On This Day

What Happened in June 1943

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, 13 passengers, included actor Leslie Howard, and 4 crew die
  • Jun 1 Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Rip Sewell patents his "eephus" or "blooper ball" pitch; uses pitch on way to a 20-win campaign
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins
  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

Zoot Suit Riots

Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

Historic Event

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Historic Event

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Historic Event

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 15 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2

Sports History

Jun 17 Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs

  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • Jun 19 NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5)
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead

Historic Event

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

Historic Event

Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • Jun 23 British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores [1]
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Historic Event

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)


Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Ely van Tongeren, Dutch rock guitarist and singer (Buffoons)
  • Jun 1 Richard Goode, American concert pianist (Avery Fisher Award, 1980), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jun 2 Charles Haid, American actor (Hill Street Blues - "Ofc. Andy Renko"; Altered States), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 2 John Lilipaly, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • Jun 2 Maarten B Engwirda, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (D66)
  • Jun 2 Ilaiyaraaja, Indian composer

Billy Cunningham

Jun 3 Billy Cunningham, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward, coach (NBA champion player & coach Philadelphia 76ers), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Jun 3 Eddie McGrady, Northern Irish politician (SDLP) unseated Enoch Powell, Born in Downpatrick (d. 2013)
  • Jun 3 Mike Dennis [Freda], American pop-rock vocalist (The Dovells - "Bristol Stomp"; "You Can't Sit Down"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 4 Sandra Haynie, American golfer (US Open 1974, du Maurier Classic 1982, LPGA C'ship 1965, 74), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Jun 4 Joyce Meyer, American Charismatic Christian author and speaker, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 5 Ann Craft, British researcher and writer and disabilities advocate (NAPSAC)
  • Jun 5 Bill Hopkins, English composer, born in Prestbury, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 5 Matthew Lesko, American author, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 5 Michael Davis, American bass guitarist, and songwriter (MC5 -"Kick Out The Jams"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • Jun 6 Asif Iqbal, Pakistani cricketer (elegant Pakistani batsman 1964-80), born in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Jun 6 Ken Hatfield, American football coach (Air Force, University of Arkansas, Clemson University, Rice University), born in Helena, Arkansas
  • Jun 7 [Kenneth Charles] Ken Osmond, American actor (Leave It to Beaver), born in Glendale, California
  • Jun 7 Mel Levine, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-93), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 7 Nikki Giovanni, American poet (LHJ Woman of the Year 1973), born in Knoxville, Tennessee
  • Jun 8 Colin Baker, English actor (Sixth Doctor in Doctor Who, Swallows & Amazons), born in London
  • Jun 8 Willie Davenport, American bobsledder and track athlete (Olympic gold 110m hurdles 1968), born in Troy, Alabama (d. 2002)
  • Jun 8 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • Jun 9 Charles Saatchi, Iraqi English magnate and art collector (founded advertising company Saatchi & Saatchi), born in Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jun 9 Joe Haldeman, American sci-fi author (The Forever War), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 10 Jeff Greenfield, American media commentator (Firing Line; Nightline), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 10 Simon Jenkins, British author and newspaper editor (Evening Standard, The Times), born in Birmingham, England

Henry Hill

Jun 11 Henry Hill Jr., American mobster and FBI informant (inspired Goodfellas), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)

  • Jun 11 Buster Mathis, American boxer (World Super Heavyweight title 1972), born in Sledge, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • Jun 13 Edward Skorek, Polish volleyball player (Olympic gold 1976), born in Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Poland
  • Jun 13 Malcolm McDowell, English actor (Clockwork Orange, Caligula), born in Leeds, England
  • Jun 14 Jim Sensenbrenner, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 14 Billy Tauzin, American politician and lobbyist (Rep-D-LA, 1980-2005), born in Chackbay, Louisiana
  • Jun 14 John Miles, British racing driver, born in London (d. 2018)
  • Jun 14 (Dewey Lindon) "Spooner" Oldham, American session piano player (Muscle Shoals; Aretha Franklin; Neil Young), and songwriter ("Cry Like a Baby"), born in Center Star, Alabama
  • Jun 15 (Mervyn) "Muff" Winwood, English songwriter and bassist (Spencer Davis Group - "Gimme Some Lovin"), born in Erdington, Birmingham
  • Jun 15 Xaveria Hollander [Vara de DeVries], Dutch author (The Happy Hooker), born in Soerabaja, Dutch East Indies
  • Jun 15 Aron Kincaid, actor (Warren-Bachelor Father, Ski Party), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 15 Johnny Hallyday [Jean-Philippe Smet], French singer and actor known as the "Elvis Presley of France", born in Paris, France (d. 2017)
  • Jun 16 Joan Van Ark, American actress and director (Valene-Dallas, Knots Landing), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 17 Christopher Brown, English composer, born in Tunbridge Wells, Kent, England

Newt Gingrich

Jun 17 Newt Gingrich, American politician (Rep-R-GA, 1979-99) and Speaker of the House (1995-97), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Barry Manilow

Jun 17 Barry Manilow [Pincus], American pop singer, and piano player ("Mandy": "Daybreak"; "I Write The Songs"; "Copacabana"), born in New York City

  • Jun 17 Burt Rutan, American aerospace engineer, born in Estacada, Oregon
  • Jun 18 Barry Evans, English actor (Dr Upton-Dr in the House, Mind Your Language), born in Guildford, England (d. 1997)
  • Jun 18 Raffaella Carrà [Pelloni], Italian singer and actress, born in Bologna, Italy
  • Jun 20 Andy Etchebarren, baseball catcher (Baltimore Orioles), born in Whittier, California
  • Jun 21 Salomé [Maria Rosa Marco Poquet], Spanish pop and bolero singer ("Vivo Cantando"), born in Barcelona
  • Jun 22 Eumir Deodato, Brazilian artist, producer and arranger
  • Jun 22 Ralph Molina, American drummer (Crazy Horse, Neil Young's backing band), born in Puerto Rico
  • Jun 23 James Levine, American conductor (Metropolitan Opera, 1976-2017), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2021)
  • Jun 23 Vinton (Vint) Cerf, American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate
  • Jun 24 Georg Stanford Brown, Cuban actor (Terry Webster-Rookies), born in Havana, Cuba
  • Jun 24 Carole Caldwell Graebner, American tennis player (US Open 1965, Australian Open doubles 1966), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)
  • Jun 25 Gerrit "Ger" Zijlstra, Dutch sculptor, born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jun 25 Bill Moggridge [William], British designer (1st laptop computer), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • Jun 25 Chris Huston, British-born recording engineer and guitarist, born in North Wales, England
  • Jun 26 Georgie Fame [Clive Powell], English R&B and jazz singer and keyboard player ("Get Away"; "Ballad of Bonnie & Clyde"), born in Lancashire, England
  • Jun 26 Allen Strange, American composer (Electronic Music: Systems, Techniques, and Controls), born in Calexico, California
  • Jun 26 John Beasley, American actor (Everwood), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Jun 27 Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player (Boston Red Sox), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 27 Kjersti Døvigen, Norwegian actress (Offshore), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Jun 27 Harm Ottenbros, Dutch bicycle racer (World C'ships gold men's road race 1969), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 2022)
  • Jun 28 Ed Pastor, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Claypool, Arizona
  • Jun 28 Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist (discovery of the integer quantum Hall effect, Nobel 1985), born in Schroda, Reichsgau Posen, Germany
  • Jun 29 Pedro Pablo León, Peruvian soccer forward (49 caps; Alianza Lima), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2020)
  • Jun 29 Roger Ruskin Spear, English saxophonist (Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band), born in London, England

Little Eva

Jun 29 Little Eva [Boyd], American pop singer ("The Loco-motion"; "Keep Your Hands Off My Baby"), born in Belhaven, North Carolina (d. 2003)

  • Jun 30 Florence Ballard, American pop and R&B singer (The Supremes, 1959-67 - "Buttered Popcorn"; "Where Did Our Love Go"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1976)

Famous Weddings

Charlie Chaplin

Jun 16 Actor/comedian Charlie Chaplin (54) marries actress Oona O'Neill (18)

Famous Divorces

Jackie Coogan

Jun 29 Actor Jackie Coogan (28) divorces actress Flower Parry after almost 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 1 Leslie Howard [Stainer], British actor (Gone With The Wind; Of Human Bondage), dies after Nazis shoot down his plane at 50
  • Jun 1 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • Jun 2 Nile Kinnick Jr., American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1939; University of Iowa), dies during a WWII training flight at 24
  • Jun 3 Folkert Posthuma, Dutch Minister of Agriculture, assassinated at 69
  • Jun 6 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • Jun 8 (Wilford) "Min" Leibrook, American jazz tuba player and bassist (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), dies of meningitis at 40
  • Jun 11 Sam[uel] de Vries, actor (Boefje, In Sobibor), dies at 50
  • Jun 13 Kočo Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • Jun 15 Cecil Parkin, cricketer (32 wkts in 10 Tests for Eng 1920-24), dies
  • Jun 26 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), commits suicide at 39