On This Day

What Happened in June 1944

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 2 Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower and Bernard Montgomery dine in Portsmouth, England
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 76th Belmont: G L Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports
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"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église
  • Jun 6 World War II: All Major League Baseball games are cancelled in honor of the D-Day landings in northern France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Relief pitcher Joe Nuxhall at 15 years, 316 days, debuts for Cincinnati Reds; youngest player in MLB history; becomes All Star and broadcaster
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America
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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 17 Iceland declares independence from Denmark
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Robert Powell, English actor (Jigsaw Man, Shaka Zulu, Secrets), born in Salford, England
  • Jun 2 Garo Yepremian, American NFL place kicker (Miami Dolphins), born in Larnaca, Cyprus (d. 2015)
  • Jun 2 Marvin Hamlisch, American composer/pianist (Sting, Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 2 Poul Jensen, Danish sailor (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • Jun 2 Antone Tavares, American R&B musician (Tavares)
  • Jun 3 Edith McGuire, US 200m sprinter (Olympic gold 1964)
  • Jun 3 Michael Clarke, American rock drummer (Byrds-Turn! Turn! Turn!), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 3 Eddy Ottoz, Italian athlete
  • Jun 4 Michelle Phillips, American singer and actress (Mamas & Papas), born in Long Beach, California
  • Jun 4 Roger Ball, Scottish saxophonist (Average White Band), born in Broughty Ferry, Scotland
  • Jun 5 Chris Finnegan, UK, middleweight boxing champ (Olympic gold 1968)
  • Jun 5 Tommie Smith, US sprinter (Olympic gold 1968) [or Jan 5]
  • Jun 5 Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
  • Jun 6 Edgar Froese, German musician (Tangerine Dream), born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 2015)
  • Jun 6 Peter Albin, American rocker (Big Brother and the Holding Company), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist (Nobel 1993), born in Falmouth, Kentucky
  • Jun 7 Clarence White, American guitarist (Byrds-Turn! Turn! Turn!), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1973)
  • Jun 8 Boz Scaggs [William Royce], American rocker (Steve Miller Band), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Jun 8 Don Grady [Agrati], American actor (Robbie Douglas-My Three Sons), born in San Diego, California (d. 2012)
  • Jun 8 Mark Belanger, American baseball shortstop (8-time Gold Glove winner), born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter), born to Lena, a foxhound in Ambler, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 9 Brigid Bazlen, American actress (Pam-Too Young to go Steady), born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1989)
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" van Hoften, American astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California
  • Jun 12 Linda Foster, American actress (Doris-Hank), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 12 Maurice Jackson, American singer (The Independents - "Leaving Me"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 13 Joe Amato, NHRA top fuel drag racing champion (1991), born in Exeter, Pennsylvania

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

Jun 13 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (Happy All the Time), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jun 14 Joe Grifasi, American actor, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jun 15 Inna Ryskai, USSR, volleyball player (Olympic-2 gold/2 silver-1964-76)
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Joan Barbara Grigor, artist
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama, [Jesse Kuhaulua], Hawaii, 1st non-Japanese sumo champion
  • Jun 17 Bill Rafferty, American comedian (Laugh-In, Real People), born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 17 Chris Spedding, English rocker (Sharks), born in Staveley, Derbyshire, England
  • Jun 17 Chucho Castillo, Mexican bantamweight boxer (WBA, WBC, 1970), born in Nuevo Valle de Moreno, Mexico (d. 2013)
  • Jun 18 Paul Lansky, American electronic composer, born in New York City
  • Jun 18 Sandy Posey, American singer
  • Jun 18 Rick Griffin, American artist and a leading designer of psychedelic posters in the 1960s (Grateful Dead), born in Palos Verdes, California (d. 1991)
  • Jun 19 Chico Buarque, Brazilian musician
  • Jun 20 Dave Nelson, baseball player
  • Jun 20 Terry Funk, pro wrestler (WWF/NWA)/actor (Paradise Alley), born in Hammond, Indiana
  • Jun 20 David Roper, English actor
  • Jun 21 Corinna Tsopel, Greek actress (Man Called Horse) and Miss Universe 1964, born in Athens, Greece
  • Jun 21 Jon Hiseman, English drummer (Colosseum), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Miguel Vicens, Spanish rocker (Los Bravos), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain
  • Jun 21 Ray Davies, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Kinks), born in London
  • Jun 21 Tony Scott, English film director and producer (Top Gun, Revenge, Days of Thunder), born in Northumberland, England (d. 2012)
  • Jun 22 Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor (Mephisto, Out of Africa)
  • Jun 22 Michael Obst, German FR, coxsman (Olympic gold 1960)
  • Jun 22 Peter Asher, singer (Peter & Gordon-World Without Love), born in London, England
  • Jun 22 Steve Weber, guitarist, (Rounders-Holy "Boobs" Modal)
  • Jun 22 Gérard Mourou, French scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018, lasers), born in Albertville, France
  • Jun 23 Rosetta Hightower, American singer (Don't Hang Up), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, (d. 2014)
  • Jun 24 Charlie Whitney, English rock guitarist (Family), born in Skipton, North Yorkshire, England
  • Jun 24 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic)
  • Jun 24 Jeff Beck, Surrey England, singer/guitarist (Jeff Beck Group)
  • Jun 25 Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jun 27 Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist, 1K time trial (Olympic gold 1964), born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Fargo, North Dakota
  • Jun 29 Gary Busey, American actor (Buddy Holly Story, Star in Born), born in Goose Creek, Texas
  • Jun 29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • Jun 29 Sisto Malaspina, Australian cafe owner (Pellegrini's) who started Melbourne coffee culture, born in Marche region, Italy
  • Jun 30 Glenn Shorrock, Australian rock vocalist (Little River Band), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Jun 30 Ron Swoboda, American baseball outfielder and sportscaster (NY Yankees, NY Mets), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 5 Riccardo Zandonai, Italian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 6 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • Jun 13 Christopher Heseltine, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1895-96), dies
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • Jun 19 Bill Bradley, cricketer (bowled for England in two Tests 1899), dies
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter/friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 24 Rio Gebhardt, German composer, dies at 36
  • Jun 25 Lucha Reyes, Mexican singer (b. 1906)
  • Jun 26 Billy Newham, cricketer (England Test 1887), dies
  • Jun 27 Werner Wehrli, composer, dies at 52
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jun 27 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), dies in a London air raid at 38