What Happened in January 1944

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 1 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1 1st feature-length foreign movie "African Journey", shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 General Clark replaces General Patton as commander of US 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)

Appointment of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

Conference of Interest

Jan 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & French General Charles de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh

  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music Concert

Jan 18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time - performers include Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Lionel Hampton, Mildred Bailey, Red Norvo, Roy Eldridge, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Goodman, via remote hook-up. [1]

  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 23 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers with an NHL record 37 points; also record consecutive goals & most lopsided game, 15-0
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

Sports History

Jan 27 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves

Siege of Leningrad

Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin

Music History

Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands

D-Day

Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Charlie Davis, West Indies cricket batsman (15 Tests, 4 x 100s, 54.20 average), born in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad
  • Jan 1 Dick Gordon, American NFL wide receiver (Pro Bowl 1970-71, Chicago Bears), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Jan 1 Don Novello, American actor and comedian (Father Guido Sarducci-Saturday Night Live), born in Ashtabula, Ohio

Omar al-BashirOmar al-Bashir (78 years old)

Jan 1 Sudanese politician and 7th President of Sudan (1989-2019), born in Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

  • Jan 1 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • Jan 2 Péter Eötvös, Hungarian composer, conductor and teacher ("Chinese Opera"), born in Székelyudvarhely, Transylvania, Hungary (now Romania)
  • Jan 2 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • Jan 3 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • Jan 3 David Atherton, British conductor (London Sinfonietta; Royal Opera; San Diego Symphony), born in Blackpool, Lancashire, England
  • Jan 4 Alan Sutherland, New Zealand rugby union number 8 (10 caps; Marlborough), born in Blenheim, New Zealand (d. 2020)
  • Jan 4 Volker Hornback, German saxophone player and violinist (Tangerine Dream, 1967-69)
  • Jan 5 Felix Arons, Dutch director & actor (Waaldrecht), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 6 Bonnie Franklin, American actress (Ann-1 Day at a Time), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2013)
  • Jan 6 Henry Kravis, American businessman & author (The Money Machine), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Jan 6 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist & Nobel laureate, born in Riehen, Switzerland
  • Jan 7 Ad Nijhuis, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Jan 7 Arne Scheie, Norwegian sports commentator, born in Skedsmo, Norway
  • Jan 7 Mike McGear [McCartney], British singer-songwriter {The Scaffolds - "Lily The Pink"), and photographer, born in Liverpool, England
  • Jan 7 Tony Whitlam, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 8 Joel "Taz" DiGregorio, American country-rock keyboardist (Charlie Daniels Band), born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)
  • Jan 8 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • Jan 9 Harun Farocki, German filmmaker & author (Nicht loeschbares Feur), born in Nový Jičín, Czech Republic (d. 2014)
  • Jan 9 Ian Hornak, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)

Jimmy PageJimmy Page (78 years old)

Jan 9 English rock guitarist (Led Zeppelin - "Stairway to Heaven"), born in London, England

  • Jan 10 Bernard Derome, Canadian broadcaster (Le Téléjournal), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 10 Frank Sinatra, Jr., American singer and bandleader, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2016)
  • Jan 10 Rory Byrne, South African engineer & car designer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jan 10 William Sanderson, American actor (Newhart, Blade Runner, True Blood), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Jan 11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • Jan 11 Shibu Soren, Indian politician
  • Jan 11 York Georg Holler, composer
  • Jan 12 Carlos Villagrán, Mexican actor, born in Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
  • Jan 12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • Jan 12 Jack Schroer, British saxophonist & pianist (The Caledonia Soul Orchestra), (d. 1995)

Joe FrazierJoe Frazier (1944-2011)

Jan 12 American boxer (Olympic gold heavyweight 1964; undisputed world heavyweight champion 1970-73), born in Beaufort, South Carolina

  • Jan 12 Viktoria Postnikova, Russian pianist, born in Moscow, Russia
  • Jan 12 Vlastimil Hort, Czechoslovak-born German chess player, born in Kladno, Czech Republic
  • Jan 13 Christina von Saltza, American swimmer (Olympic gold 400m, 4x100m freestyle, 4x100m medley 1960), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jan 14 Graham Marsh, Australian golfer and course designer (US Senior Open 1997, The Tradition 1999), born in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
  • Jan 14 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist (Marjoe) and actor (Earthquake; Falcon Crest), born in Long Beach, California [1]
  • Jan 14 Nina Totenberg, American journalist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 15 Joan Marie Johnson, American pop singer (The Dixie Cups - "Chapel Of Love"; "Iko Iko"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2016)
  • Jan 16 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • Jan 16 Jim Stafford, American singer ("Spiders & Snakes"; "My Girl Bill, born in Eloise, Florida
  • Jan 16 Juan Rodríguez Vega, Chilean soccer defender (26 caps; Universidad de Chile, Atlético Español), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 2021)
  • Jan 17 Françoise Hardy, French pop singer, born in Paris, France
  • Jan 18 Al Perkins, American steel guitarist (Triple Play), born in De Kalb, Texas
  • Jan 18 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jan 18 Carl Morton, American baseball player, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Larry "Legs" Smith, British rocker (Bonzo Dog Band - "Urban Spaceman"), born in Oxford, United Kingdom

Paul KeatingPaul Keating (78 years old)

Jan 18 24th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1991-96), born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia

  • Jan 18 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Labour Party politician (House of Representatives, 1971-89; Minister of Defense, 1989-94; Queen's Commissioner of Drenthe, 1995-2008), born in Coevorden, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • Jan 19 Dan Reeves, American football coach (AP NFL Coach of the Year 1993 NY Giants, 1998 Atlanta Falcons; Denver Broncos), born in Rome, Georgia (d. 2021)
  • Jan 19 Laurie London, English singer
  • Jan 19 Pehr Henrik Nordgren, Finnish composer (The Whole World Will Lament; Kwaidan-balladit), born in Saltvik, Åland Islands, Finland (d. 2008)
  • Jan 19 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • Jan 20 Eddie Shah, English businessman & publisher (Today, Post), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Jan 20 Isao Okano, Japanese judoka (Olympic gold 1964), born in Ryugasaki, Japan
  • Jan 21 (Frank) Neely Bruce, American composer (Circular 14: The Apotheosis of Aristides), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Jan 23 Jerry Lawson, American a cappella singer and arranger (Persuasions - "Under the Boardwalk"), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • Jan 23 Marty Russo, American politician and lobbyist (Rep-D-IL, 1975-93), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 23 Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor (Blade Runner; Ladyhawke; Osterman Weekend), born in Breukelen, Netherlands (d. 2019)
  • Jan 23 Sergey Belov, Soviet basketball player (Olympic gold 1972), born in Shegarsky District, Russia (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 David Gerrold [Jerrold David Friedman], American science fiction screenwriter (Star Trek) & author (The Martian Child), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 24 Klaus Nomi, German singer, born in Immenstadt, Germany (d. 1983)
  • Jan 25 Bernard Tschumi, Swiss architect (Deconstructionism - Parc de la Villette), born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Jan 26 Angela Davis, African American activist, author and professor, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Jan 27 Kevin Coyne, English musician, born in Derby (d. 2004)
  • Jan 27 Nick Mason, British progressive rock drummer (Pink Floyd), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jan 27 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • Jan 28 Arnold Mühren, Dutch pop bassist/singer (The Cats - "One Way Wind"), born in Volendam, Holland
  • Jan 28 Bobby Ball [Harper], British comic, actor, singer and television host (Cannon and Ball; The Last of Summer Wine), born in Oldham, Lancashire, England (d. 2020)
  • Jan 28 James Cran, British MP
  • Jan 28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • Jan 28 John Tavener, British composer (The Whale), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Jan 28 Marty Fried, American rock drummer (The Cyrkle - "Red Rubber Ball"), born in Wayside, New Jersey
  • Jan 29 Barbara Moore, American actress (Lisa Rogers-Man From UNCLE), born in Wardell, Missouri
  • Jan 29 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • Jan 29 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • Jan 29 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986-) and rebel leader, born in Ntungamo, Uganda
  • Jan 30 Frank Burrows, Scottish soccer defender (Swindon Town 297 games) and manager (Portsmouth, Cardiff, Swansea), born in Larkhall, Scotland (d. 2021)
  • Jan 30 Lynn Harrell, American cellist, born in New York City, New York (d. 2020)
  • Jan 31 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)
  • Jan 31 Charlie Musselwhite, American blues harmonica player (Stand Back!; Get Up!), born in Kosciusko, Mississippi
  • Jan 31 John Inverarity, cricketer (Australian batsman 1968-72)

Famous Weddings

Ralph Richardson

Jan 26 Actor Ralph Richardson (41) weds actress Meriel Forbes (30)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Charles Turner, Australian cricket fast bowler (17 Tests; 101 wickets @ 16.53; fastest to 50 Test wickets), dies at 81
  • Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • Jan 7 George Mullin, American baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers; no-hitter 1912), dies at 63
  • Jan 7 J. Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 9 Johanna Beyer, German-American pianist and composer (March for Thirty Percussion Instruments; Clusters), dies from complications of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), at 55
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Juliette Atkinson, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1895, 97-98), dies at 70
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 19 Harold Fraser-Simson, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down

Edvard MunchEdvard Munch (1863-1944)

Jan 23 Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (Polyushko Pole), dies at 34
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61