On This Day

What Happened in November 1945

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 3 Australian Test cricket batsman Lindsay Hassett is 124 not out as Australian Services draws with Prince's XI at Delhi; follows his 187 in 1st innings
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
  • Nov 10 "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater NYC for 264 performances
  • Nov 10 College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame

  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 "Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Nov 20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 20 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres

  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 22 "Day before Spring" opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • Nov 22 Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record)
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Music releaseMusic Recording

Nov 26 Charlie "Bird" Parker leads recording session for the Savoy label marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" with Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis

Jazz Saxophonist and Composer Charlie
Jazz Saxophonist and Composer
Charlie "Bird" Parker
Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis

Film release premierFilm Release

Nov 26 "Brief Encounter", based on Noël Coward's one-act play "Still Life", directed by David Lean and starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard is released

Film Director David Lean
Film Director
David Lean
Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
Actor Trevor Howard
Actor
Trevor Howard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 General George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Nov 27 Trial against Dutch Fascist NSB leader Anton Mussert begins (later convicted and executed by firing squad)
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed

Film release premierFilm Premier

Nov 29 "The Lost Weekend", based on Charles R. Jackson's novel, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman premieres in Los Angeles (Academy Awards Best Picture 1946)

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
Actor Ray Milland
Actor
Ray Milland
Actress Jane Wyman
Actress
Jane Wyman

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Rick Grech, British rock musician (Blind Faith, Traffic), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1990)
  • Nov 1 Willie Ellison, American NFL running back (Pro Bowl 1971; LA Rams, KC Chiefs), born in Lockhart, Texas (d. 2019)
  • Nov 2 (John David) J.D. Souther, American singer and songwriter ("Heartache Tonight"; "New Kid In Town"), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Nov 2 Larry Little, American Pro Football Hall of Fame guard (5-time Pro Bowl; Super Bowl 1972-73; Miami Dolphins), born in Groveland, Georgia
  • Nov 3 Ken Holtzman, American baseball pitcher (2 x no hitters; MLB All Star 1972-73; World Series 1972-74), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Nov 3 Gerd Müller ["Der Bomber"], German soccer striker (62 caps; Bayern Munich 453 games, 398 goals), born in Nördlingen, Germany
  • Nov 3 Nick Simper, English bass guitarist (Deep Purple, Warhorse), born in Norwood Green, England
  • Nov 3 Robert "Bobby" LaKind, American conga player, vocalist, songwriter and occasional backup drummer (The Doobie Brothers), born in New York (d. 1992)
  • Nov 5 Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 5 Aleka Papariga, Greek politician (General Secretary of Communist Party of Greece 1991-2013), born in Athens, Greece
  • Nov 6 Robert J. Mrazek, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1983-93), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Nov 8 Arnold Rosner, American composer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Nov 8 David Jessel, British TV reporter, born in Abingdon, Berkshire, England
  • Nov 8 Judith Lang Zaimont, American pianist and composer, born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Nov 8 Tony Mann, Australian cricket leggie (1977 century as nightwatchman v India), born in Middle Swan, Western Australia
  • Nov 8 Don Murray, American drummer (The Turtles), born in Glendale, California (d. 1996)
  • Nov 9 Charles Robinson, American actor, born in Houston, Texas
  • Nov 10 Donna Fargo, American country singer (Happiest Girl in Whole USA), born in Mount Airy, North Carolina
  • Nov 11 Chris Dreja, British rock guitartist and bass player (Yardbirds), born in Surbiton, Surrey, England

Person of interestDaniel Ortega

Nov 11 Daniel Ortega, Nicaraguan politician (President of Nicaragua, 1985-90, 2007-), born in La Libertad, Nicaragua

President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader Daniel Ortega
President of Nicaragua and Revolutionary Leader
Daniel Ortega
  • Nov 11 Niaz Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer (1st & last East Pakistani to play Test cricket), born in Varanasi, British India (d. 2000)
  • Nov 11 Vince Martell, American rock guitarist (Vanilla Fudge), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 11 Bryan 'Pop' Robson, English soccer forward (Newcastle, West Ham), born in Sunderland, County Durham
  • Nov 12 Michael Bishop, American sci-fi author (Nebula, Stolen Faces)

Person of interestNeil Young

Nov 12 Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; "The Needle And The Damage Done"; "Harvest Moon"), born in Toronto, Ontario

Singer-songwriter Neil Young
Singer-songwriter
Neil Young
  • Nov 12 Valerie Leon, actress (Blood from Mummy's Tomb), born in London, England
  • Nov 12 Tracy Kidder, American journalist and author
  • Nov 13 John B. Craig, American diplomat, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 13 Masahiro Hasemi, Japanese racing driver, born in Ome, Tokyo
  • Nov 14 Paul Hirsch, American film editor
  • Nov 14 Stella Obasanjo, Nigerian First Lady (d. 2005)
  • Nov 15 Bob Gunton, American actor
  • Nov 15 Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Norwegian-born Swedish singer-songwriter (ABBA), born in Bjørkåsen, Norway
  • Nov 16 Martine van Hamel, Dutch ballerina (NYC Ballet Co), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • Nov 16 Steve Railsback, American actor (The Stunt Man, Escape 2000), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Nov 16 Mabon "Teenie" Hodges, American rhythm and blues guitarist, and songwriter ("Take Me To The River"; "Love And Happiness"), born in Germantown, Tennessee (d. 2014)

Person of interestElvin Hayes

Nov 17 Elvin Hayes, American Basketball Hall of Fame forward (NBA All-Star 1969–1980; NBA scoring champion 1969), born in Rayville, Louisiana

NBA Forward Elvin Hayes
NBA Forward
Elvin Hayes
  • Nov 17 Jeremy Hanley, British Lower house member
  • Nov 17 Roland Joffe, director (City of Joy, Mission, Killing Fields)
  • Nov 18 Glen Walken, American actor (Leave it to Larry), born in Queens, New York City
  • Nov 18 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, born in Tahlequah, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
  • Nov 19 Peter Cropper, British violinist (Lindsay Quartet, 1965-2005), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • Nov 20 Danny McBride, American musician (Sha Na Na), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (2009)
  • Nov 20 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author, born in Boudouaou, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Nov 20 Nanette Workman, American-Canadian singer and actress, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 21 Goldie Hawn, American actress (The First Wives Club, Private Benjamin), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • Nov 23 Assaf Dayan, Israel, actor (Operation Thunderbolt)
  • Nov 23 Steve Landesberg, comedian and actor (Barney Miller), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Nov 23 Dennis Nilsen, Scottish serial killer
  • Nov 23 Jerry Harris, American sculptor
  • Nov 24 Lee Michaels, rocker (Do You Know What I Mean), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 25 Bev Bevan, English drummer (Electric Light Orchestra), born in Birmingham, England
  • Nov 25 George Webster, American football player (d. 2007)
  • Nov 25 Patrick Nagel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Nov 26 Daniel Davis, American actor (Niles-Nanny), born in Gurdon, Arkansas
  • Nov 26 John McVie, British rock bassist (John Mayall's Blues Breakers; Fleetwood Mac - Rumours, Tusk), born in Ealing, Middlesex, England
  • Nov 26 Tandy Cronyn, American actress (Twisted, Guardian, Age Old Friends), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 26 Björn von Sydow, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Solna, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Nov 26 Ethan Russell, American photographer and author (photographed covers for the Beatles, Rolling Stones and The Who), born in Mt. Kisco, New York
  • Nov 27 Barbara Anderson, American actress (Eve-Ironside, Mission Impossible), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 27 Randy Brecker, American jazz and fusion trumpeter (Brecker Brothers), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 27 Alain de Cadenet, English TV presenter (SPEED Channel), born in London
  • Nov 27 James Avery, American actor (Fresh Prince of Bell Air), (d. 2013), born in Pughsville, Virginia
  • Nov 28 Georg Volkert, German soccer striker (12 caps, FRG; 1. FC Nürnberg, Hamburger SV, VfB Stuttgart), born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Nov 29 Roger Bambuck, Guadeloupe, French 4X100 runner (Olympic bronze 1968)
  • Nov 30 Michael Joyce, Irish stage manager and theatre director, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1994)
  • Nov 30 Radu Lupu, Galati Romania, pianist (Enesco 1st prize-1967)
  • Nov 30 Roger Glover, British hard rock bassist (Episode Six-Deep Purple)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 30 Actress Bette Davis (37) weds artist William Grant Sherry

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 2 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • Nov 3 Alessandro Longo, Italian composer and musicologist, dies at 80
  • Nov 7 Alfred Dipper, cricketer (England batsman scored in only Test), dies
  • Nov 8 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, dies at 95

Person of interestJerome Kern

Nov 11 Jerome Kern, American composer (Sally, Leave it to Jane), dies at 60

Broadway Composer Jerome Kern
Broadway Composer
Jerome Kern
  • Nov 16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • Nov 17 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, dies at 63
  • Nov 20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • Nov 21 Robert Benchley, American humorist (My 10 years in a Quandary), dies at 56

Person of interestAlexander Patch

Nov 21 Alexander Patch, American WWII general (Guadalcanal Campaign, Operation Dragoon), dies of pneumonia at 55

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 21 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, American novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942), dies at 72
  • Nov 21 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish soccer striker (11 caps; Celtic 272 games, 188 goals), dies at 67
  • Nov 28 Dwight F. Davis, American politician (49th United States Secretary of War) and founder of the Davis Cup, dies at 66