What Happened in June 1944

Historical Events

D-Day

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

  • Jun 1 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • Jun 1 Washington Senators MLB outfielder Stan Spence goes 6-for-6 in an 11-5 win over the St. Louis Browns; collects 5 singles and a home run
  • Jun 2 Herzogenbusch concentration camp near Vught, Netherlands, is disbanded by Allied forces, one of two SS-run camps outside Germany
  • Jun 3 76th Belmont: G. L. Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • Jun 3 Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution
  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome

Historic Event

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Historic Event

Jun 4 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in London

Historic Event

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas
  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6
  • Jun 5 Allied forces march into Rome
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

Historic Event

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II
  • Jun 6 World War II: All Major League Baseball games are cancelled in honor of the D-Day landings in northern France
  • Jun 7 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 Relief pitcher Joe Nuxhall at 15 years, 316 days, debuts for Cincinnati Reds; youngest player in MLB history; becomes All Star and broadcaster
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
  • Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

George Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Historic Event

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu, Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba
  • Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with Field Marshals von Rundstedt and Rommel in Marjival, Soissons, France to assess response to Normandy Invasion
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 Farewell concert of conductor Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel

Famous Photo

Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"

  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel

Historic Event

Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz

  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in the Philippine Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
  • Jun 22 Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre

Historic Event

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Historic Event

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Robert Powell, English actor (Jigsaw Man, Shaka Zulu, Secrets), born in Salford, England
  • Jun 2 Antone Tavares, American R&B musician (Tavares - "Heaven Must Be Missing An Angel"), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Jun 2 Garo Yepremian, American NFL place kicker (Miami Dolphins), born in Larnaca, Cyprus (d. 2015)
  • Jun 2 Marvin Hamlisch, American composer and conductor (The Sting; A Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 2 Poul Jensen, Danish sailor (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • Jun 3 Eddy Ottoz, Italian athlete (hurdles) and coach, born in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France
  • Jun 3 Edith McGuire, US 200m sprinter (Olympic gold 1964)
  • Jun 3 Michael Clarke, American rock drummer (The Byrds, 1964-67 - "Turn! Turn! Turn!"; Flying Burrito Brothers, 1969-71; Firefall, 1974-80), born in Spokane, Washington (d. 1993)
  • Jun 4 Michelle Phillips, American singer and actress (Mamas & Papas - "California Dreaming"), born in Long Beach, California
  • Jun 4 Roger Ball, Scottish saxophonist (Average White Band), born in Broughty Ferry, Scotland
  • Jun 5 Chris Finnegan, British boxer (Olympic gold middleweight 1968), born in Iver, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Jun 5 Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer (Les Misérables), born in Drimnagh, Ireland
  • Jun 6 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • Jun 6 Edgar Froese, German musician (Tangerine Dream), born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 2015)
  • Jun 6 Peter Albin, American rock bassist and guitar player (Big Brother and the Holding Company), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist (Nobel 1993), born in Falmouth, Kentucky

Tommie Smith

Jun 6 Tommie Smith, American athlete and 200m sprinter who was the 1st to break the 20-second barrier (performed the black power salute while accepting his Olympic gold medal in 1968), born in Clarksville, Texas

  • Jun 7 Clarence White, American session and country-rock guitarist (The Byrds, 1968-73 - "Ballad of Easy Rider"), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1973)
  • Jun 8 (William) "Boz" Scaggs, American rock guitarist (Steve Miller Band, 1967-68), and singer-songwriter ("Lowdown"; "Lido Shuffle"), born in Canton, Ohio
  • Jun 8 Don Grady [Agrati], American actor (Robbie Douglas-My Three Sons), born in San Diego, California (d. 2012)
  • Jun 8 Marc Ouellet, Canadian Cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Quebec City, born in La Motte, Quebec, Canada
  • Jun 8 Mark Belanger, American baseball shortstop (MLB All Star 1976; 8 x Gold Glove winner; Baltimore Orioles), born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • Jun 9 23 puppies (record litter), born to Lena, a foxhound in Ambler, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 9 Brigid Bazlen, American actress (Pam-Too Young to go Steady), born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1989)
  • Jun 9 Christine Goitschel, French alpine skier (Olympic gold 1964), born in Sallanches, France
  • Jun 10 Rick Price, British rock bassist (The Move, 1969-71; Wizzard, 1972-75), and pedal steel guitar player, born in Birmingham, England (d. 2022)
  • Jun 11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • Jun 11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • Jun 11 James "Ox" van Hoften, American astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California
  • Jun 12 Linda Foster, American actress (Doris-Hank), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 12 Maurice Jackson, American singer (The Independents - "Leaving Me"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 13 Joe Amato, NHRA top fuel drag racing champion (1991), born in Exeter, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 14 Joe Grifasi, American actor, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jun 14 Laurie Colwin, American author (Happy All the Time), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1992)
  • Jun 15 Inna Ryskai, Soviet volleyball player (Olympic-2 gold/2 silver-1964-76), born in Baku, Azerbaijan, Soviet Union
  • Jun 15 Robert Keppel, American criminologist
  • Jun 16 Barbara Grigor, Scottish filmmaker and art entrepreneur (d. 1994)
  • Jun 16 Gary F. Jones, American thoroughbred racehorse trainer ($52.6m in purses; 1,465 race wins; US Racing HOF), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2020)
  • Jun 16 Takamiyama Daigorō [Jesse Kuhaulua], American wrestler (1972 1st non-Japanese sumo champion), born in Maui, Hawaii
  • Jun 17 (Jesús) "Chucho" Castillo, Mexican bantamweight boxer (WBA, WBC, 1970), born in Nuevo Valle de Moreno, Mexico (d. 2013)
  • Jun 17 Bill Rafferty, American comedian (Laugh-In; Real People), born in Queens, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 17 Chris Spedding, British session and touring rock guitarist (Sharks; Bryan Ferry; Harry Nilsson), and producer, born in Staveley, Derbyshire, England
  • Jun 18 Paul Lansky, American electronic composer, born in New York City
  • Jun 18 Rick Griffin, American artist and a leading designer of psychedelic posters in the 1960s (Grateful Dead), born in Palos Verdes, California (d. 1991)
  • Jun 18 Sandy Posey, American pop and country singer ("Single Girl"), born in Jasper, Alabama
  • Jun 19 Chico Buarque, Brazilian musician
  • Jun 20 Dave Nelson, baseball player
  • Jun 20 David Roper, English actor
  • Jun 20 Terry Funk, pro wrestler (WWF/NWA)/actor (Paradise Alley), born in Hammond, Indiana
  • Jun 21 Corinna Tsopel, Greek actress (Man Called Horse) and Miss Universe 1964, born in Athens, Greece
  • Jun 21 Jon Hiseman, British drummer (Arthur Brown; Colosseum), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • Jun 21 Miguel Vicens, Spanish rock bass player (Los Bravos - "Black Is Black"), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain

Ray Davies

Jun 21 Ray Davies, British singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Kinks - "Waterloo Sunset"; "Lola"; ""Celluloid Heroes"; "Come Dancing"), born in Muswell Hill, North London, England

  • Jun 21 Tony Scott, English film director and producer (Top Gun; Revenge: Days of Thunder), born in Northumberland, England (d. 2012)
  • Jun 22 Gérard Mourou, French scientist (Nobel Prize for Physics 2018, lasers), born in Albertville, France
  • Jun 22 Klaus Maria Brandauer, Austrian actor (Mephisto, Out of Africa)
  • Jun 22 Michael Obst, German coxsman (Olympic gold 1960), born in German FR
  • Jun 22 Peter Asher, English pop singer, guitarist (Peter & Gordon - "A World Without Love"), artist manager, and record producer (Linda Ronstadt; James Taylor), born in London, England
  • Jun 22 Steve Weber, American by psychedelic folk guitarist, (The Holy Modal Rounders - "Bird Song"; "You've Got the Right String but the Wrong Yo-Yo"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2020)
  • Jun 23 Rosetta Hightower, American pop singer (The Orlons - "Don't Hang Up"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, (d. 2014)
  • Jun 24 Charlie Whitney, British rock guitarist (Family), born in Skipton, North Yorkshire, England
  • Jun 24 Chris Wood, British rock saxophone and flute player (Traffic; Ginger Baker's Air Force, Jimi Hendrix), born in Quinton, Birmingham, England (d. 1983)
  • Jun 24 Jeff Beck, British rock guitarist (Yardbirds, 1965-66; Jeff Beck Group, 1967-72), born in Wallington, Surrey, England
  • Jun 24 Terry Donahue, American College Football Hall of Fame coach (head coach UCLA 1976-96, record 151–74–8; Pac-10 Coach of the Year 1985, 93), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2021)
  • Jun 25 Robert Charlebois, Canadian singer and composer, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 26 Bengt Åberg, Swedish motocross racer (World 500cc Motocross Champion 1969, 70; Motocross des Nations gold 1970, 71, 74), born in Gävleborg County, Sweden (d. 2021)
  • Jun 26 Ruth Kempson, British linguist (SOAS)
  • Jun 27 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jun 27 Patrick Sercu, Belgian cyclist, 1K time trial (Olympic gold 1964), born in Roeselare, West Flanders, Belgium
  • Jun 29 Claude Humphrey, American Pro Football HOF defensive end (6 × Pro Bowl, 5 × First-team All-Pro Atlanta Falcons; Philadelphia Eagles), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2021)
  • Jun 29 Collin Peterson, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Fargo, North Dakota
  • Jun 29 Gary Busey, American actor (The Buddy Holly Story; A Star in Born (1976); Lethal Weapon), born in Goose Creek, Texas
  • Jun 29 Seán Patrick O'Malley, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Lakewood, Ohio
  • Jun 29 Sisto Malaspina, Australian cafe owner (Pellegrini's) who started Melbourne coffee culture, born in Marche region, Italy
  • Jun 30 Glenn Shorrock, British-Australian rock vocalist (Little River Band - "Reminiscing"; "Lonesome Loser"), born in Chatham, Kent, England
  • Jun 30 Raymond Moody, American parapsychologist, physician and author (Life After Life), born in Porterdale, Georgia
  • Jun 30 Ron Swoboda, American baseball outfielder and sportscaster (NY Yankees, NY Mets), born in Baltimore, Maryland

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 2 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official Women's World Chess Champion (1927-39), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • Jun 5 Riccardo Zandonai, Italian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 6 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
  • Jun 13 Christopher Heseltine, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1895-96), dies
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • Jun 16 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian and member of the French resistance, executed by firing squad by the Gestapo at 57
  • Jun 19 Bill Bradley, cricketer (bowled for England in two Tests 1899), dies
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter and friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 24 Rio Gebhardt, German composer, dies at 36
  • Jun 25 Lucha Reyes [María de Luz Flores], Mexican mariachi singer ("Guadalajara"), dies of barbiturate intoxication at 38
  • Jun 26 Billy Newham, cricketer (England Test 1887), dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jun 27 Werner Wehrli, Swiss composer, pedagogue, and conductor, dies at 52
  • Jun 29 Chick Henderson [Henderson Rowntree], British dance band vocalist (Joe Loss Orchestra - "Begin the Beguine"), killed in action while serving in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, at 31