On This Day

What Happened in August 1944

Historical Events

Election of Interest

Aug 1 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected 1st African-American congressman from New York

Historic Event

Aug 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

  • Aug 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • Aug 1 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • Aug 1 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • Aug 1 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • Aug 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
  • Aug 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with Nazi Germany

Historic Event

Aug 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies

  • Aug 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • Aug 3 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • Aug 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified
  • Aug 4 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy

Historic Event

Aug 4 Finnish government passes a special act making Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim President of Finland

  • Aug 5 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • Aug 5 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • Aug 5 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • Aug 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • Aug 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • Aug 6 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
  • Aug 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • Aug 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • Aug 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • Aug 7 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • Aug 7 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I)
  • Aug 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • Aug 8 US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans
  • Aug 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokesman for fire prevention for US Forest Service (named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin)
  • Aug 9 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
  • Aug 10 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • Aug 10 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • Aug 10 US/French offensive at Alencon

Historic Event

Aug 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

  • Aug 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées

Historic Event

Aug 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz

  • Aug 11 US air raid on Palembang
  • Aug 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • Aug 12 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • Aug 13 British 8th Army occupies Florence

Historic Event

Aug 13 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

  • Aug 13 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
  • Aug 14 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • Aug 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • Aug 14 Soviet offensive at Weichsel
  • Aug 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • Aug 15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • Aug 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • Aug 15 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • Aug 15 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • Aug 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • Aug 16 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • Aug 16 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • Aug 17 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • Aug 17 Canadian 2nd division conquers Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • Aug 17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • Aug 17 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • Aug 17 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun
  • Aug 17 Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game

Historic Event

Aug 18 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

  • Aug 18 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 18 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • Aug 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • Aug 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • Aug 19 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • Aug 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • Aug 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • Aug 19 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • Aug 19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • Aug 20 "Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway

PGA Championship

Aug 20 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Manito G & CC: Bob Hamilton wins his only major title, 1 up in the 36-hole final over heavily favoured Byron Nelson

Historic Event

Aug 20 French General Charles de Gaulle returns to France

  • Aug 20 Soviet offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • Aug 20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • Aug 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • Aug 21 Grieg, Wright and Forrest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 21 Raid on Jewish children's house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • Aug 21 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens

Historic Event

Aug 22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

  • Aug 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 23 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • Aug 23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • Aug 23 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris
  • Aug 23 British general Bernard Montgomery consults with US Generals Omar Bradley and Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • Aug 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • Aug 23 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • Aug 23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • Aug 24 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • Aug 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • Aug 25 French General Charles de Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
  • Aug 25 US Army XII Corps reaches Troyes, France

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Elske ter Veld, Dutch politician (State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • Aug 1 Yury Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2), born in Koltubanka, Russia
  • Aug 2 Jim Capaldi, English singer and songwriter (Traffic - "Something So Strong"; "The Low Spark of High Heeled Boys"), born in Evesham, Worcestershire, England (d. 2005)
  • Aug 2 Juvenal "Naná' Vasconcelos, Brazilian jazz and world music percussionist, and berimbau player (Pat Metheny, Björk, Milton Nascimento), born in Recife, Brazil (d. 2016)
  • Aug 4 Richard Belzer, KOed by Hulk Hogan/comedian (How to be a Stand Up)
  • Aug 7 David Rasche, American actor (Sledge Hammer), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 7 John Glover, American actor (52 Pick-Up, Something Special), born in Kingston, New York
  • Aug 7 Robert Mueller, American lawyer, FBI Director (2001-13) Special Counsel Russian Investigation (2017-), born in New York City, New York
  • Aug 8 Hans van Eijk, Dutch rock guitarist (Jumping Jewels)
  • Aug 8 Michael Johnson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, born in Alamosa, Colorado
  • Aug 8 Dapper Dan [Daniel Day], American fashion designer, born in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 8 Brooke Bundy, American actress
  • Aug 8 John Renbourn, British jazz and folk guitarist and songwriter (Pentangle), born in Marleybone, London, England (d. 2015)
  • Aug 9 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch politician (D66)
  • Aug 9 Sam Elliott, American actor (A Star Is Born, Conagher), born in Sacramento, California
  • Aug 9 Terry Jenner, Australian cricket spin bowler (9 Tests, 24 wickets; WA CA, SA CA), born in Mount Lawley, Australia (d. 2011)
  • Aug 9 Viv Prince, British drummer (Pretty Things - "Honey I Need"), born in Loughborough, England
  • Aug 9 George Armstrong, English soccer winger and manager (Arsenal 500 games; Kuwait 1988-89), born in Hebburn, County Durham (d. 2000)
  • Aug 11 David Pearl, British judge
  • Aug 11 Ian McDiarmid, Scottish stage director, and stage and screen actor (Star Wars -"Palpatine"), born in Carnoustie, Scotland
  • Aug 12 Peter Hofmann, German tenor
  • Aug 12 Francesco Morini, Italian soccer defender (11 caps; Sampdoria, Juventus), born in San Giuliano Terme, Italy (d. 2021)
  • Aug 13 David Mahler, American pianist and composer, born in Plainfield, New Jersey
  • Aug 13 Kevin Tighe, American actor (Newsie, Another 48 Hours, K-9), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 13 Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver, born in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire, England
  • Aug 14 Robyn Smith Astaire [Melody Dawn Miller], American jockey, wife of Fred Astaire, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 15 Frederick Knight, American singer and songwriter ("I've Been Lonely For So Long"), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Aug 15 Linda Ellerbee, American journalist (Weekend, NBC Overnight), born in Bryan, Texas
  • Aug 15 Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American politician (57th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 15 Sylvie Vartan, French pop singer ("Twiste et Chante"), born in Iskretz, Bulgaria
  • Aug 15 Pamela Polland, American singer-songwriter (Hawaiianized Pop Classics), born in California
  • Aug 16 Russ Titelman, American record producer and songwriter, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 16 Dick Zimmer, (Rep-R-New Jersey)
  • Aug 16 Mufasir-ul-Haq, cricketer (Pakistan left-arm quick, 1 Test)

Larry Ellison

Aug 17 Larry Ellison, American businessman (billionaire founder of Oracle Corporation), born in Manhattan, New York

  • Aug 18 Carl Wayne, English singer and actor (The Move), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2004)
  • Aug 19 Eddy Raven [Futch], American country singer ("Right Hand Man"), born in Lafayette, Louisiana
  • Aug 19 Samuel J. de Beer, South Africa vicar and politician, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Aug 19 Buzz Kilman, American Chicago radio personality, born in Detroit. Michigan
  • Aug 19 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer (The Price of Water in Finistère), born in Bjärme, Sweden (d. 2016)
  • Aug 19 Charles Wang, Chinese-American CEO (Computer Associates) and philanthropist, born in Shanghai, China
  • Aug 20 Graig Nettles, American MLB 3rd baseman (NY Yankees, San Diego Padres, Cleveland Indians), born in San Diego, California
  • Aug 20 John Povey, English musician (The Pretty Things; Electric Banana), born in London
  • Aug 21 Peter Weir, Australian director/writer (Witness, Dead Poets Society), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Aug 21 Doug Young, American national and world powerlifting champion, born in Abilene, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Aug 21 Perry Christie, 3rd Prime Minister of the Bahamas, born in Nassau, Bahamas
  • Aug 22 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Aug 23 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • Aug 23 Lena Tabori, Swedish actress model and daughter of Viveca Lindfors, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Aug 24 Gregory Jarvis, American engineer and astronaut (STS 25), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Aug 24 Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian ice hockey player (Minnesota North Stars), born in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Aug 24 Rocky Johnson, Canadian pro wrestler (father of Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson; with Tony Atlas first black champions in WWE history), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 2020)
  • Aug 24 Peter Hutton, American filmmaker, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • Aug 25 Anthony Heald, American actor (Orphans; Silence of Lambs), born in New Rochelle, New York
  • Aug 25 Sherley Anne Williams, American poet and novelist (Dessa Rose), born in Bakersfield, California
  • Aug 25 Conrad Black, Canadian-born British newspaper magnate, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Aug 25 Pat Martino [Azzara], American jazz guitarist (DownBeat Guitar Player of the Year, 2004), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2021)
  • Aug 26 Cornelia J. "Corry" Arends, Dutch actress (Fool's Hat)
  • Aug 26 Richard, English prince and Duke of Gloucester, born in Northampton, England
  • Aug 26 Stephen Greif, English actor (Blake's Seven), born in Sawbridgeworth, England
  • Aug 26 Alan Parker, British session guitarist (Blue Mink; Serge Gainsbourg) and television and film composer (American Gothic), born in Matlock, Derbyshire, England
  • Aug 26 Neroli Fairhall, New Zealand archer (first paraplegic to compete in the Olympic Games 1984), born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • Aug 27 Tim Bogert, American rock bassist (Vanilla Fudge; Jeff Beck), born in NYC, New York [1]
  • Aug 27 Barry Conyngham, Australian composer (Gardener Of Time; Kangaroo Island), born in Sydney
  • Aug 27 Wim Jurg, corrector/chairman (Werelddambond FMJD)
  • Aug 27 G W Bailey, Port Arthur, Texas, American actor (Police Academy, The Closer)
  • Aug 28 Marianne Heemskerk, Dutch swimmer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Aug 28 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate, born in Utah (d. 2018)
  • Aug 30 Charles Colbert, American rocker (American Breed - "Bend Me, Shape Me"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 30 Freek de Jonge, Dutch comedian (Neerlands Hoop), born in Westernieland, Netherlands
  • Aug 30 John Surman, English jazz musician, born in Tavistock, Devon, England
  • Aug 30 Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author, born in Monterey, California (d. 2007)
  • Aug 30 Tug McGraw, American baseball player and father of Tim McGraw, born in Martinez, California (d. 2004)
  • Aug 30 William "Smitty" Smith, American rock keyboardist and session musician (Motherlode - "When I Die"), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1997)
  • Aug 31 Clive Lloyd, West Indies cricket batsman, captain (110 Tests; 7,515 runs @ 46.67), born in Georgetown, British Guiana
  • Aug 31 Jos LeDuc, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
  • Aug 31 Roger Dean, British artist and album cover designer (Yes; Osibia; Asia), born in Ashford, Kent, England

Famous Weddings

Jack Kerouac

Aug 22 Writer Jack Kerouac (22) weds author Edie Kerouac Parker

Famous Deaths

Manuel L. Quezon

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 5 Maurice Turnbull, Welsh cricketer (England) rugby player (Wales), dies fighting in WWII at 38
  • Aug 7 Agustín Barrios Mangoré, Paraguayan classical guitarist and composer (La Catedral), dies at 59
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • Aug 8 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace, dies at 30
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy, killed in action in plane explosion over Blythburgh, East Suffolk, England at 29
  • Aug 16 Roman Padlewski, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 28
  • Aug 17 John Trumble, Australian cricket all-rounder (7 Tests, 10 wickets; brother of Hugh), dies at 80
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 18 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), dies at 37
  • Aug 19 Henry Wood, British conductor associated with London's promenade "Proms" concerts (Gentle Art of Singing; My Life of Music), dies following an illness at 75
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 22 Raymond Aimos, actor (Golem, Mayerling, La Bandera), dies at 55
  • Aug 23 Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, Ukrainian composer, dies at 63
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, Dutch resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Musa Cälil, Russian-Soviet Tatar poet (The Moabit Notebooks), and resistance fighter, executed by guillotine in Plötzensee Prison, Berlin at 38
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies