On This Day

What Happened in October 1951

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • Oct 1 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • Oct 2 1st Netherland TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)
  • Oct 3 Shot Heard 'Round the World': Bobby Thomson hits 3-run homer off Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers, bottom 9th inning, 1 out, to give New York Giants dramatic 5-4 playoff win and NL pennant at the Polo Grounds
  • Oct 3 CBS-TV airs the first coast-to-coast telecast of a prize fight; Australian light-heavyweight Dave Sands outpoints American Carl 'Bobo' Olson in 10 rounds at Chicago Stadium

Historic Event

Oct 6 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Historic Event

Oct 7 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government

  • Oct 8 "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • Oct 9 5th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 2-2; first year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players
  • Oct 9 Gil McDougald's World Series grand slam helps Yanks beat Giants 13-1

Sports History

Oct 10 Baseball World Series: two-time defending champion NY Yankees beat NY Giants, 4-3 at Yankee Stadium for 4-2 series victory; MVP: Yankees shortstop Phil Rizzuto

  • Oct 14 Det Lion Jack Christiansen returns 2 punts for touchdowns vs LA Rams
  • Oct 14 Organization of Central American States forms

Television Debut

Oct 15 "I Love Lucy", starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, debuts on CBS

Historic Event

Oct 15 First synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) made by Luis E. Miramontes under direction of Carl Djerassi and George Rosenkranz at Mexican drug company Syntex

  • Oct 16 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated by Said Akbar in Rawalpindi
  • Oct 17 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • Oct 18 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 19 US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • Oct 20 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • Oct 22 Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • Oct 22 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

Oct 23 English chemist Rosalind Franklin first identifies the two types of carbon produced by temperature, in paper published by the Royal Society [1]

  • Oct 24 Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 24 United Nations publishes its first postage stamps
  • Oct 25 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • Oct 26 Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

Boxing Title Fight

Oct 26 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano defeats former champion Joe Louis by TKO in the 8th round at Madison Square Garden

Election of Interest

Oct 26 Winston Churchill re-elected British Prime Minister at the age of 76

  • Oct 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 28 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina wins Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes in an Alpha Romeo; wins by 6 points from Alberto Ascari of Italy
  • Oct 30 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 31 French Second Chamber accepts the Schuman Plan

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Brian Greenway, Canadian rock guitarist and vocalist (April Wine), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Oct 2 Romina Power, American actress (Justine), Euro-pop singer, and daughter of Tyrone Power and Mexican actress Linda Christian, born in Los Angeles, California

Sting

Oct 2 Sting [Gordon Sumner], British singer-songwriter and bassist (The Police - "Every Breath You Take"; solo - "Fragile") and actor (Dune), born in Wallsend, Northumberland

  • Oct 2 Bill Elliott, American Tony Award-winning musical theater orchestrator, film composer, pianist and bandleader, born in Wayland, Massachusetts

Dave Winfield

Oct 3 Dave Winfield, American Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (12 x MLB All Star, 7 x Gold Glove; 6 x Silver Slugger; SD Padres; NY Yankees), born in St. Paul, Minnesota

  • Oct 3 Jack Grondin, American rock drummer (.38 Special, 1974-91)
  • Oct 3 Kathryn [Kathy] Sullivan, American geologist and astronaut (1st American woman to walk in space), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • Oct 3 Bernard Cooper, American novelist and short story writer, born in Hollywood, California
  • Oct 3 Keb' Mo' [Kevin Roosevelt Moore], American blues singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 3 Jack Harris, British rock vocalist (The Alan Parsons Project), born in, Shoreditch, Hackney, London
  • Oct 3 Nick Glennie-Smith, British session keyboard player (Roger Daltry; Roger Waters), film score composer (Ella Enchanted; Secretariat), and conductor, born in London, England
  • Oct 4 Alan Rosenberg, American actor (Civil Wars, LA Law, Cybill), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Oct 4 Bakhytzhan Kanapyanov, Kazakh poet
  • Oct 4 Truck Robinson, American basketball forward (NBA All Star 1978, 81; New Orleans Jazz; NBA rebound leader 1978), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Oct 5 Karen Allen, American actress (Cruising, Starman, Wanderers), born in Carrollton, Illinois
  • Oct 5 Leah Poulos-Mueller, American speed skater (Olympic gold 1980), born in Berwyn, Illinois

Bob Geldof

Oct 5 Bob Geldof, Irish singer (The Boomtown Rats - "I Don't Like Mondays") and activist (Live Aid), born in Dún Laoghaire, Ireland

  • Oct 6 Kevin Cronin, American rock vocalist (REO Speedwagon), born in Champaign Illinois
  • Oct 7 Táta Vega [Carmen Rosa Vega], American vocalist (Color Purple soundtrack), born in Queens, Long Island

John Mellencamp

Oct 7 John Mellencamp, American rock singer-songwriter ("Jack & Diane"; "Small Town"; "Pink Houses"), co-founder of Farm Aid, and actor (Falling From Grace), born in Seymour, Indiana

  • Oct 8 Jack O'Connell, American politician (Member of the California State Senate), born in Glen Cove, New York
  • Oct 9 Richard Chaves, American actor (Cease Fire, Predator), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Oct 9 Robert Wuhl, American actor (Bull Durham, Good Morning Vietnam), born in Union, New Jersey
  • Oct 9 Greg Robinson, American football coach (Syracuse University 2005-08; Super Bowl 1997, 98 DC Denver Broncos), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2022)
  • Oct 10 Epeli Ganilau, Fijian soldier and politician (National Alliance Party of Fiji)
  • Oct 11 Miroslav Dvořák, Czechoslovak ice hockey player, born in Hluboka, Czech Republic (d. 2008)
  • Oct 11 Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer-songwriter & music record producer, born in Paris, France
  • Oct 12 Bernie Ruoff, CFL kicker (Winnipeg, Hamilton), born in West Germany
  • Oct 12 Ed Royce, American politician (Rep-R-California), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 12 Sally Little, South African/American golfer (PGA 1980, du Maurier 1988), born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • Oct 14 Marcia Barrett, Jamaican-British rock vocalist (Boney M), born in Saint Catherine Parish, Jamaica
  • Oct 15 Frank DiMino, American rock vocalist (Angel), born in Washington, D.C.

Roscoe Tanner

Oct 15 Roscoe Tanner, American tennis player (Australian Open 1977), born in Kiawah Island, South Carolina

  • Oct 15 Hani Al-Mulki, Prime Minister of Jordan (2016-present), born in Amman, Jordan
  • Oct 15 Peter Richardson, British actor, writer and director (The Comic Strip Presents, The Pope Must Die), born in Devon, England
  • Oct 16 Alan Wheat, (Rep-D-Missouri, 1983- )
  • Oct 16 Daniel Gerroll, actor (Big Business), born in London, England
  • Oct 18 Pam Dawber, actress (Mindy-Mork & Mindy, My Sister Sam), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 18 Terry McMillan, American author
  • Oct 19 Annie Golden, American punk rock singer (The Shirts), and actress (Hair; Assassins: Orange is the New Black), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 19 Demetrios Christodoulou, Greek mathematical physicist, recipient of the Bôcher Memorial Prize, born in Athens, Greece
  • Oct 19 "Uncle" Floyd [Vivino], American stage and television performer (The Uncle Floyd Show, 1974–98). and world record piano player, born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • Oct 20 Al Greenwood, American keyboardist (Foreigner - "Feels Like the First Time"), born in New York City
  • Oct 20 Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish politician and diplomat, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Oct 20 Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager (Leicester City) and player, born in Rome
  • Oct 21 Thom Panunzio, American audio engineer (Bruce Springsteen; The Roches; No Doubt), and record producer (Alice Cooper; Joan Jett; Iggy Pop)
  • Oct 23 Michael Rupert, American actor (Pasadena Playhouse), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Oct 23 Charly García, Argentine singer (Sui Generis, Serú Girán), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Oct 23 Fatmir Sejdiu, Kosovar politician, First President of Kosovo (2006-10), born in Pakashticë, Yugoslavia
  • Oct 24 Todd Crespi, German actor (Magician), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • Oct 25 Ransom Wilson, American conductor and flutist (Soliste NY), born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • Oct 25 Richard Lloyd, American guitarist (Television), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 26 [William] Bootsy Collins, American guitarist and singer (James Brown; Parliament-Funkadelic), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • Oct 26 Maggie Roche, Irish-American singer-songwriter (The Roches - "Hammond Song"), born in Park Ridge, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Oct 27 Jayne Kennedy, American actress (Body and Soul), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 27 K. K. Downing, British rock guitarist (Judas Priest - "Breakin' The Law"), born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England
  • Oct 27 Carlos Frenk, Mexican-British cosmologist, born in Mexico
  • Oct 27 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia

Edward Lee Howard

Oct 27 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

  • Oct 28 Ron & Don Galyon, American siamese twins (Jerry Springer Show), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Oct 28 Rajan Mishra, Indian classical music vocalist, born in Varanasi, India (d. 2021)
  • Oct 29 Dirk Kempthorne, American politician, Secretary of the Interior (Senator-R Idaho 1993-99), born in San Diego, California
  • Oct 29 Guy Gelso, American rock drummer (Zebra)
  • Oct 30 Frank Pallone, American politician (Rep-D-New Jersey), born in Long Branch, New Jersey
  • Oct 30 Harry Hamlin, American actor (Michael Kuzak-LA Law), born in Pasadena, California
  • Oct 31 Nick Saban, American football coach (National NCAA C'ships 2003, 09, 11-12, 15, 17; LSU, Alabama, Miami Dolphins), born in Fairmont, West Virginia

Famous Divorces

Frank Sinatra

Oct 29 Singer and actor Frank Sinatra and 1st wife Nancy (Barbato) divorce due to infidelity after 12 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 4 Willie Moretti, American gangster (b. 1894)
  • Oct 4 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), dies of cervical cancer at 31
  • Oct 6 Henry Gurney, British high commissioner to Malaya, assassinated
  • Oct 6 Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (Kellogg's cereal brand), dies at 91
  • Oct 6 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), dies at 67
  • Oct 7 Anton Philips, Co-Founder of Royal Philips Electronics N.V., dies at 77
  • Oct 12 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, dies in captivity at 62
  • Oct 12 Leon Errol, Australian actor (Ziegfeld Follies, What a Blonde!), dies at 70
  • Oct 13 Willie Quaife, British cricketer who set county records for his age (7 Tests for England, 228 runs), dies at 79
  • Oct 16 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), assassinated by Said Akbar at 56
  • Oct 23 Charlie Creath, American jazz trumpeter, saxophonist, accordionist, and bandleader, dies at 60
  • Oct 25 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, dies at 86
  • Oct 29 Jean De Raymond, French High Director of Cambodia, assassinated by a Viet-Minh agent (b. 1907)
  • Oct 29 Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer (New General Catalogue), dies at 86