On This Day

What Happened in June 1945

Historical Events

  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany

Music Premiere

Jun 5 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London

  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 Warner Bros cartoon "A Gruesome Twosome" starring Tweety premieres in USA
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops land in Brunei Bay, North Borneo

Sports History

Jun 9 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr scores his third of record 5 Derby wins

Sports History

Jun 9 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 70th Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • Jun 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)

Film & TV History

Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster, charged with treason in England

  • Jun 19 El Teniente Mine accident [Smoke Tragedy] 355 men die from smoke inhalation from a fire in the Andes, Chile
  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • Jun 23 77th Belmont Stakes: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms in the Netherlands
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate, capital of the Maluku Islands in modern day Indonesia
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
  • Jun 26 England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs

United Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Linda Scott [Sampson], American pop singer ("I've Told Every Little Star"), born in Queens, New York
  • Jun 1 Brian Oldfield, American shot-putter (credited with making rotational technique popular), born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • Jun 3 Hale Irwin, American golfer (US Open 1974, 79, 90; US Senior Open 1998, 2000), born in Joplin, Missouri
  • Jun 3 Brian Barnes, English golfer (Ryder Cup 1969-79), born in Addington, Surrey (d. 2019)
  • Jun 4 Anthony Braxton, American jazz musician and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 4 Daniel Topolski, British writer and rowing coach, born in London (d. 2015)
  • Jun 4 Gordon Waller, Scottish pop singer (Peter & Gordon - " A World Without Love"), born in Braemar, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 2009)
  • Jun 4 Ivan "Ironman" Stewart, American Mickey Thompson off-road champion (1983, 84, 90), born in Oklahoma
  • Jun 4 Margaret Impert, American actress (Maggie, Spencer's Pilots), born in Horseheads North, New York
  • Jun 5 Don Reid, American country singer (Statler Brothers - "Flowers on the Wall"), born in Staunton, Virginia

John Carlos

Jun 5 John Carlos, American sprinter who performed the black power salute while accepting his Olympic bronze medal in 1968, born in Harlem, New York

  • Jun 5 Klaus Wyborny, German filmmaker and actor (Klammer auf Klammer Zu)
  • Jun 6 David Dukes, American actor (Beacon Hill, 79 Park Avenue, Winds of War), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 6 David Bonior, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Jun 7 Wolfgang Schüssel, Austrian People's Party politician, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jun 8 Derek Underwood, England cricket spin bowler (86 Tests, 297 wickets @ 25.83), born in Bromley, England
  • Jun 8 Donna Deitch, American film and TV director (Sexual Advances, Women of Brewster Place), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jun 9 Faina Melnik, Soviet discus thrower (Olympic gold 1972), born in Bakota, Ukraine
  • Jun 9 Luis Ocaña, Spanish cyclist (d. 1994)
  • Jun 9 Nike Wagner, German woman of the theater and descendant of Wagner and Liszt, born in Überlingen, Germany
  • Jun 10 Benny Gallagher, Scottish pop-rock singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (Gallagher and Lyle - "I Wanna Stay With You"), born in Largs, Ayrshire, Scotland
  • Jun 10 Martin Wesley-Smith, Australian composer, born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 2019)
  • Jun 11 Adrienne Barbeau, American actress (Maude, Swamp Thing), born in Sacramento, California

Robert Munsch

Jun 11 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • Jun 12 Alfred Gell, British social anthropologist (d. 1997)
  • Jun 12 Terry Anderson, American rapid fire pistol shooter (Olympic-80, 96), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Jun 13 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 13 Whitley Strieber, American author (The Wolfen, The Hunger), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Jun 14 Rod Argent, English rock musician (The Zombies - "She's Not There"; Argent - "Hold Your Head Up"), born in St Albans, Hertfordshire
  • Jun 15 Nicola Pagett, British actress (Oliver's Story, Privates on Parade), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jun 15 Miriam Defensor-Santiago, Philippine senator
  • Jun 15 Lawrence Wilkerson, American retired military officer
  • Jun 16 John Dawson [a.k.a. Marmaduke], American musician, singer, and songwriter, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2009)
  • Jun 16 Claire Alexander, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Jun 16 Lucienne Robillard, Canadian politician

Eddy Merckx

Jun 17 Eddy Merckx, Belgian road cyclist (Tour de France 1969-72, 74; Giro d'Italia 1968, 70, 72-74), born in Meensel-Kiezegem, Belgium

Tony Roche

Jun 17 Tony Roche, Australian tennis player and coach (French Open 1966; 15 x Grand Slam doubles titles; Australian Davis Cup captain), born in Wagga Wagga, NSW

  • Jun 17 Frank Ashmore, American actor (Airplane!, Airplane II: The Sequel), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Jun 17 Tommy Franks, American general, born in Wynnewood, Oklahoma
  • Jun 17 Ken Livingstone, English politician (Mayor of London 2000-08), born in London

Aung San Suu Kyi

Jun 19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

  • Jun 19 Tim Hovey, actor (Queen Bee, Toy Tiger, Man Afraid), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 19 Tobias Wolff, American writer (This Boy's Life)
  • Jun 19 Radovan Karadžić, Serbian-Bosnian politician
  • Jun 19 Peter Bardens, English musician (Camel), born in London (d. 2002)
  • Jun 19 Robert Franklin Palmer Jr., American writer, musicologist, and musician (Deep Blues), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Jun 20 David S Monson, (Rep-R-UT, 1985- )
  • Jun 20 James F Buchli, New Rockford ND, USMC/astr (STS 51C, 61A, 29, 48)
  • Jun 20 John McCook, Ventura Cal, actor (Codename: Firefox, Bold & Beautiful)
  • Jun 20 (Morna) Anne Murray, Canadian popsinger ("Snow Bird"; "You Needed Me"), born in Springhill, Nova Scotia Canada,
  • Jun 21 Adam Zagajewski, Polish philosopher and poet, born in Lvov, Poland
  • Jun 23 K B Wilson, methodist Preacher/Principal (Westminster College Oxford)
  • Jun 23 Paul Goddard, American rock bassist (Atlanta Rhythm Section - "So In To You"), born in Georgia (d. 2014)
  • Jun 23 John Garang, Sudanese leader and politician (d. 2005)
  • Jun 23 Kjell Albin Abrahamson, Swedish journalist and writer
  • Jun 24 Betty Stove, Netherlands, tennis player (US Doubles 1972)
  • Jun 24 Colin Blunstone, British rock singer-songwriter (The Zombies - "She's Not There"; "Time Of The Season"), born in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
  • Jun 24 George Pataki, American politician (Gov-R-NY, 1995-2006), born in Peekskill, New York
  • Jun 25 Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter ("Anticipation"; "You're So Vain"), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 26 Barry Schrader, American electronic muscic composer, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 26 David Heyn, Sri Lankan cricketer (Sri Lankan batsman 1975 World Cup), born in Colombo
  • Jun 26 Dwight York, Nuwaubian leader (Nuwaubian Nation), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Catherine Lacoste, French golfer (US Women's Open 1967), born in Paris, France
  • Jun 27 John M. Veitch, American Hall of Fame Thoroughbred horse trainer, born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Jun 27 Norma Kamali, American dress designer (Costumes for the Wiz), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 27 Omar Badsha, South African photographer, trade unionist and political activist, born in Durban, South Africa
  • Jun 27 Joey Covington [Michno], American drummer (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna, and Jefferson Starship), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
  • Jun 27 Joel Revzen, American opera conductor and pianist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2020)
  • Jun 28 Dave Knights, British rock bassist (Procol Harum - "Conquistador"), born in London, England
  • Jun 28 Jane Harman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 28 Raul Seixas, Brazilian rock singer-songwriter ("Mosca na Sopa" - "Fly In The Soup"), born in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil (d. 1989)
  • Jun 29 Chandrika Kumaratunga, first female President of Sri Lanka (1994-2005), born in Colombo, British Ceylon
  • Jun 30 Sean Scully, Irish-born British American artist (Opulent Ascension), born in Dublin, Ireland

Famous Weddings

Jim Thorpe

Jun 2 Athlete Jim Thorpe (57) weds Patricia Askew

  • Jun 13 "Three Smart Girls" actress Deanna Durbin (23) weds film writer, producer and actor Felix Jackson at The Little Church Of The West in Las Vegas

Judy Garland

Jun 15 American singer and actress Judy Garland (23) weds American director Vincente Minnelli (42); divorce in 1951


Famous Deaths

  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, Dutch Nazi collaborator (National Socialist Movement (1937-41), commits suicide at 51
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, Japanese philosopher (Kyoto School), dies at 74
  • Jun 7 Rubén M. Campos, Mexican novelist (Claudio Oranos) and musicologist (El folklore y la musica mexicana), dies at 69
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41

Emil Hácha

Jun 12 Emil Hácha, Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), dies in prison in mysterious circumstances at 72

  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Harold C. Roberts, American commandant 22nd regiment marines (3 Navy Crosses), dies in battle during Okinawa campaign at 46
  • Jun 18 Simon Bolivar Buckner, American Lieutenant General of 10th Army, dies in action during Battle of Okinawa at 58
  • Jun 18 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer and poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Japanese lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • Jun 26 Erno Rapee, American conductor and composer (Radio City Music Hall), dies at 54
  • Jun 26 Nikolay Nikolayevich Tcherepnin, composer, dies at 72