What Happened in August 1943

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • Aug 1 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • Aug 1 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383
  • Aug 2 Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive

Historic Event

Aug 2 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

  • Aug 2 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-706 and U-106

Historic Event

Aug 3 General George S. Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice

  • Aug 3 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire

Historic Event

Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada

  • Aug 4 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • Aug 4 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina
  • Aug 5 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarters
  • Aug 5 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • Aug 5 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky
  • Aug 6 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • Aug 7 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • Aug 8 Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
  • Aug 8 US amphibians land at St Agata on North coast of Sicily
  • Aug 8 Vegetables & fruit rationed in Holland

Theater Premiere

Aug 9 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

Aug 10 Adolf Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

  • Aug 10 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali
  • Aug 10 US General George S. Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"
  • Aug 11 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov

Music Premiere

Aug 11 Richard Strauss' Second Horn Concert, premieres

  • Aug 11 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
  • Aug 12 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • Aug 13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • Aug 14 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 14 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • Aug 14 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
  • Aug 15 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • Aug 16 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • Aug 16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during attack on Schweinfurt and Regensburg
  • Aug 17 US General George S. Patton enters Messina, completing the Allied conquest of Sicily

Historic Event

Aug 18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz

Sports History

Aug 18 Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game as NY beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-2 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • Aug 18 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
  • Aug 19 Belgian church excommunicates Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle
  • Aug 19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • Aug 21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • Aug 21 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • Aug 22 Soviet troops free Karkov
  • Aug 23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • Aug 23 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • Aug 24 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • Aug 25 10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471)

Appointment of Interest

Aug 25 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia

  • Aug 25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • Aug 25 Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
  • Aug 25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II

Historic Event

Aug 28 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

  • Aug 28 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Denny Cordell, British rock music and record producer (The Moody Blues; Leon Russell), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995)
  • Aug 1 Geoffrey Britton, British rock drummer (Paul McCartney & Wings), born in Lewisham, South East London, England
  • Aug 2 Jeltje van Nieuwenhoven, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Noordwolde, Netherlands
  • Aug 2 Kathy Lennon, American pop singer (Lennon Sisters), born in Santa Monica, California
  • Aug 2 Max Wright, American character actor (Buffalo Bill; Alf; Misfits of Science), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • Aug 2 Rose Tremain, British novelist and playwright (Restoration), born in London, England
  • Aug 2 Tom Burgmeier, American baseball player, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • Aug 3 Masato Sagawa, Japanese engineer (invented world's strongest magnet - Nd-Fe-B), born in Tokushima, Japan
  • Aug 4 Bjørn Wirkola, Norwegian ski jumper, born in Alta, Norway
  • Aug 4 David Carr, British rock keyboardist (The Fortunes), born in Leyton, London (d. 2011)
  • Aug 4 Michael J. McCulley, American naval officer, aviator and astronaut (STS-34), born in San Diego, California
  • Aug 4 Milan Máčala, Czech football coach, born in Biskupice, Czech Republic
  • Aug 4 Rodney Stuart Pattison, British yachtsman (Olympics)
  • Aug 4 Tina Cole, American singer (King Cousins) and actress (My Three Sons - "Katie"), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 5 Sammi Smith, American country music singer ("Help Me Make It Through The Night"), born in Orange County, California (d. 2005)
  • Aug 5 Sandy Pearlman, American lyricist; music producer, artist manager (Blue Öyster Cult), music journalist and record company executive, born in Rockaway, Queens, New York City (d. 2016)
  • Aug 6 Jon Postel, American computer scientist (d. 1998)
  • Aug 6 Michael Anderson Jr, actor (Clay-The Monroes), born in London, England
  • Aug 6 Ray Buktenica, Greenwich Village actor (Rhoda, House Calls), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 7 Alain Corneau, French director (Choice of Arms), born in Meung-sur-Loire, France (d. 2010)
  • Aug 7 Giorgio Alverà, Italian bobsledder (World C'ship gold Two-man 1975), born in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Aug 7 Lana Cantrell, Australian singer (Those Were the Days), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Aug 8 Daniel Börtz, Swedish classical composer, born in Hässleholm, Sweden

Ken Norton

Aug 9 Ken Norton, American heavyweight boxer who had 3 famous fights with Muhammad Ali, born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 2013)

  • Aug 9 Lorenzo Sanz, Spanish businessman and football executive (president Real Madrid 1995-2000; owner Málaga CF), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2020)
  • Aug 9 Wanda Young, American pop singer (The Marvelettes - "Please Mr. Postman"; “Don’t Mess With Bill"), born in Eloise, Michigan (d. 2021)
  • Aug 10 Jimmy Griffin, American pop singer, guitarist and songwriter, (Bread), and Academy Award winner ("For All We Know"), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • Aug 10 Michael Mantler, American trumpeter and composer
  • Aug 10 Ronnie Spector [Veronica Bennett], American pop singer (The Ronettes -"Be My Baby"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2022) [1]
  • Aug 10 Shafqat Rana, Pakistan cricket batsman (5 Tests, top score 95), born in Simla, British Punjab
  • Aug 11 Abigail Folger, American heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • Aug 11 Denis Payton, British rock saxophonist (Dave Clark Five - "Glad All Over"), born in London (d. 2006)
  • Aug 11 James Kale, rocker (Guess Who)
  • Aug 11 Kenny Gamble, American songwriter, and "Philadelphia Soul" producer, with Leon Huff (Billy Paul - "Me & Mrs Jones"; The O'Jays; Harold Melvin & The Blue Notes), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 11 Krzysztof Meyer, Polish pianist, composer, and music scholar, born in Kraków, Poland

Pervez Musharraf

Aug 11 Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general and politician, 10th President of Pakistan (2001-2008), born in Delhi, British India

  • Aug 12 Lesley Duncan (Cox), British session singer (Pink Floyd; Jesus Christ Superstar), and singer-songwriter ("Love Song"; "Sing Children Sing"), born in Stockton-On-Tees, England (d. 2010)
  • Aug 12 William Mac Lance "Tiny" McCloud, musician/songwriter
  • Aug 13 Gary Ilman, American 100m freestyle (Olympic-4th-1964), born in Glendale, California
  • Aug 13 Susan Jameson, English actress (Secret World of Polly Flint), born in Barnt Green, Worcestershire, England
  • Aug 13 Walter Villa, Italian motorcycle road racer (250cc world champion 1974, 75, 76; 350cc 1976; Harley-Davidson), born in Castelnuovo Rangone (d. 2002)
  • Aug 13 Yuri Fedorovich Isaulov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Omsk, Russia
  • Aug 14 Barrie Leadbeater, English cricketer and umpire, born in Harehills, Leeds
  • Aug 14 Herman Van Springel, Belgian road cyclist (Tour de France, 5 career stage wins; Tour de France 1968 & Giro d'Italia 1971 runner-up; Vuelta a España 1970 3rd), born in Grobbendonk, Belgium (d. 2022)
  • Aug 14 Jon Andrew McBride, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • Aug 14 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault
  • Aug 14 Terry Ellis, British record producer, artist manager (Jethro Tull; Paula Cole: Baby Animals), and label executive (co-founder of Chrysalis Records) ,born in, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England
  • Aug 15 Barbara Bouchet, German-American actress (Casino Royale), born in Liberec, Czech Republic
  • Aug 15 Eni Faleomavaega, American-Samoan politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa), born in Vailoatai, American Samoa (d. 2017)
  • Aug 15 Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (1971-79) and Ruler of Dubai (1990-2006), born in Dubai, Trucial States (d. 2006)
  • Aug 15 María Rojo, Mexican actress and politician, born in Mexico City, Mexico
  • Aug 17 Dave "Snaker" Ray, American blues singer, and guitarist, born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 2002)
  • Aug 17 Edward Cowie, English composer (Leviathan), and painter, born in Birmingham, England
  • Aug 17 Koos Postema, Dutch editor-in-chief (Vrije Volk) and TV host

Robert De Niro

Aug 17 Robert De Niro, American actor (Taxi Driver, Raging Bull), born in NYC, New York

  • Aug 17 Yukio Kasaya, Japanese ski jumper (Olympic gold 1972), born in Yoichi, Japan
  • Aug 18 Gianni Rivera, Italian footballer and politician, born in Alessandria, Italy
  • Aug 18 Martin Mull, American actor and comedian (Bad Manners, Flick, Serial), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Billy J. Kramer, British pop rock vocalist (The Dakotas - "Bad To Me"), born in Bootle, Lancashire, England
  • Aug 19 Edwin Hawkins, American gospel musician, choir master and composer ("Oh Happy Day"), born in Oakland, California (d. 2018)
  • Aug 20 Sylvester McCoy, Scottish actor (Seventh Doctor in Doctor Who), born in Dunoon
  • Aug 21 Clydie Mae King, American session and touring vocalist (Ray Charles; Bob Dylan; Humble Pie; Lynyrd Skynrd), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2019)
  • Aug 21 Hugh Wilson, American director, writer and actor (Blast from the Past, Frank's Place), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2018)
  • Aug 22 Alun Michael, British Labour and Co-operative politician, born in Bryngwran, Anglesey
  • Aug 22 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist, born in Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
  • Aug 23 Bobby Diamond, American actor (Duncan Gillis-Dobie Gillis), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 23 Dale Campbell-Savours, British Labour Party politician
  • Aug 23 Nelson DeMille, American action adventure and suspense novels author (Plum Island), born in Jamaica, Queens, New York
  • Aug 23 Peter Lilley, British Conservative Party politician and Secretary of state for British social security, born in Hayes, Kent, England
  • Aug 24 John Cipollina, American rock guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service - "Fresh Air"), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1989)
  • Aug 24 Pini Zahavi, Israeli football agent, born in Ness Ziona, Israel
  • Aug 26 Ulf Sundelin, Swedish yachtsmen (Olympic gold 5.5m class 1968; World C'ship gold Dragon class 1971, 5.5m class 1986), born in Nacka, Sweden
  • Aug 27 Bob Kerrey, (Sen-D Nebraska)
  • Aug 27 [Susan] Tuesday Weld, American actress (Dobie Gillis, Wild in Country), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 28 (Ann) "Honey" Lantree, British rock drummer (The Honeycombs), born in Hayes, Middlesex, England (d. 2018)
  • Aug 28 David Soul [Solberg], American-British actor (Starsky & Hutch) and singer (Don't Give Up On Us), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 28 Lou Piniella, American baseball outfielder (1969 AL rookie of the year TEST) and manager (NY Yankees, Seattle Mariners), born in Tampa, Florida
  • Aug 28 Surayud Chulanont, 24th Prime Minister of Thailand (2006-08), born in Prachinburi, Thailand
  • Aug 29 Dick Halligan, American jazz multi-instrumentalist, composer and arranger (Blood, Sweat & Tears, 1967-72 - "Variations On A Theme By Erik Satie"), born in Troy, New York (d. 2022)
  • Aug 29 Mohamed Amin, Kenyan photojournalist, born in Eastleigh, Nairobi, Kenya (d. 1996)
  • Aug 30 Altovise Davis [née Gore], American entertainer, and final wife of Sammy Davis, Jr., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2009)
  • Aug 30 David Maslanka, American composer (Angel Of Mercy; Sea Dreams), and educator, born in New Bedford, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • Aug 30 Jean-Claude Killy, French alpine skier (3 Olympic gold 1968), born in Paris, France

Robert Crumb

Aug 30 Robert Crumb, American cartoonist (Father Time; Fritz the Cat) and album cover artist (Janis Joplin; Grateful Dead), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivashov, Russian general, born in Frunze, Kirghiz SSR, Soviet Union

Famous Weddings

Billy Graham

Aug 13 Evangelist Billy Graham (24) weds philanthropist and Christian author Ruth Bell (23) in Montreat, North Carolina

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • Aug 3 Edward "Corky" Cornelius, American jazz trumpeter (Benny Goodman; Gene Krupa), dies of kidney failure at 28
  • Aug 5 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, is executed during WWII at 55
  • Aug 6 Tom Garrett, Australian cricket all-rounder (19 Tests, TS 51no, 34 wickets; NSW CA), dies at 85
  • Aug 7 Gustav Schmidt, German lt-general, dies in battle
  • Aug 10 C Bergsma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 10 J Janzen, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 10 J Posthuma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 12 Georges Martin Witkowski, composer, dies at 76
  • Aug 14 Joe Kelley, American Baseball HOF left fielder (NL stolen base leader 1896 Baltimore Orioles) and manager (Cincinnati Reds, Boston Doves), dies at 71
  • Aug 18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • Aug 18 Hans Jeschonnek, German air force general/chief-staff, commits suicide
  • Aug 21 (Abraham) A. Merritt, American magazine editor and sci-fi author (The Moon Pool; Burn, Witch, Burn!), dies from a heart attack at 59
  • Aug 21 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Peter Gelukkige, Nobel 1917), dies at 86
  • Aug 23 Johann Zilcher, German composer, dies at 88
  • Aug 24 Ernst Ottwalt, writer, dies
  • Aug 24 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • Aug 25 Johan Petter Johansson, Swedish inventor and industrialist (modern adjustable spanner), dies at 86
  • Aug 26 Ted Ray, British golfer (British Open 1912, US Open 1920), dies at 66
  • Aug 27 Otto Selz, German psychologist, dies at 62

Boris III

Aug 28 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43), dies at 49

  • Aug 30 Eustáquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest and missionary in Brazil, dies at 52