What Happened in September 1944

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium
  • Sep 3 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namen
  • Sep 4 US Men's National Tennis Championship, Forest Hills: Frank Parker beats William Talbert 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-3

  • Sep 4 US Women's National Tennis Championship, Forest Hills: Pauline Betz Addie wins her 3rd straight US title; beats Margaret Osborne duPont 6-3, 8-6
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 9 Very strong hurricane hits Netherlands
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Sep 11 FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 12 -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek & Mheer freed
  • Sep 12 US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen

  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 Hurricane hits New England: 389 die
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on Palau & Morotai
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrender
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 22 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declared the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 26 British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated
  • Sep 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • Sep 28 World War II: British forces withdraw from Arnhem after nine days of unsuccessful fighting
  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Archie Bell, US singer (& the Drells-Tighten up)
  • Sep 1 Leonard Slatkin, American conductor (Detroit Symphony), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 2 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • Sep 3 Sherwood C. Spring, American astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Sep 4 Gene Parsons, American rock drummer (The Byrds, Flying Burrito Brothers), born in Morongo Valley, California
  • Sep 4 Christopher Needler, English sand industrialist (TCG Materials)
  • Sep 4 Jennifer Salt, actress (Sisters, Soap, Wedding Party), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 4 Ron Ward, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Sep 5 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Sep 5 Rod Arrants, American actor (Vamping, Ape, Young & Restless), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 6 Gordon DeMarco, American writer and activist, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Sep 6 Linda Kaye Henning, American actress (Betty Joe-Petticoat Junction), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 6 Aubrey Mokoape, South African political anti-apartheid activist and leader (Pan-African Congress and Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Sep 6 Swoosie Kurtz, American actress (Slap Shot, Garp, Sisters), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Sep 7 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician (Minister of Education), born in Kruså, Denmark
  • Sep 9 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina
  • Sep 10 Thomas Allen, British opera singer
  • Sep 11 Everaldo, Brazilian footballer, born in Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • Sep 11 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium

Person of interestBarry White

Sep 12 Barry White, American singer (Love's Theme), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 2003)

Singer Barry White
Singer
Barry White
  • Sep 12 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • Sep 13 Peter Cetera, American lead singer (Chicago-25 or 6 to 4, Old Days), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 13 Jacqueline Bisset, English actress (Class, Deep, Secrets), born in Weybridge, Surrey, England
  • Sep 14 Joey Heatherton, American dancer and actress (Bluebeard), born in Rockville Center, New York
  • Sep 15 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician
  • Sep 16 Ard Schenk, Dutch 1500m, 5K, 10K speed skater (Olympic gold 1972), born in Anna Paulowna
  • Sep 16 Betty Kelly, American rocker (Martha Reeves & Vandellas), born in Attalla, Alabama
  • Sep 17 Mary Lou Crocker, LPGA golfer
  • Sep 17 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest)
  • Sep 18 Charles Lacy Veach, American astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Sep 18 Michael Franks, American jazz singer and songwriter, born in La Jolla, California
  • Sep 18 Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress, born in Chipiona, Spain (d. 2006)
  • Sep 19 Anders Björck, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Nässjö, Jönköping County, Sweden
  • Sep 20 Jeremy Child, actor (Privilege, Taffin)
  • Sep 21 Fannie Flagg, American actress and comediene (Candid Camera), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Sep 21 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • Sep 21 Susan Maureen Fleetwood, Scotland, actress (Krays, Sacrifice)
  • Sep 21 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • Sep 21 Jesse Ed Davis, Native American guitarist, born in Norman, Oklahoma (d. 1988)
  • Sep 22 John Tanner, (Rep-D-Tennessee)
  • Sep 22 Roger Nichols, American recording engineer, producer and inventor (Steely Dan, John Denver), born in Oakland, California (d. 2011)
  • Sep 23 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • Sep 24 Diana Körner, German actress
  • Sep 25 Eugenia Zukerman, American flutist and novelist (Deceptive Cadence), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Sep 25 Grayson Shillingford, West Indian cricket bowler (WI 1969-71, 7 Tests 15 wickets), born in Macoucherie, Dominica (d. 2009)

Person of interestMichael Douglas

Sep 25 Michael Douglas, American actor (Coma, Wall St, Jewel of the Nile), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey

  • Sep 25 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • Sep 26 Victoria Vetri, American model and playmate (Sep 1967, Year-1968), born in San Francisco, California
  • Sep 26 Anne Robinson, English television host (The Weakest Link), born in Crosby, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • Sep 28 Matthew Cowles, American soap actor (Eban Japes-Loving, Billy-All My Children), born in New York, (d 2014)
  • Sep 29 Mike Post, composer (Rockford Files, Hill St Blues, Magnum PI)
  • Sep 29 Torben Jensen, Danish actor (Taxa, Hayfever, Watch Me Fly, Guldregn)
  • Sep 30 Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 6 Actor Yul Brynner (24) weds actress Virginia Gilmore (25) at the Los Angeles County Courthouse


Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 3 Frantisek Alois Drdla, composer, dies at 75
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 7 Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, Cuban composer, dies at 70
  • Sep 8 Jan van Gilse, composer/Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 63
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Anthony Stefanich, British boxer/captain, killed in Arnhem
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 19 John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem

Person of interestGuy Gibson

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander, dies in a plane crash at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, English (Victoria Cross), dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 25 Leo Justinus Kauffmann, Alsatian composer, dies at 43
  • Sep 26 Ernst Isler, Swiss organist ad critic, dies at 64
  • Sep 26 Julien Cahn, cricketer (private cricket promoter during 30's), dies
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, Fr sculptor/graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82
  • Sep 27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81