On This Day

What Happened in April 1946

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 400,000 US mine workers strike
  • Apr 1 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
  • Apr 1 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
  • Apr 1 The Malayan Union is formed as a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca
  • Apr 3 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • Apr 5 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
  • Apr 5 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday

US Masters Golf

Apr 7 10th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: American Herman Keiser wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of tour money-leader Ben Hogan; first Masters in 4 years because of World War II

  • Apr 7 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • Apr 7 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • Apr 8 League of Nations assembles for the last time
  • Apr 9 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 6-3 for a 4-1 series victory
  • Apr 10 1st election for Japanese Parliament
  • Apr 12 Syria gains independence from France

Golf Tournament

Apr 12 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her first major title by 2 strokes from Eileen Stulb

  • Apr 13 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • Apr 13 Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Apr 14 "Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances
  • Apr 15 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27; first and only Cypriot athlete to win the event
  • Apr 16 Mel Ott playing in right field for NY Giants hits his 511th and final MLB home run in 8-4 Opening Day win over Philadelphia Phillies
  • Apr 16 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, New Mexicao; reaches altitude of 8 km
  • Apr 16 Dutch Special Court of Justice sentences Frederik Müller, Socialist mayor of Rotterdam, to 10 years in jail for his wartime support of Germany
  • Apr 17 Syria declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 18 Rome, Auerbach and Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater, NYC; runs for 734 performances

Sports History

Apr 18 Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

  • Apr 18 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Historic Event

Apr 18 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government

  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • Apr 19 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • Apr 20 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
  • Apr 21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • Apr 22 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
  • Apr 23 Brooklyn Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
  • Apr 24 11 players named to the Baseball Hall of Fame: Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Jack Chesbro, Griffith and McGinnity

Music History

Apr 24 One-act ballet "Symphonic Variations" choreographed by Frederick Ashton with music by César Franck danced by Sandler's Wells Ballet debuts at Covent Garden, London

  • Apr 25 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
  • Apr 25 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • Apr 29 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

Sports History

Apr 30 Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller's 2nd career MLB no-hitter; beats New York Yankees, 1-0


Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Manfred Stengl, Austrian luger (Olympic gold men's doubles 1964), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1992)
  • Apr 1 Ronnie "Plonk" Lane, English rock bassist (Small Faces - "Hey Girl"), born in London, England
  • Apr 1 William Frederick Fisher, American MD & astronaut (STS 51-I), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Apr 1 Arrigo Sacchi, Italian soccer coach (Italy national team 1991-96; Serie A 1987-88; European Cup 1989, 90; AC Milan; Atlético Madrid, Parma), born in Fusignano, Italy
  • Apr 2 Kurt Winter, Canadian musician (The Guess Who), born in Winnipeg, Canada (d. 1997)
  • Apr 2 Lynda Carr, educationist
  • Apr 2 Richard Collinge, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (35 Tests, 116 wickets; Central Districts CA, Wellington CA, Northern Districts CA), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Apr 3 Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President of Mexico (1988-94), born in Mexico City
  • Apr 3 (David) Dee Murray [Oates], British bassist (Elton John backing band), born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1992)
  • Apr 4 Dave Hill, English rock guitarist (Slade-Coz I Love You), born in Holbeton, Devon
  • Apr 4 Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist, founder and director of Satojuku Karate, born in Sakhalin, Japan
  • Apr 5 Jane Asher, English actress (Deep End) and girlfriend of Paul McCartney, born in Willesden, London, England
  • Apr 5 Jennifer Penney, Canadian ballerina, born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Apr 5 Larry Frederick Wendt, American composer, born in Napa, California
  • Apr 5 Robert E McKee, CEO/managing director (Conoco-UK)
  • Apr 6 Danny Kortchmar, American session guitarist, producer and songwriter (James Taylor, Carole King, Linda Ronstadt, Jackson Browne, Don Henley), born in New York City
  • Apr 7 Barbara Benary, American composer (Gamelon Son Of Lion), born in Bay Shore, Long Island, New York (d. 2019)
  • Apr 7 Colette Besson, French runner (d. 2005)
  • Apr 7 Robert Metcalfe, American electrical engineer (invented Ethernet, 3Com), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 8 Jim "Catfish" Hunter, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (MLB All-Star 1966, 67, 70, 72–1976; World Series 1972–74, 77, 78; AL Cy Young Award 1974; Oakland A's, NY Yankees), born in Hertford, North Carolina (d. 1999)
  • Apr 8 Stuart Pankin, American comedian (Striptease, Congo, Earl-Dinosaurs), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 8 Tim Thomerson, American actor (Trancers), born in Coronado, California
  • Apr 9 Alan Knott, English cricket wicket-keeper (1967-81), born in Belvedere, Kent
  • Apr 9 Les Gray, English vocalist (Mud - "Tiger Feet"), born in Carshalton, Surrey (d. 2004)
  • Apr 9 Philip Wright, English rocker (Paper Lace), born in St. Ann's, Nottingham
  • Apr 10 Armand [Herman van Loenhout], Dutch folk singer ("Ben ik te min" -"Am I Not Good Enough?"; "Blommenkinders" - "Flower Children"), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands (d. 2015)
  • Apr 10 Anne Boyd, Australian classical composer (As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams), and educator, born in Sydney
  • Apr 10 Bob Watson, American baseball utility (MLB All Star 1973, 75; Houston Astros) and sports executive (GM NY Yankees, World Series 1996), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2020)
  • Apr 11 Bob Harris, English radio presenter (The Old Grey Whistle Test, Time Out), born in Northampton, England
  • Apr 12 Ed O'Neill, American comedian and actor (Al Bundy-Married with Children), born in Youngstown, Ohio
  • Apr 12 Peter L de Baan, Dutch actor, director and playwright (Leonce & Lena)
  • Apr 12 René Krijnen, Dutch rock keyboardist (Les Baroques - "Such A Cad")
  • Apr 13 Al Green, American soul singer ("Let's Stay Together"; "Love And Happiness"), born in Forest City, Arkansas
  • Apr 13 Roy Loney, American rocker (Flamin' Groovies)
  • Apr 14 Patrick Fairley, Scottish guitarist (Marmalade - "Ob La Di, Ob La Da")
  • Apr 14 Tom Monteleone, American writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • Apr 15 Wayne Gilchrest, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Rahway, New Jersey
  • Apr 16 Margot Adler, American journalist, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2014)
  • Apr 16 Pēteris Vasks, Latvian contemporary classical composer, and double bassist (Distant Light; The Fruit Of Silence), born in Aizpute, Latvia
  • Apr 17 Clare Francis, British yachtswoman and novelist (Come Hell or High Water), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey
  • Apr 17 Henry Kelly, Irish radio and TV broadcaster, born in Athlone, County Westmeath, Ireland
  • Apr 18 (Alexander) "Skip" Spence, Canadian guitarist and vocalist (Moby Grape - "Omaha"), born in Windsor, Ontario, Canada
  • Apr 18 Harvey Kagan, American muscian (Sir Douglas Quintet)
  • Apr 18 Hayley Mills, English actress (Parent Trap, Pollyanna), born in London, England
  • Apr 18 Lennie Baker, American rock saxophonist musician (Sha Na Na, 1970-99), born in Whitman, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Apr 18 Tommy Shannon [Smedley], American blues-rock bassist (Johnny Winter; Stevie Ray Vaughn & Double Trouble), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • Apr 19 Leon Wessels, South African lawyer and Minister of Local Government, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • Apr 19 Tim Curry, English actor (Rocky Horror Picture Show, Star Wars: The Clone Wars), born in Grappenhall, Cheshire, England
  • Apr 20 Julien Poulin, French Canadian actor (Elvis Gratton: Le king des kings), born in Montréal, Québec
  • Apr 21 S Venkataraghavan, cricket (Indian off-spinner, Test ump, ICC referee)
  • Apr 21 Claire Denis, French film director (Chocolat, Beau Travail), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 21 Doug MacLeod, American blues musician (Blues Music Awards' Acoustic Artist of the Year, 2014, 2016 and 2017), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 22 Archy Kirkwood, British politician (MP for Roxburgh and Berwickshire)
  • Apr 22 Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
  • Apr 22 John Waters, American director (Hairspray), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Apr 22 Louise Harel, Quebec politician and City Councillor for Maisonneuve–Longue-Pointe, born in Sainte-Thérèse-de-Blainville, Quebec
  • Apr 22 Nicole Garcia, French actress and director (Going Away), born in Oran, Algeria
  • Apr 24 Bruce Stuart Saylor, American composer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 24 Dick Rivers [Hervé Forneri], French rock and roll singer and actor, born in Nice, France (d. 2019)
  • Apr 25 Digby Fairweather, British jazz trumpeter, born in Rochford, Essex, England
  • Apr 25 Peter Sutherland, Irish businessman (Allied Irish Banks) and politician (Fine Gael), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2018)
  • Apr 25 Talia Shire [Coppola], American actress (Adrienne-Rocky), born in Lake Success, New York
  • Apr 25 Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian nationalist and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, born in Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Apr 27 John Maclean, Australian cricketer (Australian wicket-keeper 1978-79), born in Herston, Queensland, Australia
  • Apr 27 Gordon Haskell, British pop, rock and blues musician (Fleur De Lys; King Crimson, 1970; Harry's Bar), born in Verwood, Dorset, England (d. 2020)
  • Apr 28 Glenn Ross Campbell, American steel guitarist (The Misunderstood), born in San Diego, California
  • Apr 28 Ginette Reno [Raynault], Canadian Juno and pop singer, songwriter ("Beautiful Second Hand Man"), and actress, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Apr 29 Franc Roddam, English director (Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, Quadrophenia), born in Norton, England
  • Apr 30 Donald Schollander, swimmer (Olympic-4 gold-64), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Apr 30 Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (1973- ), born in Haga Palace, Solna, Sweden
  • Apr 30 Bill Plympton, American animator (Your Face), born in Portland Oregon

Famous Weddings

  • Apr 26 Father Divine, controversial religious leader claimed to be God, marries the much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary in the International Peace Mission movement

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Noah Beery, American character actor (Story of Esther, The Mark of Zorro), dies at 64
  • Apr 3 Masaharu Homma, Japanese Lt General (responsible for Bataan Death March in the Philippines), executed by firing squad for war crimes at 58
  • Apr 5 Vincent Youmans, American composer and songwriter (Tea for Two), dies at 47
  • Apr 12 August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67
  • Apr 12 F Guicciardi, writer, dies
  • Apr 13 William Henry Bell, English composer, dies at 72
  • Apr 16 Arthur Chevrolet, Swiss auto racer and car designer (co-founder Chevrolet Motor Car Company), dies from suicide at 61
  • Apr 17 John Iddon, cricketer (car accident 5 Tests for Eng 1934-35), dies
  • Apr 21 Robert Graham, cricketer (3 wkts for South Africa in 2 Tests 1898-99), dies

ExecutionJohn Maynard Keynes

Apr 21 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, dies of a heart attack at 62

  • Apr 22 Harlan F. Stone, American lawyer & jurist (SCOTUS, 1941-46), dies at 73
  • Apr 22 Lionel Atwill, British actor (Captain Blood, To Be or Not to Be), dies at 61
  • Apr 23 Jesús Castillo, Guatemalan composer (Quiché Vinak), dies at 68
  • Apr 25 Albert Knight, cricketer (3 Tests for England on 1903-04 tour), dies
  • Apr 25 Joseph Vine, cricketer (batted in two Tests Eng v Aust 1911-12), dies
  • Apr 26 Hermann von Keyserling, Baltic German philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • Apr 26 Jim Larkin White, American cave explorer and guide (Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico), dies at 63
  • Apr 28 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician, dies at 76