On This Day

What Happened in March 1944

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 2 16th Academy Awards: "Casablanca", Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win

  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 3 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 5 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony by the National Symphony, in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japan begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason

  • Mar 17 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts after months of volcanic unrest, destroying several towns near the volcano
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois department store
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 21 General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 24 RAF rear gunner Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth, 42-40; Utes' first title; small forward Arnie Ferrin is named tournament MOP
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 John B Breaux, (Rep-D-LA, 1972-88)
  • Mar 1 John Napier, English set designer (Royal Shakespeare Company), born in London, England
  • Mar 1 Mike D'Abo, British rock vocalist (Manfred Mann - "Mighty Quinn"; Jesus Christ Superstar - "Herod"), and songwriter ("Handbags and Gladrags"), born in Betchworth, Surrey, England
  • Mar 1 Roger Daltrey, English singer and founder of the rock band "The Who", born in East Acton, London, England
  • Mar 2 Katherine Crawford, actress (Captains & Kings, Gemini Man)
  • Mar 2 Leif Segerstam, Finnish violinist, conductor, and composer of 342 symphonies (...and counting!), born in Vaasa, Finland
  • Mar 2 Uschi Glas, German actress
  • Mar 3 Janice Garfat, rocker (Dr Hook)
  • Mar 4 Bobby Womack, American R&B singer, guitarist, songwriter, and producer ("It's All Over Now"; "Woman's Got to Have It"; "Across 110th Street"), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • Mar 5 Paul Sands, comedian and actor (SCTV, Story Theater, St Elsewhere), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 5 Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
  • Mar 6 Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand operatic soprano (Don Giovanni), born in Gisborne, New Zealand
  • Mar 6 Mary Wilson, American pop vocalist (Supremes - "Where Did Our Love Go?"), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2021) [1]
  • Mar 7 Elton Gallegly, American politician (Rep-R-California 1987-2013), born in Huntington Park, California
  • Mar 7 Jürgen Theobaldy, German writer, born in Strasberg, France
  • Mar 7 Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter (Kathleen, Loretta), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Mar 7 Stanley Schmidt, American science fiction writer and editor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Mar 7 Michael Rosbash, American geneticist (Nobel Prize 2017, Drosophila period gene), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Mar 8 Buzz Hargrove, Canadian labour leader
  • Mar 8 Sergey Nikitin, Russian composer
  • Mar 8 Palito Ortega, Argentine singer and actor
  • Mar 9 Geoff Arnold, English cricketer (England medium-pacer in 34 Tests 1967-75), born in Earlsfield, Surrey, England
  • Mar 9 Lee Irvine, South African cricketer (batsman, only Tests in 1970), born in Durban, Natal
  • Mar 9 Trevor Burton, English guitarist and rocker (The Move), born in Aston, Birmingham
  • Mar 11 Ric Rothwell, drummer (Mindbenders-Games of Love)
  • Mar 11 Graham Lyle, Scottish singer-songwriter (What's Love Got to Do with It), born in Bellshill, Scotland
  • Mar 14 Clyde Lee, American NBA player, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Mar 14 Peter Paul Zahl, writer
  • Mar 15 Gordon "Jazz" Summers, British music manager (Wham, Snow Patrol), born in Winchester, Hampshire (d. 2015)
  • Mar 15 Chi Cheng, Taiwan, sprinter/80m hurdler (Olympic bronze 1968)
  • Mar 15 David Costell, Pitts, rocker (Gary Lewis & the Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • Mar 15 Jacques Doillon director/writer (La Fille de Quinze Ans)
  • Mar 15 Ralph MacDonald, American rock percussionist and songwriter (Just the Two of Us), born in New York City (d. 2011)
  • Mar 17 Cito Gaston, MLB manager (Toronto Blue Jays)
  • Mar 17 John Sebastian, American singer (Loving Spoonful, Welcome Back Kotter), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 17 Pat McCauley, Northern Irish rock drummer (Them)
  • Mar 17 Pattie Boyd, English photographer and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton), born in Taunton, England
  • Mar 18 Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman
  • Mar 18 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader and politician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 19 Joseph Celli, composer
  • Mar 19 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, LBJ's daughter
  • Mar 19 Myung-Wha Chung, Seoul Korea, cellist (Chung Trio)
  • Mar 19 Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize
  • Mar 19 Sirhan Sirhan, Palestinian-born assassin
  • Mar 21 Charles Edward Greene, Pine Bluff Ark, 4x100m runner (Olympic gold 1968)
  • Mar 21 Henrik Colding-Jorgensen, composer
  • Mar 21 Jamary Oliveira, composer
  • Mar 21 Marie-Christine Barrault, actress (Stardust Memories), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 21 David Lindley, American musician (The Kaleidoscope), born in San Marino, California
  • Mar 22 T S "Tony" McPhee, rocker (Sad Go Round)
  • Mar 22 Chris Stainton, English session musician (Joe Cocker, The Who), born in Woodseats, England
  • Mar 23 Michael Nyman, composer (Mesmer, Carrington)
  • Mar 23 Salim Altaf, cricketer (Pakistan medium-pacer in 21 Tests 1967-78)
  • Mar 23 Ric Ocasek [Richard Otcasek], American rocker (The Cars - Best Friend's Girl; Shake It Up), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2019)
  • Mar 23 George Scott, Greenville, MS, MLB player (Boston Red Sox), (d. 2013)

Person of interestDenny McLain

Mar 24 Denny McLain, American MLB pitcher (AL Cy Young Award 1968-69), born in Markham, Illinois

MLB Pitcher Denny McLain
MLB Pitcher
Denny McLain
  • Mar 24 R. Lee Ermey, American actor (Full Metal Jacket- Gunnery Sergeant Hartman), born in Emporia, Kansas (d. 2018)
  • Mar 24 Vojislav Koštunica, Serbian Prime Minister
  • Mar 25 Ross Duncan, cricketer (one Test Australia v England 1971, 0-30)
  • Mar 25 Terry L Bruce, (Rep-D-IL, 1985- )
  • Mar 25 Kelly Garrett, American actress and singer (The Night That Made America Famous), born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)

Person of interestDiana Ross

Mar 26 Diana Ross [Earle], American singer and actress (the Supremes, Lady Sings Blues, Mahogany), born in Detroit, Michigan

Singer and Actress Diana Ross
Singer and Actress
Diana Ross
  • Mar 27 Khosrow Shakibai, Iranian actor (Hamoun), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2008)
  • Mar 28 Ken Howard, American actor (Ken - The White Shadow), born in El Centro California (d. 2016)

Person of interestRick Barry

Mar 28 Rick Barry, Basketball forward (NY Nets, Golden State Warriors), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey

NBA Small Forward Rick Barry
NBA Small Forward
Rick Barry
  • Mar 29 James Diggle, British classicist, born in Rochadale
  • Mar 29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News), born in London
  • Mar 29 Nana Akufo-Addo [William Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo], Ghanaian politician, President of Ghana (2017-), born in Accra, Gold Coast
  • Mar 29 Terrence "Terry" Jacks, Canadian singer-songwriter, record producer and environmentalist (Seasons in the Sun), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 30 Gerrit Komrij, Dutch poet/essayist (Happy Schizo)
  • Mar 31 Rod Allen [B Rodney Bainbridge] rock bassist/vocalist (Fortunes)
  • Mar 31 Mick Ralphs, British rock guitarist (Mott the Hoople, Bad Company), born in Stoke Lacy, Herefordshire, England
  • Mar 31 Tomohiro Nishikado, Japanese video gamer developer (Space Invaders), born in Osaka, Japan

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 17 Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleLouis Buchalter

Mar 4 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 6 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, gassed at Auschwitz concentration camp at 74
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, dies at 82
  • Mar 14 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • Mar 18 Benjamin Delmonte, theater director and actor (Black Haired Whore), dies at 79
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 20 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, dies at 83
  • Mar 22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • Mar 23 O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies