- Britain's National Health Service Act begins
- Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
- William Hootkins, American actor, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2005)
- Carole Landis [Frances Ridste], American actress (I Wake Up Screaming, One Million BC, Topper Returns), allegedly commits suicide at 29
- G Bernanos, writer, dies at 60
- Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), dies at 77