On This Day

What Happened in July 1943

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 5 Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Nazi German Panzer Division assault begins what becomes the largest tank in history
  • Jul 6 2nd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: 25,000 Germans killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Historic Event

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

  • Jul 7 3rd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Germans occupy Dubrova Luftwaffe fighter ace shoots down 7 Russian aircraft
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 8 4th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Nazi General Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232

Meeting of Interest

Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta, Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues

Historic Event

Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms

Historic Event

Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker

  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 12 8th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Kutuzov (Soviet counter-offensive begins
  • Jul 13 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • Jul 18 Giants and Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Historic Event

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

Film Premiere

Jul 21 Musical film "Stormy Weather", directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller (singing "Ain't Misbehavin'") premieres in the US

Historic Event

Jul 22 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Fall of Benito Mussolini

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg

Historic Event

Jul 28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Historic Event

Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Jeff Wayne, American-British musician and composer, born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York
  • Jul 2 Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
  • Jul 3 Kurtwood Smith, American actor (That '70s Show- "Red"; Robocop; 24), born in New Lisbon, Wisconsin
  • Jul 3 Gary Waldhorn, English actor (To the Camp & Back), born in London
  • Jul 3 Judith Durham, Australian folk-pop singer (The Seekers - "Georgy Girl"; "A World of Our Own"), born in Essendon, Victoria, Australia (d. 2022)
  • Jul 3 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida

Geraldo Rivera

Jul 4 Geraldo Rivera [Gerald Michael Riviera], American news personality (20/20, Geraldo), born in NYC, New York

  • Jul 4 Alan Wilson, American rock guitarist and vocalist (Canned Heat - "Going Up The Country"), born in Arlington, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • Jul 4 Emerson Boozer, College Hall of Fame and NFL running back (NY Jets 1966-75), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • Jul 4 Conny Bauer, German free-jazz trombonist, born in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
  • Jul 5 (Jaime) "Robbie" Robertson, Canadian-Native American singer-songwriter and rock guitarist (The Band - "The Weight"; "Up On Cripple Creek"), and soundtrack composer (Martin Scorsese films) born in Toronto, Ontario [1]
  • Jul 5 Curt Blefary [Le Roy], American baseball player (1965 AL rookie of year, The Sporting News Rookie of the Year), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 7 Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
  • Jul 7 Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • Jul 8 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 9 John H. Casper, USAF and astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77), born in Greenville, South Carolina

Arthur Ashe

Jul 10 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (US Open 1968, Australian Open 1970, Wimbledon & WCT Finals 1975; Davis Cup 1963, 68, 69, 70), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1993)

  • Jul 10 Jerry Miller, American songwriter and rock guitarist (Moby Grape), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Jul 10 Denny Seiwell, American touring and session drummer (Paul McCartney & Wings, 1971-73), born in Lehighton, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 11 Susan Seaforth Hayes, actress (Days of our Life, Young & Restless), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 11 Oscar D'León, Venezuelan musician
  • Jul 11 Richard Carleton, Australian television news journalist, born in Bowral, New South Wales, Australia (d. 2006)
  • Jul 12 Bruce Taylor, New Zealand cricket all-rounder (30 Tests, 111 wickets; 2 x 100s), born in Timaru, New Zealand (d. 2021)

Christine McVie

Jul 12 Christine McVie, British rock keyboardist, vocalist, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac, 1970-98, 2014-present - "Don't Stop"; "You Make Loving Fun"; solo - "Got A Hold On Me"), born in Bouth, Lancashire, Egland

  • Jul 12 Ernie Anastos, American news anchor (WCBS, WABC), born in Nashua, New Hampshire
  • Jul 12 Paul Silas, American basketball player and coach (Boston Celtic, Seattle SuperSonic), born in Prescott, Arkansas
  • Jul 12 Walter Murch, American film editor and sound engineer (Apocalypse Now), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 13 Danny Lockin, American actor and dancer (Hello Dolly), born in Lanai, Hawaii (d. 1977)
  • Jul 14 Lynn Loring, American actress (Patty-Fair Exchange, Barbara-FBI), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 14 Harold Wheeler, American pianist, music director, composer, and orchestrator, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 15 Diligenti quintuplets, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Jul 15 Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist (discovered radio pulsars), born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland

Jimmy Johnson

Jul 16 Jimmy Johnson, American NFL coach (National C'ship Uni of Miami 1987; Super Bowl 1992, 93 Dallas Cowboys; Miami Dolphins), born in Port Arthur, Texas

  • Jul 16 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • Jul 16 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), born in Aguas Claras, Holguín Province, Cuba (d. 1990)
  • Jul 18 Calvin Peete, American golfer (12 PGA Tour titles), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Jul 18 Robin McDonald, Scottish rock guitarist (Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas), born in Nairn, Scotland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 19 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jul 20 Chris Amon, New Zealand Formula 1 racer, born in Bulls, New Zealand (d. 2016)
  • Jul 20 Wendy Richard, English actress (EastEnders), born in Middlesborough, England (d. 2009)
  • Jul 20 Dennis Yost, American vocalist (The Classics IV), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Jul 21 David Downing, American actor (Backstairs at the White House), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 21 Edward Herrmann, actor (Day of the Dolphin, Reds), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 21 Jerry McGee, American golfer (US Ryder Cup 1977, 4 PGA Tour titles), born in New Lexingon, Ohio (d. 2021)
  • Jul 21 Henry McCullough, Irish guitarist (Wings), born in Portstewart, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 22 Bobby Sherman, American actor (Here Comes the Brides), pop singer ("Little Woman"), and paramedic, born in Santa Monica, California
  • Jul 22 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • Jul 22 Kay Bailey Hutchison, American politician (U.S. Senator from Texas, 1993-2013; NATO Ambassador, 2017-2021), born in Galveston, Texas
  • Jul 23 Tony Joe White, American blues and swamp rock singer ("Polk Salad Annie"), and songwriter ("Rainy Night In Georgia"), born in Oak Grove, Louisiana (d. 2018)
  • Jul 23 Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate, born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 24 Lyudmila Bragina, USSR, 1500m runner (Olympic gold 1972)
  • Jul 25 Janet Margolin, American actress (Take the Money & Run, David & Lisa), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jul 25 Jim McCarty, English rock drummer (Yardbirds - "For Your Love"; Renaissance, 1969-70), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jul 25 Roy Acuff Jr., American country musician ("Looks Like baby's Gone"), born in Nashville, Tennessee

Mick Jagger

Jul 26 Mick Jagger, English rock vocalist, songwriter (Rolling Stones - "Let's Spend the Night Together"; "Sympathy For The Devil"), actor (Performance), and knight, born in Dartford, Kent

  • Jul 26 Peter Hyams, American film director (2010, Capricorn 1, Relic, Timecop), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 26 Roger Smalley, British-Australian pianist, conductor, and composer (Gloria Tibi Trinitas), born in Swinton, Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • Jul 27 Allan Ramsey, American rock bassist (Gary Lewis & the Playboys - "This Diamond Ring") (d. 1985)
  • Jul 27 Stu Gilliam, American actor and comedian (Roll Out, Harris & Company), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2013)

Bill Bradley

Jul 28 Bill Bradley, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (NBA C'ship 1970, 73; NBA All-Star 1973; NY Knicks), and politician (Democratic US Senator 1979-97), born in Crystal City, Missouri

  • Jul 28 Larry Elkins, football player (Houston Oilers)
  • Jul 28 Mike Bloomfield, American blues guitarist/singer (Analine), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • Jul 28 Richard Wright, British progressive rock keyboardist, arranger, composer, and occasional vocalist (Pink Floyd - "Time"; "Echoes"; "The Art Of Conversation"), born in Hatch End, Middlesex (d. 2008)
  • Jul 29 Charles Hallahan, American actor (Hunter), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1997)
  • Jul 29 Ingrid Krämer, German diver (Olympic gold medalist), born in Dresden Germany
  • Jul 29 Roz Kelly, American actress (Owl & Pussycat, Happy Days), born in Mt Vernon, New York
  • Jul 30 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician, born in Béthune, France
  • Jul 31 Lobo [Roland Kent Lavoie], American pop singer-songwriter ("Me and You and a Dog Named Boo"; "A Big Red Kite"), born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • Jul 31 Stephanie Forrester, fictional character (The Bold and the Beautiful)
  • Jul 31 Susan Flannery, American actress (Leslie Stewart-Dallas), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 31 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar
  • Jul 31 Sab Shimono, Japanese-American actor (Jackie Chan Adventures), born in Sacramento, California

Famous Weddings

Betty Grable

Jul 5 American actress Betty Grable (26) weds American big band leader Harry James (27); divorce in 1965

Marian Anderson

Jul 17 One of the world's greatest contraltos, American Marian Anderson (46) weds architect Orpheus H. Fisher at the Elmwood Chapel in Bethel, Connecticut


Famous Divorces

Jack Dempsey

Jul 7 Heavyweight boxing champ Jack Dempsey (48) divorces broadway singer Hannah Williams (32) after 10 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • Jul 1 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • Jul 1 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 1 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 2 Caroline Yale, American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students, dies at 84
  • Jul 4 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • Jul 8 Harry Oakes, Canadian-British prominent businessman in Bahamas, murdered under mysterious circumstances at 68
  • Jul 8 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • Jul 8 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, dies at 69
  • Jul 9 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, dies at 67
  • Jul 10 Arthur Nevin, American composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • Jul 14 Johannes "Frits" Bakker Sr, Dutch actor, dies at 74
  • Jul 17 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-general of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Harry Pace, American music label owner (Black Swan - 1st major label founded by a Black American), dies at 59
  • Jul 21 Charles Paddock, American 100m runner (Olympic gold 1920), dies at 42
  • Jul 23 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • Jul 27 H B G Austin, cricketer (capt of 1923 WI team to England), dies
  • Jul 30 Benjamin Dale, British composer (Before the Paling of the Stars; The Flowing Tide), and educator (Royal Academy), dies at 58
  • Jul 30 Owen Nares [Ramsay], British actor and manager (Maiden Erleigh), dies from a heart attack at 54
  • Jul 31 Hedley Verity, English cricket spin bowler (40 Tests, 144 wickets @ 24.37), dies in POW camp in Italy at 38