On This Day

What Happened in March 1953

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • Mar 1 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • Mar 1 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 After an all-night movie and dinner session with his top advisers, Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Sport awardGolf Tournament

Mar 1 American golfer Babe Zaharias wins a controversial Sarasota Women's Open by 7 strokes as playing partner Louise Suggs refuses to sign the scorecard after Zaharias given a beneficial ruling

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 3 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
  • Mar 5 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Mar 7 Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8 "Two's Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • Mar 8 KSWO TV channel 7 in Lawton, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8 WFMJ TV channel 21 in Youngstown, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 14 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th Titleholders title by 9 strokes from Betsy Rawls
  • Mar 15 West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • Mar 16 AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
  • Mar 17 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17 WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 15th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas, 69-68; Jayhawks' center B. H. Born is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 18 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee
  • Mar 18 Earthquake strikes West Turkey, 250 die
  • Mar 18 KGNC (now KAMR) TV channel 4 in Amarillo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 NL approves Boston Braves move to Milwaukee (1st shift since 1903)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 19 25th Academy Awards: "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)

  • Mar 21 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • Mar 21 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Mar 26 Dr Jonas Salk announces that he has successfully tested a vaccine to prevent polio, clinical trials began the next year
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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
  • Mar 26 "Ugetsu", Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • Mar 28 KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 28 107th Grand National: Bryan Marshall wins aboard Irish 8-year old Early Mist; first of 3 consecutive GN victories for trainer Vincent O'Brien

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Bandula Warnapura, Sri Lankan cricket batsman (4 Tests; first SL Test captain; 12 ODIs), born in Rambukkana, Sri Lanka
  • Mar 1 Carlos Queiroz, Portuguese soccer coach (Portugal, UAE, RSA, Iran, Colombia; Real Madrid), born in Nampula, Portuguese Mozambique
  • Mar 1 Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson, American football linebacker (NFL Pro Bowl 1978; Super Bowl 1977; Dallas Cowboys), born in Austin, Texas
  • Mar 2 William Simmons, sax/keyboardist (Midnight Star-No Parking)
  • Mar 3 Aleksandr Viktorovich Borodin, Russian cosmonaut
  • Mar 3 Dave Amato, rocker (REO Speedwagon-Can't Fight this Feeling)
  • Mar 3 Zico, Brazilian footballer
  • Mar 4 Christopher H Smith, (Rep-R-NJ, 1981- )
  • Mar 4 Kay Lenz, actress (Moving Violations, Rich Man Poor Man), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 4 Scott Hicks, Ugandan-born film director
  • Mar 4 Paweł Janas, Polish football manager and former footballer
  • Mar 5 Russel D Feingold, (Sen-D Wisconsin)
  • Mar 5 Valery Grigoriyevich Korzun, Russian colonel/cosmonaut (TM-24)
  • Mar 6 Jackie Zeman, actress (Bobbie-General Hospital), born in Englewood, New Jersey
  • Mar 6 Jan Kjærstad, Norwegian author
  • Mar 7 Jules Shear, American rock musician & songwriter (If She Knew What She Wants), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 7 Kenny Aronoff, American drummer (John Mellencamp), born in Albany, New York
  • Mar 8 Jim Rice, American Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder (AL MVP 1978; 8-time MLB All Star; Boston Red Sox) born in Anderson, South Carolina
  • Mar 8 Kathleen Ann Shower [Kathy Shower], American model and Playboy playmate (May 1985, Playmate of the Year 1986), born in Brookville, Ohio
  • Mar 8 Bob Brozman, American musician
  • Mar 8 Don Werner, American baseball player
  • Mar 9 Henriëtte Tol Dutch, actress (Soldier of Orange), born in Alkmaar, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
  • Mar 10 Caroline H "Carolien" van de Berg, actress (Havinck)
  • Mar 10 Paul Haggis, Canadian film director
  • Mar 10 Ronnie Earl [Ronald Horvath], American blues guitarist (The Broadcasters), born in Queens, New York
  • Mar 11 Chet Catallo, American jazz guitarist (Spyro Gyra), born in Rochester, New York
  • Mar 11 Bernie LaBarge, Canadian musician
  • Mar 11 Jimmy Iovine, American record producer ( Interscope Records), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 12 Labamba, [Richard Rosenberg], American rock trombonist (Asbury Jukes), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 12 Carl Hiaasen, American journalist and author
  • Mar 12 Madhav Kumar Nepal, Nepalese politician
  • Mar 13 Andy Bean, American golfer (11 PGA Tour titles), born in LaFayette, Georgia
  • Mar 13 Deborah Raffin, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Mar 14 Tim McKee, American 400m medley swimmer (Olympic silver 1972)
  • Mar 15 Colin Croft, West Indian cricket fast bowler, broadcaster (27 Tests, 125 wickets @ 23.30), born in Lancaster Village, Demerara, British Guiana
  • Mar 15 Judi Spiers, TV presenter
  • Mar 15 Richard Bruton, Irish politician
  • Mar 16 Isabelle Huppert, French actress (The Piano Teacher), born in Paris
  • Mar 16 Richard Stallman, American free software activist
  • Mar 17 Filemon Lagman, Filipino communist revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • Mar 17 Chuck Muncie, American football running back, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 18 Helmer C Koetje, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA)
  • Mar 18 Jamie West-Oram, rocker (Fixx)
  • Mar 18 Margaret L Augustine, project manager (Biosphere 2), born in Buffalo, New York
  • Mar 18 Nicholas Wisdom, cricketer (son of comic Norman, 2 games Sussex 1974)
  • Mar 19 Billy Sheehan, rocker (Mr Big-Lean Into It)
  • Mar 19 Hans Rinn, German DR, 2 man lugist (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • Mar 19 Ricky Wilson, rock guitarist (B-52's-Love Shack), born in Athens, Georgia
  • Mar 21 Carl Wolfson, comedian (Thicke of the Night), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 21 Shotgun Johnson [Robert], rock drummer (KC & the Sunshine Band-Give it Up)
  • Mar 22 Thomas H Andrews, (Rep-D-Maine)
  • Mar 23 Chaka Khan [Yvette Marie Stevens], American singer and songwriter (Rufus, I am Every Woman), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 23 Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, British MP
  • Mar 23 Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
  • Mar 24 Louie Anderson, American comedian (Ratboy, Wrong Guys), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • Mar 25 Haroon Rashid, cricketer (Pakistani & WSC batsman late 70's)
  • Mar 25 Mary Gross, actress/comedian (SNL, Club Paradise, Feds), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 26 Michael Bonagura, country singer (Baille & Boys-Oh Heart), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Mar 26 Tatyana Providokhina, Russian 1K runner (world record)
  • Mar 26 Elaine Chao, U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • Mar 26 Lincoln Chafee, American Senator from Rhode Island
  • Mar 26 Youssouf Togoïmi, Chadian rebel (d. 2002)
  • Mar 26 William "Billy" Lyall, Scottish musician (Bay City Rollers), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1989)
  • Mar 27 Walter "Wally" Stocker, British rock vocalist and guitarist (The Babys- "Missing You"), born in London, England
  • Mar 27 Pamela Roylance, actress (Sarah-Little House on Prairie), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Mar 28 Nydia M Velazquez, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
  • Mar 28 Melchior Ndadaye, 1st Hutu President of Burundi (1993), born in Nyabihanga, Burundi (d. 1993)
  • Mar 30 Cydney Bernard, American film producer
  • Mar 31 Greg Martin, singer (Ky Headhunters-Davy Crockett), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Mar 31 Sean Hopper, California, rock keyboardist (Huey Lewis & The News)
  • Mar 31 Dennis Kamakahi, Grammy Award-winning musician (d. 2014), born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Mar 31 Rene Portland, American college basketball coach (Penn State 1980-2007), born in Broomall, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Jim Lightbody, American athlete (Olympic gold 800m, 1500m, 2590m Steeplechase 1904), dies at 70

Person of interestJames J. Jeffries

Mar 3 James J. Jeffries, American heavyweight boxer, dies at 77

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

Mar 5 Joseph Stalin, dictator and leader of the Soviet Union (1922-53), dies of a stroke at 73

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 5 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer (Peter and the Wolf), dies at 61
  • Mar 5 Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897)
  • Mar 7 Edward Sedgwick, American film director (The Flaming Frontier, Let 'er Buck), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • Mar 10 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
  • Mar 14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • Mar 17 Conrado del Campo y Zabaleta, composer, dies at 73
  • Mar 20 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
  • Mar 22 James Anderson II, (Jo-Northern Exposure), dies
  • Mar 23 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • Mar 24 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • Mar 24 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
  • Mar 26 Albert Spalding, composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 27 Narciso Garay, Panamanian composer, dies at 76

Person of interestJim Thorpe

Mar 28 Jim Thorpe, American all-round athlete (2 gold Olympics 1912, College, Pro Football Halls of Fame), dies of heart failure at 65

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Mar 30 Roderich Mojsisovics-Mojsvar, composer, dies at 75