On This Day

What Happened in February 1943

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • Feb 1 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • Feb 2 Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest
  • Feb 2 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • Feb 3 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • Feb 4 Bertolt Brecht's play "The Good Person of Szechwan" premieres in Zurich
  • Feb 5 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • Feb 5 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 Jake LaMotta defeats future multi-weight world boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson by unanimous points decision in Detroit in the 2nd of their 6 meetings; his only win of their rivalry; Robinson’s first loss in his first 40 pro bouts

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
Middle/welterweight championship boxer Sugar Ray Robinson
Middle/welterweight championship boxer
Sugar Ray Robinson
  • Feb 6 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • Feb 7 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • Feb 8 Red Army recaptures Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order setting a minimum 48-hour work week in a number of critical war industries

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 9 National League of Baseball seeks a buyer for the Philadelphia Phillies as owner Gerry Nugent falls in arrears

  • Feb 10 "Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination
  • Feb 10 British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
  • Feb 10 Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 11 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 12 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa
  • Feb 13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front
  • Feb 13 Women's Marine Corps created
  • Feb 14 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • Feb 14 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • Feb 15 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid

Historic PublicationWe Can Do It!

Feb 15 Wartime propaganda poster "We Can Do It!" produced by J. Howard Miller and posted on the walls of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company's plants in the Midwest
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American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
  • Feb 16 -32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record)

AgreementContract of Interest

Feb 16 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 16 Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North Africa
  • Feb 16 Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
  • Feb 16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 17 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio enlists into the US army

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Dow Chemical and Corning Glass Works form a joint venture to explore and produce silicon materials, based off of the work of James Franklin Hyde

  • Feb 18 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • Feb 18 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • Feb 18 A syndicate headed by New York lumberman William D Cox buys MLB's Philadelphia Phillies for $850,000; 33 year-old Cox is youngest owner in baseball
  • Feb 18 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast
  • Feb 19 German tanks under Generalmajor Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • Feb 20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • Feb 20 New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn field (Mexico)
  • Feb 20 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • Feb 20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • Feb 21 Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
  • Feb 22 Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 Plane crash in the Tagus River, Lisbon, Portugal kills 23 with 15 survivors including singer Jane Froman

Singer Jane Froman
Singer
Jane Froman
  • Feb 23 Major General Omar Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • Feb 23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • Feb 24 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • Feb 24 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II
  • Feb 25 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • Feb 26 German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
  • Feb 27 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men
  • Feb 27 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • Feb 28 "Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Josceline Dimbleby, cookery writer
  • Feb 1 Tina Sloan, NY, actress (Lillian-Guiding Light, Search for Tomorrow)
  • Feb 2 Peter MacBeth, rocker (Foundations)
  • Feb 3 Blythe Danner, actress (Butterflies are Free), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 3 Dennis Edwards, American lead singer of The Temptations (Papa was a Rollin' Stone), born in Fairfield, Alabama (d. 2018)
  • Feb 3 Eric Haydock, bassist (Hollies-He Aint Heavy He's My Brother)
  • Feb 4 Cheryl Miller, Sherman Oaks California, actress (Paula-Daktari, Born Free)
  • Feb 4 Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese president of the regional government of Madeira
  • Feb 4 Ken Thompson, American computer scientist
  • Feb 4 Jimmy Johnson, American session musician and co-founder of the Muscle Shoals Sound Studio, born in Sheffield, Alabama
  • Feb 4 Barry Beckett, American keyboardist and record producer (David Hood, Jimmy Johnson, Roger Hawkins), born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2009)
  • Feb 5 Charles Winfield, Penn, rocker (Blood Sweat & Tears-Spinning Wheel)
  • Feb 5 Craig Morton, NFL quarterback (Dallas, Denver), born in Flint, Michigan
  • Feb 5 Ivan Alexandrovich Tcherepnin, composer
  • Feb 5 Larry Tamblyn, rock guitarist (Standells-Dirty Water)
  • Feb 5 Michael Mann, American actor & director (Sexpot, Close Friends), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestNolan Bushnell

Feb 5 Nolan Bushnell, American electrical engineer (founded Atari, created Pong), born in Clearfield, Utah

Electrical Engineer and Businessman Nolan Bushnell
Electrical Engineer and Businessman
Nolan Bushnell
  • Feb 6 Fabian [Fabiano Anthony Forte], American vocalist (Turn Me Loose, Tiger), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 6 Gayle Hunnicutt, American actress (Legend of Hell House, Dallas), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Feb 7 Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
  • Feb 8 Bob Oliver, baseball player
  • Feb 8 Creed Bratton, California, rock guitarist (Grass Roots-Sooner or Later)
  • Feb 8 Jose de Almeida Prado, composer
  • Feb 8 Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University
  • Feb 9 Barbara Lewis, American singer (Hello Stranger), born in Salem, Michigan
  • Feb 9 James King, American basketball player (Olympic gold 1968), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Feb 9 Joe Pesci, American actor (Half Nelson, Goodfellas), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Feb 9 Jonny Nilsson, Swedish 10K speed skater (Olympic gold 1964)
  • Feb 9 Ryland Davies, Welsh tenor, born in Cwm, Gwent
  • Feb 9 Squire Fridell, American actor (Rosetti & Ryan), born in Oakland, California

Person of interestJoseph Stiglitz

Feb 9 Joseph Stiglitz, American economist and Nobel laureate (asymmetric information), born in Gary, Indiana

Economist Joseph Stiglitz
Economist
Joseph Stiglitz
  • Feb 10 Ral Donner, [Ralph Stuart], Black Mountain NC, singer (Starfires)
  • Feb 11 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • Feb 11 Serge Lama, French singer
  • Feb 13 Friedrich Christian Delius, German writer, born in Rome, Italy
  • Feb 13 Leo Frankowski, American sci-fi author (High Tech Knight, Flying Warlord), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Feb 14 Eric Anderson, American vocalist (Avalanche, Be True to You), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 14 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Feb 14 Maceo Parker, American tenor saxophonist (Parliament-Funkadelic, King's One, Mo' Roots), born in Kinston, North Carolina
  • Feb 14 Bob Murphy Jr, American golfer (PGA C'ship 1970 runner-up; 11 Senior PGA Tour titles), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 14 Aaron Russo, American political activist, movie producer and director (Trading Places, Wise Guys, The Rose), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2007)
  • Feb 16 Anthony Dowell, ballet dancer (Royal Ballet), born in London, England
  • Feb 16 James Beaton, British GC
  • Feb 18 Graeme Garden, Scottish writer (The Goodies), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • Feb 19 Lou Christie [Lugee Sacco], American singer-songwriter (Lightning Striking Again), born in Glenwillard, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 19 Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • Feb 19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • Feb 20 Aleksandr Pavlovich Alexandrov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-9, TM-3)
  • Feb 20 Antonio Inoki, [Kanji Rikidozan], wrestler (NJPW/JWA)
  • Feb 20 Lord McNally, British Minister of State for Justice
  • Feb 20 Mike Leigh, dramatist/director (High Hopes, Secrets & Lies)
  • Feb 21 David Geffen, American record producer (Geffen Records, Asylum) and film studio executive (DreamWorks SKG), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 21 Duncan Swift, jazz pianist
  • Feb 21 Roberto Faenza, director (Cop Killers, Corrupt)
  • Feb 22 David Skaggs, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Feb 22 Dick Van Arsdale, American NBA all-star (NY Knicks, Phoenix Suns), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Feb 22 Tom Van Arsdale, American NBA all-star (Detroit, Cincinnati, KC-Omaha, Phil), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Feb 22 Horst Köhler, German politician, born in Skierbieszów, Poland
  • Feb 23 Bobby Mitchell, American golfer (US Masters runner-up 1972), born in Chatham, Virginia (d. 2018)
  • Feb 23 Fred Biletnikoff, NFL wide receiver
  • Feb 23 Jada Rowland, American actress (Penny-Hamptons, Amy-Secret Storm), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 24 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • Feb 24 Terry Semel, American business executive
  • Feb 24 Pablo Milanés, Cuban musician

Person of interestGeorge Harrison

Feb 25 George Harrison, English pop star and Beatle (Traveling Wilburys-My Sweet Lord), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2001)

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • Feb 25 Maryann Amacher, composer
  • Feb 25 Wilson da Silva Piazza, Brazilian footballer
  • Feb 26 Bill Duke, American actor (Bird on a Wire, Predator), born in Poughkeepsie, New York
  • Feb 26 Bob "Bear" Hite, American vocalist (Canned Heat-Going Up the Country), born in Torrance, California (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Bob van Reeth, Flemish architect, born in Temse, Belgium
  • Feb 26 Paul Cotton, American rocker (Poco), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 26 Dante Ferretti, Italian art director & costume designer, born in Macerata, Italy
  • Feb 27 Mary Frann, American actress (Joanna-Newhart, Days of Our Live), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 27 Morten Lauridsen, American composer, born in Colfax, Washington
  • Feb 27 Klaus Köste, German gymnast (Olympic gold 1972- vault), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 2012)
  • Feb 28 Barbara Acklin, [Allen], R&B singer (Love Makes a Woman), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 28 Donnie Iris [Dominic Ierace], American rock musician (The Cruisers), born in Ellwood City, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 28 Hans Dijkstal, Dutch minister of the Interior (VVD, 1994-98)
  • Feb 28 Charles Bernstein, American composer

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 14 Walmart founder Sam Walton (24) weds Helen Robson (23)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton

LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 15 Model Bettie Page (19) weds high school sweetheart Billy Neal in Gallatin, Tennessee

Queen of Pinups Bettie Page
Queen of Pinups
Bettie Page

LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 18 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean general/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Foy Draper, American relay runner (Olympic gold 1936), dies at 31
  • Feb 3 Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
  • Feb 4 Frank Calder, 1st NHL president, dies
  • Feb 5 Wim Gertenbach, Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis
  • Feb 6 HA Seyffardt, Dutch lt-gen/NSB "minister", dies at 71
  • Feb 9 World War II: Dutch fascist official Hermannus Reydon and his wife are shot by resistance members, his wife dies immediately and he dies six months later
  • Feb 10 Wa'er, shot dead by Defiance
  • Feb 13 William Walraven, Dutch journalist and writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55
  • Feb 14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • Feb 14 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), dies in Auschwitz concentration camp at 43
  • Feb 15 William Victor Harris, American composer, dies at 73
  • Feb 17 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, dies at 54
  • Feb 17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • Feb 18 Henri Polak, Dutch union leader/politician (soc-dem), dies at 74
  • Feb 19 Lynne Overman, American actor (Reap the Wild Wind), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • Feb 22 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • Feb 22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded at 24
  • Feb 22 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • Feb 26 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
  • Feb 27 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet, twice nominated for the Nobel prize (b. 1859)