What Happened in April 1944

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India

Music Premiere

Apr 2 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in NY

Historic Event

Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia

Historic Event

Apr 4 French General Charles de Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists

  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis

D-Day

Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from the Axis powers
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague

Historic Event

Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC

  • Apr 13 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 5-4 in overtime for a 4-0 series sweep; Canadiens' first SC triumph since 1931

Historic Event

Apr 13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived

  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376

Historic Event

Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force

  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 17 48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4; second straight victory; 3rd of 4 titles
  • Apr 19 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 20 NFL legalizes coaching from bench
  • Apr 21 NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3)
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • Apr 27 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.

Meeting of Interest

Apr 28 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Carol White, England, actress (Daddy's Gone a Hunting)
  • Apr 1 Rusty Staub, American baseball utility (6 x MLB All Star; Houston Colt .45s / Astros; Montreal Expos; NY Mets; Detroit Tigers) and broadcaster (Mets games 1986-95), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2018)
  • Apr 2 František Pospíšil, Czech ice hockey defenseman (IIHF World C'ships gold 1972, 76, 77; best defenseman 1972, 76; Olympic bronze 1972, silver 1976), born in Unhošť, Bohemia and Moravia
  • Apr 2 Rodolfo Fischer, Argentine soccer striker (35 caps; San Lorenzo 271 games), born in Oberá, Argentina (d. 2020)
  • Apr 3 Barry Pritchard, British rock guitarist (Fortunes - "You've Got Your Troubles"; "Here It Comes Again"; "This Golden Ring"), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1999)
  • Apr 3 Ramazan Rragami, Albanian soccer midfielder (20 caps; KF Vllaznia) and manager (KF Vllaznia), born in Shkodër, Albania (d. 2022)
  • Apr 3 Tony Orlando [Cassavitis], American pop singer (& Dawn - "Tie A Yellow Ribbon"; "Knock Three Times"), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 4 Craig T. Nelson, American actor (Poltergeist, Hayden Fox-Coach), born in Spokane, Washington
  • Apr 4 David Melville, British physicist and academic (Middlesex Polytechnic), born in Gateshead, Durham, England
  • Apr 4 Lawrence A. Hough, American rower (Pairs w/o cox-1968 olympic silver), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • Apr 4 Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician (Greens), born in Steenokkerzeel, Belgium
  • Apr 5 Ann Maxwell, American sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Apr 5 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • Apr 5 Nicholas Caldwell, American R&B singer (Whispers - "And The Beat Goes On"), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • Apr 5 Pedro Rosselló, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Puerto Rico, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Apr 5 Peter T. King, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Manhattan, New York
  • Apr 5 Willeke van Ammelrooy, Dutch actress (Cidke de Rat, Antonia), born in Amsterdam
  • Apr 6 Felicity Palmer, British mezzo-soprano
  • Apr 6 John Huarte, American College Football Hall of Fame quarterback (Heisman Trophy 1964, Notre Dame; Super Bowl 1970, KC Chiefs), born in Anaheim, California
  • Apr 6 John Stax [Fullagar], British rock bassist, and harmonica player (Pretty Things, 1963-67 - "Don't Bring Me Down"; "Cry To Me"), born in Crayford, Kent, England
  • Apr 7 Bill Stoneman, American baseball player and manager
  • Apr 7 Carol Grimes, British singer (Delivery), born in London, England
  • Apr 7 Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • Apr 8 Christoph Hein, German writer and translator, born in Heinzendorf, Germany
  • Apr 8 Hywel Bennett, Welsh, actor (Family Way, Shelley), born in Garnant, Wales (d. 2017)
  • Apr 8 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • Apr 8 Santiago Jiménez Jr, American folk and Tejano accordionist (El Mero Mero, Viva Seguin), born in Texas
  • Apr 10 Danny Woods, American musician (CEO of the Board), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2018)
  • Apr 11 John Milius, American screenwriter (Red Dawn, 1941, Big Wednesday), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Apr 11 R. J. B Knight, British deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • Apr 12 John Kay [Joachim Krauledat], German-born Canadian rock singer (Steppenwolf), born in Tilsit, East Prussia, Germany
  • Apr 12 Karel Kryl, Czechoslovak folk singer, born in Kroměříž, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (d. 1994)
  • Apr 12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • Apr 12 Mike Garrett, American College Football Hall of Fame running back (Heisman Trophy 1965, USC; AFL All-Star 1966-67, KC Chiefs) and executive (athletic director USC 1993-2010), born in Los Angeles, CA
  • Apr 13 Brian Pendleton, English musician (The Pretty Things, 1963-66 - "Don't Bring Me Down"), born in Durham, England (d. 2001)
  • Apr 13 Charles Burnett, American film director (When It Rains; Glass Shield), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Apr 13 Jack Casady, American rock bassist (Hot Tuna - "Hesitation Blues"; Jefferson Airplane - "Volunteers"; "White Rabbit"), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 13 Susan Davis, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California (D), 2001-21), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Apr 14 John Sergeant, British political journalist, radio and television broadcaster, born in Oxford, England
  • Apr 15 Dave Edmunds, Welsh rock singer and guitarist (Rockpile - "Girls Talk"; "I Knew The Bride"), born in Cardiff, Wales
  • Apr 15 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), born in Yalkhori, Chechen-Ingush (d. 1996)
  • Apr 15 John Wilbraham, British classical, baroque, and session trumpeter (Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields; English Chamber Orchestra; The Beatles - Magical Mystery Tour), and educator, born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1998)
  • Apr 16 Bob Montgomery, last Major League Baseball player to bat without a helmet (1979), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Apr 16 Dennis Russell Davies, American conductor and composer, born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Apr 16 Mike Mitchell, American rock guitarist (The Kingsmen -"Louie, Louie"), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2021)
  • Apr 17 John Lill, British classical pianist, born in London
  • Apr 18 Irvine Shillingford, West Indian cricketer (cousin of Grayson, 4 Tests for WI), born in Dublanc, Dominica

Robert Hanssen

Apr 18 Robert Hanssen, American FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • Apr 18 Rudy Shackelford, American organist, composer, and musicologist, born in Newport News, Virginia
  • Apr 19 Bernie Worrell, American keyboardist (Funkadelic - "Cosmic Slop"), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 2016)
  • Apr 19 James Heckman, American economist (Nobel Prize 2000), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 19 Margo MacDonald, Scottish national broadcaster and politician (MP for Glasgow Govan 1973-74), born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2014)
  • Apr 21 Adrian Hurley, Australian basketball coach
  • Apr 22 Howie Wyeth, American drummer and pianist (Bob Dylan; Robert Gordon; Christine Lavin), born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 22 Joshua Rifkin, American conductor and musicologist who played a key role in the ragtime revival of the 1970s, born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 22 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (1st person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon), born in Jackson, Tennessee (disappeared 2007)
  • Apr 23 Niklaus Schilling, Swiss film director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 2016)
  • Apr 24 (Bernard) St. Clair Lee, American pop singer (The Hues Corporation - "Rock The Boat"), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2011)
  • Apr 24 Tony Visconti, American music producer (David Bowie's Blackstar; Low; "Heroes"), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 26 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician (leader of Muhammadiyah 1995-2000), born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • Apr 26 David O'Brien Martin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in St. Lawrence Co., New York
  • Apr 26 Martha Rockwell, American cross-country skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Apr 27 Cuba Gooding Sr., American pop and soul singer (The Main Ingredient - "Everybody Plays the Fool"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Apr 27 Herb Pedersen, American singer (Desert Rose Band - "Love Reunited"), born in Berkeley, California
  • Apr 27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England
  • Apr 27 Thomas Koppel, Danish pianist and classical and avant-garde composer (Savage Rose), born in a refugee camp in Örebro, Sweden (d. 2006)
  • Apr 28 Alice Waters, American chef (Chez Panisse, farm-to-table movement), born in Chatham Borough, New Jersey
  • Apr 28 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director (founding member of The Wooster Group), born in New Jersey
  • Apr 28 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • Apr 29 Benedikte, Danish princess and second daughter of Frederick IX, born in Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Apr 29 Jim Hart, American NFL quarterback (St Louis Cardinals), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Apr 29 Richard Kline, American actor and director, born in New York City
  • Apr 29 [Nicolas] Michael Angelis, English actor (Thomas & Friends, Boys from the Black Stuff), born in London, England (d. 2020)
  • Apr 30 Jill Clayburgh, American actress (Unmarried Woman, Semi-Tough), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • Apr 30 Richard Shoff, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Seattle

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 71
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, American poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 4 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, dies at 82
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 5 Willy Derby [Dieben], singer (Hello Bandoeng), dies
  • Apr 9 Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, Polish composer and conductor, dies at 59
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Cécile Chaminade, French pianist and 1st female composer awarded with Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (1913), dies at 86
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French critic and literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), dies at 68
  • Apr 17 Jack Hearne, English cricket spin bowler (12 Tests, 49 wickets; England's first hat-trick vs Australia 1899), dies at 76
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 22 Mezio Agostini, Italian composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 25 Tony Mullane, Irish-American baseball player, dies at 85
  • Apr 26 Violette Morris, French athlete & spy for Nazi Germany, dies at 51
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, dies at 70
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), dies at 93
  • Apr 29 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, dies at 72
  • Apr 30 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65