On This Day

What Happened on August 2, 1945

Historical Events


Sinking ShipSinking of the USS Indianapolis

After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.

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A scene from the 2016 movie
A scene from the 2016 movie "USS Indianapolis: Men of Courage"
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Conference of InterestPotsdam Conference

Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends

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Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
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Famous Birthdays

  • Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • Eric Simms, Australian rugby league fullback (8 Tests; NSWRL points record [1,841] stood until 1983; South Sydney), born in Karuah, Australia
  • Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Joanna Cassidy [Joanna Virginia Caskey], American actress (Blade Runner, Under Fire), born in Haddonfield, New Jersey
  • John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex

Famous Deaths

  • Emil Nikolaus von Reznicek, Austrian composer (Donna Diana), dies at 85
  • Pietro Mascagni, Italian composer (Cavalleria Rusticana), dies at 81
1945 Highlights

About August 2, 1945

Day of the Week: Thursday
How Long Ago? 75 years and 4 months
Leap Year: No

Generation Silent Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Rooster
Star Sign: Leo