On This Day

What Happened in July 1948

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 128 in 141 mins with 15 fours in a tour match vs Surry

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Brooklyn's future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella debuts with 3 hits in a 6-4 loss to the rival NY Giants

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Bob Falkenburg beats John Bromwich of Australia 7-5, 0-6, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5 for his only Grand Slam singles title
  • Jul 2 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: England's Henry Cotton wins by 5 strokes from Irishman Fred Daly for his third Open victory
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 8-6 for the first of 3-straight Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution dosn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 7 Cleveland Indians stun MLB by signing 42 year old veteran Negro Leagues pitcher Satchel Paige
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 9 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless inn for Cleve
  • Jul 10 "Allegro" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 318 performances
  • Jul 10 "Ballet Ballads" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • Jul 10 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army

  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 13 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
  • Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Eddie Sawyer replaces Ben Chapman in Philadelphia, NY Giants Leo Durocher replaces Mel Ott & Burt Shotton replaces Durocher as Dodger manager

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea

GermanyThe Berlin Candy Bombers

Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
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Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
Children in Berlin await US aircraft dropping candy over the city during the Berlin Airlift in 1948
  • Jul 18 "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 168 performances
  • Jul 18 Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in an 11 inning game
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns
  • Jul 20 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 21 WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash

  • Jul 25 35th Tour de France: Italian cyclist Gino Bartali wins both general and mountain classifications for the second time (1938)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 "Babe Ruth Story" premieres, Babe Ruth's last public appearance

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Jul 26 1st black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show
  • Jul 26 Leo Durocher returns to Ebbets Field as a NY Giant
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Bradman's 29th and last Test Cricket century, part of winning 3-404
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".

OlympicsOlympic Games

Jul 29 King George VI opens 14th modern Olympic Games in London

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jul 29 XIV Summer Olympic Games open at Wembley Stadium in London
  • Jul 30 Professional wrestling premieres on prime-time network TV (DuMont)
  • Jul 30 Czech distance running legend Emil Zátopek wins the 10,000m at the London Olympics in 29:59.6, an Olympic record
  • Jul 31 "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Jul 31 American swimmer Wally Ris wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal at the London Olympics beating team mate Alan Ford by 0.4 seconds
  • Jul 31 American sprinter Harrison Dillard runs an Olympic record 10.3s to beat countryman Barney Ewell for the 100m gold medal at the London Olympics

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • Jul 2 Saul Rubinek, Canadian film actor
  • Jul 2 Gene McFadden, American songwriter (d. 2006)
  • Jul 3 Peter Ruzicka, German composer and conductor, born in Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Jul 3 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • Jul 4 Ed Armbrister, Bahamian baseball player (Cincinnati Reds), born in Nassau, Bahamas
  • Jul 4 Jeremy Spencer, British rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac-Oh Well), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England
  • Jul 4 René Arnoux, French formula-1 racer (6th place-1980), born in Pontcharra, Isère, France
  • Jul 5 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 5 William Hootkins, American actor, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Jul 6 Brad Park, Canadian NHL defenseman (NY Rangers, Boston Bruins), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jul 6 Nathalie Baye, French actress (Beau Pere, Honeymoon), born in Mainneville, France
  • Jul 6 Wadih Sa'adeh, Lebanese-Australian poet (Laysa Lil Massa’ Ikhwah), born in Lebanon
  • Jul 6 Tom Curley, American media executive (President of the Associated Press), born in Easton, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 7 Fred Brown, NBAer (Seattle SuperSonic)
  • Jul 7 Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt, rock guitarist (Iron Butterfly) (d. 2012)
  • Jul 7 Jean Leclerc, French-Canadian actor (Jeremy Hunter-All My Children), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jul 8 Kim Darby, American actress (True Grit, Enola Gay, Rich Man Poor Man), born in Hollywood, California
  • Jul 8 Raffi, children's singer (Baby Beluga)
  • Jul 9 Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian politician (15th Foreign Minister of Indonesia), born in Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
  • Jul 12 Richard Simmons, American exercise guru (CHiPs, Deal-a-Meal), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Jul 12 Walter Egan, American rock vocalist (Not Shy, Fundamental Roll), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 12 Ben Burtt Jr., American sound designer, born in Jamesville, New York
  • Jul 12 Jay Thomas [Jon Thomas Terrell], American actor and comedian (Cheers, Murphy Brown), born in Kermit, Texas (d. 2017)
  • Jul 13 Alf Hansen, Norwegian double sculls (Olympic gold 1976)
  • Jul 13 Daphne Maxwell Reid, actress (Frank's Place)
  • Jul 13 Don Sweet, CFL, NFL place kicker (Montreal, Green Bay), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jul 13 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • Jul 13 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • Jul 13 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • Jul 13 Tony Kornheiser, American sports journalist
  • Jul 15 Enrique Basilio, hurler, 1st lady to light Olympic flame (Mexico-1968)
  • Jul 15 Alicia Bridges, American singer
  • Jul 15 Enriqueta Basilio, Mexican athlete (first woman to light the Olympic Cauldron, 1968), born in Mexicali, Baja California (d. 2019)
  • Jul 16 Pinchas Zukerman, Israeli-American violinist (Leventritt 1967), born in Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Jul 16 Rubén Blades, Panamanian singer and actor, born in Panama City, Panama
  • Jul 17 Brian Glascock, English rock drummer (Motels-Only the Lonely), born in Islington, England
  • Jul 17 Cathy Ferguson, 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic gold 1964), born in Stockton, California
  • Jul 17 Luc Bondy, Swiss theatre and opera director, born in Zurich Switzerland (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • Jul 17 Ron Asheton, American guitarist and songwriter (The Stooges), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2009).
  • Jul 18 Cesar Zuiderwijk, Dutch rock drummer (Golden Earring, Radar Love), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Jul 18 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • Jul 18 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • Jul 18 Carlos Colón, Sr., Puerto Rican professional wrestler, born in Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico
  • Jul 19 Beverly Archer, American actress (Iola-Mama's Family), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • Jul 19 Keith Godchaux, American pianist (Grateful Dead), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1979)
  • Jul 20 Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )

Person of interestCat Stevens

Jul 21 Cat Stevens [Steven Demetre Georgiou; Yusaf Islam], rock vocalist (Peace Train), born in London, England

Singer and songwriter Cat Stevens
Singer and songwriter
Cat Stevens
  • Jul 21 Art Hindle, actor (Jeff-Dallas, Berrengers), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Jul 21 Garry Trudeau, political cartoonist (Doonesbury)
  • Jul 21 Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
  • Jul 21 John Hart, American Major League Baseball executive (Cleveland Indians, Texas Rangers, Atlanta Braves), born in Tampa, Florida
  • Jul 22 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • Jul 22 Otto Waalkes, German comedian
  • Jul 23 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 24 Marvin the Martian, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Chuck Jones and Michael Maltese (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "Haredevil Hare"
  • Jul 25 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire
  • Jul 25 Steve Goodman, American folk singer and songwriter (City of New Orleans), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1984)
  • Jul 26 Allen Doyle, American golfer (4 PGA Senior major titles; US Senior Open 2005-06), born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island
  • Jul 26 Norair Nurikian, Armenian-Bulgarian bantam weightlifter (Olympic gold 1972, 76), born in Sliven, Bulgaria
  • Jul 27 Henny Vrienten, Dutch bassist and singer (Doe Maar), born in Hilvarenbeek, Netherlands
  • Jul 27 Peggy Fleming, American figure skater (Olympic gold 1968, 3-time world champion), born in San Jose, California
  • Jul 28 Georgia Engel, American actress (Georgette- The Mary Tyler Moore Show), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 28 Sergei Bodrov, Russian director (Katala, Somebody to Love), born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Jul 28 Gerald Casale, American musician and director (founding member of Devo), born in Ravenna, Ohio
  • Jul 30 Jean Reno, Moroccan-French actor (22 Bullets), born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • Jul 31 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Achille Varzi, Italian auto racer (14 Grand Prix wins), dies in practise crash at 43
  • Jul 3 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch SDAP-politician, dies at 90
  • Jul 3 Quintin McMillan, South African cricket spin bowler (13 Tests, 36 wickets), dies at 44
  • Jul 4 Monteiro Lobato, Brazilian writer (b. 1882)
  • Jul 5 Carole Landis [Frances Ridste], American actress (I Wake Up Screaming, One Million BC, Topper Returns), allegedly commits suicide at 29
  • Jul 5 G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
  • Jul 5 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), dies at 77
  • Jul 8 Dave Nourse, cricketer (45 Tests for South Africa 1902-24), dies
  • Jul 8 George Mehnert, American wrestler (Olympic gold flyweight 1904, bantamweight 1908), dies at 66
  • Jul 9 James Baskett, American actor (Song of the South) 1st African American male to receive an Oscar, dies from diabetes at 44
  • Jul 11 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semite theologist, dies
  • Jul 11 King Baggot, American actor and director (Tumbleweeds), dies at 68

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

Jul 15 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, dies of coronary artery disease at 87

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Jul 18 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • Jul 21 Arshile Gorky, Armenian-American abstract painter, dies at 43
  • Jul 21 Donald Nichols Tweedy, American composer, dies at 58

Person of interestD. W. Griffith

Jul 23 D.W. Griffith, American director and producer, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 73

Film Director D. W. Griffith
Film Director
D. W. Griffith
  • Jul 26 Charles Mills, South African cricketer (Test v England 1891-92), dies
  • Jul 27 Francesco Spetrino, Italian conductor and composer, dies at 91
  • Jul 27 Woolf Barnato, British financier and racing driver, dies at 52
  • Jul 27 Joe Tinker, American professional baseball player and manager, dies at 68
  • Jul 31 Maria "Marie" Hens, Flemish actress (Female Revue), dies at 70