On This Day

What Happened in January 1948

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Sports History

Jan 1 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman scores 132 on first day of 3rd Test v India; follows up with 127no in 2nd innings; Australia wins by 233

  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
  • Jan 1 34th Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan beats #8 Southern California, 49-0
  • Jan 1 14th Sugar Bowl: #5 Texas beats #6 Alabama, 27-7
  • Jan 1 14th Orange Bowl: #10 Georgia Tech beats #12 Kansas, 20-14
  • Jan 2 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • Jan 3 Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman completes dual Test centuries (132 & 127* [26th Test 100]) in 3rd Test v India in Melbourne
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Historic Event

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan to assist in rebuilding Europe after WWII [1]

  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO

Historic Event

Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason

Music Premiere

Jan 9 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston by the Boston Symphony Orchestra; conducted by Serge Koussevitzky; wins 1947 Pulitzer Prize

  • Jan 10 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 13 1st country music TV show, "Midwestern Hayride", premieres on WLW-T in Cincinnati, Ohio

Film Premiere

Jan 15 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", film based on B. Traven's novel, directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart premieres

  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 18 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • Jan 21 Three of the greats of cricket make their debut in a drawn 1st Test match at Bridgetown, Barbados; Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Everton Weekes for the West Indies, and Jim Laker for England
  • Jan 22 All time great England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his first Test innings in 1st Test v West Indies in Bridgetown, Barbados
  • Jan 23 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 201 in 4th Test win v India in Adelaide; Sid Barnes 112 and Lindsay Hassett 198no in Australian total 674
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 performances
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey 6-3, 6-1 for 4th straight Australian single title
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his 3rd Australian title; beats fellow Australian and doubles partner John Bromwich 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Historic Event

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • Jan 29 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • Jan 29 Commissioner Happy Chandler fines the Yankees, Cubs and Phillies $500 each for signing high school players
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 V Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Historic Event

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
  • Jan 31 An unprecedented 3-way tie for the silver medal in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Americans Robert Fitzgerald & Ken Bartholomew, and Thomas Byberg of Norway are equal on 43.2s; Finn Helgesen of Norway wins gold, 43.1s
  • Jan 31 Sweden sweeps the medals in the 18km cross country event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Martin Lundström takes gold ahead of countrymen Nils Östensson and Gunnar Eriksson
  • Jan 31 Swiss pair Felix Endrich & Friedrich Waller beat countrymen Fritz Feierabend & Paul Eberhard to win the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; silver medallist Feierabend is team coach

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • Jan 2 Kerry Minnear, Dorset, English rocker (Gentle Giant)
  • Jan 3 Larry McNeeley, American bluegrass and session banjo player (The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour), born in Lafayette, Indiana
  • Jan 3 Manfred Kokot, East German athlete (world record 50m indoor sprint 5.61s 1973), born in Templin, Germany
  • Jan 4 Eugeniusz Wycisło, Polish politician
  • Jan 5 Parthasarathy Sharma, Indian cricket batsman (5 Tests, 1 x 50), born in Alwar, India (d. 2010)
  • Jan 5 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 6 Dayle Hadlee, New Zealand cricket fast bowler (brother of Sir Richard; NZ 26 Tests, 71 wickets), born in Christchurch, Canterbury
  • Jan 6 Guy Gardner, US Air Force officer & astronaut (STS 27, STS 35), born in Altavista, Virginia
  • Jan 6 Bob Wise, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 7 Kaz Lux, Dutch blues-rock guitarist and singer, born in Oosterhout, Netherlands
  • Jan 7 Kenny Loggins, American singer-songwriter (Loggins and Messina - "Danny's Song"; "Your Mama Don't Dance"; solo - "This Is It"; "Footloose"), born in Everett, Washington
  • Jan 7 Rick Marotta, American session drummer (Carly Simon; Steely Dan; Warren Zevon), and composer, born in New York City
  • Jan 8 Gillies Mackinnon, Scottish film director & writer (Playboys), born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • Jan 9 Bill Cowsill, American singer and musician (The Cowsills - "Hair"; "The Rain, The Park, And Other Things"), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2006)
  • Jan 9 Paul King, British rock guitarist and banjo player (Mungo Jerry, 1970-72), born in Dagenham, Essex, England
  • Jan 9 Tim Hart, British folk-rock singer, guitaist, mandolin and dulcimer player (Steeleye Span, 1969-82 - "All Around My Hat"; "Gaudete"), born in Lincoln, England (d. 2009)
  • Jan 9 Cassie Gaines, American rock singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd), born in Miami, Oklahoma (d. 1977)

Donald Fagen

Jan 10 Donald Fagen, American rock vocalist, keyboardist, and songwriter (Steely Dan - "Reelin' In The Years"), born in Passaic, New Jersey

  • Jan 10 Mischa Maisky, Latvian cellist, born in Riga, Latvia
  • Jan 10 Bernard Thévenet, French cyclist, born in Saint-Julien-de-Civry, France
  • Jan 10 Fayette Pinkney, American pop and disco singer (The Three Degrees, 1963-76 - "TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)"; "When Will I See You Again?"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • Jan 11 Madeline Manning-Mimms, American athlete (Olympic gold 800m 1968), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jan 11 Terry Williams, Welsh rock drummer (Man; Rockpile; Dire Straits, 1982-88), born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jan 11 Terry Goodkind, American epic fantasy novelist (The Sword of Truth), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2020)
  • Jan 11 Eleazar Soria, Peruvian soccer defender (29 caps, Copa America 1975; Universitario, Independiente, Sporting Cristal), born in Lima, Peru (d. 2021)
  • Jan 12 Anthony Andrews, English actor (Under the Volcano), born in London, England
  • Jan 12 Kenny Allen, English footballer, born in Fenton, Michigan
  • Jan 12 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • Jan 12 William Nicholson, English writer, born in Lewes, United Kingdom
  • Jan 12 John Etheridge, British guitarist (Soft Machine), born in Lambeth, England
  • Jan 13 Kenia Jayantilal, cricketer (5 at Kingston 71 his only inns for India)
  • Jan 13 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • Jan 14 Joseph Henry "T Bone" Burnett, American musician and producer (Los Lobos; Sam Philips: BoDeans), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jan 14 Carl Weathers, American actor (Apollo Creed-Rocky), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jan 15 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • Jan 15 Ronnie Van Zant, American rock musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd- "Gimme Three Steps"), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1977)
  • Jan 15 Tommy Nolan, Canadian actor (Jody-Buckskin), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 16 Anatoli Yakovlevich Solovyov, Soviet cosmonaut (TM-5,9,15,26, STS 71), born in Riga, Latvia
  • Jan 16 Cliff Thorburn, Canadian champion snooker player, born in Victoria, British Columbia

John Carpenter

Jan 16 John Carpenter, American film director (Halloween, The Thing), born in Carthage, New York

  • Jan 16 Dalvanius Prime, New Zealand entertainer, born in Patea, New Zealand (d. 2002)
  • Jan 16 Ruth Reichl, American magazine editor, born in Greenwich Village, New York
  • Jan 17 Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • Jan 17 Mick Taylor, British rock guitarist (John Mayhall' Bluesbreakers, 1967-69; Rolling Stones, 1969-74 - "Brown Sugar", "Honky Tonk Woman"), born in Welwyn Garden City, United Kingdom
  • Jan 17 Anne Queffélec, French concert pianist, born in Paris, France
  • Jan 19 Harvey Hinsley, British musician, born in Northampton, United Kingdom
  • Jan 20 Jerry Ross, American Air Force officer & NASA astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88), born in Crown Point, Indiana
  • Jan 20 Mel Pritchard, British progressive rock drummer (Barclay James Harvest), born in Oldham, Lancashire (d. 2004)
  • Jan 20 Natan Sharansky, Israeli politician & human rights activist, born in Donetsk, Ukraine
  • Jan 20 Nancy Kress, American science fiction writer, born in Buffalo, New york
  • Jan 22 Gilbert Levine, American orchestral conductor, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jan 22 Northern Calloway, American actor (d. 1990)
  • Jan 23 Anita Pointer, American pop vocalist (Pointer Sisters - "He's So Shy"; "I'm So Excited"), born in Oakland, California
  • Jan 24 Elliott Abrams, American ass. secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras, born in New York
  • Jan 24 Michael Des Barres, British actor & rock singer, born in Hove, England
  • Jan 24 Michio Kaku, American physicist, futurist, author (Physics of the Impossible; The God Equation: The Quest for a Theory of Everything), broadcaster, and peace activist, born in San Jose, California
  • Jan 25 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter, born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • Jan 25 Ros Kelly, Australian politician, born in Sydney, Australia
  • Jan 26 (Laurence) "Corky" Laing, Canadian rock drummer and songwriter (Mountain, Cork), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jan 27 Kim Gardner, English rock bassist (Ashton, Gardner & Dyke), born in London (d. 2001)
  • Jan 27 Chuck Larsen, American country-rockabilly singer and banjo player (Snuff - "Bad, Bad, Billy")
  • Jan 27 Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian-American ballet dancer,and choreographer (American Ballet Theater), and actor (The Turning Point; Sex In The City), born in Riga, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union (now Latvia)
  • Jan 28 Gareth Roscoe, legal adviser (BBC)
  • Jan 28 Mamoru Mohri, Yoichi-machi Hokkaido Japan, astronaut (STS 47)
  • Jan 28 Charles Taylor, President of Liberia
  • Jan 29 Felice Taylor, American R&B singer (I Feel Love Comin' On), born in Richmond, California (d. 2017)
  • Jan 29 Marc Singer, Canadian-American actor (V, Dallas), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jan 29 Pat Kenny, Irish TV presenter & radio host
  • Jan 30 Nicholas Broomfield, English documentary film director (Dark Obsession, Heidi Fleiss), born in London, United Kingdom
  • Jan 30 Paul Magee, Provisional IRA member, born in Belfast, Ireland
  • Jan 30 Akira Yoshino, Japanese chemist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, born in Suita, Japan
  • Jan 31 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician, born in Hokkaido, Japan

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Hermann Zilcher, German pianist and composer (Dr Eisenbart, Die Liebesmesse), dies at 66
  • Jan 1 Willem Landré, Dutch composer, and music educator, dies at 73
  • Jan 2 Jatindramohan Bagchi, Indian (Bengali) poet, dies at 69
  • Jan 5 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, dies at 89
  • Jan 7 Raoul Auernheimer, Austrian American writer, dies at 71
  • Jan 8 Kurt Schwitters, German-British dada-artist and poet (collages), dies at 60
  • Jan 8 Richard Tauber [Denemy], Austrian-British operatic tenor and film actor, dies of lung cancer at 56
  • Jan 9 Violet Gordon-Woodhouse, British musician (harpsichord and clavichord), dies at 75
  • Jan 14 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • Jan 19 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • Jan 21 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari, Italian light opera composer, dies at 72
  • Jan 24 Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • Jan 26 Ignaz Friedman, Polish pianist and composer, dies at 65
  • Jan 29 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)

AssassinationMahatma Gandhi

Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, assassinated in New Delhi by Hindu extremists at 78

  • Jan 30 Herb Pennock, American Baseball HOF pitcher (6 × World Series; Philadelphia A's, Boston Red Sox, NY Yankees), dies at 53