On This Day

What Happened in August 1945

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 NY Giants outfielder Mel Ott hits historic 500th MLB home run off Braves Johnny Hutchings, joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx as only players to reach milestone

Sinking of the USS Indianapolis

Aug 2 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.

Potsdam Conference

Aug 2 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends

Golf Tournament

Aug 4 American golfer Byron Nelson wins Canadian Open at Uplands & Thornhill CC for a record 11th consecutive PGA victory, on way to record season tally of 18

  • Aug 4 Red Sox outfielder Tom McBride drives in MLB record tying 6 runs in an inning (4th) during 15-4 win v Washington

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 6 Australian Test cricket all-rounder Keith Miller scores 110 not out for Australian Services on Day 1 of drawn 4th Victory Test against England at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

Nuremberg Trials

Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders

  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Aug 9 US drops second atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city

Historic Event

Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito's status remains unchanged

  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status
  • Aug 12 Emperor Hirohito of Japan informs the imperial family that he has decided to surrender

Victory over Japan

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

Historic Event

Aug 14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

  • Aug 15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Historic Event

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)

Sports History

Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins

  • Aug 20 17-year-old Dodgers utility Tommy Brown becomes youngest player to hit a MLB home run in Brooklyn's 11-1 rout of Pittsburgh Pirates at Ebbets Field
  • Aug 20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford

Music History

Aug 22 Noël Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

Sports History

Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12

  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Historic Event

Aug 29 General MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)

Music History

Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

Historic Event

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies


Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Douglas Osheroff, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • Aug 2 Joanna Cassidy [Caskey], American actress (Blade Runner; Under Fire; Six Feet Under), born in Haddonfield, New Jersey
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Aug 2 Eric Simms, Australian rugby league fullback (8 Tests; NSWRL points record [1,841] stood until 1983; South Sydney), born in Karuah, Australia
  • Aug 2 John T. Ward Jr., American racehorse trainer (Kentucky Derby 2001 Monarchos; Breeders' Cup Distaff 1999 Beautiful Pleasure), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 2021)
  • Aug 3 Ron Hendren, American TV host (Entertainment Tonight), born in Pinehurst, North Carolina
  • Aug 3 Eamon Dunphy, Irish footballer, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 5 Loni Anderson, American actress (Jennifer-WKRP in Cincinnati), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • Aug 5 Jo Collins, American Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964, Playmate of the Year 1965), born in Lebanon, Oregon
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 6 Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • Aug 6 John Kongos, South African singer and songwriter ("He's Gonna Step On You Again"), born in Johannesburg
  • Aug 7 Alan Page, American jurist and NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings), born in Canton, Ohio
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, Canadian musician (Gary Puckett & Union Gap - "Young Girl") and Nashville songwriter, born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Aug 7 Patrice Mestral, French composer, born in Paris, France
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist (Gemma Bovery), born in Berkshire, England
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 12 Ron Mael, American songwriter, composer and record producer (Sparks), born in Culver City, California
  • Aug 13 Robin Jackman, English cricket seam bowler (4 Tests, 14 wickets; 15 ODIs; Surrey CCC), born in Simla, India (d. 2020)
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician (Minister of Health and Social Affairs), born in Sala, Sweden
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Brenda Benet, American actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, British entrepreneur (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Steve Martin

Aug 14 Steve Martin, American comedian, banjo player, author and actor (Parenthood; The Jerk; Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

  • Aug 14 Tony Scannel, Irish actor (Bill, Blue Money), born in Kinsale, Ireland
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, German filmmaker (American Friend, Hammett), born in Düsseldorf, Germany
  • Aug 15 Gene Upshaw, American NFL guard (Oakland Radiers) and NFLPA leader, born in Robstown, Texas (d. 2008)
  • Aug 15 Thomas C. Sawyer, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1991-96 and 2001-06), born in Dinajpur, Bangladesh
  • Aug 16 Bob Balaban, American actor and director (2010, Girlfriends, Gosford Park), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 16 Gary Loizzo, American rock guitarist and singer (American Breed - "Bend Me, Shape Me"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Aug 16 Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, British rock drummer (Easybeats - "Friday On My Mind"), born in Liverpool, England
  • Aug 16 Kevin Ayers, British progressive rocker (Soft Machine; Joy of a Toy), born in Herne Bay, Kent, England (d. 2013)
  • Aug 16 Suzanne Farrell, American ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 17 Katri-Helena, Finnish singer, born in Tuupovaara, Finland
  • Aug 18 Sarah Dash, American pop, R&B, and disco singer (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds; Labelle - "Lady Marmalade"), born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2021)
  • Aug 18 Barbara Harris, American singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto), born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2018)
  • Aug 19 Ian Gillan, English heavy metal and rock singer (Deep Purple - "Smoke On The Water"; Jesus Christ Superstar), born in London
  • Aug 21 Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 21 Jerry DaVanon, American baseball player, born in Oceanside, California
  • Aug 21 Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (The Hunt For Red October), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 James G Richardson, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), born in Gainesville, Florida
  • Aug 22 Ron Dante, American rock vocalist (Archies - "Sugar, Sugar"), and producer (Barry Manilow), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Aug 22 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • Aug 23 Rayfield Wright, American Pro Football HOF offensive tackle (Super Bowl 1971, 77; 3 × First-team All-Pro; 6 × Pro Bowl; Dallas Cowboys), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 2022)
  • Aug 24 Ken Hensley, British rock songwriter, keyboardist, and singer (Uriah Heep, 1970-80 - "Easy Livin'"; Blackfoot, 1982-84), born in Plumstead, England (d. 2020)
  • Aug 24 (Malcolm) "Molly" Duncan, Scottish saxophonist (Average White Band, 1972-83 - "Pick Up the Pieces"), born in Montrose, Scotland (d. 2019)
  • Aug 24 Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter, born in Pinehurst, North Carolina

Marsha P. Johnson

Aug 24 Marsha P. Johnson [born Malcolm Michaels Jr.], African-American gay liberation and AIDS activist, drag queen, and transgender pioneer (Gay Liberation Front, S.T.A.R.), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1992)

  • Aug 24 Ronee Blakley, American actress (Nashville), and singer-songwriter, born in Nampa, Idaho
  • Aug 25 Martha Veléz, American singer-songwriter ("Living Outside the Law"), actress, and playwright (Power of the Powerless), born in New York City
  • Aug 26 Melvin Watt, American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina 1993-2014), born in Steele Creek, North Carolina
  • Aug 26 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania), born in Munhall, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 28 Bruno Nuytten, French film director (Camille Claudel), born in Melun, Île-de-France, France
  • Aug 28 Bob Segarini, American musician and radio personality, born in Stockton, California
  • Aug 29 Chris Copping, British rock bassist and organist (Procol Harum, 1969-77), born in Middleton, Lancashire, England
  • Aug 29 Wyomia Tyus, American 100m runner (Olympic gold 1964, 68), born in Griffin, Georgia
  • Aug 30 David Schiff, American composer, born in New York City
  • Aug 30 Fred Tackett, American songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Little Feat, 1988-2012), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Aug 31 Bob Welch, American rock vocalist, guitarist (Fleetwood Mac), born in Hollywood, California (d. 2012)
  • Aug 31 Itzhak Perlman, Israeli Grammy Award-winning violinist, and polio survivor, born in Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • Aug 31 (George Ivan)"Van" Morrison, Northern Irish singer-songwriter (Astral Weeks; "Moondance"; "Brown-Eyed Girl"), born in Bloomfield, Belfast

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • Aug 2 Pietro Mascagni, Italian opera composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • Aug 9 Harry Hillman, American athlete (3 Gold Olympic 1904), dies at 63

Robert H. Goddard

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Nico Richter, Dutch composer, dies at 29
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Gino Marinuzzi, Sr., Italian opera conductor (Wagner; Puccini), and composer (Symphony in A), dies at 61
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs [Louis], Dutch catholic priest and resistance fighter in WWII, dies in car accident at 39
  • Aug 18 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian revolutionary and nationalist, dies of injuries from a plane crash at 48
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), dies at 69
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 25 Willis Augustus Lee, American World War II admiral (Guadalcanal) and sport shooter (5 Olympic golds 1920), dies of a heart attack at 57 while being ferrying him out to his flagship USS Wyoming off the coast of Maine
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Austrian-Bohemian novelist, playwright, and poet (Mirror Man, The Forty Days of Musa Dagh), dies at 54