What Happened in October 1944

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 1 St Louis Browns beat New York Yankees 5-2 at Sportsman's Park III to win their only AL pennant; lose World Series 4-2 to neighbour Cardinals
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek continent
  • Oct 4 The only all-St. Louis World Series opens at Sportsman's Park with the visiting Browns beating the Cardinals, 2-1 on George McQuinn's home run; Cards win series, 4-2
  • Oct 5 Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • Oct 8 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 9 St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 11 "Laura" directed by Otto Preminger starring Gene Tierney and Dana Andrews is released in NYC, New York

Actress Gene Tierney
Actress
Gene Tierney
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and Bernard Montgomery confer in Brussels, Belgium

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 19 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte
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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Aaron Copland's ballet score "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washington, D.C. with Martha Graham dancing lead role

Composer Aaron Copland
Composer
Aaron Copland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Barbara Parritt, US soul singer (Toys-Lover's Concerto)
  • Oct 1 Herbert "Tubo" Rhoad, US singer (Persuasions-Spread the Word)
  • Oct 2 Peter Hobson, British headmaster (Giggleswick School) (d. 2003)
  • Oct 2 Vernor [Steffen] Vinge, American sci-fi author (Witling, True Names), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Oct 2 Ton Koopman, Dutch conductor (Royal Conservatory of the Hague), born in Zwolle, Netherlands
  • Oct 3 Roy Horn, German-American Las Vegas entertainer (Siegfried & Roy), born in Nordenham, Germany
  • Oct 3 Pierre Deligne, Belgian mathematician, born in Etterbeek, Belgium
  • Oct 3 Bob Riley, American politician (52nd Governor of Alabama), born in Ashland, Alabama
  • Oct 4 Rocío Dúrcal, Spanish singer and actress (d. 2006)

Person of interestTony La Russa

Oct 4 Tony La Russa, MLB manager (Chicago, Oakland, St. Louis), born in Tampa, Florida

Baseball Manager Tony La Russa
Baseball Manager
Tony La Russa
  • Oct 5 Ben Korthals, Dutch politician and lawyer (VVD), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands
  • Oct 6 Merzak Allouache, director (Salut Cousin, Amour a Paris)
  • Oct 6 José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1977)
  • Oct 7 Judee Sill, American singer-songwriter (Crayon Angels), born in Studio City, California (d. 1979)
  • Oct 7 Donald Tsang, Former Chief executive of Hong Kong (2005-1012), born in Hong Kong
  • Oct 8 Bruce Morrison, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New York
  • Oct 8 Susan Raye, American country music singer (L.A. International Airport), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • Oct 9 John Entwistle, English rock guitarist and vocalist (The Who-Baba O'Riley), born in London, England (d. 2002)
  • Oct 9 Nona Hendryx, American R&B singer (Patti LaBelle & Blue Belles), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Oct 10 Christopher Ndodebandla Dlamini, South African trade unionist and SACP-leader, born in Benoni, Transvaal, South Africa
  • Oct 10 Renier Schoeman, South African journalist and politician
  • Oct 10 Stephen Scott, American composer, born in Corvallis, Oregon
  • Oct 11 Rodney Marsh, British football player, coach and broadcaster, born in Hatfield
  • Oct 11 Mike Fiore, American baseball player (Kansas City Royals), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 12 Angela Rippon, British television personality, born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • Oct 13 Buddy [Brian Thomas] Allin, American PGA golfer (1980 NZ Open), born in Bremerton, Washington (d. 2007)
  • Oct 13 Robert Lamm, American rocker (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 14 Udo Kier, German actress (Warhol Dracula, Warhol Frankenstein), born in Lindenthal, Cologne, Germany
  • Oct 15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • Oct 15 Sali Berisha, 41st Prime Minister of Albania (2005-13) and 3rd President of Albania (1992-97), born in Viçidol, Albania
  • Oct 15 Haim Saban, Israeli-American media proprietor (Saban Entertainment), born in Alexandria, Kingdom of Egypt
  • Oct 15 Kay Ivey, American politician (54th Governor of Alabama), born in Camden, Alabama
  • Oct 16 Bob Cottam, cricketer (England fast-medium on 2 India/Pakistan tours)
  • Oct 16 Johnny Washbrook, actor (Ken-My Friend Flicka), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Oct 17 Carol Cole, West Medford Mass, actress (Ellie-Grady)
  • Oct 18 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • Oct 19 George McCrae, US singer (Lead Me On, Rock Your Baby)
  • Oct 19 Keith Adrian, [Johnson], Indies/Dutch actor (Intrepid Mr Twist)
  • Oct 19 Peter Tosh [Winston Hubert McIntosh], Jamaica, reggae musician (Mystic Man, Mama Africa)
  • Oct 20 William Hugh Albright, composer
  • Oct 21 Janet Ahlberg, illustrator
  • Oct 23 Warren Burton, actor (Jason Dunlap-Another World, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 24 Ted Templeman, American musician and record producer, born in Santa Cruz, California
  • Oct 24 Viktor Prokopenko, Ukranian footballer and coach (d. 2007)
  • Oct 25 Jon Anderson, English rock singer (Yes - Roundabout; Close To The Edge), born in Accrington, Lancashire
  • Oct 25 Kathy "Taffy" Danoff, vocalist (Starland Vocal Band), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 25 James Carville, American political stategist and commentator
  • Oct 25 Haruhiko Kuroda, Governor of the Bank of Japan, born in Ōmuta, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Oct 26 Mike Piano, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Rochester, New York
  • Oct 26 Ries Smits, Dutch economist and politician (CDA), born in Tricht, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Coluche, [Michel Colucci] France, comedian (My Best Friend's Girl)
  • Oct 28 Dennis Franz, Maywood Ill, actor (Buntz-Hill Street Blues, NYPD Blue)
  • Oct 28 Anton Schlecker, German billionaire
  • Oct 29 Denny Laine, [Brian Hines], rock guitarist (Moody Blues, Wings)
  • Oct 29 Fausto Leali, Italian entertainer
  • Oct 29 Robbie van Leeuwen, Dutch guitarist (Shocking Blue)
  • Oct 29 Otto Wiesheu, German minister
  • Oct 29 Claude Brochu, Major League Baseball executive (Montreal Expos)
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Chalabi, Iraqi politician (supported US 2003 invasion), born in Kadhimiya, Baghdad (d. 2015)
  • Oct 31 Sally Kirkland, American actress (Anna, Sting, Pvt Benjamin, Big Bad Mama), born in NYC, New York

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 3 Comedian Jerry Lewis marries singer Patti Palmer

Comedian Jerry Lewis
Comedian
Jerry Lewis

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (67) weds 1930 Miss France Yvonne Blanche Labrousse (38) in Geneva, Switzerland

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • Oct 5 Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor/graphic artist, dies
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52
  • Oct 12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Person of interestErwin Rommel

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 Eric Westberg, composer, dies at 52
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 17 Pavel Haas, Czech Jewish composer, murdered at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 45 (b. 1899)
  • Oct 20 Gabriel Groulez, French composer, dies at 65
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Oct 30 Paul Emile Ladmirault, composer, dies at 66