On This Day

What Happened in October 1952

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
  • Oct 1 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • Oct 1 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • Oct 3 1st British nuclear test during Operation Hurricane at Monte Bello Island, Australia, UK becomes the world's third nuclear nation
  • Oct 3 1st video recording on magnetic tape in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 4 "Top Banana" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 356 performances
  • Oct 5 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • Oct 5 6th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 1-1; second year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players

Theater Premiere

Oct 6 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

  • Oct 7 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4-2 at Ebbets Field in Game 7 to tie own record 4th straight WS; MVP: NY 1B Johnny Mize

Film & TV History

Oct 7 First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)

  • Oct 8 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • Oct 8 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London
  • Oct 12 Hanif Mohammad completes twin cricket centuries for Pakistan v North Zone (India) in Amritsar; 121 & 109 no
  • Oct 12 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 14 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York
  • Oct 14 "Buttrio Square" opens at New Century Theater NYC for 7 performances

Historic Event

Oct 14 One of the most influential of all Modernist buildings the Unité d’Habitation, designed by Le Corbusier is officially inaugurated in Marseille, France

  • Oct 15 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Historic Publication

Oct 15 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

Photography

Oct 15 Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

  • Oct 16 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • Oct 16 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens
  • Oct 18 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • Oct 18 "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • Oct 18 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • Oct 19 Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive
  • Oct 20 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • Oct 21 Dutch government refuses New Guinea (West-Irian)

Film Premiere

Oct 23 Charlie Chaplin's "Limelight", starring himself and Claire Bloom, with an appearance by Buster Keaton, premieres in New York City; Not released in Los Angeles until 1972, winning Chaplin his only competitive Academy Award for original score

  • Oct 24 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria
  • Oct 25 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • Oct 25 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • Oct 25 Nazar Mohammad scores Pakistan's first ever Test cricket century (124no) in 2nd Test v India in Lucknow
  • Oct 26 Pakistan's 1st Test Cricket win Fazal Mahmood 12 wkts v India
  • Oct 27 "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 performances

Historic Event

Oct 30 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

  • Oct 30 4th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 31 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Jacques Martin, Canadian NHL coach, executive (Ottawa Senators, Florida Panthers, Montreal Canadiens), born in Rockland, Ontario
  • Oct 1 Earl Slick [Frank Madeloni] American rock guitarist (David Bowie; Phantom, Rocker & Slick), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 2 George Meegan, British adventurer who walked 19,019 miles from Argentina to Alaska, born in London
  • Oct 2 John Otway, British cult rocker ("Bunsen Burner"), born in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Oct 2 Wahed Wafa, Tajik pop and classical singer, born in Afghanistan
  • Oct 3 Gary Troup, New Zealand cricket fast/medium bowler (15 Tests, 39 wickets; 22 ODI), born in Taumarunui, King Country
  • Oct 4 Anita Luceete Defrantz, American rower (Olympic bronze 1976; first female vice-president IOC executive committee), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 4 Jody Stephens, American rock drummer (Big Star), born in Memphis, Tennesee
  • Oct 4 Nina Carter, vocalist (Blonde on Blonde), born in London, England
  • Oct 5 Clive Barker, English author and film director (Hellraiser, Lord of Illusions), born in Liverpool

Imran Khan

Oct 5 Imran Khan, 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan (2018-2022) and cricket all-rounder (88 Tests, 3,807 runs, 362 wickets), born in Lahore, Pakistan

  • Oct 5 Duncan Regehr, Canadian actor 9My Wicked, Wicked Ways: The Legend of Errol Flynn), born in Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
  • Oct 5 Gigi Sabani, Italian TV host, born in Rome (d. 2007)
  • Oct 6 Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
  • Oct 7 Graham Yallop, Australian cricket batsman (39 Tests, [7 captain], 8 x 100s, 9 x 50, HS 268; Victoria CA), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • Oct 7 Ludmila Tourischeva, Soviet gymnast (Olympic gold 1972), born in Grozny, Russia
  • Oct 7 Mary Badham, American actress, born in Birmingham, Alabama

Vladimir Putin

Oct 7 Vladimir Putin, Russian politician (President and Prime Minister), born in Leningrad, Soviet Union

  • Oct 8 Clifford Adams, American trombone player (Kool & the Gang - "Joanna"), born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2015)
  • Oct 8 Jan Marijnissen, Dutch politician (Leader of the Socialist Party), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • Oct 8 Edward Zwick, American film director (Shakespeare in Love), born in Chicago, Illinois

Sharon Osbourne

Oct 9 Sharon Osbourne (née Levy), English-American music manager, TV personality (X-Factor: America's Got Talent, 2007-12; The Talk, 2010-21), and wife of Ozzy Osbourne, born in London

  • Oct 10 Bobby Nystrom, Swedish NHL right wing (Stanley Cup 1979-83; jersey #23 retired 1995), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Oct 12 Trevor Chappell, Australian cricket all-rounder (3 Tests; 20 ODIs, 1 x 100; underarm bowling controversy; South Australia, West Australia, NSW), born in Adelaide, South Australia
  • Oct 12 Danielle Proulx, French Canadian actress, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Oct 13 Beverly Johnson, American model and actress (Ashanti Land of No Mercy), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Oct 13 Michael R. Clifford, American astronaut (STS 53, 59, 76), born in Norton AFB, California
  • Oct 14 Harry Anderson, American comic, magician, and actor (Night Court - "Judge Harry Stone"; Dave's World), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2018)
  • Oct 14 Margriet Eshuijs, Dutch singer and pianist, born in Zaandam, Netherlands
  • Oct 14 Nikolai Adrianov, Soviet-Russian gymnast (Olympic-4 gold/2 silver/bronze-1976), born in Vladimir, Russia (d. 2011)
  • Oct 14 Kaija Saariaho, Finnish electro-acoustic and contemporary classical composer (L'Amour de loin (Love from Afar); Circle Map), born in Helsinki, Finland
  • Oct 16 Christopher Cox, (Rep-R-California)
  • Oct 16 Cordell "Boogie" Mosson, American funk-rock bassist (Parliament-Funkadelic collective), born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • Oct 16 Ron Taylor, American actor (d. 2002)
  • Oct 18 Roy Dias, cricketer (pioneering Sri Lankan Test batsman)
  • Oct 18 Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese novelist
  • Oct 18 Jerry Royster, American baseball player
  • Oct 18 Chuck Lorre, American television director, writer, and producer (Dharma & Greg; Two and a Half Men; The Big Bang Theory), born in Plainview, New York
  • Oct 19 Veronica Judith Sainz Castro, Mexican spanish singer/actress (Nana)
  • Oct 20 Dave McLelland, Canadian NHL goaltender (Vancouver Canucks), born in Penticton, British Columbia
  • Oct 20 Melanie Mayron, American actress (30 Something, Car Wash, Missing), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 21 Brent Mydland, American rock keyboardist and vocalist (Grateful Dead, 1979-90), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1990)
  • Oct 21 Patti Davis [Patricia Ann Reagan], singer/actress/writer, Ronald and Nancy's daughter
  • Oct 21 Allen Hoey, American poet and novelist

Jeff Goldblum

Oct 22 Jeff Goldblum, American actor (The Fly; Jurassic Park; Independence Day), and jazz pianist (The Mildred Snitzer Orchestra), born in West Homestead, Pennsylvania

  • Oct 22 Greg Hawkes, American rock keyboardist (The Cars - "Shake it Up"; "Drive"), born in Fulton, Maryland
  • Oct 22 Julie Dash American filmmaker (Daughters of the Dust), born in New York City
  • Oct 23 Pierre Moerlen, French rock-jazz fusion drummer and percussionist (Gong: Mike Oldfield), born in Colmar, France (d. 2005)
  • Oct 25 Ioannis Kyrastas, Greek soccer midfielder (46 caps; Olympiacos; Panathinaikos) and manager (Panathinaikos), born in Piraeus, Greece (d. 2004)
  • Oct 26 Andy Richards, British-Australian session and touring keyboard player ("Relax"; "Careless Whisper"), and producer, born in London, England
  • Oct 26 Andrew Motion, English poet (British Poet Laureate 1999-2009), born in London
  • Oct 26 Abbas al-Musawi, influential Lebanese Shia cleric, and founder and leader of Hezbollah, born in Al-Nabi Shayth, Lebanon (d. 1992)
  • Oct 26 David Was [Weiss], American rock musician and producer (Was (Not Was) - "Walk The Dinosaur"), born in Detroit, Michigan

Roberto Benigni

Oct 27 Roberto Benigni, Italian director and actor (Life Is Beautiful, The Tiger and the Snow), born in Castiglion Fiorentino, Italy

  • Oct 27 Bill Bottrell, American Grammy Award-winning sound engineer, songwriter and record producer (Sheryl Crow; Shelby Lynne; Michael Jackson; Roseanne Cash), born in California
  • Oct 28 Annie Potts, American actress (Designing Women - "Mary Jo"; Any Day Now), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Oct 28 Tommy Dobeck, American rock drummer (Michael Stanley Band)
  • Oct 29 Arnell Carmichael, American funk-R&B singer (Raydio - "A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)"), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 29 Valeri Tokarev, Russian colonel and cosmonaut, born in Kapustin Yar, Soviet Union
  • Oct 31 Bernard Edwards, bassist (Chicago-Addicted to Love), born in Greenville, North Carolina

Famous Weddings

Hank Williams

Oct 17 American country music legend Hank Williams (29) weds Billie Jean Jones in Minden, Louisiana

  • Oct 18 Latin actress Maria Felix (38) weds actor and singer Jorge Negreta (40) in Mexico

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), dies at 56
  • Oct 5 Joe Jagersberger, Austrian-American racing driver, dies at 68
  • Oct 8 Joe Adams, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals), dies at 74
  • Oct 20 Basil Radford, British actor (The Lady Vanishes, Whiskey Galore, Night Train), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • Oct 22 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss-German psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist, dies at 78
  • Oct 23 Susan Peters [Suzanne Carnahan], American actress (Random Harvest; Young Ideas), dies of complications resulting from pyelonephritis, pneumonia, and starvation at 31
  • Oct 24 Frederick Jacobi, American composer, dies at 61
  • Oct 25 Sergei Bortkiewicz, Ukranian composer, dies at 75

Hattie McDaniel

Oct 26 Hattie McDaniel, 1st African American actress to win an Oscar (Gone With The Wind -"Mammy"), dies of breast cancer at 57

  • Oct 26 Myrtle McAteer, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1900), dies at 74
  • Oct 28 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), dies at 90
  • Oct 31 U Chit Hlaing, Burmese politician (b. 1879)