What Happened in August 1945

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • Aug 1 NY Giants outfielder Mel Ott hits historic 500th MLB home run off Braves Johnny Hutchings, joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx as only players to reach milestone

USASinking of the USS Indianapolis

Aug 2 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 American golfer Byron Nelson wins Canadian Open at Uplands & Thornhill CC for a record 11th consecutive PGA victory, on way to record season tally of 18

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • Aug 4 Red Sox outfielder Tom McBride drives in MLB record tying 6 runs in an inning (4th) during 15-4 win v Washington

JapanAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
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  • Aug 6 Australian Test cricket all-rounder Keith Miller scores 110 not out for Australian Services on Day 1 of drawn 4th Victory Test against England at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test
  • Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Aug 9 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito's status remains unchanged

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status

  • Aug 12 Emperor Hirohito of Japan informs the imperial family that he has decided to surrender

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Aug 14 Japanese government notifies the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration
  • Aug 15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)
  • Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
  • Aug 20 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • Aug 20 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
  • Aug 20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • Aug 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London
  • Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
  • Aug 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Douglas Osheroff, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • Aug 2 Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire), born in Haddonfield, New Jersey
  • Aug 2 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 2 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • Aug 2 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Aug 3 Ron Hendren, American TV host (Entertainment Tonight), born in Pinehurst, North Carolina
  • Aug 3 Eamon Dunphy, Irish footballer, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Aug 4 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • Aug 5 Ja'net Dubois, American actress (Good Times, Beverly Hill 90210), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 5 Jo Collins, Oregon, Playboy playmate (Dec, 1964)
  • Aug 6 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • Aug 6 Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
  • Aug 7 Alan Young, American supreme court justice (1993-2015) and former NFL defensive end (NY Jets), born in Canton, Ohio
  • Aug 7 Alan Page, NFL defensive tackle (Minnesota Vikings)
  • Aug 7 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap - Young Girl)
  • Aug 7 Patrice Mestral, composer
  • Aug 9 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • Aug 10 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • Aug 10 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • Aug 10 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • Aug 12 Ron Mael, American songwriter, composer and record producer (Sparks), born in Culver City, California
  • Aug 13 Robin Jackman, cricketer (England medium-pacer early eighties)
  • Aug 13 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • Aug 13 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • Aug 14 Brenda Benet, actress (Lee-Days of Our Lives, Beach Ball), born in Hollywood, California
  • Aug 14 Cheryl Waltz, author/film producer
  • Aug 14 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)

Person of interestSteve Martin

Aug 14 Steve Martin, American comedian, musician, author and actor (Parenthood, Jerk, Roxanne), born in Waco, Texas

Actor and Comedian Steve Martin
Actor and Comedian
Steve Martin
  • Aug 14 Tony Scannel, actor (Bill, Blue Money) [or 1932]
  • Aug 14 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • Aug 15 Charlemagne Palestine, composer
  • Aug 15 Gene Upshaw, NFL guard (Oakland Radiers), NFLPA leader
  • Aug 15 Thomas C Sawyer, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • Aug 15 Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1991-96 and 2001-06), born in Dinajpur, Bangladesh
  • Aug 16 Bob Balaban, American actor and director (2010, Girlfriends, Gosford Park), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 16 Gary Loizzo, rock guitarist (American Breed), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 16 Gordon "Snowy" Fleet, Merseyside, rock drummer (Easybeats)
  • Aug 16 Kevin Ayers, England, progressive rocker (Joy of a Toy), (d. 2013)
  • Aug 16 Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Aug 17 Katri Helena, Finnish singer
  • Aug 18 Sarah Dash, rock vocalist (Patti LaBelle & Bluebirds), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Aug 18 Barbara Harris, US singer (Toys-A Lover's Concerto)
  • Aug 19 Ian Gillan, English heavy metal and rock singer-songwriter (Deep Purple-Knocking at Backdoor), born in London
  • Aug 21 Patty McCormack, American actress (Mama, Peck's Bad Girl, Ropers), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 21 Jerry DaVanon, American baseball player, born in Oceanside, California
  • Aug 21 Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (The Hunt For Red October), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Aug 22 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 James G Richardson, actor (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), born in Gainesville, Florida
  • Aug 22 Ron Dante, rock vocalist (Archies-Sugar, Sugar), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Aug 22 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • Aug 22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • Aug 23 Rayfield Wright, American football player, born in Griffin, Georgia
  • Aug 24 Ken Hensley, rock keyboardist (Blackfoot, Uriah Heep)
  • Aug 24 Malcolm "Mollie" Duncan, Scotland, saxophonist (Average White Band)
  • Aug 24 Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter

Person of interestMarsha P. Johnson

Aug 24 Marsha P. Johnson [born Malcolm Michaels Jr.], African-American gay liberation and AIDS activist, drag queen, and transgender pioneer (Gay Liberation Front, S.T.A.R.), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1992)

Transgender activist and drag queen Marsha P. Johnson
Transgender activist and drag queen
Marsha P. Johnson
  • Aug 26 Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • Aug 26 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania), born in Munhall, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 28 Bruno Nuytten, French film director (Camille Claudel), born in Melun, Île-de-France, France
  • Aug 28 Bob Segarini, American musician and radio personality, born in Stockton, California
  • Aug 29 Chris Copping, English rock bassist (Procol Harum), born in Middleton, Lancashire, England
  • Aug 29 Wyomia Tyus, American 100m runner (Olympic gold 1964, 68), born in Griffin, Georgia
  • Aug 30 David Schiff, American composer, born in New York City
  • Aug 30 Fred Tackett, American songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Little Feat), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Aug 31 Bob Welch, rock vocalist/guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), (d. 2012)
  • Aug 31 Itzhak Perlman, Tel Aviv Israel, violinist/polio victim (14 Grammys)
  • Aug 31 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • Aug 31 [George Ivan] "Van" Morrison, Northern Irish singer-songwriter (Astral Weeks, Moondance), born in Bloomfield, Belfast

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • Aug 2 Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • Aug 9 Harry Hillman, American athlete (3 Gold Olympic 1904), dies at 63

Person of interestRobert H. Goddard

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, American rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Nico Richter, composer, dies at 29
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Gino Marinuzzi, composer, dies at 61
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 18 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian revolutionary and nationalist, dies of injuries from a plane crash at 48
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), dies at 69
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54