- Jan 5 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"
- Jan 25 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party
- Apr 4 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington DC
- May 2 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"
- May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
- Jun 29 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
- Jul 29 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
- Sep 14 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
- Sep 21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim People's Republic of China
- Nov 2 Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state
- Aug 3 Basketball Association of America (BAA) & National Basketball League (NBL) merge to form National Basketball Association (NBA), Maurice Podoloff elected head of new league
Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
On January 11, 1949