On This Day

What Happened in January 1948

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman scores 132 on first day of 3rd Test v India; follows up with 127no in 2nd innings; Australia wins by 233

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 1 34th Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan beats #8 Southern California, 49-0
  • Jan 1 14th Sugar Bowl: #5 Texas beats #6 Alabama, 27-7
  • Jan 1 14th Orange Bowl: #10 Georgia Tech beats #12 Kansas, 20-14
  • Jan 2 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • Jan 3 Bradman completes dual Test tons (132 & 127*) v India MCG
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 9 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston
  • Jan 10 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 13 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin

Film release premierFilm Premier

Jan 15 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", film based on B. Traven's novel, directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart premieres

  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 18 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • Jan 21 West Indies v England, Test debut of Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 22 Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his 1st Test Cricket innings v WI Barbados
  • Jan 23 Bradman scores 201 in 272 mins v India, 21 fours 1 six
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 performances
  • Jan 24 Australia all out 674 v India (Bradman 201, Hassett 198*)
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey 6-3, 6-1 for 4th straight Australian single title
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his 3rd Australian title; beats fellow Australian and doubles partner John Bromwich 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • Jan 29 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • Jan 29 Commissioner Happy Chandler fines the Yankees, Cubs and Phillies $500 each for signing high school players
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 V Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
  • Jan 31 An unprecedented 3-way tie for the silver medal in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Americans Robert Fitzgerald & Ken Bartholomew, and Thomas Byberg of Norway are equal on 43.2s; Finn Helgesen of Norway wins gold, 43.1s
  • Jan 31 Sweden sweeps the medals in the 18km cross country event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Martin Lundström takes gold ahead of countrymen Nils Östensson and Gunnar Eriksson
  • Jan 31 Swiss pair Felix Endrich & Friedrich Waller beat countrymen Fritz Feierabend & Paul Eberhard to win the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; silver medallist Feierabend is team coach

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • Jan 2 Kerry Minnear, Dorset, English rocker (Gentle Giant)
  • Jan 3 Larry McNeeley, banjo player (Glen Campbell Hour), born in Lafayette, Indiana
  • Jan 3 Manfred Kokot, East German runner (world record 50 m indoor)
  • Jan 4 Eugeniusz Wycisło, Polish politician
  • Jan 5 Parthasarathy Sharma, Indian cricketer (Indian batsman of the mid-70's), born in Alwar, India (d. 2010)
  • Jan 5 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 6 Dayle Hadlee, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (brother of Sir Richard; NZ 26 Tests, 71 wickets), born in Christchurch, Canterbury
  • Jan 6 Guy Gardner, US Air Force officer & astronaut (STS 27, STS 35), born in Altavista, Virginia
  • Jan 6 Bob Wise, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 7 Kaz Lux, Dutch singer, born in Oosterhout, Netherlands
  • Jan 7 Kenny Loggins, American singer (Loggins and Messina-This is it, Footloose), born in Everett, Washington
  • Jan 8 Gillies Mackinnon, Scottish film director & writer (Playboys), born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • Jan 9 Bill Cowsill, American singer & musician (The Cowsills - We Can Fly), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Jan 9 Paul King, English rocker (Blue Oyster Cult), born in Dagenham, Essex

Person of interestDonald Fagen

Jan 10 Donald Fagen, American rock vocalist & keyboardist (Steely Dan), born in Passaic, New Jersey

Singer Donald Fagen
Singer
Donald Fagen
  • Jan 10 Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist, born in Riga, Latvia
  • Jan 10 Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist, born in Saint-Julien-de-Civry, France
  • Jan 11 Madeline Manning-Jackson-Mimms, US 800m runner (Olympic gold 1968)
  • Jan 11 Terry Williams, Welsh rock drummer (Dire Straits), born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jan 12 Anthony Andrews, English actor (Under the Volcano), born in London, England
  • Jan 12 Kenny Allen, English footballer, born in Fenton, Michigan
  • Jan 12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Jan 12 William Nicholson, English writer, born in Lewes, United Kingdom
  • Jan 12 John Etheridge, British guitarist (Soft Machine), born in Lambeth, England
  • Jan 13 Kenia Jayantilal, cricketer (5 at Kingston 71 his only inns for India)
  • Jan 13 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • Jan 14 Joseph Henry "T Bone" Burnett, American musician & producer, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jan 14 Carl Weathers, American actor (Apollo Creed-Rocky), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jan 14 Tim Harris, English drummer (Foundations)
  • Jan 15 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • Jan 15 Ronnie Van Zant, American rock musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jan 15 Tommy Nolan, Canadian actor (Jody-Buckskin), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 16 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Riga, cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71)
  • Jan 16 Christopher Moran, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • Jan 16 Cliff Thorburn, Victoria, BC, champion snooker player

Person of interestJohn Carpenter

Jan 16 John Carpenter, American film director (Halloween, The Thing), born in Carthage, New York

Horror film director John Carpenter
Horror film director
John Carpenter
  • Jan 16 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor
  • Jan 17 Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader
  • Jan 17 Mick Taylor, rock guitarist (Rolling Stones-Brown Sugar)
  • Jan 17 Anne Queffélec, French pianist
  • Jan 19 Harvey Hinsley, British musician, born in Northampton, United Kingdom
  • Jan 20 Jerry Ross, American Air Force officer & NASA astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88), born in Crown Point, Indiana
  • Jan 20 Mel Pritchard, British progressive rock drummer (Barclay James Harvest), born in Oldham, Lancashire (d. 2004)
  • Jan 20 Natan Sharansky, Israeli politician & human rights activist, born in Donetsk, Ukraine
  • Jan 20 Nancy Kress, American science fiction writer, born in Buffalo, New york
  • Jan 22 Gilbert Levine, American conductor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 22 Northern Calloway, American actor (d. 1990)
  • Jan 23 Anita Pointer, American rock vocalist (Pointer Sisters-She's So Shy), born in Oakland, California
  • Jan 24 Elliott Abrams, asst secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras
  • Jan 24 Michael Des Barres, British actor and rock singer
  • Jan 25 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter, born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • Jan 25 Ros Kelly, Australian politician, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 26 Laurence "Corky" Laing, Canadian rock drummer and songwriter (Mountain, Cork), born in Montreal, Canada
  • Jan 27 Kim Gardner, English rock bassist (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke), born in London (d. 2001)
  • Jan 27 Chuck Larsen, rocker (Snuff)
  • Jan 27 Mikhail Baryshnikov, Riga Latvia, ballet dancer (That's Dancing)
  • Jan 28 Gareth Roscoe, legal adviser (BBC)
  • Jan 28 Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)
  • Jan 28 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • Jan 29 Felice Taylor, R&B singer (I Feel Love Comin' On)
  • Jan 29 Marc Singer, actor (V, Dallas), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jan 29 Pat Kenny, Irish TV presenter & radio host
  • Jan 30 Nicholas Broomfield, English documentary film director (Dark Obsession, Heidi Fleiss), born in London, United Kingdom
  • Jan 30 Paul Magee, Provisional IRA member, born in Belfast, Ireland
  • Jan 31 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician, born in Hokkaido, Japan

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Liebesmesse), dies at 66
  • Jan 1 Willem Landré, Dutch composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 5 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, dies at 89
  • Jan 7 Raoul Auernheimer, writer, dies
  • Jan 8 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), dies at 60
  • Jan 8 Richard Tauber, Austrian tenor (b. 1891)
  • Jan 9 Violet Gordon-Woodhouse, British musician, dies at 75
  • Jan 14 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • Jan 19 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • Jan 21 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, composer, dies at 72
  • Jan 24 Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • Jan 26 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 65
  • Jan 29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)

MurderMahatma Gandhi

Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 30 Herb Pennock, pitcher (NY Yankees)/GM (Phillies), dies

Person of interestOrville Wright

Jan 30 Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76