On This Day

What Happened in March 1943

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • Mar 2 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
  • Mar 3 Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid, UK's greatest loss of civilian life in WWII (details censored till January 20 1945)
  • Mar 3 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 3 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
  • Mar 4 Transport #50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
  • Mar 5 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • Mar 5 RAF bombs Essen Germany

Battle of Interest

Mar 6 Battle at Medenine, North Africa: Rommel's counterattack

Historic Event

Mar 6 Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers

Historic Event

Mar 7 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

  • Mar 8 335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production
  • Mar 8 Limited gambling legalized in Mexico
  • Mar 8 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 9 Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
  • Mar 9 Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • Mar 11 Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 12 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
  • Mar 13 Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)

Historic Event

Mar 13 Failed assassin attempt on Adolf Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

  • Mar 13 Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)

Historic Event

Mar 13 Nazis liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków; Oskar Schindler with advance information, saves his workers by keeping them in his factory overnight

Historic Event

Mar 14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

  • Mar 15 Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • Mar 15 Red Army evacuates Kharkov
  • Mar 16 Ships Elin K (Norway) and Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed by German U-boats and sink
  • Mar 17 Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
  • Mar 17 F. Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 17 Physician Willem J. Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, in the Netherlands
  • Mar 18 Ships James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed & sink
  • Mar 18 Red Army evacuates Belgorod
  • Mar 18 British merchant vessel "Canadian Star" is torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic by German U-boat U-221, 34 die with 54 survivors [1]
  • Mar 19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard

Sports History

Mar 19 In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

  • Mar 20 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • Mar 21 Assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler fails
  • Mar 21 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.
  • Mar 22 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour
  • Mar 22 Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • Mar 22 Dutch SS police chief Hans Albin Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
  • Mar 23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • Mar 25 97% of all Dutch physicians strike against Nazi registration

Radio Premiere

Mar 25 Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio

  • Mar 26 Battle of Komandorski Islands, naval battle between American navy and Japanese Imperial forces in the Pacific Ocean, ends inconclusively
  • Mar 26 Elsie S. Ott is 1st woman to be awarded US Air Force Medal
  • Mar 27 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Radio Premiere

Mar 27 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

  • Mar 27 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • Mar 29 Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II
  • Mar 30 5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Wyoming beats Georgetown, 46-34; Cowboys' point guard Ken Sailors is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • Mar 31 Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "Oklahoma!" opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 2,212 performances
  • Mar 31 US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Benjamin W Jipcho, Mt Elgon Kenya, 3K steeplechase (Olympic silver 1972)
  • Mar 1 Franz Hohler, Swiss writer, born in Biel
  • Mar 1 Mauro Checcoli, Italian 3 day equestrian (Olympic gold 1964)
  • Mar 1 Piet Veerman, Dutch rock vocalist/guitarist (Cats-Sailin' Home)
  • Mar 1 Wolfgang Scheidel, German DR, luge (Olympic gold 1972)
  • Mar 1 Gil Amelio, American venture capitalist
  • Mar 1 Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast (6 x Olympic gold 1968, 72; 7 x World C'ships gold 1966, 70), born in Nagoya, Japan
  • Mar 1 Richard H. Price, American physicist
  • Mar 1 Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist
  • Mar 1 José Ángel Iribar, Spanish soccer goalkeeper and manager (49 caps; Athletic Bilbao), born in Zarautz, Spain
  • Mar 2 (Daniel) Tony Meehan, British rock drummer (Vipers; Drifters: Shadows), born in Hampstead, North West London, England (d. 2005)
  • Mar 2 Gordon Black, English industrialist
  • Mar 2 Rosa DeLauro, American politician (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1991-present), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Mar 2 Stephen Dickman, American composer and librettist (Tibetan Dreams; Rabbi Nathan's Prayer), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 2 Peter Straub, American award-winning fantasy and horror author, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Mar 2 Juan Carlos Masnik, Uruguayan soccer defender (26 caps; NY Skyliners, Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, Nacional, NY Cosmos), born in Soriano, Uruguay (d. 2021)
  • Mar 3 Roger Swaybill, actor/writer (Porky's II, Breaking Point)
  • Mar 4 Zoltán Jeney, Hungarian composer and educator (Franz Liszt Academy, 1995-2019), born in Szolnok, Hungary (d. 2019)
  • Mar 5 Billy Backus, American boxer
  • Mar 5 Lucio Battisti, Italian pop singer and composer, born in Poggio Bustone, Italy (d. 1998)
  • Mar 5 Hugh Scully, British TV presenter (The Antiques Roadshow), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 2015)
  • Mar 7 Chris White, British rock singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer (The Zombies - "She's Not There"; "Time Of The Season"), born in Barnet, Hertfordshire, England
  • Mar 7 Leon Sylvers III, American rocker and producer (The Sylers), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Mar 8 Lynn Redgrave, British-American actress (Gods and Monsters, Georgy Girl), born in London, England (d. 2010)
  • Mar 8 Gayla Peevey, American singer ("I Want a Hippopotamus for Christmas"), and songwriter, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Mar 9 Trish Van Devere [Patricia Louise Dressel], American actress (The Changeling), born in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

Bobby Fischer

Mar 9 Bobby Fischer, American chess player (world champion (1972-75), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

  • Mar 9 Charles Gibson, American television journalist (Good Morning America), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Mar 10 Alfred Whitford 'Fred' Lerdahl, American composer (Arches), pedagogue, and music theorist, born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Mar 10 Angelique Pettyjohn, [Dorothy Lee Perrins], American actress (Clambake; Repo Man), and burlesque queen, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1992)
  • Mar 10 Stephen Montague, American composer, born in Syracuse, New York
  • Mar 10 Sandra Palmer, American golfer (Titleholders Championship 1972, US Open 1975), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Mar 10 Robert Allworth, Australian composer (A Different Time, A Different Place), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2017)
  • Mar 13 André Téchiné, French director and screenwriter (Scene of the Crime, Rendez-Vous), born in Valence-d'Agen, Tarn-et-Garonne, France
  • Mar 14 Jim Pons, American rock bassist (Turtles: Mothers of Invention), born in Santa Monica, California
  • Mar 15 Brenda Scott, American actress (Midge - Road West), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Mar 15 David Cronenberg, director (Shivers, Fly, Brood), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Mar 15 Sly Stone [Sylvester Stewart] American funk musician (Sly & The Family Stone - "Everyday People"; "Dance To The Music"), born in Denton, Texas
  • Mar 16 Ursula Goodenough, American biologicst, Evolutionary Scholar, author and educator, born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 16 Kim Mu-saeng, South Korean actor (d. 2005)
  • Mar 17 Don Mitchell, American actor (Mark-Ironside), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2013)
  • Mar 17 Tony Newman, English drummer (Sounds Incorporated, T.Rex), born in Southampton, England
  • Mar 17 Jim Weatherly, American pop and country songwriter ("Midnight Train To Georgia"), born in Pontotoc, Mississippi (d. 2021)
  • Mar 18 Kevin Dobson, American actor (Kojak, Knots Landing, Shannon), born in Queens, New York (d. 2020)
  • Mar 18 Toula Grivas, Greek actress
  • Mar 18 Nobuko Imai, Japanese classical solo and chamber violist, and educator, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Mar 18 Dennis Linde, American songwriter ("Burning Love"; "Goodbye Earl"), born in Abilene, Texas (d. 2006)
  • Mar 19 Mario Molina, Mexican chemist, 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry (CFC's effect on the ozone layer), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 2020)
  • Mar 19 Mario Monti, Italian politician
  • Mar 19 Vern Schuppan, Australian racing driver
  • Mar 20 Gerard Malanga, American poet and photographer
  • Mar 20 Naima Neidre, Estonian graphic artist
  • Mar 20 Paul Junger Witt, American TV and film producer (Brian's Song; Soap; The Golden Girls; Dead Poets Society), born in New York City (d. 2018)
  • Mar 21 Antal Dunai, Hungarian soccer player (Olympic gold 1968)
  • Mar 21 (Victor) "Vivian" Stanshall, British singer and comic songwriter (Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band - "I'm The Urban Spaceman"; Magical Mystery Tour), born in Shillingford, England (d. 1995)
  • Mar 21 Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
  • Mar 21 Alan Kalter, American television announcer (Late Show with David Letterman, 1995-2015), born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 2021)
  • Mar 22 George Benson, American jazz and blues singer and guitarist (Breezin'), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 22 Joseph Schwantner, American composer (Aftertones of Infinity), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 22 Keith Relf, British blues-rock singer and harmonica player (The Yardbirds - "For Your Love"; Renaissance, 1969-71), born in Richmond, England (d. 1976)
  • Mar 23 Gail Goodrich, NBA star (Lakers, Suns)
  • Mar 23 Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish Sami writer (The Sun, My Father) and musician, born in Enontekiö, Finland (d. 2001)
  • Mar 23 Lee May "The Big Bopper", American Major League Baseball 1st baseman, born in Birmingham, Alabama (d. 2017)
  • Mar 23 Mohammad al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite cleric and leader who called for government reform, born in al-Kazimiya, Iraq (d. 1999) [1]
  • Mar 24 H Martin Lancaster, (Rep-D-NC)
  • Mar 24 Jesús Alou, Dominican baseball outfielder (World Series 1973, 74 Oakland A's), born in Bajos de Haina, Dominican Republic
  • Mar 24 Marika Kilius, German FR, ice skating pair (Olympic silver 1960, 64)
  • Mar 25 Paul Michael Glaser, American actor (Starsky-Starsky & Hutch), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Mar 25 Pavel Lednev, Russian pentathlete (Olympic gold 1980)

Bob Woodward

Mar 26 Bob Woodward, American author and investigative reporter (Watergate, CIA crimes), born in Geneva Illinois

  • Mar 27 Milton Robert Carr, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1975-81, 83-95), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • Mar 27 Phil Frank, American cartoonist (Farley, The Elderberries comics), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • Mar 27 Mike Curtis, American NFL linebacker (Super Bowl 1971; Pro Bowl 1968, 70, 71, 74; First-team All-Pro 1968, 69; Baltimore Colts), born in Rockville, Maryland (d. 2020)
  • Mar 28 Conchata Ferrell, American actress (LA Law, Two and a Half Men), born in Loudendale, West Virginia (d. 2020)
  • Mar 28 Mike Newell, English director and producer (Bad Blood, Awakening, Amazing Grace & Chuck), born in St. Albans, Hertfordshire
  • Mar 28 Richard Eyre, English film, theatre, television and opera director (National Theatre), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England
  • Mar 29 Eric Idle, English comedian, actor (Monty Python), born in South Shields, England

John Major

Mar 29 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

  • Mar 29 Vangelis [Evángelos Odysséas Papathanassíou], Greek composer, keyboardist, and Academy Award winner (Chariots of Fire), born in Agria, Greece (d. 2022) [1]
  • Mar 29 Chad Allan [Allan Kowbel], Canadian rock singer (The Guess Who, 1962-66), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 30 Jay Traynor, American pop singer (Jay and the Americans, 1960-62 - "She Cried"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
  • Mar 30 Ken Forssi, American bassist (Love), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1998)
  • Mar 31 Christopher [Ronald] Walken, American actor (The Deer Hunter, Brainstorm), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 31 Roy Andersson, Swedish film director (A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence), born in Gothenburg, Sweden

Famous Weddings

Lana Turner

Mar 14 American movie actress Lana Turner (22) and American actor and restaurateur Steve Crane remarry in Tijuana, Mexico; divorce in 1944

John Steinbeck

Mar 29 Author John Steinbeck (41) weds Gwyndolyn Conger


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), dies at 79
  • Mar 3 George Thomson, cricketer (all-rounder-6 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
  • Mar 4 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • Mar 4 Pieter C. Boutens, Dutch poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • Mar 9 Oskar Hêks, Czech marathon runner/antifascist, dies in Auschwitz
  • Mar 10 Tully Marshall, American actor (Let's Go, Red Dust), dies at 78
  • Mar 12 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, dies at 73
  • Mar 13 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • Mar 13 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • Mar 19 Vicente Ripollés, Spanish composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • Mar 23 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • Mar 23 Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 26 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, dies at 73
  • Mar 27 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1), killed in crash
  • Mar 28 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), dies at 69
  • Mar 30 Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • Mar 30 Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)