On This Day

What Happened in April 1953

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 1 KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 1 West Indian cricket batsmen Frank Worrell (237), Clyde Walcott (118) and Everton Weekes (109) all make centuries in 1st innings of drawn 5th Test v India in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Apr 2 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria

Historic PublicationTV Guide's First Issue

Apr 3 American magazine "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue, features on the cover the new born baby of actors Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz Jr.
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TV Guide's first edition with Desi Arnaz Jr. on the cover
TV Guide's first edition with Desi Arnaz Jr. on the cover
  • Apr 4 KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 5 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Apr 10 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Apr 10 "House of Wax" 1st color 3-D movie, premieres in New York
  • Apr 10 NBA Championship Finals, Minneapolis Auditorium, Minnesota, MN: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 91-84 for a 4-1 series victory; Lakers' 5th title in 6 years
  • Apr 11 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • Apr 11 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created

Sport awardUS Masters Golf

Apr 12 17th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Ben Hogan shatters the Masters scoring record by 5 strokes with a 274 (−14) to finish 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Ed Oliver; Hogan's second Masters

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan

  • Apr 12 KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 12 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 13 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Apr 14 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 14 WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
  • Apr 15 Malans National Party wins South African elections
  • Apr 15 WHP TV channel 21 in Harrisburg, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 16 Phillie's Connie Ryan gets 6 hits in a game
  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0 for a 4-1 series win
  • Apr 16 WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) HR in Washington, D.C.'s Griffith Stadium

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Apr 18 "Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 542 performances
  • Apr 19 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 20 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
  • Apr 23 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Apr 23 KTAR (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Phoenix, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23 WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, AL (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23 "Shane", directed by George Stevens and based on the 1949 novel by Jack Schaefer, starring Alan Ladd and Jean Arthur, is released

KnightedKnighthood

Apr 24 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

InventionScientific Discovery

Apr 25 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • Apr 27 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
  • Apr 27 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
  • Apr 29 Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
  • Apr 29 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV
  • Apr 29 6th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 30 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Aftab Baloch, Pakistan cricket batsman (2 Tests; 7th player to pass the 400 first class run milestone, 428 for Sind 1974), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • Apr 1 Barry Sonnenfeld, director (Get Shorty, Men in Black), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 1 Alberto Zaccheroni, Italian soccer manager (AC Milan, Lazio, Internazionale, Torino, Juventus, UAE, Japan), born in Meldola, Italy
  • Apr 2 David Robinson, American rock drummer (Cars, The Modern Lovers), born in Malden, Massachusetts
  • Apr 2 Debralee Scott, American actress (Cathy-Mary Hartman, Angie), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • Apr 2 Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician, born in Listooder, Crossgar, Northern Ireland
  • Apr 3 Huub van der Lubbe, Dutch rock singer (Stampei-The Dike), born in Amsterdam
  • Apr 3 Craig Taubman, Jewish-American singer (Friday Night Live), born in Millington, Tennessee
  • Apr 4 Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician (Liberal Party of Canada), born in Fort-Coulonge, Quebec, Canada
  • Apr 5 John Buchanan, Australian cricketer (Qld batsman 78-79, Shield coach 1995), born in Ipswich, Queensland
  • Apr 6 Janet Lynn, ice skater (Olympic bronze 1972)
  • Apr 6 Christopher Franke, German musician and composer
  • Apr 6 Patrick Doyle, Scottish film composer (Artemis Fowl, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Thor), born in Uddingston, Scotland
  • Apr 7 Everard Endt, American sailor (Olympic gold 1952)
  • Apr 9 Hal Ketchum, American country singer (Small Town Saturday Night), born in Greenwich Village, New York
  • Apr 10 David Moorcroft, British athlete (5,000m world record holder 1982-85) born in Coventry, England
  • Apr 10 Terre Roche, American rocker (Roches), born in New York
  • Apr 11 Andrew Wiles, British mathematician (number theory), born in Cambridge, England
  • Apr 11 Guy Verhofstadt, 47th Prime Minister of Belgium (1999-2008), born in Dendermonde, Belgium
  • Apr 11 Branimir "Johnny" Štulić, Croatian rock singer (Azra), born in Skopje, Yugoslavia
  • Apr 12 Tony James, English rock bassist (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111), born in Shepherds Bush, London
  • Apr 13 Stephen Byers, British politician (L), (MG Rover Group controversy), born in Wolverhampton
  • Apr 13 Brigitte Macron, French teacher and wife of politician Emmanuel Macron, born in Amiens, France
  • Apr 14 Eric Tsang, Hong Kong actor, director and TV host (Super Trio series), born in Hong Kong
  • Apr 14 David Buss, American Evolutionary psychologist
  • Apr 16 Jay O. Sanders, American actor (Meeting Venus, V I Warshawski), born in Austin, Texas
  • Apr 16 Peter Garrett, Australian environmentalist, activist, former politician (Labour Party), and musician (Midnight Oil), born in Wahroonga, Sydney
  • Apr 16 J. Neil Schulman, American writer (Alongside Night), born in Forest Hills, New York

Person of interestRick Moranis

Apr 18 Rick Moranis, Canadian actor (SCTV, Honey I Shrunk the Kids, Spaceballs), born in Toronto, Ontario

Actor and Musician Rick Moranis
Actor and Musician
Rick Moranis
  • Apr 19 Sara Simeoni, Italian high jumper (Olympic gold 1980), born in Rivoli Veronese, Italy
  • Apr 19 Rod Morgenstein, American musician (Winger), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 19 Ruby Wax, British actress (Girls on Top), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • Apr 20 Sebastian Faulks, British novelist (The Girl at the Lion d'Or), born in Donnington, Berkshire
  • Apr 21 Ed Fiori, American golfer (4 PGA Tour titles), born in Lynwood, California
  • Apr 22 Steve Bond, Haifa Israel, actor (General Hospital, To Die For)
  • Apr 22 Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer, mostly of choral music, born in Jämsänkoski, Finland
  • Apr 23 Fred Upton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in St. Joseph, Michigan
  • Apr 23 James Russo, American actor (My Own Private Idaho, China Girl), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 24 Eric Bogosian, American actor (Talk Radio), born in Woburn, Massachusetts
  • Apr 24 John P. Hiler, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana (1981-91), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 25 Gary Cosier, Australian cricketer (Australian batsman 1975-78, 109 on debut v WI), born in Richmond, Victoria, Australia
  • Apr 25 Ron Clements, American animation director (Moana), born in Sioux City, Iowa
  • Apr 27 Ellen S. Baker, American physician and NASA astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • Apr 27 Arielle Dombasle, American-French singer and actress, born in Norwich, Connecticut
  • Apr 28 Kim Gordon, American musician (Sonic Youth)
  • Apr 28 Roberto Bolano, Latin American author and poet
  • Apr 29 Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)
  • Apr 30 Merrill Osmond, singer (Osmond Brothers, Donnie & Marie), born in Ogden, Utah

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 6 MLB baseball player Ernie Banks (22) weds Mollye Louise

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 9 Biologist Alexander Fleming (71) weds doctor Amalia Koutsouri-Vourekas (41)

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 15 Ice hockey player Gordie Howe (25) weds sports agent Colleen Joffa (20) at Calvary Presbyterian Church

Ice Hockey Legend Gordie Howe
Ice Hockey Legend
Gordie Howe

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Jean Epstein, French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • Apr 4 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59
  • Apr 4 Rachilde, [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author, dies at 93
  • Apr 6 Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • Apr 6 Whirlaway, American thoroughbred racehorse (Triple Crown 1941), dies at 15
  • Apr 11 Kid Nichols, American baseball player, dies at 83
  • Apr 12 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), dies at 73
  • Apr 14 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
  • Apr 20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • Apr 22 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62