On This Day

What Happened in September 1943

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Sep 3 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • Sep 3 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
  • Sep 4 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • Sep 5 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • Sep 6 "Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort, Philadelphia, kills 79
  • Sep 6 Carl Scheib becomes youngest pitcher in American League history at 16years, 8 months
  • Sep 6 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Joe Hunt beats fellow American Jack Kramer 6-3, 6-8, 10-8, 6-0 for his lone major title
  • Sep 6 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Pauline Betz successfully defends title; beats Louise Brough Clapp 6-3, 5-7, 6-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Sep 7 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
  • Sep 8 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Sep 8 NY Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game
  • Sep 9 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
  • Sep 9 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick

  • Sep 9 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • Sep 9 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • Sep 10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • Sep 10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • Sep 10 Italian fleet anchors at Malta
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
  • Sep 11 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • Sep 11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • Sep 11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island / Rapa Nui
  • Sep 11 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Sep 12 Free French lands on Corsica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Sep 13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • Sep 13 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
  • Sep 14 Yanks clinch pennant #14
  • Sep 15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • Sep 16 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • Sep 16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny

  • Sep 17 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • Sep 17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
  • Sep 18 Cardinals clinch NL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 19 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • Sep 19 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • Sep 20 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • Sep 21 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • Sep 21 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • Sep 21 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • Sep 21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • Sep 22 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • Sep 24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • Sep 25 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • Sep 27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • Sep 27 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
  • Sep 29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 US General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Sep 29 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
  • Sep 29 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Sep 30 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Don Stroud, American actor (Coogan's Bluff, Buddy Holly Story), born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Sep 2 Glenn Sather, NHL coach (Edmonton Oiler)
  • Sep 2 Joe Simon, American singer (Power of Love)
  • Sep 2 Rosalind Ashford, American rock vocalist (Martha Reeve & Vandellas - "Heat Wave"; "Dancing In The Street"), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Sep 2 Đorđe Novković, Croatian pop singer-songwriter (Pro Arte), and television personality (Hrvatski Idol), born in Vladimirci, German-occupied Serbia (d. 2007)
  • Sep 3 Dave Eichelberger, American golfer (US Senior Open 1999), born in Waco, Texas
  • Sep 3 Michael D. Barnes, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 3 Mick Farren, English sci-fi author (Synaptic Manhunt, Citizen Phaid), born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England
  • Sep 3 Valerie Perrine, American actress and model (Steam Bath, Superman, Lenny), born in Galveston, Texas
  • Sep 4 Giuseppi Gentile, Italian triple jumper (Olympic bronze 1968), born in Latina, Italy
  • Sep 5 Joe "Speedo" Frazier, American doo-wop vocalist (Impalas - "Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2014)
  • Sep 5 Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary (d. 2007)

Person of interestRoger Waters

Sep 6 [George] Roger Waters, English rock bassist and vocalist (Pink Floyd - "Another Brick in the Wall"), born in Cambridge, England

Rock Bassist and Vocalist Roger Waters
Rock Bassist and Vocalist
Roger Waters
  • Sep 6 Richard J. Roberts, English biochemist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Derby, England
  • Sep 7 Gloria Gaynor [Fowles], American disco singer (I Will Survive), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Sep 7 Lena Valaitis, Lithuanian-German Schlager singer, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • Sep 7 Beverley McLachlin, Canadian jurist (17th Chief Justice of Canada), born in Pincher Creek, Alberta, Canada
  • Sep 8 Adelaide C. Eckardt, American politician, born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 9 Art LaFleur, American actor
  • Sep 10 Garrett List, American classical and jazz composer and trombonist (Julliard Ensemble), born on Phoenix, Arizona (d. 2019)
  • Sep 10 "Superstar" Billy Graham [Eldridge Coleman], American professional wrestler, WWF Heavyweight Champion (1977-8), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • Sep 10 Daniel Truhitte, American actor (The Sound of Music - "Rolfe"), born in Sacramento, California
  • Sep 10 Neale Donald Walsch, American author (Conversations with God), born in Milwaulkee, Wisconsin
  • Sep 11 Mickey Hart, American drummer (Grateful Dead), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Sep 11 Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist (founding member of the Front de libération du Québec)
  • Sep 11 Jack Ely, American singer and guitarist (The Kingsmen - "Louie, Louie"), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2015)
  • Sep 12 Maria Muldaur, American singer (Midnight at the Oasis), born in Greenwich Village, New York
  • Sep 12 Michael Ondaatje, Sri Lankan-Canadian poet and writer, born in Colombo, Ceylon
  • Sep 16 David Wilshire, British MP (C) (Section 28, Parliamentary expenses scandal), born in Bristol, England
  • Sep 16 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • Sep 17 Samuel T. Durrance, American scientist and astronaut (STS 35, STS 67), born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • Sep 17 Sarah Lucas, theatre administrator (d. 1997)
  • Sep 18 Michael Vetter, German composer, born in Oberstdorf, Germany (d. 2013)
  • Sep 19 Christopher Joyce, British photographer, born in Turnbridge Wells, England (d. 1994)
  • Sep 19 Christl Haas, Austrian downhill skier (Olympic gold 1964), born in Kitzbühel, Austria (d. 2001)

Person of interestJoe Morgan

Sep 19 Joe Morgan, American Baseball Hall of Fame infielder (10 × MLB All-Star; World Series 1975, 76; NL MVP 1975, 76; Cincinnati Reds) and broadcaster (ESPN), born in Bonham, Texas (d. 2020)

MLB Hall of Fame Infielder and Broadcaster Joe Morgan
MLB Hall of Fame Infielder and Broadcaster
Joe Morgan
  • Sep 20 Roek Williams [Willemze], Dutch singer (Roek Williams & The Fighting Cats), born in Amsterdam

Person of interestSani Abacha

Sep 20 Sani Abacha, de facto President of Nigeria (1993-98), born in Kano, Nigeria (d. 1998)

President of Nigeria Sani Abacha
President of Nigeria
Sani Abacha
  • Sep 20 Tommy Nobis, American football linebacker (Atlanta Falcons), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Sep 21 David Hood, American bassist and trombonist (Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, Traffic), born in Sheffield, Alabama
  • Sep 22 Toni Basil, American singer
  • Sep 23 Bob Clement, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • Sep 23 Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer (Of All the Girls I Loved Before)
  • Sep 23 Walter Scott, American singer (Whispers- "And the Beat Goes On"), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Sep 23 Steve Boone, American rock bassist and vocalist (Lovin' Spoonful - "Do You Believe In Magic"), born in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

Person of interestMarty Schottenheimer

Sep 23 Marty Schottenheimer, American football coach (Cleveland Browns, KC Chiefs; NFL Coach of Year 2004, San Diego Chargers), born in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 2021)

  • Sep 23 Wallace Scott, American singer (Whispers- "And the Beat Goes On"), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Sep 24 Lee Aaker, American actor (Rusty-Rin Tin Tin), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 25 Jules [Gary] Alexander, American rock vocalist and guitarist (Association - "Cherish"), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • Sep 25 John Locke, American rock keyboardist (Spirit - "I Got A Line On You"), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2006)
  • Sep 25 Robert Walden, American actor (Joe Rossi-Lou Grant, New Doctors), born in New York City, New York
  • Sep 25 Robert Gates, American statesman (22nd U.S. Secretary of Defense), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • Sep 26 Ian Chappell, Australian cricket batsman, captain, broadcaster (75 Tests; 5,345 @ 42.42), born in Adelaide, South Australia
  • Sep 26 Tim Schenken, Australian racing driver, born in Gordon, Sydney, Australia
  • Sep 27 Anna Gael [Gyarmarthy], Lady Weymouth, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Sep 27 Bob Curiano, rock bassist (Mink Deville)
  • Sep 27 Randy Bachman, Canadian guitarist and songwriter (Guess Who - "American Woman"; Bachman-Turner Overdrive "Takin' Care Of Business"), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Sep 27 Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat
  • Sep 27 Maxwell Boyce, Welsh comedian and singer, born in Glynneath, Wales
  • Sep 28 Gertrud "Traudl" Hecher, Austrian downhill skier (Olympic bronze 1960)
  • Sep 28 J T Walsh, actor (Col Frank Bach-Dark Skies)
  • Sep 28 Joel Higgins, American actor (Salvage 1, Silver Spoons), born in Bloomington, Illinois
  • Sep 28 Mike Kreidler, (Rep-D-Washington)
  • Sep 28 Nick St Nicholas, rock bassist (Steppenwolf), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Sep 28 Susanne Jagd, Danish actress (Between the Sheets, Tinderbox)
  • Sep 28 Warren Lieberfarb, American media executive

Person of interestLech Wałęsa

Sep 29 Lech Wałęsa, Polish Solidarity movement leader (Nobel Peace Prize 1983) and President of Poland (1990-95), born in Popowo, Poland

Polish Politician and Labor Activist Lech Wałęsa
Polish Politician and Labor Activist
Lech Wałęsa
  • Sep 29 Manuel Fernandez, rocker
  • Sep 29 Peter Rigby, CEO (Specialist Computer Holdings)
  • Sep 29 Mohammad Khatami, former President of Iran
  • Sep 29 Gary Boyd Roberts, American genealogist
  • Sep 30 Jody Powell, press mouthpiece (Jimmy Carter)
  • Sep 30 Marilyn McCoo, American soul singer (5th Dimension; "You Don't Have To Be A Star") and TV host (Solid Gold), born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • Sep 30 Johann Deisenhofer, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • Sep 30 Ian Ogilvy, British Actor

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 7 "Gilda" actress Rita Hayworth (24) weds actor-director Orson Welles (28)

Actor and Director Orson Welles
Actor and Director
Orson Welles

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 1 Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
  • Sep 17 Dick Tyldesley, English cricketer (7 Tests for England), dies
  • Sep 23 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • Sep 27 Waclaw Gieburowski, Polish composer, dies at 65
  • Sep 27 Willoughby Hamilton, Irish tennis, soccer player (Wimbledon 1890; Ireland 1 cap), dies at 78
  • Sep 28 Charles Vintcent, cricketer (played in South Africa's 1st 3 tests), dies
  • Sep 28 Fritzi Brunette, American actress, dies at 53
  • Sep 30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)