What Happened in September 1944

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Historic Event

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium

Historic Event

Sep 3 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Netherlands Domestic Armed Forces
  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namur, Belgium
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: American Frank Parker wins 1st of 4 Grand Slam titles; beats William Talbert 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 6-3
  • Sep 4 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Pauline Betz Addie wins her third straight US title; beats Margaret Osborne 6-3, 8-6
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty

Historic Event

Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II

Conference of Interest

Sep 12 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

  • Sep 12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten

Historic Event

Sep 13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

  • Sep 13 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall
  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on islands of Palau and Morotai, western Pacific
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
  • Sep 18 WWII: Eindhoven, Netherlands freed by American and British troops (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 WWII: US 266th division defeats German troops at Brest Bretagne in Brittany, France after a 7 week siege; 37,000 prisoners taken, ports rendered useless
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by the Allies

Historic Event

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declares the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi atoll, western Pacific
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated
  • Sep 28 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto

D-Day

Sep 28 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

  • Sep 29 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Archie Bell, American soul-pop singer (Archie Bell & the Drells - "Tighten Up"), born in Henderson, Texas
  • Sep 1 Leonard Slatkin, American conductor (St. Louis Symphony, 1979-96; Detroit Symphony, 2008-19), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 2 Claude Nicollier, Swiss astronaut (STS 61-K, 46, 61, 75), born in Vevey, Switzerland
  • Sep 2 Orlando Martínez, Cuban boxer (Olympic gold bantamweight 1972), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2021)
  • Sep 3 Bill Price, British audio engineer (Tom Jones; Wings: Sparks; Elton John), and record producer (The Clash; Sex Pistols; Waterboys), born in England (d. 2016)
  • Sep 3 Sherwood C. Spring, American astronaut (STS 61B), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • Sep 4 Christopher Needler, English businessman, born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • Sep 4 Gene Parsons, American rock drummer (The Byrds, Flying Burrito Brothers), born in Morongo Valley, California
  • Sep 4 Jennifer Salt, American actress (Sisters, Soap, Wedding Party), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 5 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, born in Rome (d. 1996)
  • Sep 5 Rod Arrants, American actor (Vamping, Ape, Young & Restless), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 6 Aubrey Mokoape, South African political anti-apartheid activist and leader (Pan-African Congress and Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Sep 6 Gordon DeMarco, American writer and activist, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Sep 6 Linda Kaye Henning, American actress (Betty Joe-Petticoat Junction), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Sep 6 Swoosie Kurtz, American actress (Slap Shot, Garp, Sisters), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Sep 7 Bertel Haarder, Danish politician (Minister of Education), born in Kruså, Denmark
  • Sep 8 Peter Bellamy, English folk singer, born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1991)
  • Sep 9 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina, born in Amsterdam (d. 1978)
  • Sep 10 Héctor Silva, Argentine rugby union number 8 (24 caps; Los Tilos) and coach (Argentina 1985-87), born in La Plata, Argentina (d. 2021)
  • Sep 10 Thomas Allen, British operatic baritone singer, born in Seaham Harbour, England
  • Sep 11 Everaldo, Brazilian footballer, born in Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • Sep 11 Freddy Thielemans, Belgian socialist politician (Mayor of Brussels), born in Laeken, Belgium
  • Sep 11 John McSherry, American MLB baseball umpire, 1971-96 (World Series - 1977, 87; All-Star Game - 1975, 82, 91), born in The Bronx, New York City (d. 1996)

Barry White

Sep 12 Barry White [Carter], American singer ("Can't Get Enough Of Your Love, Babe"; "You're The First, The Last, My Everything"), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 2003)

  • Sep 12 Colin Young, Barbadian-British singer (The Foundations - "Build Me Up Buttercup"), born in Barbados, West Indies
  • Sep 12 Leonard Peltier, Native American activist (American Indian Movement), born in Grand Forks, North Dakota
  • Sep 12 Ron Ward, Canadian ice hockey player (Toronto Maple Leafs), born in Cornwall, Ontario, Canada
  • Sep 13 Carol Barnes, British television news journalist (ITN; ITV), born in Norwich, England (d. 2008)
  • Sep 13 Jacqueline Bisset, English actress (Class, Deep, Secrets), born in Weybridge, Surrey, England
  • Sep 13 Les Harvey, Scottish rock guitarist (Stone The Crows), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1972)
  • Sep 13 Peter Cetera, American rock bassist, lead singer, and songwriter (Chicago, 1967-85 - "25 or 6 to 4" ;"If You Leave Me Now"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 14 Joey Heatherton, American dancer and actress (Bluebeard), born in Rockville Center, New York
  • Sep 15 Sotirios Hatzigakis, Greek politician, born in Trikala,, Greece

Ard Schenk

Sep 16 Ard Schenk, Dutch speed skater (3 Olympic gold 1972), born in Anna Paulowna, Netherlands

  • Sep 16 Betty Kelly, American rocker (Martha Reeves & Vandellas), born in Attalla, Alabama
  • Sep 17 Reinhold Messner, Italian mountain climber (Mount Everest), born in Brixen (Bressanone), Italy
  • Sep 18 Charles Lacy Veach, American astronaut (STS 39, STS 52), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Sep 18 Michael Franks, American jazz singer and songwriter, born in La Jolla, California
  • Sep 18 Rocío Jurado, Spanish singer and actress, born in Chipiona, Spain (d. 2006)
  • Sep 19 Anders Björck, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Nässjö, Jönköping County, Sweden
  • Sep 20 Jeremy Child, English actor (Privilege, Taffin), born in Woking, Surrey, England
  • Sep 21 Fannie Flagg, American actress and comediene (Candid Camera), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Sep 21 Hamilton Jordan, political advisor (Crisis, Last Year of Carter Pres)
  • Sep 21 Jesse Ed Davis, Native American guitarist, born in Norman, Oklahoma (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Steve Beshear, American politician (D) Governor of Kentucky (2007-2015), born in Dawson Springs, Kentucky
  • Sep 21 Susan Maureen Fleetwood, Scotland, actress (Krays, Sacrifice)
  • Sep 22 John S. Tanner, American politician (Rep-D-Tennessee 1989-2011), born in Halls, Tennessee
  • Sep 22 Roger Nichols, American recording engineer, producer and inventor (Steely Dan; John Denver), born in Oakland, California (d. 2011)
  • Sep 23 Loren J Shriver, Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS 31, STS 46)
  • Sep 24 Bernd Bransch, German soccer defender (64 caps GDR; Chemie Halle FC, FC Carl Zeiss Jena), born in Halle/Saale, Germany (d. 2022)
  • Sep 24 Diana Körner, German actress (Barry Lyndon), born in Wolmirsleben, Germany
  • Sep 25 Aleksandr Lenyov, Russian soccer midfielder / defender (10 caps Soviet Union; Torpedo Moscow), born in Novomoskovsk, Russia (d. 2021)
  • Sep 25 Doris Matsui, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Poston, Arizona
  • Sep 25 Eugenia Zukerman, American flutist and novelist (Deceptive Cadence), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Sep 25 Grayson Shillingford, West Indian cricket bowler (WI 1969-71, 7 Tests 15 wickets), born in Macoucherie, Dominica (d. 2009)

Michael Douglas

Sep 25 Michael Douglas, American actor (Coma, Wall St, Jewel of the Nile), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey

  • Sep 26 Anne Robinson, English television host (The Weakest Link), born in Crosby, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 26 Victoria Vetri, American model and Playboy playmate (Sep 1967, Playmate of the Year 1968), convicted of manslaughter, born in San Francisco, California
  • Sep 27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • Sep 28 Matthew Cowles, American soap actor (Eban Japes-Loving, Billy-All My Children), born in New York, (d. 2014)
  • Sep 29 Mike Post [Leland Michael Postil], American Grammy and Emmy award-winning television composer (Rockford Files; Hill Street Blues; Magnum P.I.), born in Berkley, California
  • Sep 29 Torben Jensen, Danish actor (Taxa, Hayfever, Watch Me Fly, Guldregn)
  • Sep 30 Diane Dufresne, French Canadian singer, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Sep 30 Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish soccer forward (23 caps; Celtic FC), born in Viewpark, Scotland (d. 2006)

Famous Weddings

Yul Brynner

Sep 6 Actor Yul Brynner (24) weds actress Virginia Gilmore (25) at the Los Angeles County Courthouse; divorce in 1960

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 3 František Drdla, Czech composer, dies at 75
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Herzogenbusch concentration camp at 35
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 7 Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, Cuban composer, dies at 70
  • Sep 8 Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and resistance fighter, dies at 63
  • Sep 10 Jaap P. Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 13 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30
  • Sep 13 W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator and cartoonist (Don Quixote), dies at 72
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Anthony Stefanich, British boxer and Army captain, killed in battle at Arnhem, Netherlands at 27
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch army officer and Anti-Revolution Party (ARP) politician (Prime Minister, 1925-26 & 1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US army Lt, Colonel shot by a sniper in battle at Best, Netherlands at 29
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle

Guy Gibson

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26

  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch Prime Minister (1933-39) is buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 25 Leo Justinus Kauffmann, Alsatian composer, dies at 43
  • Sep 26 Ernst Isler, Swiss organist ad critic, dies at 64
  • Sep 26 Julien Cahn, cricketer (private cricket promoter during 30's), dies
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), dies in car crash at 82
  • Sep 27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81