On This Day

What Happened in October 1945

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis is discharged from US army after being awarded the Legion of Merit

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance at the age of 10

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Oct 3 Detroit Tigers and Chicago Cubs meet in Baseball World Series for the 4th time; Hank Borowy pitches a 6-hit shutout as Cubs win Game 1, 9-0 at Briggs Stadium; Detroit wins series, 4-3
  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Oct 5 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 US General Eisenhower welcomed in The Hague (on Hitler's train)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 6 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series, is escorted out and casts goat curse on Chicago Cubs
  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal

  • Oct 10 Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 15 Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

AgreementContract of Interest

Oct 23 Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect

Learn More
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Learn More
  • Oct 24 In France PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Oct 27 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Reynolds in the US (just beating biro)
  • Oct 29 Happy Chandler resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commissioner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Donny Hathaway, American singer-songwriter (Where Is The Love), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1979)

Person of interestRod Carew

Oct 1 Rod Carew, Panamanian Baseball Hall of Fame infielder (18-time MLB All Star; AL MVP 1977 Minnesota Twins), born in Gatún, Panama Canal Zone

Baseball Hall of Fame Infielder Rod Carew
Baseball Hall of Fame Infielder
Rod Carew
  • Oct 1 Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
  • Oct 1 Ram Nath Kovind, Indian politician, 14th President of India (2017-), born in Paraukh, British India
  • Oct 2 Don McLean, American singer and songwriter (American Pie; Vincent), born in New Rochelle, New York
  • Oct 2 Frank Tejeda, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in San Antonio, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Oct 3 Kay Baxter, American bodybuilder (NPC Gold's Classic 1981), born in Monroe County, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • Oct 3 Viktor Saneyev, Soviet triple jumper (Olympics 3 gold 1968, 72, 76), born in Sukhumi, Georgia
  • Oct 3 Antonio Martinez, Spanish rock guitarist (Los Bravos - "Black Is Black", born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1990)
  • Oct 4 Clifton Davis, American actor (That's My Mama; Amen) and singer-songwriter ("Never Can Say Goodbye"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 5 Brian Connolly, Scottish singer (Sweet), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Oct 5 Geoff Leigh, British saxophonist and flute player (Henry Cow), born in Manchester, England
  • Oct 6 Domonic Barber, American celebrity attorney (Howard Stern, Jessica Hahn, Joe Buttafucco)
  • Oct 7 Kevin Godley, English rock drummer, vocalist, and producer (10cc - "I'm Not On Love"), born in Manchester, England
  • Oct 8 Ray Royer, English rock guitarist (Procol Harum - "A Whiter Shade Of Pale"), born in The Pinewoods, Essex
  • Oct 8 Vanburn Holder, West Indian cricket fast bowler (40 Tests, 109 wickets; 12 ODIs), born in Deans Village, Saint Michael, Barbados
  • Oct 8 Joseph Rescigno, American opera conductor (Florentine Opera Company of Milwaukee, 1981-2019), born in Flushing, New York
  • Oct 9 Naftali Bon, Kenyan 4x400m runner (Olympic silver 1968), born in Kapsabet, Rift Valley Province, Kenya
  • Oct 9 Taiguara [Chalar da Silva], Brazilian singer and songwriter, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1996)
  • Oct 10 Alan Cartwright, English rock bass player (Procol Harum, 1972-77), born in London
  • Oct 12 Aurore Clément, French actress (Paris, Texas), born in Soissons, Aisne
  • Oct 12 Dusty Rhodes [Virgil Riley Runnels Jr.], American professional wrestler (WWE), born in Austin, Texas (d. 2015)
  • Oct 13 Chako Higuchi, Japanese golfer (Women's PGA C'ship 1977; first Asian-born player to win a major title), born in Kawagoe, Saitama, Japan
  • Oct 13 Karen Akers, American singer (On Stage at Wolf Trap), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 13 Christophe [Daniel Bevilacqua], French singer (Aline), born in Juvisy-sur-Orge, Paris
  • Oct 13 Dési Bouterse, Surinamese politician (8th President of Suriname), born in Domburg, Surinam
  • Oct 14 Colin Hodgkinson, English musician (Whitesnake), born in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire

Person of interestJim Palmer

Oct 15 Jim Palmer, American baseball player (Baltimore Orioles 1965-1984), born in NYC, New York

Baseball Player Jim Palmer
Baseball Player
Jim Palmer
  • Oct 15 Steve Camacho, West Indian cricket batsman, author, administrator (11 Tests, CEO WI Cricket Board), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2015)
  • Oct 16 Paul Monette, American writer and LBT activist, born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Oct 16 Roger Hawkins, American drummer (the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section), born in Mishawaka, Indiana
  • Oct 16 Allan Zavod, Australian classical and jazz pianist and composer, born in Melbourne (d. 2016)
  • Oct 17 Dave Cutler, CFL place kicker (Edmonton Eskimos)
  • Oct 18 Christopher Shays, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • Oct 18 Huell Howser, American TV host
  • Oct 18 Yıldo, Turkish famous showman and football player
  • Oct 19 Jeannie C. Riley, American country singer (Harper Valley P.T.A.; Hee Haw), born in Stamford, Texas
  • Oct 19 Ahmed Abel-Wadoud Karadawi, academic/activist
  • Oct 19 Divine [Harris Glenn Milstead], American actress, drag queen and international icon of bad taste cinema (Pink Flamingos), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1988)
  • Oct 19 John Lithgow, actor (Harry & Hendersons, Pelican Brief), born in Rochester, New York
  • Oct 19 Keith Reid, British lyricist and poet (Procol Harum - "A Whiter Shade of Pale" ), born in Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England
  • Oct 19 Patricia Ireland, feminist/president (National Organization of Women)
  • Oct 20 Vladimir Kozlov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow (d. 2012)
  • Oct 20 Ric Lee, rock drummer (Ten Years After-Cannock, Staffs)
  • Oct 20 Thomas Pasatieri, composer
  • Oct 20 Hector the Bulldog, Warner Bros. cartoon character (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Peck Up Your Troubles"
  • Oct 21 Everett McGill, actor (Jezebel's Kiss, Silver Bullet), born in Miami, Florida
  • Oct 21 Kathy Young, rocker (Thousand Stars in the Sky)
  • Oct 21 Nikita Mikhalkov, director (Dark Eyes, Slave of Love)
  • Oct 22 Leslie West [Weinstein], American rocker (Mountain-Mississippi Queen), born in NYC, New York (d. 2020) [1] [2]
  • Oct 22 Yvan Ponton, Canadian actor and television host
  • Oct 23 Kim Larsen, Danish rock singer (In the Middle of the Night), born in Copenhagen (d. 2018)
  • Oct 24 Anthony Christian, English artist
  • Oct 24 Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive, born in Ham-Nord, Quebec
  • Oct 25 David Schramm, American astrophysicist (pioneer in establishing particle astrophysics as a vibrant research field), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • Oct 26 Pat Conroy, American writer (The Great Santini, Prince of Tides), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2016)
  • Oct 26 Jaclyn Smith, American actress (Charlie's Angels, The Bourne Identity), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 26 Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author, born in Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Oct 27 Carrie Snodgress, American actress (Diary of Mad Housewife), born in Barrington, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • Oct 27 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, 35th President of Brazil (2003-11), born in Caetés, Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Oct 27 John Kane, British actor and writer, born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland
  • Oct 28 Dennis Lillie [sic], cricketer (Queensland leg-spinner 1965-66/80-82)
  • Oct 28 Wayne Fontana [Glyn Geoffrey Ellis], British rocker (The Mindbenders - "The Game Of Love"), born in Manchester, England (d. 2020)
  • Oct 29 Melba Moore [Beatrice], American singer and actress (Ellis Island), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 30 Pamelo Mounk'a, Congolese musician, born in Ouesso, Brazzaville (d. 1996)
  • Oct 30 Glenn Poshard, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois), born in Herald, Illinois
  • Oct 30 Henry Winkler, American actor (Fonz-Happy Days, Night Shift), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 31 Rik Kenton, British musician (Roxy Music, Woody Kern), born in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
  • Oct 31 Brian Doyle-Murray, American comedian and actor, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 31 (Russell Glyn) "Russ" Ballard, British rock singer, songwriter and guitarist (Argent - "Liar"; "You Can Do Magic"), born in Waltham Cross, Hertfordshire, England
  • Oct 31 John "Moon" Martin, American rockabilly singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bad Case Of Loving You), born in Altus, Oklahoma (d. 2020) [1] [2]

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 5 Actress Janet Leigh (18) weds Stanley Reames at Morris Chapel in Stockton, California

Actress Janet Leigh
Actress
Janet Leigh

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 17 Actress Ava Gardner (22) weds band leader Artie Shaw (35) in Hollywood

Actress Ava Gardner
Actress
Ava Gardner

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 22 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Perón (50) weds actress Eva Duarte (26) at a civil ceremony in Junin

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 25 Painter Jackson Pollock (33) weds painter Lee Krasner (27)


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45
  • Oct 8 Herman Theodoor Colenbrander, Dutch historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 76
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestMilton S. Hershey

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

BattlePierre Laval

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 18 Fred Hovey, American tennis player (US Nationals 1895), dies at 77
  • Oct 21 Henry Armetta, Italian-American actor (The Black Cat, Bell for Adano, Big Store), dies from a heart attack at 57
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide

Person of interestVidkun Quisling

Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), executed for collaborating with the Nazis at 58

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French Sinologist and Orientalist best known for his explorations of Central Asia and his discovery of many important Chinese texts among the Dunhuang manuscripts, dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Oct 31 Henry Ainley, English actor (As You Like It), dies at 66