On This Day

What Happened in January 1946

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Historic Event

Jan 1 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • Jan 1 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
  • Jan 1 32nd Rose Bowl: #2 Alabama beats #11 Southern California, 34-14
  • Jan 1 12th Sugar Bowl: #5 Oklahoma State beats #7 Saint Mary's (CA), 33-13
  • Jan 1 12th Orange Bowl: Miami (FL) beats #16 Holy Cross, 13-6

Historic Event

Jan 3 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

  • Jan 5 "Show Boat" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 417 performances

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 6 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

  • Jan 6 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • Jan 7 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union
  • Jan 9 "Would-Be Gentleman" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 77 performances
  • Jan 10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • Jan 10 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey
  • Jan 11 Bert Bell becomes second NFL commissioner, moves Chicago headquarters to Philadelphia

Historic Event

Jan 11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator

  • Jan 12 "Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • Jan 12 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 12 NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA
  • Jan 14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • Jan 14 1946 NFL Draft: Frank Dancewicz from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Jan 17 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
  • Jan 20 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • Jan 21 "Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • Jan 23 Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA

Music Premiere

Jan 25 Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis" premieres in Zurich

  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor
  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Joyce Fitch 6-4, 6-4 for her 3rd Australian singles crown
  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: John Bromwich wins his 2nd Australian title; beats fellow Australian Dinny Pails 5-7, 6-3, 7-5, 3-6, 6-2
  • Jan 30 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
  • Jan 31 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • Jan 1 Rivellino, Brazilian soccer midfielder and broadcaster (92 caps; 1970 FIFA World Cup; Corinthians; TV Cultura), born in São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • Jan 2 Richard Cole, American tour manager (Led Zeppelin)

John Paul Jones

Jan 3 John Paul Jones [Baldwin], English rock bassist and songwriter (Led Zeppelin - "Stairway to Heaven"), born in London

  • Jan 3 Cissy King, American entertainer
  • Jan 3 Michalis Kritikopoulos, Greek soccer striker (28 caps; Olympiacos), born in Kaisariani, Greece (d. 2002)
  • Jan 4 Arthur Conley, American soul singer ("Sweet Soul Music"), born in McIntosh County, Georgia (d. 2003)
  • Jan 4 Susannah McCorkle, American jazz singer, born in Berkeley, California (d. 2001)

Diane Keaton

Jan 5 Diane Keaton, American actress (Annie Hall, Little Drummer Girl), born in Los Angeles, California

  • Jan 6 Harold Jackson, NFL wide receiver (LA, New Engl), born in Hattiesburg, Mississippi

Syd Barrett

Jan 6 Syd Barrett, British guitarist and singer-songwriter (Pink Floyd, 1964-68 - "See Emily Play"; solo -"The Madcap Laughs"), born in Cambridge, England (d. 2006)

  • Jan 7 Jann S. Wenner, American publisher (Rolling Stone), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 7 Andy Brown, British rock drummer (The Fortunes, 1963-77 - "You've Got Your Troubles"; "Here Comes That Rainy Day Feeling Again"), born in Birmingham, England
  • Jan 7 John Tropea, American session and smooth jazz guitarist, born in New York City
  • Jan 8 Elaine Cheris, American Olympic fencer (Olympics 1996), born in Dothan, Alabama
  • Jan 8 Kathleen Noone [O'Meara], American actress (All My Children, Party of 5, Knots Landing), born in Hillsdale, New Jersey
  • Jan 8 Robby Krieger, American guitarist (The Doors - "Light My Fire"; "Hello, I Love You"), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jan 8 Fritz Künzli, Swiss soccer striker (44 caps; FC Zürich, FC Winterthur, FC Lausanne-Sport), born in Glarus, Switzerland (d. 2019)
  • Jan 8 Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Mexican drug lord (Guadalajara Cartel), born in Culiacán, Mexico
  • Jan 9 Leo Gullotta, Italian actor (Sinbad of the 7 Seas), born in Catania, Italy
  • Jan 9 Jean-Pierre Lux, French rugby union centre (42 caps; US Tyrosse, US Dax) and administrator (President European Rugby Cup 1999-2014), born in Saint-Vincent-de-Tyr, France (d. 2020)
  • Jan 10 Alexis Nihon Jr, Canadian-born wrestler (Olympics 1968), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 10 Aynsley Dunbar, English drummer (Journey, Jefferson Starship), born in Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • Jan 10 Bob Lang, English bassist (Wayne Fontana & The Mindbenders), born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • Jan 11 Ludmila Poradnik, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • Jan 11 (Diana) "Naomi" Judd, American Grammy Award-winning country singer (The Judds - "Why Not Me"), born in Ashland, Kentucky (d. 2022)
  • Jan 11 Tony Kaye [Anthony John Selvidge], British progressive rock piano and organ player (Yes, 1968-71; 1983-94; 2018–19), born in Leicester, England
  • Jan 11 John Piper, American theologian
  • Jan 12 Cynthia Robinson, American musician (Sly & Family Stone - "Everyday People"), born in Sacramento, California (d. 2015)
  • Jan 12 George Duke, American Grammy Award-winning jazz and funk keyboard player, and composer, born in San Rafael, California (d. 2013)
  • Jan 12 Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer & judge, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jan 13 Eero Koivistoinen, Finnish musician
  • Jan 14 Harold Shipman, British serial killer, born in Bestwood Estate, Nottingham (d. 2004)
  • Jan 16 Michael L. Coats, Capt USN/astr (STS 41-D, 29, 39), born in Sacramento, California
  • Jan 16 Katia Ricclarelli, Italian soprano and actress (Falstaff, Otello, Turandot), born in Rovigo, Italy
  • Jan 17 Michèle Deslauriers, Quebec actress, born in Quebec, Canada
  • Jan 17 Frank Bey [Bass], American blues singer-songwriter (All My Dues Are Paid), born in Millen, Georgia (d. 2020)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Deiss, Swiss economist & politician, born in Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Jan 19 Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin, Russian cosmonaut

Dolly Parton

Jan 19 Dolly Parton, American country singer-songwriter ("Jolene"; ""I Will Always Love You", "9 to 5"), actress, and literacy advocate, born in Sevierville, Tennessee

  • Jan 19 Julian Barnes, English writer (Before She Met Me, The Sense of an Ending), born in Leicester, England
  • Jan 19 John David [Williams], Welsh bassist, songwriter, and producer (Dave Edmunds; Shakin' Stevens), born in Cardiff, South Wales

David Lynch

Jan 20 David Lynch, American actor & director (Dune; Eraserhead), born in Missoula, Montana

  • Jan 20 Susan Vreeland, American author (The Passion of Artemisia), born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Jan 20 Johnny Oates, American MLB baseball catcher, 1970-81 (Atlanta Braves, Philadelphia Phillies, and 3 other teams), and manager, 1991-2001 (Baltimore Orioles, Texas Rangers), born in Sylva, North Carolina (d. 2004)
  • Jan 21 Vincent Placoly, Martinique, writer (L'eau-de-mort guildive)

Malcolm McLaren

Jan 22 Malcolm McLaren, British band manager (the Sex Pistols), born in London (d. 2010)

  • Jan 22 Andrew Rubin, actor (Hometown, Joe Bash) [or Jun 22], born in New Bedford, Massachusetts
  • Jan 23 Asif Masood, Pakistani cricketer (Pakistani quick with long & erratic run-up), born in Lahore, Pakistan
  • Jan 23 Don Whittington, American auto racer (24 Hours of Le Mans 1979), born in Lubbock, Texas

Arnoldo Aleman

Jan 23 Arnoldo Aleman, 81st President of Nicaragua (1997-2002), born in Managua, Nicaragua

  • Jan 24 John Harrison, South Africa correspondent (BBC), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1994)
  • Jan 24 Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jan 25 Ronnie Brandon, American rocker (McCoys), born in Union City, Indiana
  • Jan 25 Silvio Blatter, Swiss writer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland
  • Jan 26 Christopher Hampton, Portuguese playwright (Oviri, Hotel du Lac), born in Horta, Portugal
  • Jan 26 Gene Siskel, American movie critic (Siskel & Ebert), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • Jan 26 Timothy Clifford, British art historian (National Galleries of Scotland)
  • Jan 28 Renne Jarrett, American actress (Nancy), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 28 Rick Allen, American rock bass player and keyboardist (The Box Tops - "Cry Like A Baby"), born in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • Jan 28 Gailene Stock, Australian ballerina, teacher, and dance school director, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 2014)
  • Jan 29 Bettye LaVette [Betty Jo Haskins], American soul singer (I've Got My Own Hell to Raise), born in Muskegon, Michigan
  • Jan 30 Lord Mackay of Drumadoon, British QC, born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • Jan 31 Glynn Turman, American actor (Lew-Peyton Place, Manimal, Centennial), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 31 Jonathan Banks, actor (Armed & Dangerous, Cold Steel), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 31 Subroto Guha, Indian cricketer (right arm swing bowler for India 1967-69), born in India
  • Jan 31 Terry Kath, American rock guitarist, songwriter, and vocalist (Chicago - "Make Me Smile"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)

Famous Weddings

John Wayne

Jan 17 Actor John Wayne (38) weds actress Esperanza Baur (25) in Long Beach, California

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Joe Darling, Australian cricket batsman and captain (34 Tests, 21 as captain; 3 x 100s, TS 178; South Australia CA), dies following a gall bladder operation at 75

ExecutionWilliam Joyce

Jan 3 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, hanged in Britain for treason at 39

  • Jan 5 (Catherine) "Kitty" Cheatham, American folk singer and children's music singer-songwriter, dies at 81
  • Jan 5 George "Slim" Summerville, American actor (All Quiet on the Western Front, Keystone Cops), dies of a stroke at 53
  • Jan 7 Adamo Didur, Polish operatic bass singer (New York Metropolitan Opera, 1908-32), dies at 71

Dion Fortune

Jan 8 Dion Fortune, British occultist and author (Psychic Self-Defence, The Mystical Qabalah), dies of leukemia at 55

  • Jan 9 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • Jan 9 Dimitrios Golemis, Greek athlete (b. 1874)
  • Jan 16 Johanna HC Albregt, actress/wife of Henri Dons (Paradise), dies at 71
  • Jan 17 Gottfried Rudinger, German composer, dies at 59
  • Jan 18 Feliks Nowowiejski, Polish organist and composer, dies at 68
  • Jan 23 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, dies at 72
  • Jan 26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • Jan 29 Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • Jan 29 Sidney Jones, British conductor and composer (The Geisha, A Gaiety Girl), dies at 84