On This Day

What Happened in November 1942

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • Nov 1 John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
  • Nov 2 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • Nov 3 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Baseball Record

Nov 3 Boston Red Sox outfielder Ted Williams wins American League Triple Crown (.356 average, 36 HRs, 137 RBI); but NY Yankees pitcher Joe Gordon is AL MVP

  • Nov 3 William L Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago
  • Nov 4 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afrika Korps draws back
  • Nov 5 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • Nov 5 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
  • Nov 6 Nazis kill 12,000 Jews in the Minsk ghetto

Historic Event

Nov 6 Sukarno & Mohammed Hatta found Ampat Serangkai

Historic Communication

Nov 7 1st US President to broadcast in a foreign language - FDR, in French

  • Nov 7 Italian cyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world hour record 45.798km in Vigorelli, Milan, Italy
  • Nov 8 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)

Historic Event

Nov 8 Adolf Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall

Historic Event

Nov 8 Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa

  • Nov 8 Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
  • Nov 9 German occupiers install Erik Scavenius as Danish premier
  • Nov 9 Transport number 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Nov 10 Philip Barry's "Without Love" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 10 US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey, Morocco
  • Nov 10 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • Nov 11 -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad

Historic Event

Nov 11 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz

  • Nov 11 Germany completes its WWII occupation of France
  • Nov 11 Jews in the Free Zone of France ordered to wear a yellow star of David
  • Nov 11 Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
  • Nov 11 Transport #45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • Nov 12 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
  • Nov 13 Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal
  • Nov 13 Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 in the US
  • Nov 14 -Nov 15th) Japanese/US sea battle at Savo-Island in Guadalcanal
  • Nov 14 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • Nov 15 World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • Nov 16 Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed

Historic Event

Nov 18 Thornton Wilder's "Skin of our Teeth" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 19 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Netherlands"

  • Nov 19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • Nov 19 Operation Uranus: Soviet offensive begins during Battle of Stalingrad, 1 million Soviet soldiers encircle the German Sixth Army
  • Nov 20 26th Soviet Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • Nov 20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • Nov 20 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
  • Nov 21 Adolf Hitler names field marshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)
  • Nov 22 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
  • Nov 23 3rd & 5th Romanian army corps surrenders
  • Nov 23 US Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
  • Nov 23 German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
  • Nov 23 Japanese bombing of Port Darwin, Australia

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

Nov 23 Chinese steward Poon Lim begins 133 days adrift after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat and he is the sole survivor

  • Nov 23 Soviet 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
  • Nov 24 German Fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein arrives in Starobelsk, Ukraine
  • Nov 24 French collaborator Marquis de Brinon establishes "African Falanx"
  • Nov 25 National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms

Film Premiere

Nov 26 "Casablanca" directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman premieres at Hollywood Theater, NYC (Academy Awards Best Picture 1943)

  • Nov 26 Anti-fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
  • Nov 27 French navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis cannot seize them

Historic Event

Nov 27 Tito appoints Anti-fascist Liberation board in Yugoslavia

  • Nov 28 492 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston
  • Nov 29 US Office of Price Administration rations coffee for everyone, 10 pound a year
  • Nov 30 U-boats sink and damage 142 allied ships this month (877,774 tons)
  • Nov 30 -Dec 1st: Sea battle at Tassafaronga, Guadalcanal
  • Nov 30 Bill Terry resigns as supervisor of NY Giants minor league system
  • Nov 30 German supply vessel Uckermark (formerly called the Altmark) explodes & sinks off Yokohama

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 John Spratt, American politician (Rep-D-SC, 1983-2011), born in Charlotte, North Carolina

Larry Flynt

Nov 1 Larry Flynt, American magazine publisher (Hustler), born in Lakeville, Kentucky (d. 2021)

  • Nov 1 Marcia Wallace, American actress (Carol-Bob Newhart Show), born in Creston, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • Nov 2 Shere Hite [Shirley Diana Gregory], American-German sex therapist (Hite Report), born in St Joseph, Missouri (d. 2020)
  • Nov 2 Stefanie Powers [Paul], American actress (Girl From U.N.C.L.E.; Hart to Hart), born in Hollywood, California
  • Nov 2 Ron Reed, American NBA forward and MLB pitcher (Detroit Pistons; Philadelphia Phillies), born in LaPorte, Indiana
  • Nov 4 Patricia Bath, American ophthalmologist (invented laser cataract surgery), born in New York City (d. 2019)

Jean Shrimpton

Nov 7 Jean Shrimpton, British model and actress (Privilege; Beaton by Bailey; Something Nice to Eat), and the world's first supermodel, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

  • Nov 7 Johnny Rivers [Ramistella], American singer ("Secret Agent Man"), and record producer, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 7 Tony Jackson, American professional basketball player, (ABL - Chicago Majors, 1961-63; ABA - three teams, 1967-69), born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 2005)

Ángel Cordero Jr.

Nov 8 Ángel Cordero Jr, Puerto Rican jockey (Kentucky Derby 1974, 76, 85; US Racing Hall of Fame), born in Santurce, Puerto Rico

  • Nov 8 Gerald Alston, American singer (Manhattans-Crazy), born in Henderson, Vance County, North Carolina
  • Nov 9 Stuart Lipton, English real estate developer and multi-millionaire
  • Nov 9 Tom Weiskopf, American golfer (British Open 1973), born in Massillon, Ohio
  • Nov 9 Richard Greene, American violinist, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 10 Michel Tabachnik, Swiss composer and conductor, born in Geneva, Switzerland

Robert F. Engle

Nov 10 Robert F. Engle, American economist (Nobel 2003 - for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility (ARCH)), born in Syracuse, New York

  • Nov 10 Hans-Rudolf Merz, Swiss politician (President of Switzerland 2009) and Member of the Swiss Federal Council (2004-10), born in Herisau, Switzerland
  • Nov 11 Roy Fredericks, West Indian cricket batsman (59 Tests @ 42.49, 8 x 100s; British Guyana, Glamorgan CCC), born in East Bank, Guyana (d. 2000)
  • Nov 13 Beth Brickell, actress (Gentle Ben), born in Camden, Arkansas
  • Nov 13 John P Hammond, American blues singer ("So Many Roads"), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 14 Jackie Du Preez, Zimbabwe cricket spin bowler (2 Tests, South Africa; Zimbabwe Test selector), born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 2020)
  • Nov 15 Daniel Barenboim, Argentine-Israeli-Palestinian-Spanish concert pianist and conductor (Orchestre de Paris, 1975-89; Chicago Symphony, 1991-2006; Staatskapelle and Berlin Opera, 1992-present), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Nov 16 Donna McKechnie, American Tony Award-winning actress and dancer (Company), born in Pontiac, Michigan
  • Nov 16 Joanna Pettet, British actress (Knots Landing, Cry of the Innocent), born in London
  • Nov 16 Willie Carson, Scottish jockey (5 x British Champion Jockey; 17 x British Classic Races; 100+ winners in a season x 23 times for total 3,828 wins), born in Stirling, Scotland
  • Nov 17 Annemarie Oster, Dutch actress (Goede Tijden Slechte Tijden)
  • Nov 17 Bob Gaudio, American pop-rock musician and songwriter (Four Seasons - "Sherry"; "Can't Take My Eyes Off Of You"), born in The Bronx, New York

Martin Scorsese

Nov 17 Martin Scorsese, American film director (Raging Bull, Taxi Driver, Goodfellas, The Departed), born in Queens, New York

  • Nov 17 Khang Khek Leu 'Comrade Dutch', Cambodian Khmer Rouge figure convicted of crimes against humanity, born in Choyaot village, Cambodia (d. 2020)
  • Nov 18 Jeffrey Siegel, American pianist (Chicago Symphony), born in Chicago, Illinois

Linda Evans

Nov 18 Linda Evans, American actress (Dynasty, Big Valley, Beach Blanket Bingo), born in Hartford, Connecticut

  • Nov 18 Susan Sullivan, American actress (Dharma & Greg, Falcon Crest), born in NYC, New York

Calvin Klein

Nov 19 Calvin Klein, American fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans, CK), born in The Bronx, New York

  • Nov 19 Gary Ackerman, American politician(Rep-D-NY, 1983-2013), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 19 Larry Gilbert, American golfer (Senior Players Championship 1997), born in Fort Knox, Kentucky (d. 1998)
  • Nov 19 Sharon Olds, American poet (The Dead and the Living), born in San Francisco, California
  • Nov 20 Bob Einstein, American comedian (Officer Judy, Super Dave Osborne), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2019)

Joe Biden

Nov 20 Joe Biden, American politician (Vice President: 2009-2017), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania

  • Nov 20 Meredith Monk, American choreographer, composer (Atlas) and performing artist, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 20 Norman Greenbaum, American folk singer (Spirit in the Sky), born in Malden, Massachusetts
  • Nov 20 Paulos Faraj Rahho, Iraqi Chaldean Catholic bishop, born in Mosul, Iraq (d. 2008)
  • Nov 21 Tweety [Pie], Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Bob Clampett and Friz Freleng (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "A Tale of Two Kitties"
  • Nov 21 Afa Anoa'i, Samoan-American wrestler
  • Nov 21 Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, German politician
  • Nov 22 Guion Bluford, Col USAF, NASA astronaut (STS 8, 61A, 39, 53) 1st African American in space, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 22 Steve Caldwell, American pop singer (Orlons - "South Street"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 22 Floyd Sneed, Canadian rock drummer (Three Dog Night), born in Calgary, Alberta
  • Nov 23 Susan Anspach, American actress (Grace-Yellow Rose, Hair, Five Easy Pieces, Play It Again Sam), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)
  • Nov 23 Steve Gillette, American folk singer-songwriter and guitarist ("Darcy Farrow";"Bed of Roses"), born in Pensacola, Florida
  • Nov 24 Bayani Mendoza de Leon, Filipino-American musician and composer (Batong-Buhay), born in Manilla, Philippines
  • Nov 24 Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian and actor (Blue Money), born in Anderston, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Nov 24 Marlin Fitzwater, American journalist and press secretary to US Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, born in Salina, Kansas
  • Nov 25 Rosa Von Praunheim [Holger Mischwitzky], Riga Latvia, dir (Affengeil)
  • Nov 26 Olivia Cole, American actress (Roots, Backstairs at the White House), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2018)

Jimi Hendrix

Nov 27 James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix, American rock guitarist ("Purple Haze"; "voodoo Chile"; The Wind Cries Mary"), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1970)

  • Nov 27 Michael Devlin, American bass-baritone, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 28 Paul Warfield, NFL/WFL wide receiver (Cleveland, Miami, Memphis)
  • Nov 28 Manolo Blahnik, Santa Cruz de La Palma Spain, shoe designer
  • Nov 29 Felix Cavaliere, American rock singer, songwriter, and keyboardist (Rascals - "Lonely Too Long", "People Got to Be Free"), born in Pelham. New York
  • Nov 29 Philippe Huttenlocher, Swiss baritone opera singer, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Nov 29 Maggie Thompson, American librarian and magazine editor (Comics Buyer's Guide)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Hugo Distler, German organist, choral conductor and composer, dies at 34
  • Nov 3 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • Nov 4 Marcel Barger [Streliskie], Dutch cabaret performer, killed in Auschwitz

George M. Cohan

Nov 5 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President; Give My Regards to Broadway), dies of cancer at 64

  • Nov 9 Edna May Oliver, dies on 59th birthday
  • Nov 11 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of the Lichtes), dies at 60
  • Nov 11 Hector Abbas, Flemish actor and director (Rosa Lynd Company), dies at 58
  • Nov 12 'Philadelphia' Jack O'Brien, American boxer (World light heavyweight champion 1905), dies at 64
  • Nov 13 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor) dies during the Battle of Guadalcanal at 52
  • Nov 13 Douglas H Fox, US captain of destroyer Barton, dies in battle
  • Nov 13 Norman Scott, US admiral (at Guadalcanal), dies
  • Nov 16 Joseph Schmidt, Austrian-Hungarian tenor and actor (Der Liebesexpreß, A Star Fell from Heaven), dies from a heart attack at 38
  • Nov 17 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • Nov 19 Edouard Combe, Swiss composer, dies at 76
  • Nov 19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50

J. B. M. Hertzog

Nov 21 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), dies at 76

  • Nov 27 Arthur Langton, South African cricket medium pace bowler (15 Tests, 40 wickets), dies in a military air crash at 30
  • Nov 30 Buck Jones [Charles F Gebhart], American Western actor (Just Pals, Forbidden Trails, War Horse), dies in a fire at 50