On This Day

What Happened in July 1943

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 Germans killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Jul 7 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • Jul 7 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 8 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve

  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of battle at Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 13 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jul 13 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde

  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • Jul 18 Giants and Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

Film release premierFilm Premier

Jul 21 "Stormy Weather", directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller singing "Ain't Misbehavin'" premieres in the US

Tap Dancer and Actor Bill Robinson
Tap Dancer and Actor
Bill Robinson
Jazz Musician and Songwriter Fats Waller
Jazz Musician and Songwriter
Fats Waller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 US forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 23 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • Jul 28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Jeff Wayne, American-British musician and composer, born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York
  • Jul 2 Walter Godefroot, Belgian cyclist
  • Jul 3 Kurtwood Smith, American actor (That '70s Show, Robocop), born in New Lisbon, Wisconsin
  • Jul 3 Gary Waldhorn, English actor (To the Camp & Back), born in London
  • Jul 3 Geraldo Rivera [Gerald Michael Riviera], American news personality (20/20, Geraldo), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 3 Judith Durham, Australian singer (The Seekers), born in Essendon, Victoria
  • Jul 3 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • Jul 4 Alan Wilson, American rock guitarist and vocalist (Canned Heat), born in Arlington, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • Jul 4 Emerson Boozer, College Hall of Fame and NFL running back (NY Jets 1966-75), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • Jul 4 Conny Bauer, German musician, born in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
  • Jul 5 Robbie Robertson [Jamie], Canadian-American singer-songwriter and rock guitarist (The Band), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jul 5 Curt Blefary [Curtis Le Roy], American baseball player (1965 AL rookie of year, The Sporting News Rookie of the Year), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 7 Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
  • Jul 7 Joel Siegel, American film critic (d. 2007)
  • Jul 8 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 9 John H. Casper, USAF and astronaut (STS 36, 54, 62, 77), born in Greenville, South Carolina

Person of interestArthur Ashe

Jul 10 Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (3 Grand Slam singles titles), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1993)

Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • Jul 10 Jerry Miller, American songwriter and rock guitarist (Moby Grape), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Jul 11 Susan Seaforth Hayes, actress (Days of our Life, Young & Restless), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 11 Oscar D'León, Venezuelan musician
  • Jul 12 Bruce Taylor, New Zealand cricketer (big-hitting NZ all-rounder 1965-73), born in Timaru, New Zealand

Person of interestChristine McVie

Jul 12 Christine McVie, English rock vocalist (Fleetwood Mac-Got A Hold on Me), born in Bouth, England

Rock vocalist Christine McVie
Rock vocalist
Christine McVie
  • Jul 12 Ernie Anastos, American news anchor (WCBS, WABC), born in Nashua, New Hampshire
  • Jul 12 Paul Silas, American basketball player and coach (Boston Celtic, Seattle SuperSonic), born in Prescott, Arkansas
  • Jul 12 Walter Murch, American film editor and sound engineer (Apocalypse Now), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 13 Danny Lockin, Lanai, Hawaii, actor/dancer (Hello Dolly), (d. 1977)
  • Jul 14 Lynn Loring, American actress (Patty-Fair Exchange, Barbara-FBI), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 15 Diligenti quintuplets, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Person of interestJocelyn Bell Burnell

Jul 15 Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Irish astrophysicist (discovered radio pulsars), born in Lurgan, Northern Ireland

Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Astrophysicist
Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Person of interestJimmy Johnson

Jul 16 Jimmy Johnson, American NFL coach (Dallas Cowboys, Miami Dolphins), born in Port Arthur, Texas

NFL Head Coach Jimmy Johnson
NFL Head Coach
Jimmy Johnson
  • Jul 16 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • Jul 16 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), born in Aguas Claras, Holguín Province, Cuba (d. 1990)
  • Jul 18 Calvin Peete, American golfer (12 PGA Tour titles), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • Jul 18 Robin McDonald, Scottish rock guitarist (Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas), born in Nairn, Scotland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 19 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jul 20 Chris Amon, New Zealand Formula 1 racer, born in Bulls, New Zealand (d. 2016)
  • Jul 20 Wendy Richard, English actress
  • Jul 20 Dennis Yost, vocalist (The Classics IV), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2008)
  • Jul 21 David Downing, American actor (Backstairs at the White House), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 21 Edward Herrmann, actor (Day of the Dolphin, Reds), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 21 Jerry McGee, American golfer (US Ryder Cup 1977, 4 PGA Tour titles), born in New Lexingon, Ohio
  • Jul 21 Henry McCullough, Irish guitarist (Wings), born in Portstewart, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • Jul 22 Bobby Sherman [Robert Cabot Sherman Jr.], American actor/singer (Here Comes the Brides), born in Santa Monica, California
  • Jul 22 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • Jul 22 Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
  • Jul 23 Tony Joe White, American rocker (Polk Salad Annie), born in Oak Grove, Louisiana (d. 2018)
  • Jul 23 Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate, born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • Jul 24 Lyudmila Bragina, USSR, 1500m runner (Olympic gold 1972)
  • Jul 25 Janet Margolin, American actress (Take the Money & Run, David & Lisa), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jul 25 Jim McCarty, English rock drummer (Yardbirds-For Your Love), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jul 25 Roy Acuff Jr., American country musician, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jul 25 Tom Dawes, American rock musician and composer who wrote music for commercial jingles ("Plop, Plop, Fizz, Fizz” for Alka-Seltzer and “7Up, the Uncola”), born in Albany, New York (d. 2007)

Person of interestMick Jagger

Jul 26 Mick Jagger, English rock vocalist (Rolling Stones), born in Dartford, Kent

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • Jul 26 Peter Hyams, American film director (2010, Capricorn 1, Relic, Timecop), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 26 Roger Smalley, British-Australian composer, born in Swinton, Lancashire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 27 Allan Ramsey, American rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-This Diamond Ring) (d. 1985)
  • Jul 27 Stu Gilliam, American actor and comedian (Roll Out, Harris & Company), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2013)

Person of interestBill Bradley

Jul 28 Bill Bradley, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (2-time NBA champion NY Knicks), Democratic US Senator (1979-97), born in Crystal City, Missouri

Basketball Player and US Senator Bill Bradley
Basketball Player and US Senator
Bill Bradley
  • Jul 28 Lawrence Elkins, football player FL (Houston Oilers)
  • Jul 28 Mike Bloomfield, American blues guitarist/singer (Analine), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • Jul 28 Richard Wright, English singer-songwriter (Pink Floyd-Time, Echoes), born in Hatch End, Middlesex (d. 2008)
  • Jul 29 Charles Hallahan, actor (Hunter)
  • Jul 29 Ingrid Krämer, German diver (Olympic gold medalist), born in Dresden Germany
  • Jul 29 Roz Kelly, actress (Owl & Pussycat, Happy Days), born in Mt Vernon, New York
  • Jul 29 David Taylor, English snooker player
  • Jul 30 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician, born in Béthune, France
  • Jul 31 Lobo [Kent Lavoie], American singer-songwriter, born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • Jul 31 Stephanie Forrester, fictional character (The Bold and the Beautiful)
  • Jul 31 Susan Flannery, American actress (Leslie Stewart-Dallas), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 31 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar
  • Jul 31 Sab Shimono, Japanese-American actor (Jackie Chan Adventures), born in Sacramento, California

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 5 Actress Betty Grable (26) weds big band leader Harry James (27)

Film actress Betty Grable
Film actress
Betty Grable

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 17 One of the world's greatest contraltos Marian Anderson (46) weds architect Orpheus H. Fisher in Bethel, Connecticut


Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jul 7 Heavyweight boxing champ Jack Dempsey (48) divorces broadway singer Hannah Williams (32) after 10 years of marriage

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • Jul 1 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • Jul 1 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 1 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 2 Caroline Yale, American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students, dies at 84
  • Jul 4 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • Jul 8 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • Jul 8 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • Jul 8 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, dies at 69
  • Jul 9 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, dies at 67
  • Jul 10 Arthur Nevin, American composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • Jul 14 Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor, dies at 74
  • Jul 17 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-general of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), dies at 72
  • Jul 21 Charles William Paddock, 100m runner (Olympic gold 1920), dies at 42
  • Jul 23 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • Jul 27 Godfrey Cripps, cricketer (1st Currie Cup-winning captain), dies
  • Jul 27 H B G Austin, cricketer (capt of 1923 WI team to England), dies
  • Jul 30 Benjamin James Dale, composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 30 Owen Nares [Ramsay], British actor and manager (Maiden Erleigh), dies from a heart attack at 54
  • Jul 31 Hedley Verity, English cricket spin bowler (40 Tests, 144 wickets @ 24.37), dies in POW camp in Italy at 38