975-95), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Jul 16 Desmond Dekker, Jamaican reggae pioneer (Aces - "Israelites"), born in Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Frank Field, British Labour politician, born in Edmonton, Middlesex

Margaret Smith Court

Jul 16 Margaret Smith Court, Australian tennis player (1970 Grand Slam, 24 Grand Slam singles titles), born in Albury, New South Wales

  • Jul 17 Connie Hawkins, American professional basketball player, 1961-76 ABA MVP-1968 (Harlem Globetrotters, 1963-66; Phoenix Suns, L.A. Lakers), born Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, NYC (d. 2017)
  • Jul 17 Don Kessinger, American baseball player, born in Forrest City, Arkansas
  • Jul 17 Gale Garnett, New Zealand singer ("We'll Sing in the Sunshine"), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • Jul 17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2019)
  • Jul 18 Adolf Ogi, President of Switzerland (2000), born in Kandersteg, Switzerland
  • Jul 18 Giacinto Facchetti, Italian footballer, born in Treviglio, Italy (d. 2006)
  • Jul 18 Prince Alexandre of Belgium, Prince of the Belgians and son of Leopold III, born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • Jul 20 Ron Bowden, Australian politician
  • Jul 20 T.G. Sheppard [William Browder], American country singer ("Devil in the Bottle"), born in Humbolt, Tennessee
  • Jul 21 Alun Davies, Welsh touring and session guitarist (Cat Stevens/Yusuf Islam), born in Wales
  • Jul 21 Fred Hetzel, American NBA star (SF, Cincinnati, Milwaukee Bucks), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 21 Mike Hegan, American baseball utility (MLB All Star 1969 NY Yankees; World Series 1972 Oakland A's), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • Jul 21 Patricia Elliott, actress (Renee-Empire, One Life to Live), born in Gunnison Colorado (d. 2015)
  • Jul 23 Jan de Hont, Dutch guitarist (ZZ & Masks), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jul 23 Madeline Bell, American singer (Black Nativity), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Jul 23 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 23 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician (Lord Mayor of Brisbane 1985-91), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jul 24 Chris Sarandon, WV, actor (Child's Play, Dog Day Afternoon, Lipstick)
  • Jul 24 Heinz [Burt], British rock bassist (The Tornados - "Telstar"), born in Detmold, The Free State of Lippe (now Germany) (d. 2000)
  • Jul 25 Bruce Woodley, Australian folk-pop singer-songwriter ("Red Rubber Ball"; "Cloudy"; "I Am Australian"), guitarist, and banjo player (The Seekers - "Georgy Girl"; "I'll Never Find Another You"), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Jul 25 Felix Philipp Ingold, Swiss translator and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • Jul 26 Teddy Pilette, Belgian auto racer (European F5000 Championship 1973, 75), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • Jul 26 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia
  • Jul 27 Barbara Ferris, English actress (Nice Girl Like Me), born in London, England
  • Jul 27 Bobby Campbell [Thornbury], Scottish journalist and musician, born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • Jul 27 Dennis Ralston, American tennis player (4 x Grand Slam doubles champion; Wimbledon singles 1966 runner-up), born in Bakersfield, California (d. 2020)
  • Jul 27 John Pleshette, American actor (Richard-Knots Landing, 7th Avenue), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 28 Marty Brennaman, American sportscaster, born in Portsmouth, Virginia
  • Jul 29 Les Josephson, American football running back (NFL Pro Bowl 1967; Los Angeles Rams), born in Minneota, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • Jul 29 Sharon Gans, American stage and screen actress (Slaughterhouse-Five; Artists and Orphans: A True Drama), and playwright, born in The Bronx, NYC (d. 2021)
  • Jul 29 Tony Sirico, American actor (The Sopranos - "Paulie Walnuts"; Cop Land; Family Guy), born in NYC (d. 2022)

Famous Weddings

Cary Grant

Jul 8 British born actor "His Girl Friday" Cary Grant (38) weds American heiress and socialite Barbara Hutton (29)

Lana Turner

Jul 17 American movie actress Lana Turner (21) weds 2nd husband, American actor and restaurateur Steve Crane (annulled due to uncompleted divorce from prior marriage)

Isaac Asimov

Jul 26 Science fiction author Isaac Asimov (22) weds Gertrude Blugerman in Brooklyn, New York


Famous Divorces

Mae West

Jul 21 Actress Mae West (48) divorces vaudeville performer Frank Wallace after 31 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, dies at 86
  • Jul 8 Catherinus Elling, Norwegian organist, composer, educator, and ethno-musicologist, dies at 83
  • Jul 11 Simon de la Bella, Dutch president (NVV), dies in Dachau
  • Jul 14 Neel Doff, Dutch Belgian writer, writing in French, dies at 84
  • Jul 15 Denis Moloney, cricketer (during WW II 3 Tests for NZ 1937), dies
  • Jul 20 Patric Cobb, British sea officer, dies in battle
  • Jul 23 Adam Czerniaków, Polish engineer and head of Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Council, dies by suicide at beginning of clearing of the Ghetto at 61
  • Jul 23 Andrew Ducat, English cricketer (England 1921) and footballer, dies whilst batting at Lords Cricket Ground at 56
  • Jul 23 Nikola Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, executed by firing squad at 32
  • Jul 23 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, dies at 72
  • Jul 26 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), dies at 42
  • Jul 26 Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • Jul 27 William Matthew Finders Petrie, Egyptologist, dies
  • Jul 28 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), dies at 89
  • Jul 31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), dies at 79