What Happened in 1945

Significant Events

  • Jan 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President
  • Jan 27 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Mar 23 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • Apr 25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • Apr 26 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason
  • Apr 27 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)
More Historical Events

1945 in Film & TV

1945 in Music

  • Nov 26 Charlie "Bird" Parker leads recording session for the Savoy label marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" with Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis

Did You Know?

Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years

On March 29, 1945


World Leaders in 1945

Famous People in 1945

Would You Believe?

George Nissen of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, receives a patent for the first modern trampoline

On March 6, 1945

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

  • Dec 21 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.
  • Dec 25 Actor John Wayne (38) divorces Josephine Saenz (37) after 12 years of marriage
More Weddings & Divorces