What Happened in February 1945

Historical Events

  • Feb 1 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
  • Feb 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • Feb 3 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • Feb 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released

Yalta Conference

Feb 3 WWII: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, Crimea, Soviet Union for the "Big Three" Yalta Conference

Historic Event

Feb 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of World War II

  • Feb 5 Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)

Battle of Interest

Feb 5 WWII: US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila, Philippines; month long battle ends 3 years of Japanese military occupation

  • Feb 6 WWII: Russian Red Army crosses the Oder River between Poland and Germany
  • Feb 6 WWII: US 8th Air Force bombs oil facilities in Magdeburg and Chemnitz, Germany
  • Feb 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
  • Feb 7 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • Feb 7 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • Feb 7 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • Feb 8 Allied air attack on Goch, Kleef, Kalkar and Reichswald

Agreement of Interest

Feb 8 Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

  • Feb 9 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • Feb 9 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway
  • Feb 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • Feb 10 "Rum and Coca-Cola" by the Andrews Sisters hits #1
  • Feb 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • Feb 12 SF selected for site of UN Conference

Bombing of Dresden

Feb 13 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

  • Feb 13 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • Feb 13 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • Feb 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • Feb 14 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allied air forces
  • Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • Feb 14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • Feb 16 US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • Feb 16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • Feb 19 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 19 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Feb 19 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

  • Feb 21 Battle of Monte Castello (Italy): Allied forces, including the first land battle of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force, defeat Germans after three months of fierce fighting in the foothills of the Apennine Mountains
  • Feb 21 Dutch Archbishop of Utrecht Johannes de Jong calls for help with war casualties following the Nazi occupation of Netherlands from the allies
  • Feb 21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • Feb 21 US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
  • Feb 22 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • Feb 22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • Feb 22 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • Feb 23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Feb 23 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • Feb 23 Operation Grenade: US Lieutenant General Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr
  • Feb 23 US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Pulitzer Prize winning photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
  • Feb 24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • Feb 24 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree
  • Feb 24 Manila freed from Japanese
  • Feb 25 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • Feb 25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • Feb 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • Feb 27 Battle of US 94 Infantry

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 1 Ole Buck, Danish composer, born in Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Feb 1 Yasuhiro Takai, Japanese baseball first baseman, designated hitter and broadcaster (NPB record 27 career pinch-hit home runs; Hankyu Braves), born in Imabari, Japan (d. 2019)
  • Feb 2 Ronnie Goodson, American singer (Hi-Lites), born in New Jersey (d. 1980)
  • Feb 3 Bob Griese, NFL quarterback (Miami Dolphins, 1971 Player of Year)
  • Feb 3 Johnny Cymbal, rocker (Mr Bass Man)
  • Feb 3 Willeke Alberti [Verbruggen], Dutch vocalist/actress (Small Truth)
  • Feb 4 John Stubblefield, American jazz saxophonist, flute and oboe player (Mingus Big Band), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2005)
  • Feb 5 Sarah Weddington, American attorney (represented "Jane Roe" in Roe v. Wade before US States Supreme Court), born in Abilene, Texas (d. 2021)

Bob MarleyBob Marley (1945-1981)

Feb 6 Jamaican reggae musician ("Exodus"; "One Love"; "No Woman No Cry"; "Three Little Birds"), born in Nine Mile, Saint Ann, Jamaica

  • Feb 7 Gerald Davies, British rugby player
  • Feb 7 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • Feb 7 Pete Postlethwaite, English actor (In the Name of the Father, Inception), born in Warrington, England (d. 2011)
  • Feb 8 Taffy Thomas, Welsh thoroughbred jockey (Singapore Gold Cup 1977, Vernons Sprint Cup 1978, King's Stand Stakes 1983), born in Caernarvon, Wales (d. 2022)
  • Feb 9 Bill Bergey, American NFL player, born in South Dayton, New York
  • Feb 9 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • Feb 10 John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • Feb 12 Cliff De Young, actor (F/X, Hunger, Shock Treatment), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 12 David D Friedman, American economist, physicist, legal scholar, and libertarian theorist (The Machinery of Freedom), born in NYC, New York
  • Feb 12 Don Wilson, American baseball pitcher (2 x no-hitters 1967, 69; MLB All Star 1971; Houston Astros), born in Monroe, Louisiana (d. 1975)
  • Feb 12 Joe Schermie, American bass player (Three Dog Night - "Joy to the World"), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 2002)
  • Feb 12 Maud Adams, Lulea Sweden, actress (Octopussy, Rollerball, Tattoo)
  • Feb 12 Roman Tam [Pak-sin], Hong Kong singer knownn as the "Grand Godfather of Cantopop", born in Baise, Guangxi, China (d. 2002)
  • Feb 13 David Tremlett, English artist, born in Dartford, United Kingdom
  • Feb 13 Keith Nichols, English jazz musician, born in Essex, England
  • Feb 13 Ken Sitzberger, American diver and broadcaster (Olympic gold 3m springboard 1964), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1984)
  • Feb 13 King Floyd, American soul singer-songwriter ("Groove Me"), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2006)
  • Feb 13 Roy Dyke, English rock drummer (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke), born in Liverpool, England
  • Feb 14 Gregory Hines, American actor and dancer (White Nights, Taps), born in NYC, New York (d. 2003)
  • Feb 14 Hans-Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein (1989-), born in Zürich, Switzerland
  • Feb 14 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • Feb 14 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Uruguayan soccer goalkeeper (36 caps; Atlético Mineiro), born in Piriápolis, Uruguay (d. 2013)
  • Feb 14 Vic Briggs, British guitarist (The Animals, 1966-68), and producer; later known as Antion Vikram Singh, he created Sikhi devotional and Hawaiian music, born in Twickenham, England (d. 2021)
  • Feb 14 William Hill Boner, American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1979-88), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Feb 15 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • Feb 15 John Helliwell, British rock Saxophonist (Supertramp - "The Logical Song"), born in Todmorden, West Riding of Yorkshire
  • Feb 16 Julio Morales, Uruguayan soccer striker (24 caps; Racing Montevideo, Nacional, Austria Wien), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 2022)
  • Feb 16 Pete Christlieb, American jazz bebop and session saxophonist (Steely Dan - "Deacon Blues; "FM"; Natalie Cole; Quincy Jones; Tom Scott; Tom Waits - "Nighthawks at the Diner"), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 17 Brenda Fricker, actress (My Left Foot), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Feb 17 Patricia Morrow, American actress (Rita-Peyton Place), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 18 Judy Rankin, American golfer (US Open, Titleholders C'ship 1972 runner-up; 26 LPGA Tour wins), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 18 Michael Nader, American actor (Peter-Gidget, Dex Dexter-Dynasty), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 19 Jon Whiteley, Scottish child actor (Moonfleet) and art historian, born in Monymusk, Scotland
  • Feb 19 Michael Nader, American actor (Dynasty, All My Children), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2021)
  • Feb 19 Thomas Brasch, German writer and film director, born in Westow, England (d. 2001)
  • Feb 20 Alan Hull, British folk singer-songwriter, and guitarist (Lindisfarne - "Lady Eleanor"), born in Benwell, Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1995)
  • Feb 20 Andrew Bergman, director/screenwriter (Soapdish, Honeymoon in Vegas)
  • Feb 20 Annu Kapoor, Indian actor (Vicky Donor), born in Bhopal, India
  • Feb 20 Brion James, American actor (d. 1999)
  • Feb 21 Sudhir Naik, Indian cricketer (Indian Test batsman in 2 Tests 1974), born in Bombay, India
  • Feb 22 Leslie Charleson, American actress (Monica-General Hospital), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Feb 22 Michael Zagaris, American sports photographer (Oakland Athletics, San Francisco 49ers), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 22 Oliver [Swofford], American pop singer ("Good Morning Starshine"; "Jean"), born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2000)
  • Feb 23 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • Feb 23 John Halsey, British rock drummer (The Rutles - "Barry Wom"), born in Highgate, North London
  • Feb 25 Elkie Brooks [Elaine Bookbinder], British rock singer ("Pearl's A Singer"), born in Manchester, England
  • Feb 25 Shivadhar Srinivasa Naipaul, Trinidad, novelist, essayist (Fireflies)
  • Feb 26 Giannis Ioannidis, Greek basketball coach & politician, born in Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Feb 26 Jan Klijnjan, Dutch soccer attacking midfielder (11 caps; FC Dordrecht, Sparta Rotterdam, FC Sochaux), born in Papendrecht, Netherlands (d. 2022)
  • Feb 26 Mitch Ryder, American rocker (Detroit Wheels - "Devil With the Blue Dress"), born in Hamtramck, Michigan
  • Feb 26 Peter Brock, Australian motorsports champion, born in Richmond, Australia (d. 2006)
  • Feb 27 Daniel Olbrychski, Polish actor (La Truite), born in Łowicz, Poland
  • Feb 28 Bubba Smith, American College Football Hall of Fame defensive end (Michigan State; Pro Bowl 1970, 71; First Team All Pro 1971; Super Bowl 1971; Baltimore Colts) and actor (Police Academy), born in Orange, Texas (d. 2011)
  • Feb 28 Mimsy Farmer, actress (Devil's Angel, Road to Salina), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Feb 28 Ronnie Rosman, American rock organist, and accordion player (Tommy James & The Shondells - "I Think We're Alone Now"; "Crystal Blue Persuasion"), born in Greensburg, PA

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 2 Joe Hunt, American tennis player (US National C'ship 1943), dies in fighter plane crash during training at 25
  • Feb 3 José Roló, Mexican composer, dies at 61
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case) and politician, dies at 51
  • Feb 5 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, is executed by Nazis at 23
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau at 28
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 Al Dubin, Swiss-American song lyricist ("Tiptoe Through The Tulips"; "I Only Have Eyes For You"), dies at 53 [1]
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 13 George Studd, English cricket batsman (4 Tests; Middlesex), dies at 85
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 18 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (youngest ever Soviet general of the army), dies at 38
  • Feb 19 John Basilone, American Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), is killed in action at Iwo Jima at 26
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26

Anne FrankAnne Frank (1929-1945)

Feb 21 Dutch Diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), dies of typhus in the Belsen concentration camp at 15 [estimate - exact date undocumented] [1]

  • Feb 21 Eric Liddell, Scottish 400m runner (Olympic gold 1924) and Christian missionary in China, dies of an inoperable brain tumor at 43 while interned at the Weihsien Internment Camp in Weifang, Shandong, China
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Feb 28 Rudolf Breslauer, German Jewish photographer (documented Westerbork transit camp), killed at Auschwitz at 41