On This Day

What Happened in January 1944

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st feature-length foreign movie "African Journey", shown on TV, NYC
  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 General Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 1 30th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats #12 Washington, 29-0
  • Jan 1 10th Sugar Bowl: Georgia Tech beats Tulsa, 20-18
  • Jan 1 10th Orange Bowl: LSU beats Texas A&M, 19-14
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jan 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & French General Charles de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music concertMusic Concert

Jan 18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time - performers include Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Lionel Hampton, Mildred Bailey, Red Norvo, Roy Eldridge, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Goodman, via remote hook-up. [1]

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong
Clarinetist and Bandleader Benny Goodman
Clarinetist and Bandleader
Benny Goodman
Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon" premieres in NYC

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Jan 23 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers with an NHL record 37 points; also record consecutive goals & most lopsided game, 15-0
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed

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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves

Baseball Hall of Fame Manager Casey Stengel
Baseball Hall of Fame Manager
Casey Stengel
  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Don Novello, American actor and comedian (Father Guido Sarducci-Saturday Night Live), born in Ashtabula, Ohio
  • Jan 1 Charlie Davis, West Indies cricket batsman (15 Tests, 4 x 100s, 54.20 average), born in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad
  • Jan 1 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician

Person of interestOmar al-Bashir

Jan 1 Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese politician and 7th President of Sudan (1989-2019), born in Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

President of Sudan Omar al-Bashir
President of Sudan
Omar al-Bashir
  • Jan 1 Dick Gordon, American NFL wide receiver (Pro Bowl 1970-71, Chicago Bears), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Jan 2 Péter Eötvös, Hungarian composer, conductor and teacher ("Chinese Opera"), born in Székelyudvarhely, Transylvania, Hungary (now Romania)
  • Jan 2 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • Jan 3 David Atherton, English conductor
  • Jan 3 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • Jan 4 Volker Hornback, German saxophone player and violinist (Tangerine Dream, 1967-69)
  • Jan 4 Alan Sutherland, New Zealand rugby union number 8 (10 caps; Marlborough), born in Blenheim, New Zealand (d. 2020)
  • Jan 5 Felix Arons, Dutch director & actor (Waaldrecht), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 6 Bonnie Franklin, American actress (Ann-1 Day at a Time), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2013)
  • Jan 6 Henry Kravis, American businessman & author (The Money Machine), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Jan 6 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist & Nobel laureate, born in Riehen, Switzerland
  • Jan 7 Ad Nijhuis, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Jan 7 Mike McGear, English singer (Paul McCartney's brother), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jan 7 Arne Scheie, Norwegian sports commentator, born in Skedsmo, Norway
  • Jan 7 Tony Whitlam, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 8 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • Jan 8 Joel "Taz" DiGregorio, American country-rock keyboardist (Charlie Daniels Band), born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

Person of interestJimmy Page

Jan 9 Jimmy Page, English rock guitarist (Led Zeppelin - Stairway to Heaven), born in London, England

Rock Star Jimmy Page
Rock Star
Jimmy Page
  • Jan 9 Harun Farocki, German filmmaker & author (Nicht loeschbares Feur), born in Nový Jičín, Czech Republic (d. 2014)
  • Jan 9 Ian Hornak, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)
  • Jan 10 Frank Sinatra, Jr., American singer and bandleader, born in Jersey City, New Jersey (d. 2016)
  • Jan 10 William Sanderson, American actor (Newhart, Blade Runner, True Blood), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Jan 10 Rory Byrne, South African engineer & car designer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jan 10 Bernard Derome, Canadian broadcaster (Le Téléjournal), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 11 York Georg Holler, composer
  • Jan 11 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (d. 1989)
  • Jan 11 Shibu Soren, Indian politician

Person of interestJoe Frazier

Jan 12 Joe Frazier, American boxer (Olympic gold heavyweight 1964; undisputed world heavyweight champion 1970-73), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 2011)

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Joe Frazier
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Joe Frazier
  • Jan 12 Vlastimil Hort, Czechoslovak-born German chess player, born in Kladno, Czech Republic
  • Jan 12 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • Jan 12 Viktoria Postnikova, Russian pianist, born in Moscow, Russia
  • Jan 12 Carlos Villagrán, Mexican actor, born in Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
  • Jan 12 Jack Schroer, British saxophonist & pianist (The Caledonia Soul Orchestra), (d. 1995)
  • Jan 13 Christina von Saltza, American swimmer (Olympic gold 400m, 4x100m freestyle, 4x100m medley 1960), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jan 14 Graham Marsh, Australian golfer, course designer (US Senior Open 1997, The Tradition 1999), born in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia
  • Jan 14 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist (Marjoe) and actor (Earthquake; Falcon Crest), born in Long Beach, California [1]
  • Jan 14 Nina Totenberg, American journalist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 16 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer
  • Jan 16 Jim Stafford, American singer (Spiders & Snakes, My Girl Bill), born in Eloise, Florida
  • Jan 17 Françoise Hardy, French pop singer, born in Paris, France
  • Jan 18 Larry "Legs" Smith, British rocker (Bonzo Dog Band - "Urban Spaceman"), born in Oxford, United Kingdom
  • Jan 18 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Labour Party politician (House of Representatives, 1971-89; Minister of Defense, 1989-94; Queen's Commissioner of Drenthe, 1995-2008), born in Coevorden, Netherlands (d. 2008)

Person of interestPaul Keating

Jan 18 Paul Keating, 24th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1991-96), born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia

24th Prime Minister of Australia Paul Keating
24th Prime Minister of Australia
Paul Keating
  • Jan 18 Carl Morton, American baseball player, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jan 18 Al Perkins, American steel guitarist (Triple Play), born in De Kalb, Texas
  • Jan 19 Dan Reeves, NFL Coach (NY Giants, Denver Broncos, Atlanta Falcons)
  • Jan 19 Pehr Henrik Nordgren, Finnish composer (The Whole World Will Lament; Kwaidan-balladit), born in Saltvik, Åland Islands, Finland (d. 2008)
  • Jan 19 Laurie London, English singer
  • Jan 19 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • Jan 20 Eddie Shah, English businessman & publisher (Today, Post), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Jan 20 Isao Okano, Japanese judoka (Olympic gold 1964), born in Ryugasaki, Japan
  • Jan 21 (Frank) Neely Bruce, American composer (Circular 14: The Apotheosis of Aristides), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Jan 23 Jerry Lawson, American musician (Persuasions-Under the Boardwalk), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Jan 23 Marty Russo, American politician & lobbyist (Rep-D-IL, 1975- ), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 23 Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor (Blade Runner, Ladyhawke, Osterman Weekend), born in Breukelen, Netherlands (d. 2019)
  • Jan 23 Sergey Belov, Soviet basketball player (Olympic gold 1972), born in Shegarsky District, Russia (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 David Gerrold [Jerrold David Friedman], American science fiction screenwriter (Star Trek) & author (The Martian Child), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 24 Klaus Nomi, German singer, born in Immenstadt, Germany (d. 1983)
  • Jan 26 Angela Davis, African American activist, author and professor, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Jan 27 Kevin Coyne, English musician, born in Derby (d. 2004)
  • Jan 27 Nick Mason, British progressive rock drummer (Pink Floyd), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jan 27 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • Jan 28 Arnold Mühren, Dutch pop bassist/singer (The Cats - "One Way Wind"), born in Volendam, Holland
  • Jan 28 James Cran, British MP
  • Jan 28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • Jan 28 John Tavener, British composer (The Whale), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Jan 28 Marty Fried, American rock drummer (The Cyrkle - "Red Rubber Ball"), born in Wayside, New Jersey
  • Jan 29 Barbara Moore, Wardell Mo, actress (Lisa Rogers-Man From UNCLE)
  • Jan 29 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • Jan 29 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986-) and rebel leader, born in Ntungamo, Uganda
  • Jan 29 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • Jan 30 Lynn Harrell, American cellist, born in New York City, New York (d. 2020)
  • Jan 31 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)
  • Jan 31 Charlie Musselwhite, American blues harmonica player (Stand Back!; Get Up!), born in Kosciusko, Mississippi
  • Jan 31 John Inverarity, cricketer (Australian batsman 1968-72)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 26 Actor Ralph Richardson (41) weds actress Meriel Forbes (30)


Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Charles Turner, Australian cricket fast bowler (17 Tests; 101 wickets @ 16.53; fastest to 50 Test wickets), dies at 81
  • Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • Jan 7 George Mullin, American baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers; no-hitter 1912), dies at 63
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 12 Juliette Atkinson, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1895, 97-98), dies at 70
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 19 Harold Fraser-Simson, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61