On This Day

What Happened in November 1944

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 2 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey

  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 11 NY Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4)
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 17 -Nov 19] Nazi raids in Dutch NE Polder
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 23 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch

  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Richard "Kinky" Friedman, American country rocker (Ride 'em Jewboy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 1 Oscar Temaru, President of French Polynesia 2011-13, born in Faa'a, Tahiti, French Polynesia
  • Nov 1 Bobby "The Brain" Heenan, American pro wrestling manager, colour commentator and wrestler (WWE Hall of Fame), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Nov 2 Keith Emerson, English rock musician (Emerson, Lake & Palmer), born in Todmorden, West Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • Nov 2 Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, American NASA astronaut (STS 51-D, 35, 46, 61, 75) and MIT professor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 2 Liesel Westermann, German discus thrower (Olympic silver 1968; world record 63.96m 1969), born in Sulingen, Germany
  • Nov 2 Patrice Chereau, French opera director and actor (Danton), born in Lézigné, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2013)
  • Nov 3 Mel Farr, American NFL running back (Pro Bowl 1967, 70; Detroit Lions), born in Beaumont, Texas (d. 2015)
  • Nov 4 Willem Breuker, Dutch saxophonist and conductor (WB Collective), born in Amsterdam (d. 2010)
  • Nov 6 Bill Henderson, Canadian rock vocalist and guitarist (Chilliwack), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Nov 7 James Dashow, American-Italian composer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 7 Julian Christopher, American actor (Jerry-Magician), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 7 Joe Niekro, American MLB baseball knuckler (NY Yankees), born in Martins Ferry, Ohio (d. 2006)
  • Nov 7 Luigi Riva, Italian footballer (Cagliari), born in Leggiuno, Italy
  • Nov 7 Ken Patera, American professional wrestler, born in Portland, Oregon
  • Nov 8 Bonnie Bramlett, American rock vocalist (Delandy & Bonnie), born in Granite City, Illinois
  • Nov 8 Rodney Slater, English rocker (Bonzo Dog Band), born in Crowland, Lincolnshire, England
  • Nov 8 Robert Nix, American musician (founding member of the Atlanta Rhythm Section), born in Blakely, Georgia (d. 2012)
  • Nov 9 Bill Hendon, American politician (Rep-R-NC, 1981-83, 85-87), born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • Nov 9 Phil May, English rocker (Pretty Things), born in Dartford, Kent
  • Nov 10 Dave Loggins, American singer (Please come to Boston), born in Mountain City, Tennessee

Person of interestTim Rice

Nov 10 Tim Rice, English lyricist (Chess Moves, 1 Night in Bangkok), born in Amersham, Buckinghamshire

Lyricist Tim Rice
Lyricist
Tim Rice
  • Nov 10 Silvestre Reyes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas 1997-2013), born in Canutillo, Texas
  • Nov 11 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor
  • Nov 12 Johan van Doorn, [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)

Person of interestAl Michaels

Nov 12 Al Michaels, American sportscaster (Miracle on Ice, American Football), born in Brooklyn, New York

Television Sportscaster Al Michaels
Television Sportscaster
Al Michaels
  • Nov 12 Booker T. Jones, US organist (Booker T & MGs-Green Onions), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Nov 13 Ken Shuttleworth, English cricketpaceman (England on 1970-71 Ashes tour), born in St Helens, Lancashire
  • Nov 13 Timmy Thomas, American singer and songwriter (Why Can't We Live Together), born in Evansville, Indiana
  • Nov 13 Wouter R van Romondt, Dutch/Dutch Antillean cartoonist
  • Nov 14 Aditya Biria, industrialist
  • Nov 14 Scherrie Payne, American singer (Supremes-Incredible)
  • Nov 16 Charles Jay Hammer, actor (Fletcher Reade-Guiding Light)
  • Nov 16 David O'Sullivan, NZ cricket left-arm spinner (in 11 Tests 1973-76)
  • Nov 16 Hugo Dittberner, writer
  • Nov 16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist

Person of interestDanny Devito

Nov 17 Danny Devito, American actor (Taxi, Ruthless People, Twins), born in Neptune Township, New Jersey

  • Nov 17 Eugene Clarke, US rock guitarist, born in Tipton, Missouri

Person of interestLorne Michaels

Nov 17 Lorne Michaels [Lipowitz], Canadian producer, actor and comedy writer (Saturday Night Live), born in Toronto, Ontario

Television Producer Lorne Michaels
Television Producer
Lorne Michaels
  • Nov 17 Tom Seaver, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (NY Mets; NL Cy Young Award 1969, 73, 75; 12 x MLB All Star), born in Fresno, California
  • Nov 17 Jim Boeheim, Basketball Hall of Fame coach (Syracuse; John R. Wooden Legends of Coaching Award 2006), born in Lyons, New York
  • Nov 17 Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
  • Nov 19 Charlie Coe, American rock bassist (Paul Revere & the Raiders), born in Boise, Idaho
  • Nov 19 Dennis Hull, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Nov 20 Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwe, field hockey coach/player (Olympic-1980)
  • Nov 21 Earl "the Pearl" Monroe, NBA Guard (NY Knicks, Balt Bullets), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 21 Harold Ramis, actor and director (SCTV, Stripes), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2014)
  • Nov 21 Marcia "Marcy" Carsey, TV executive/producer
  • Nov 21 Richard J Durbin, (Rep-D-IL, 1983- )
  • Nov 22 Robert Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph)
  • Nov 23 Joe Eszterhas, screenwriter (Basic Instinct, Showgirls)
  • Nov 23 Jose Torikens, Dutch journalist (Parool, NRC)
  • Nov 23 Peter Lindbergh [Brodbeck], German fashion photographer and director, born in Lissa, German occupied Poland (d. 2019)
  • Nov 24 Claudia Dreifus, interviewer/author (7 Stories)
  • Nov 24 Dan Glickman, (Rep-D-KS, 1977- )
  • Nov 24 Jules Deelder, Dutch poet (T of Vondel)
  • Nov 24 Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar
  • Nov 24 Candy Darling [James Slattery], American transgender actress (Flesh, Women in Revolt), born in Queens, New York (d. 1974)
  • Nov 25 Ben Stein, American actor
  • Nov 26 Alan Henderson, Belfast, rock bassist (Them)
  • Nov 26 Jean Terrell, Texas, rocker (Supremes)
  • Nov 27 Trevor Leonard Ward-Davies 'Dozy', English musician (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), born in Enford, Wilshire (d. 2015)
  • Nov 27 Martin Corbett, English gay rights activist (Gay Liberation Front, OutRage!), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Nov 27 Mickey Leland, (Rep-D-TX, 1979- )
  • Nov 28 Rita Mae Brown, actress (Long Hot Summer, Slumber Party Massacre)
  • Nov 28 R.B. Greaves, Guyanan singer, (d. 2012)
  • Nov 28 Timothy Krajcir, American serial killer
  • Nov 30 Dian Parkinson [Dianna Lynn Batts], American model (The Price Is Right) and Miss USA 1965, born in Jacksonville, North Carolina
  • Nov 30 Luther T Ingram, American singer/songwriter (I'll Be Your Shelter)
  • Nov 30 Rob Grill, rock bassist/vocalist (Grass Roots), born in Los Angeles, California

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 11 Blues musician B.B. King (19) marries his first wife Martha Denton

Blues Musician B.B. King
Blues Musician
B.B. King

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 20 Model agency executive Eileen Ottensoser (22) weds businessman Gerard W. Ford (20) in San Francisco, California

Co-Founder of Ford Models Eileen Ford
Co-Founder of Ford Models
Eileen Ford

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Lord Moyne, British prefect (Middle-East), murdered
  • Nov 6 Boy Ecury [Segundo Jorge Adelberto Ecury], Dutch Resistance fighter in World War II, executed by a German firing squad at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 9 Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • Nov 11 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 Edgar Stillman Kelley, American composer (Gulliver), dies at 87
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 12 Roy Agnew, Australian composer (Sonata Ballade), dies at 51
  • Nov 13 Paul Graener, composer, dies at 72
  • Nov 13 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), dies at61
  • Nov 14 Carl Flesch, Hungarian violinist, dies at 71
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 16 Charles Kelleway, Australian cricketer (26 Tests 1910-1928), dies at 58
  • Nov 17 Archie MacLaren, English cricket batsman and captain (35 Tests; 424 Lancashire v Somerset 1895), dies at 72
  • Nov 17 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • Nov 22 George Clausen, English painter, dies at 92
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 24 Václav Štěpán, Czech pianist and composer, dies at 54
  • Nov 25 Kenesaw Mountain Landis, judge/baseball commisioner, dies at 78
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian, dies
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall