What Happened in February 1944

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's play "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein, in the Pacific
  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Film release premierFilm Premier

Feb 5 "Captain American" serial film premieres starring Dick Purcell, first appearance of a Marvel superhero outside a comic

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records (Academy Award Best Originial Song)

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • Feb 8 1st African American reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland

  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 14 Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing"
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • Feb 15 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Battle of InterestBattle of Eniwetok

Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets
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US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
  • Feb 17 US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 18 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall signs a contract to play baseball with the Cincinnati Reds just one day after playing in a high school basketball game; debuts later that year
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • Feb 20 Battle of Eniwetok: US forces take Enewetak Atoll at the cost of 37 Americans killed or missing and 94 wounded, Japanese losses were 800 dead and 23 prisoners
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • Feb 21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • Feb 22 US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 23 Battle of Eniwetok ends as US forces complete the capture of Parry Island from the Japanese 1st Amphibious Brigade

BattleCoup d'état

Feb 24 Minister of War Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Leo Burmester, American actor (Flo, Chiefs, Abbys, Odd Jobs), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Feb 1 Tommy Duffy, American musician (Echoes), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 1 Mike Enzi, American politician, born in Bremerton, Washington
  • Feb 1 Burkhard Ziese, German football manager
  • Feb 1 Paul Blair, American MLB outfielder (Baltimore Orioles), born in Cushing, Oklahoma (d. 2013)
  • Feb 2 Andrew Davis, Ashbridge, England, conductor (New Phil Orch-London)
  • Feb 2 Katherine Crawford, actress (Gemini Man, Captains & Kings), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 2 Ursula Oppens, American pianist and co-founder (Speculum Musicae-NYC), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 2 Karen Foss, American broadcaster
  • Feb 2 Geoffrey Hughes, British actor, (d. 2012)
  • Feb 3 Trisha Noble, Australian singer and actress
  • Feb 3 Stephen Ross, American economist (arbitrage pricing theory), born in Boston, Massachusetts, (d. 2017)
  • Feb 3 C Thomas "Tom" Gallagher, American Republican politician, financier, and insurance agent, born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • Feb 4 Daniel Mica, American politician (Rep-D-Florida, 1979-89), born in Binghamton, New York
  • Feb 4 Florence LaRue Gordon, Penn, rocker (5th Dimension-One Less Bell)
  • Feb 5 Al Kooper [Alan Peter Kuperschmidt], American rock musician, record producer and songwriter (Blood Sweat & Tears, Super Session), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 5 J. R. Cobb, American guitarist & songwriter (Atlanta Rhythm Section, Classic IV), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Feb 6 Michael Tucker, American actor (Stuart Markowitz-LA Law), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Feb 6 Christine Boutin, French politician, born in Levroux, France
  • Feb 6 Georgeanna Tillman, American singer (the Marvelettes), born in Inkster, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • Feb 7 Berend baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Dutch foreign state sect (CDA)
  • Feb 7 Michael A Andrews, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • Feb 8 Bunky Henry, American PGA golfer, born in Valdosta, Georgia
  • Feb 8 Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer

Person of interestAlice Walker

Feb 9 Alice Walker, American novelist (Color Purple, Meridian), born in Putnam County, Georgia

Novelist Alice Walker
Novelist
Alice Walker
  • Feb 9 Derryn Hinch, Australian media personality
  • Feb 10 Peter Allen, Australia, vocalist/pianist (I Go to Rio, Legs Diamond)
  • Feb 10 Frank Keating, American politician
  • Feb 10 Rufus Reid, American musician, born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Feb 11 Bert Greene, American PGA golfer, born in Gray, Georgia
  • Feb 11 Buddhadev Dasgupta, director (Charachar, Grihajuddha)
  • Feb 11 Michael G. Oxley, Politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), born in Findlay, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Feb 12 Charles Pasarell, tennis pro
  • Feb 12 Desmond Nuttall, English educator
  • Feb 12 Jackie Torrence, story teller/artist
  • Feb 12 Moe Bandy, Meridian Ms, country vocalist (Just Good Ol' Boys)

Person of interestJerry Springer

Feb 13 Jerry Springer, English-born US talk show host (Jerry Springer Show), born in London, England

Talk Show Host Jerry Springer
Talk Show Host
Jerry Springer
  • Feb 13 Sal Bando, US baseball player (Oakland A's), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Feb 13 Stockard Channing, US actress (Grease, Big Bus, Without a Trace), born in New York City, New York
  • Feb 13 Rebop Kwaku Baah, Ghanaian percussionist, born in Konongo, Ghana (d. 1983)
  • Feb 13 Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Indian actor, born in Wadakkancherry, India (d. 2006)
  • Feb 14 Alan Parker, English actor (Bugsy Malone, Evita)
  • Feb 14 Bruce Summerhays, PGA golfer (Provo Open-1966, 91 93), born in St Louis, Missouri

Person of interestCarl Bernstein

Feb 14 Carl Bernstein, American investigative reporter who covered Watergate for the Washington Post, born in Washington, D. C.

Investigative Reporter Carl Bernstein
Investigative Reporter
Carl Bernstein
  • Feb 14 Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (d. 1978)
  • Feb 15 Aleksandr Serebrov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17), born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2013)
  • Feb 15 Michael "Mick" Avory, British rock drummer (The Kinks), born in East Molesey, Surrey
  • Feb 15 Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch director and politician (PvdA), born in Wormerveer, Holland
  • Feb 16 Richard Ford, American author (Sportswriter)
  • Feb 16 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
  • Feb 17 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour)
  • Feb 17 Karl Jenkins, Welsh composer
  • Feb 19 Jan Bart Klaster, mythologist (Slogan)
  • Feb 20 Lew Soloff, American jazz trumpeter (Blood, Sweat & Tears), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 20 Roger Knapman, British MP
  • Feb 20 Willem van Hanegem, Dutch soccer champ/coach (Feyenoord)
  • Feb 20 Robert de Cotret, French Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • Feb 21 Herman de Coninck, Flemish writer/poet (Impossible Work)
  • Feb 21 Kitty Winn, actress (Beacon Hill), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 22 E. J. Peaker, American actress (That's Life), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Feb 22 Jonathan Demme, American film director (Silence of the Lambs, Philadelphia), born in Baldwin, New York (d. 2017)
  • Feb 22 Ranjit Fernando, Sri Lankan cricket wicketkeeper (1975 World Cup), born in Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Feb 22 Tom Okker, Dutch tennis player, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Feb 22 Robert Kardashian, American lawyer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • Feb 23 James Cousins, British MP
  • Feb 23 Johnny Winter, [John Dawson], American blues guitarist (Silver Train), born in Leland Miss, (d. 2014)
  • Feb 23 Mike Maxfield, British rocker (Billy J Kramer & The Dakotas)
  • Feb 23 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • Feb 23 John Sandford, American novelist
  • Feb 24 Barry Bostwick, American actor (Rocky Horror Picture Show, Megaforce), born in San Mateo, California,
  • Feb 24 Nicky Hopkins, rock pianist (Stones-Ruby Tuesday, Quicksilver)
  • Feb 24 Sheila Larkin, American actress (Deborah-Storefront Lawyer), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Feb 25 Karen Grassle, American actress (Caroline-Little House on Prairie), born in Berkeley, California
  • Feb 25 Kristina Holland, American actress (Tina-Courtship of Eddie's Father), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • Feb 26 Marilyn Michaels, American comedian (ABC Comedy Hour), born in New York City
  • Feb 27 Alan Fudge, American actor (Man From Atlantis, Paper Dolls), born in Wichita, Kansas
  • Feb 27 Graeme Pollock, South African cricketer (South African batting prodigy), born in Durban, South Africa
  • Feb 27 Roger Scruton, British philosopher, born in Buslingthorpe, United Kingdom
  • Feb 28 Colin Nutley, director/writer (Such is Life, Black Jack)
  • Feb 28 Kelly Bishop, CO, actress (Unmarried Woman, Advice to Lovelorn)
  • Feb 28 Sepp Maier, German footballer
  • Feb 28 Storm Thorgerson, British graphic designer and music video director (Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, Genesis, The Cranberries), born in Potters Bar, Middlesex (d. 2013)
  • Feb 29 David Briggs, record producer
  • Feb 29 Phyllis Frelich, Devil's Lake ND, actor (Love is Never Silent)
  • Feb 29 Paolo Eleuteri Serpieri, Italian illustrator
  • Feb 29 Ene Ergma, Estonian politician
  • Feb 29 Dennis Farina, actor (Get Shorty, Law & Order, Crime Story), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2013)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Martin Lunssens, Belgian composer, dies at 72

Person of interestPiet Mondrian

Feb 1 Piet Mondrian, abstract painter (Composition in Blue), dies at 71

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Feb 4 Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress, dies at 79
  • Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • Feb 5 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • Feb 7 Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
  • Feb 8 Clem Wilson, cricketer (bro of Rockley, 2 Tests for England 1896), dies
  • Feb 10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • Feb 11 Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • Feb 16 Edmund von Borck, composer, dies at 37
  • Feb 17 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • Feb 19 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, dies at 76
  • Feb 21 Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (winner of the 1st Grand Prix motor racing), dies at 70
  • Feb 22 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi, dies at 74

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

Feb 23 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), dies at 80

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Feb 29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)