On This Day

What Happened in July 1945

Historical Events


Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 1 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A's 9-5)

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations
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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version of their "Who's on First" routine

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Jul 10 Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Sport awardPGA Championship

Jul 15 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Morraine CC: Byron Nelson wins 5th and final major title and 2nd PGA title; beats ex-MLB player Sam Byrd 4 & 3

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson

USAManhattan Project

Jul 16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.

  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb

Conference of InterestPotsdam Conference

Jul 17 Potsdam Conference: Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill hold 1st post-World War II meeting
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Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II goes on trial

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
  • Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII
  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled
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Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

Physicist Raemer Schreiber
Physicist
Raemer Schreiber
  • Jul 28 "Elevator girl" Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall

Sinking ShipSinking of the USS Indianapolis

Jul 30 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.
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A scene from the 2016 movie
A scene from the 2016 movie "USS Indianapolis: Men of Courage"

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Deborah Harry, American singer (Blondie-Heart of Glass), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jul 1 Mike Burstyn, Israeli-American actor (De Mike Bustyn Show), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 2 James Orville Fulkerson, composer
  • Jul 3 Iain MacDonald-Smith, English yachtsman (Olympic gold 1968), born in Oxford
  • Jul 3 Michael Cole, American actor (Pete-Mod Squad), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Jul 3 Michael Martin, British politician and Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09), born in Glasgow (d. 2018)
  • Jul 5 Dick Scoppettone, American rocker (Harpers Bizarre), born in Santa Cruz, California
  • Jul 5 Jeffrey Kramer, American actor (Ted Stein-Struck by Lightning), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 5 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican politician and Attorney General of the Republic of Mexico, born in Zacualpan, Mexico
  • Jul 6 Burt Ward, American actor (Robin-Batman), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 6 Rik Elswit, American rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place), born in California
  • Jul 6 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator, born in Paulton, England
  • Jul 7 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • Jul 7 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • Jul 8 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • Jul 9 Dean Koontz, American sci-fi author (Star Quest, Beastchild), born in Everett, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Lewis F. Payne Jr., American politician (Rep-D-Virginia), born in Amherst, Virginia
  • Jul 9 Root Boy Slim [Foster MacKenzie III], American entertainer, born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1993)
  • Jul 10 Ron Glass, American actor (Barney Miller, Frank's Place), born in Evansville, Indiana (d. 2016)

Person of interestVirginia Wade

Jul 10 Virginia Wade, English tennis player (US Open 1968, Australian Open 1972, Wimbledon 1977), born in Bournemouth, England

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Virginia Wade
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Virginia Wade
  • Jul 10 John Motson, British sports (football) commentator, born in Salford, Lancashire, England
  • Jul 10 Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director, born in Paris
  • Jul 10 Peter Michalica, Slovak violinist, born in Kremnica, Slovakia
  • Jul 11 Robin Muyser, Dutch bassist (Les Baroques - "Such A Cad"), born in Baarn, Netherlands
  • Jul 11 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • Jul 12 Dimitar Penev, Bulgarian soccer player and union coach (Lokomotiv/CSKA), born in Mirovyane, Bulgaria
  • Jul 12 Leopoldo Mastelloni, Italian actor (Inferno), born in Naples, Italy
  • Jul 13 Ashley "Rowdy" Mallett, Australian cricket off-spinner (1968-80)
  • Jul 13 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • Jul 14 Peter James Leonard Klatzow, composer
  • Jul 15 Peter Lewis, rock guitarist/vocalist (Moby Grape), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 15 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 16 Barry Dudleston, English cricketer and cricket umpire, born in Bebington, Cheshire
  • Jul 16 Diana Warwick, Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe, Labour member of the House of Lords
  • Jul 16 Jos Stelling, Dutch film director (Pointsman), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jul 17 Fenneken Fockema Andreae, Dutch actress (Sea Gull)
  • Jul 17 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia, born in Claridge's, London
  • Jul 18 Danny McCulloch, English rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • Jul 18 James William Guercio, American music producer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 19 George Dzundza, American actor (The Deer Hunter, Law & Order), born in Rosenheim,Germany
  • Jul 19 Edwin Schlossberg, American designer, author and husband of Carolyn Kennedy, born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 20 Betty Burfeindt, American golfer (Women's PGA C'ship 1976), born in NYC, NY
  • Jul 20 John Lodge, English bassist, vocalist, and songwriter(The Moody Blues), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jul 20 Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
  • Jul 20 Kim Carnes, rock vocalist (Bette Davis Eyes), born in Pasadena, California
  • Jul 20 Johnny Loughrey, Irish singer (d. 2005)
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), born in Sète, Hérault (d. 1945)
  • Jul 21 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • Jul 21 Barry Richards, extraordinary cricket batsman (4 Tests for South Africa)
  • Jul 21 Geoff Dymock, Australian cricket left-arm pace bowler (1974-80)
  • Jul 21 Leigh Lawson, Atherston England, actress (Fire & Sword, Charlie Boy)
  • Jul 21 John Lowe, English darts player (BDO world champion 1979, 87, 93), born in New Tupton, Derbyshire
  • Jul 21 Lydia Shum, Hong Kong comedian and actress (d. 2008)
  • Jul 23 Harold W Hennep, Arubians Dutch dancer and actor (Plus Echo)
  • Jul 24 Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • Jul 25 Donna Theodore, American actress and singer (Hollywood Talent Scouts), born in Pleasanton, California
  • Jul 26 Linda Harrison, American actress (Bracken's World, Planet of Apes), born in Berlin, Maryland

Person of interestHelen Mirren

Jul 26 Helen Mirren [Ilyena Lydia Vasilievna Mironoff], English actress (The Queen, The Madness of King George), born in London, England

Actress Helen Mirren
Actress
Helen Mirren

Person of interestJim Davis

Jul 28 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • Jul 29 Michelle Angelo, Kingsville Tx, actress (Funny Girl)
  • Jul 30 David Sanborn, American jazz saxophonist (David Letterman Show), born in Tampa, Florida
  • Jul 30 Patrick Modiano, French novelist (Nobel 2014), born in Boulogne-Billancourt, France
  • Jul 31 Bill Weld, American politician (Governor (R) Masachusetts 1991-97), born in Smithtown, New York

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 21 Master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era Groucho Marx (54) weds Kay Marvis

Comedian Groucho Marx
Comedian
Groucho Marx

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė-Bučienė], Lithuanian poet, dies of cancer at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 12 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • Jul 17 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (WWII), dies at 60
  • Jul 19 George Barbier, American actor (Tarzan's Revenge, Wife vs Secretary), dies at 80
  • Jul 20 Arthur Seccull, South African cricketer (Test v England 1896), dies
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73