On This Day

What Happened in June 1942

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business

Film release premierFilm Release

Jun 4 "Mrs Miniver" based on the novel by Jan Struther, directed by William Wyler and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon is released in the US (Best Picture 1943)

Actress Greer Garson
Actress
Greer Garson
Film Director William Wyler
Film Director
William Wyler
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2

Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Eddie Arcaro
Racing Hall of Fame Jockey
Eddie Arcaro
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands

Music releaseMusic Recording

Jun 8 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby

  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

BattleExecution

Jun 10 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now Czech Republic) which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”; over 170 adult men were executed by firing squad on site, women and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Jun 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein, North Africa
  • Jun 11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

Jun 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews

Learn More
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Learn More
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa

  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 21 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jun 22 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 24 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)
  • Jun 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 30 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Tom Mankiewicz, screenwriter (Diamonds are Forever), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 1 Randy Hundley Jr., American baseball catcher (MLB All-Star 1969; Gold Glove Award 1967; Chicago Cubs), born in Martinsville, Virginia
  • Jun 1 Fernando Atzori, Italian boxer (Olympic gold flyweight 1964), born in Ales, Italy (d. 2020)
  • Jun 2 Maree Cheatham, American actress (Search for Tomorrow, Guiding Light), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 3 Anita Harris, British actress (Follow that Camel), and singer ("Just Loving You"), born in Somerset, England
  • Jun 3 Curtis Mayfield, American singer-songwriter and soul musician ("Freddie's Dead"; "Superfly"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • Jun 3 Duane Josephson, MLB baseball catcher, 1965-72 (Chicago White Sox, Boston Red Sox), born in New Hampton, Iowa (d. 1997)
  • Jun 5 Charles Dodge, American electronic music composer, born in Ames, Iowa
  • Jun 5 Nelson Burton Jr, American ten-pin bowler and sportscaster (Pro Bowlers Tour), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 5 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- ), born in Acoacán , Spanish Guinea
  • Jun 6 Howard "Howie" Kane [Kirshenbaum], American rock singer (Jay and the Americans - "Come a Little Bit Closer")
  • Jun 6 Sandra Morgan, Australian 4x100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic gold 1956), born in Tamworth, New South Wales

Person of interestMuammar Gaddafi

Jun 7 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist, born in Qasr Abu Hadi, Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Tambov, Russia
  • Jun 8 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • Jun 8 Chuck Negron, American singer-songwriter (Three Dog Night - "Joy to the World"; "One";"Old Fashioned Love Song"), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jun 8 Doug Mountjoy, Welsh snooker player (Masters 1977; Pot Black 1978, 85; UK C'ship 1988, World C'ship 1981 runner-up), born in Gelligaer, Wales (d. 2021)
  • Jun 9 Nicholas Lloyd, British editor (The Daily Express)
  • Jun 9 Richard Hutton, English cricketer (son of Len, 5 Tests 1971), born in Pudsey, England
  • Jun 10 Janet Vogel, American doo-wop soprano (Skyliners - “Since I Don’t Have You”), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 10 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • Jun 11 Somachandra De Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer (Sri Lankan leg-spinner 1982-84), born in Galle, Sri Lanka
  • Jun 11 Brian Muller, New Zealand rugby union prop (14 caps; Taranaki), born in Eltham, New Zealand (d. 2019)
  • Jun 12 Len Barry [Leonard Borisoff], American singer, songwriter and producer (The Dovells - "Bristol Stomp"; solo - "1-2-3"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • Jun 12 Bert Sakmann, German cell physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1991), born in Stuttgart, Germany
  • Jun 12 Homer Neal, African-American particle physicist, born in Franklin, Kentucky (d. 2018)
  • Jun 13 James Carr, American singer ("To Love Somebody"), born in Como, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • Jun 15 Bruce DalCanton, American baseball player, born in California, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 15 Tony Coelho, American politician (Rep-D-California, 1979-89), born in Los Banos, California
  • Jun 16 Eddie Levert, vocalist (O'Jays - "For The Love Of Money"), born in Canton, Ohio
  • Jun 16 Giacomo Agostini, Italian world motorcycle race champion, born in Lovere, Italy
  • Jun 16 John Rostill, English rocker (The Shadows), born in Birmingham (d. 1973)
  • Jun 16 Alan "Howling Laud" Hope, British politician and leader of the Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP), born in Mytchett, Surrey
  • Jun 16 David Parry, British-Canadian folk musician (Friends of Fiddler's Green), storyteller (Canadian Museum of Civilization), actor, stage director, and teacher (University of Toronto), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 17 Norman Kuhlice, English rocker (Swinging Blue Jeans - "You're No Good")
  • Jun 17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize 2005, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jun 18 Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor (The Hague Philharmonic, 1980-1991; St. Louis Symphony, 1996-2002), born in Amsterdam (d. 2004)

Person of interestPaul McCartney

Jun 18 Paul McCartney, British rock singer-songwriter, bassist, piano player (The Beatles - "Yesterday"; "I Will"; Wings -"Silly Love Songs"), born in Liverpool, England

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • Jun 18 Roger Ebert, American film critic (Pulitzer Prize 1975), born in Urbana, Illinois (d. 2013)

Person of interestThabo Mbeki

Jun 18 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape

President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki
President of South Africa
Thabo Mbeki
  • Jun 18 Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (Derek and the Dominoes), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 1980)
  • Jun 18 Richard Perry, American record producer (Harry Nilsson; Ringo Starr; Leo Sayer; Pointer Sisters), born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • Jun 19 Elaine "Spanky" McFarlane, rocker (Spanky & Our Gang-Lazy Day)
  • Jun 19 Jos Brink, Dutch TV host (Op Zoek)
  • Jun 19 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • Jun 19 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )
  • Jun 19 Willie Frazier, American football tight end (AFL All-Star 1965, 67, 69; All-Pro 1965; Houston Oilers, San Diego Chargers), born in El Dorado, Arkansas (d. 2013)

Person of interestBrian Wilson

Jun 20 Brian Wilson, American singer-songwriter and producer (Beach Boys), born in Inglewood, California

Singer-Songwriter Brian Wilson
Singer-Songwriter
Brian Wilson
  • Jun 21 Marjorie Margolies, American women's right activist and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 21 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Jun 21 Togo West Jr., American attorney and public official (3rd Secretary of Veterans Affairs 1998-2000), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Henry S. Taylor, American writer at poet (Pulitzer 1986 for Poetry), born in Lincoln, Virginia
  • Jun 22 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • Jun 22 Murphy Dunne, American actor and musician, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 24 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • Jun 24 Michele Lee, American stage and screen actress, and singer (Knots Landing - "Karen; Seesaw; The Love Bug), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 24 Arthur Brown, British rock singer and songwriter (The Crazy World of Arthur Brown - "Fire"), born in Whitby, Yorkshire
  • Jun 25 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario

Person of interestWillis Reed

Jun 25 Willis Reed, American NBA hall of fame MVP center/coach (NY Knicks), born in Hico, Louisiana

NBA Center and Power Forward Willis Reed
NBA Center and Power Forward
Willis Reed
  • Jun 25 Michel Tremblay, Canadian novelist and playwright (Les Belles-Sœurs), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 25 Joe Chambers, American jazz drummer, vibraphonist, and composer, born in Chester, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 26 Larry "The Mole" Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat-On the Road Again), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 26 Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture, born in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
  • Jun 26 Orin C Smith, American businessman and CEO of Starbucks (2000-05), born in Ryderwood, Washington (d. 2018)
  • Jun 27 Bruce Johnston [Benjamin Baldwin], American singer, songwriter, and record producer (The Beach Boys, I Write the Songs), born in Peoria, Illinois
  • Jun 27 Frank Mills, Canadian pianist, composer and arranger (Music Box Dancer), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 27 John Howard McGuire, American composer, born in Artesia, California
  • Jun 28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, Secretary-General (South African Communist Party), born in Cofimvaba, Transkei, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • Jun 28 Jim Kolbe, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Jun 28 Sjoukje Dijkstra, Dutch figure skater (Olympic gold 1964), born in Akkrum, Netherlands
  • Jun 29 Bas van der Vlies, Dutch politician (SGP), born in Sliedrecht, Netherlands
  • Jun 29 Larry Snyder, American Thoroughbred horse racing jockey (US Champion Jockey by wins 1969; George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award 1989), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2018)
  • Jun 29 Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter (This Day Tonight), born in Perth, Australia
  • Jun 30 Robert Ballard, American explorer and discoverer (discovered Titanic wreck in 1985), born in Wichita, Kansas

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 6 "The Thin Man" actress Myrna Loy (36) weds John Hertz Jr. in New York City

Actress Myrna Loy
Actress
Myrna Loy

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 19 Actress Marilyn Monroe (16) marries first husband James Dougherty (21), a policeman

  • Jun 21 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother Janet Bouvier marries Standard Oil heir Hugh Auchincloss

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 1 Ernest Pingoud, Finnish composer, dies at 53
  • Jun 1 Vladislav Vančura, Czech writer (Rozmarné léto), dies at 50

Person of interestReinhard Heydrich

Jun 4 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Jun 7 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, dies at 38
  • Jun 10 Jean François van Royen, Sect-Gen of Concentration Camp Amersfoort, dies at 63
  • Jun 10 Ross Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman 1937), dies
  • Jun 10 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • Jun 12 Walter Leigh, British composer (The Frogs of Aristophanes), dies at 36
  • Jun 15 Vera Figner, writer, dies
  • Jun 17 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 88
  • Jun 18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • Jun 18 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, dies at 71
  • Jun 18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • Jun 25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist and church historian, dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New Guinea, executed at 62