On This Day

What Happened in July 1948

Historical Events

Sports History

Jul 1 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 128 in 141 mins with 15 fours in a tour match vs Surry

Sports History

Jul 1 Brooklyn's future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella debuts with 3 hits in a 6-4 loss to the rival NY Giants

  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Bob Falkenburg beats John Bromwich of Australia 7-5, 0-6, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5 for his only Grand Slam singles title
  • Jul 2 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: England's Henry Cotton wins by 5 strokes from Irishman Fred Daly for his third Open victory
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 8-6 for the first of 3-straight Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy

Sports History

Jul 7 Cleveland Indians stun MLB by signing 42 year old veteran Negro Leagues pitcher Satchel Paige

  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 9 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless innings for Cleveland in St. Louis
  • Jul 10 "Allegro" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 318 performances
  • Jul 10 "Ballet Ballads" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • Jul 10 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 13 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis

Assassination Attempt

Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt

  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for his 1st full term at Democratic Convention (Philadelphia Convention Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Sports History

Jul 16 MLB manager merry-go-round: Philadelphia Phillies - Ben Chapman out / Eddie Sawyer in; NY Giants - Mel Ott out / Leo Durocher in; Brooklyn Dodgers - Durocher out / Burt Shotton in

  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

The Berlin Candy Bombers

Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'

  • Jul 18 Emmerich Kálmán's operetta "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 168 performances
  • Jul 18 Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in an 11 inning game
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns

Pro Wrestling

Jul 20 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Election of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 21 WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 25 35th Tour de France: Italian cyclist Gino Bartali wins both general and mountain classifications for the second time (1938)

Sports History

Jul 26 "Babe Ruth Story" premieres, Babe Ruth's last public appearance

  • Jul 26 1st black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show
  • Jul 26 Leo Durocher returns to Ebbets Field as manager of New York Giants
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Bradman's 29th and last Test Cricket century, part of winning 3-404
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".

Olympic Games

Jul 29 King George VI opens the XIV Summer Olympic Games at Wembley Stadium in London

  • Jul 30 Professional wrestling premieres on US prime-time TV (DuMont Network)
  • Jul 30 Czech distance running legend Emil Zátopek wins the 10,000m at the London Olympics in 29:59.6, an Olympic record
  • Jul 31 "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Jul 31 American swimmer Wally Ris wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal at the London Olympics beating teammate Alan Ford by 0.4 seconds
  • Jul 31 American sprinter Harrison Dillard runs an Olympic record 10.3s to beat countryman Barney Ewell for the 100m gold medal at the London Olympics

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • Jul 2 Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
  • Jul 3 Peter Ruzicka, German composer and conductor, born in Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Jul 3 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • Jul 3 Paul Barrere, American rock guitarist (Little Feat - "Time Loves a Hero"), born in Burbank, California (d. 2019)
  • Jul 4 Ed Armbrister, Bahamian baseball player (Cincinnati Reds), born in Nassau, Bahamas
  • Jul 4 Jeremy Spencer, British rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac - "Oh Well"), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England
  • Jul 4 René Arnoux, French formula-1 racer (6th place-1980), born in Pontcharra, Isère, France
  • Jul 5 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 5 William Hootkins, American actor, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Jul 6 Brad Park, Canadian NHL defenseman (NY Rangers, Boston Bruins), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jul 6 Nathalie Baye, French actress (Beau Pere, Honeymoon), born in Mainneville, France
  • Jul 6 Wadih Sa'adeh, Lebanese-Australian poet (Laysa Lil Massa’ Ikhwah), born in Lebanon
  • Jul 6 Tom Curley, American media executive (President of the Associated Press), born in Easton, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 7 Fred Brown, NBAer (Seattle SuperSonic)
  • Jul 7 Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt, rock guitarist (Iron Butterfly) (d. 2012)
  • Jul 7 Jean Leclerc, French Canadian actor (Jeremy Hunter-All My Children), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 8 Kim Darby, American actress (True Grit, Enola Gay, Rich Man Poor Man), born in Hollywood, California
  • Jul 8 Raffi [Cavoukian], Armenian-Canadian children's singer and lyricist ("Baby Beluga"), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jul 9 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
  • Jul 11 Martin Rushent, British sound engineer (Gentle Giant; Shirley Bassey), and record producer (Buzzcocks; The Human League), born in Enfield, England (d. 2011)
  • Jul 12 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 12 Walter Egan, American guitarist, and singer-songwriter ("Magnet And Steel"; "Hot Summer Nights"), born in Queens, New York City
  • Jul 12 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • Jul 12 Jay Thomas [Jon Thomas Terrell], American disc jockey, comedian, and actor (Cheers; Murphy Brown), born in Kermit, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Jul 13 Alf Hansen, Norwegian rower Olympic gold, double sculls 1976; World C'ship gold double sculls 1975, 78, 79, 82), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Jul 13 Daphne Maxwell Reid, actress (Frank's Place)
  • Jul 13 Don Sweet, CFL, NFL place kicker (Montreal, Green Bay), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jul 13 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • Jul 13 Robert A. Underwood, American politician (Rep-D-Guam), born in Tamuning, Guam
  • Jul 13 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • Jul 13 Tony Kornheiser, American sports journalist
  • Jul 13 Michel Maïque, French rugby league second rower (8 Tests; FC Lézignan) and politician (Mayor of Lézignan-Corbières 2014-20), born in Aude, France (d. 2021)
  • Jul 14 Akua Dixon, American jazz cellist, arranger, composer, and educator, (Quartette Indigo), born in New York City
  • Jul 14 Ken Burrough, American football wide receiver (Pro Bowl 1975, 77; Houston Oilers), born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 2022)
  • Jul 15 Alicia Bridges, American pop singer ("I Love The Nightlife"), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Jul 15 Enriqueta Basilio, Mexican track and field athlete, and first woman to light the Olympic Cauldron (Mexico City, 1968), born in Mexicali, Baja California (d. 2019)
  • Jul 15 (Thomas) "Artemis" Pyle, American rock drummer (Lynyrd Skynyrd - "Gimme Three Steps"), and plane crash survivor, born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Jul 16 Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli-American violinist (Leventritt Prize, 1967), conductor (St. Paul Chamber, 1980-87; National Arts Centre (Canada), 1999-2015), and pedagogue, born in Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Jul 16 Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor, born in Panama City, Panama
  • Jul 17 Brian Glascock, British rock drummer (Motels - "Only The Lonely"), born in Islington, England
  • Jul 17 Cathy Ferguson, 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic gold 1964), born in Stockton, California
  • Jul 17 Luc Bondy, Swiss theatre and opera director, born in Zurich Switzerland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • Jul 17 Ron Asheton, American guitarist, bassist, and songwriter (The Stooges), born in Washington DC (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 Cesar Zuiderwijk, Dutch rock drummer (Golden Earring - "Radar Love"), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Jul 18 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • Jul 18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • Jul 18 Carlos Colón, Sr., Puerto Rican professional wrestler, born in Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico
  • Jul 18 Steve Madaio, American session and touring trumpet player (Paul Butterfield; Stevie Wonder; Rolling Stones), born in New York City (d. 2019)
  • Jul 19 Beverly Archer, American actress (Iola-Mama's Family), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • Jul 19 Keith Godchaux, American pianist, and singer (Grateful Dead, 1971-79 - "Let Me Sing Your Blues Away"), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1980)
  • Jul 20 Richard H. Lehman, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-95), born in Fresno, California

Cat Stevens

Jul 21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusuf Islam], British singer-songwriter ("Peace Train"; "Moonshadow"), born in Marleybone, London, England

  • Jul 21 Art Hindle, actor (Jeff-Dallas, Berrengers), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Jul 21 Garry Trudeau, American political cartoonist (Doonesbury), born in New York City
  • Jul 21 Ed Hinton, American sportswriter, born in Laurel, Mississippi
  • Jul 21 John Hart, American Major League Baseball executive (Cleveland Indians, Texas Rangers, Atlanta Braves), born in Tampa, Florida
  • Jul 22 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • Jul 22 Otto Waalkes, German comedian
  • Jul 23 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 23 John Hall, American singer-songwriter (Orleans - "Still The One"; "Dance With Me"), environmentalist, and politician (US Representative from New York (D), 2007-11), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Jul 24 Marvin the Martian, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Chuck Jones and Michael Maltese (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Haredevil Hare"
  • Jul 25 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire, England
  • Jul 25 Steve Goodman, American folk singer and songwriter ("City of New Orleans"; "You Never Even Called Me by My Name"), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • Jul 26 Allen Doyle, American golfer (PGA Seniors' C'ship 1999; Senior Players C'ship 2001; US Senior Open 2005, 06), born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island
  • Jul 26 Norair Nurikian, Bulgarian weightlifter (Olympic gold men's 60kg 1972, 56kg 1976), born in Sliven, Bulgaria
  • Jul 27 Henny Vrienten, Dutch bassist and singer (Doe Maar), born in Hilvarenbeek, Netherlands
  • Jul 27 Peggy Fleming, American figure skater (Olympic gold 1968, 3-time world champion), born in San Jose, California
  • Jul 27 Pavlos Sidiropoulos, Greek rock singer, songwriter and guitarist (Electric Theseus), born in Athens (d. 1990)
  • Jul 28 Georgia Engel, American actress (The Mary Tyler Moore Show - "Georgette"; Hot In Cleveland), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2019)
  • Jul 28 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Jul 28 Gerald Casale, American new wave bassist, vocalist, keyboardist, and music video director (Devo - "Whip It!': "Jocko Homo"), born in Ravenna, Ohio
  • Jul 28 Eric Sweeney, Irish contemporary composer (The Green One), born in Dublin (d. 2020)
  • Jul 30 Jean Reno, Moroccan-French actor (22 Bullets), born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • Jul 31 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Achille Varzi, Italian auto racer (14 Grand Prix wins), dies in practise crash at 43
  • Jul 3 Adrien H. Gerhard, Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • Jul 3 Quintin McMillan, South African cricket spin bowler (13 Tests, 36 wickets; Transvaal), dies at 44
  • Jul 4 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • Jul 5 Carole Landis [Frances Ridste], American actress (I Wake Up Screaming, One Million BC, Topper Returns), allegedly commits suicide at 29
  • Jul 5 G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
  • Jul 5 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), dies at 77
  • Jul 8 Dave Nourse, South African cricket all-rounder (45 Tests, 1 x 100, 41 wickets; Natal, Transvaal, Western Province), dies at 69
  • Jul 8 George Mehnert, American wrestler (Olympic gold flyweight 1904, bantamweight 1908), dies at 66
  • Jul 9 James Baskett, American actor (Song of the South) 1st African American male to receive an Oscar, dies from diabetes at 44
  • Jul 11 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semite theologist, dies
  • Jul 11 King Baggot, American actor and director (Tumbleweeds), dies at 68

John J. Pershing

Jul 15 John J. "Black Jack" Pershing, American army general and WWI commander, dies of coronary artery disease at 87

  • Jul 18 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • Jul 21 Arshile Gorky, Armenian-American abstract painter, dies at 43
  • Jul 21 Donald Nichols Tweedy, American composer, dies at 58

D. W. Griffith

Jul 23 D.W. Griffith, American director and producer (Birth of a Nation), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 73

  • Jul 26 Charles Mills, South African cricketer (Test v England 1891-92), dies
  • Jul 27 Francesco Spetrino, Italian conductor and composer, dies at 91
  • Jul 27 Woolf Barnato, British financier and racing driver, dies at 52
  • Jul 27 Joe Tinker, American Baseball HOF shortstop (World Series 1907, 08 Chicago Orphans/Cubs) and manager (Cincinnati Reds, Chicago Cubs), dies of complications from diabetes at 68
  • Jul 31 Maria "Marie" Hens, Flemish actress (Female Revue), dies at 70