On This Day

What Happened in October 1944

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns beat New York Yankees 5-2 at Sportsman's Park III to win their only AL pennant; lose World Series 4-2 to neighbour Cardinals
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • Oct 4 The only all-St. Louis World Series opens at Sportsman's Park with the visiting Browns beating the Cardinals, 2-1 on George McQuinn's home run; Cards win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg's musical "Bloomer Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviet forces march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Historic Event

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle

Historic Event

Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums

  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Music Premiere

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: in the only all-St Louis WS, the Cardinals beat the Browns, 3-1 at Sportsman's Park for 4 games to 2 series victory
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film Release

Oct 11 "Laura" directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg

Historic Event

Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 19 US Navy says Black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in the Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, and 3,600 are left homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen on Germany's western border
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

Music History

Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Battle of Gulf of Leyte begins - largest naval battle of WWII near the Philippines
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Music History

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Historic Event

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Barbara Parritt, American soul singer (The Toys - "A Lover's Concerto"), born in Wilmington, North Carolina
  • Oct 1 Herbert "Tubo" Rhoad, American baritone a cappella singer (Persuasions - "Street Corner Symphony"), born in Bamberg, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • Oct 2 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Oct 2 Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor (Royal Conservatory of the Hague), born in Zwolle, Netherlands
  • Oct 3 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Oct 3 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • Oct 3 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • Oct 4 Rocío Dúrcal, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)

Tony La Russa

Oct 4 Tony La Russa, American Baseball Hall of Fame infielder and manager (Chicago, Oakland, St. Louis), born in Tampa, Florida

  • Oct 4 Marlena Davis, American pop singer (The Orlons - "Don't Hang Up"; "South Street"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)
  • Oct 5 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • Oct 6 José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1977)
  • Oct 7 Judee Sill, American singer-songwriter (Crayon Angels: Jesus Was A Cross Maker), born in Studio City, California (d. 1979) [1]
  • Oct 7 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • Oct 8 Bruce Morrison, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New York
  • Oct 8 Susan Raye, American country music singer ("L.A. International Airport"), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • Oct 9 John Entwistle, English rock bass guitarist and vocalist (The Who - "Boris The Spider"), born in London, England (d. 2002)
  • Oct 9 Nona Hendryx, American R&B singer-songwriter (Patti LaBelle & Blue Belles; LaBelle - "Lady Marmalade"), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Oct 10 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Oct 10 Renier Schoeman, South African journalist and politician
  • Oct 10 Stephen Scott, American composer (Bowed Piano Ensemble; Vikings of Sunrise), and educator (Colorado College), born in Corvallis, Oregon (d. 2021)
  • Oct 11 Rodney Marsh, British football forward (9 caps; QPR, Manchester City) and broadcaster (Sky Sports), born in Hatfield, England
  • Oct 11 Mike Fiore, American baseball player (Kansas City Royals), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 12 Angela Rippon, British television personality, born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • Oct 13 Buddy Allin, American golfer (5 PGA Tour titles), born in Bremerton, Washington (d. 2007)
  • Oct 13 Robert Lamm, American keyboardist, songwriter, and vocalist (Chicago - "Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?": "Beginnings"; "Saturday in the Park"), born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • Oct 14 Udo Kier, German actress (Warhol Dracula, Warhol Frankenstein), born in Lindenthal, Cologne, Germany
  • Oct 15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • Oct 15 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • Oct 15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • Oct 15 Kay Ivey, American politician, 54th Governor of Alabama (2017-), born in Camden, Alabama
  • Oct 16 Bob Cottam, cricketer (England fast-medium on 2 India/Pakistan tours)
  • Oct 16 Johnny Washbrook, actor (Ken-My Friend Flicka), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Oct 17 Carol Cole, West Medford Mass, actress (Ellie-Grady)
  • Oct 18 Nelson Freire, Brazilian classical pianist, born in Boa Esperança, Brazil (d. 2021)
  • Oct 18 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • Oct 18 Slobodan Škrbić, Serbian soccer defender (4 caps Yugoslavia; Red Star Belgrade, Lille), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 2022)
  • Oct 19 George McCrae, American soul and disco singer ("Lead Me On"; "Rock Your Baby"), born in West Palm Beach, Florida
  • Oct 19 Keith Adrian [Johnson], Indies/Dutch actor (Intrepid Mr Twist)
  • Oct 19 Peter Tosh [Winston Hubert McIntosh], Jamaican reggae musician (The Wailers -"Get Up Stand Up"; Mystic Man, Legalize It), born in Westmoreland, Jamaica (d. 1987)
  • Oct 19 O Yeong-Su, South Korean actor (Squid Game), born in Kaepung County, Japanese Korea
  • Oct 19 Vasilis Botinos, Greek soccer winger (12 caps; Olympiacos FC 140 games, 120 goals), born in Volos, Greece (d. 2022)
  • Oct 20 William Hugh Albright, American composer and musician, born in Gary, Indiana (d. 1998)
  • Oct 21 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • Oct 23 Warren Burton, American actor (Jason Dunlap-Another World, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 24 Ted Templeman, American musician and record producer (Doobie Brothers; Nicolette Larson; Van Halen), born in Santa Cruz, California
  • Oct 24 Viktor Prokopenko, Ukrainian footballer and coach, born in Zhdanov, Ukrainian SSR (d. 2007)
  • Oct 24 Bettye Swann [Champion], American soul singer ("Make Me Yours"; "Don't Touch Me"),born in Shreveport, Louisiana, o
  • Oct 25 Jon Anderson, British progressive rock singer (Yes - "Roundabout"; "Close To The Edge"), born in Accrington, Lancashire, England
  • Oct 25 Kathy "Taffy" Danoff, American vocalist (Starland Vocal Band - "Afternoon Delight"), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 25 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator, born in Carville, Louisiana
  • Oct 25 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Oct 25 Berkrerk Chartvanchai, Thai boxer (WBA flyweight title 1970), born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 2022)
  • Oct 26 Mike Piano, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Rochester, New York
  • Oct 26 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA), born in Tricht, Netherlands
  • Oct 26 Kenneth Lee Ascher, American jazz pianist, composer ("Rainbow Connection"), and arranger (John Lennon), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 27 Piet Oudolf, Dutch garden designer (New Perennial style, High Line NY), born in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Coluche [Michel Colucci] French comedian (My Best Friend's Girl), born in Paris (d. 1986)
  • Oct 28 Dennis Franz, American actor (Buntz-Hill Street Blues, NYPD Blue), born in Maywood, Illinois
  • Oct 28 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire (Schlecker drug store), born in Ehingen, Germany
  • Oct 28 Bob Andy [Keith Anderson], Jamaican reggae songwriter, and vocalist ("Feel the Feeling"; "Fire Burning"), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2020)
  • Oct 29 Denny Laine [Brian Hines], British rock guitarist (The Moody Blues; Wings), born in Tyseley, Birmingham, England
  • Oct 29 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer, born in Nuvolento, Brescia, Italy
  • Oct 29 Robbie van Leeuwen, Dutch guitarist (Shocking Blue), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Claude Brochu, Canadian Major League Baseball executive (Montreal Expos), born in Quebec City, Quebec
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • Oct 31 Sally Kirkland, American actress (Anna, Sting, Pvt Benjamin, Big Bad Mama), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 31 Otto Wiesheu, German politician, born in Zolling, Germany

Famous Weddings

Jerry Lewis

Oct 3 American comedian Jerry Lewis (18) marries American singer Patti Palmer (22); divorce in 1980

Aga Khan III

Oct 9 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • Oct 7 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, dies at 26
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician (1940 republican nominee for President), dies at 52
  • Oct 12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, Dutch journalist, executed at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 55
  • Oct 16 Eric Westberg, Swedish composer, dies at 52
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 17 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer, murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 45 (b. 1899)
  • Oct 18 Viktor Ullmann, Austrian pianist, conductor, and composer (Der Kaiser von Atlantis), murdered in gas chamber at Auschwitz at 46
  • Oct 18 Orville "Hoppy" Jones, American bass singer and cellist (The Ink Spots - "If I Didn't Care"), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 39
  • Oct 20 Gabriel Grovlez, French pianist, conductor (Opéra de Paris, 1914-34), and composer (L'Almanach aux images), dies at 65
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Oct 28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., dies at 90
  • Oct 30 Paul Ladmirault, French composer, dies at 66