On This Day

What Happened in December 1954

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement
  • Dec 1 NY Yankees and Baltimore Orioles complete largest trade in MLB history as 17 players, including Don Larsen, Gene Woodling, Bob Turley change teams; first phase of transaction began November 18 and concludes today after the MLB draft
  • Dec 2 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • Dec 2 "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • Dec 2 Milwaukee Hawks shooting guard Frank Selvey sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws as he scores 42 points in 117-108 win over the Minneapolis Lakers at Milwaukee Arena
  • Dec 2 US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber
  • Dec 3 William Walton's opera "Troilus & Cressida" premieres in London
  • Dec 4 "Hit the Trail" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • Dec 4 "On Your Toes" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 64 performances
  • Dec 4 The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA
  • Dec 5 KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 Simone de Beauvoir receives the Prix Goncourt prize in French literature

  • Dec 7 Japanese government of Joshida resigns
  • Dec 7 KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 8 Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 8 WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 9 Dmitri Shostakovich appointed honored guest of Royal Swedish Academy of Music

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • Dec 10 Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 10 Philadelphia Phillies purchase Connie Mack Stadium
  • Dec 11 Phillies purchase Connie Mack Stadium
  • Dec 11 USS Forrestal christened in Newport News, Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Elsa Schiaparelli's House of Schiaparelli at Place Vendôme in Paris closes

Fashion Designer Elsa Schiaparelli
Fashion Designer
Elsa Schiaparelli
  • Dec 14 WOAY TV channel 4 in Oak Hill-Beckley, WV (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 15 Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons
  • Dec 15 Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
  • Dec 17 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary, Indiana)
  • Dec 17 WEAU TV channel 13 in Eau Claire, WI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 23 The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Dec 24 Council for the Protection of Children forms in Netherlands
  • Dec 24 Laos gains its independence
  • Dec 25 WSFA TV channel 12 in Montgomery, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 26 "The Shadow" airs for last time on radio
  • Dec 26 National Football League Championship, Cleveland Municipal Stadium: Cleveland Browns thrash Detroit Lions, 56-10; Browns' placekicker Lou Groza makes 8 extra points, a new title game record
  • Dec 27 "Saint of Bleecker Street" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 92 performances
  • Dec 27 Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Saint" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 28 43rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Sydney (3-2)
  • Dec 28 KEPR TV channel 19 in Pasco-Kennewick-Richl, WA (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Dec 29 Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands & Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being
  • Dec 30 "House of Flowers" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 165 performances

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 30 Harold Arlen and Truman Capotes musical "House of Flowers" premieres in NYC


Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Bob Goen, TV host (Wheel of Fortune, Entertainment Tonight)
  • Dec 1 François Van der Elst, Belgian soccer winger (44 caps; Anderlecht, West Ham Utd), born in Opwijk, Belgium (d. 2017)
  • Dec 2 Dan Butler, American actor (Bob "Bulldog" Briscoe-Frasier), born in Huntington, Indiana
  • Dec 2 Danielle Alexander, American country music pianist, born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • Dec 2 Huub Stapel, Dutch actor (Amsterdamned, Attic: Hiding of Anne Frank), born in Tegelen, Netherlands
  • Dec 2 Stone Phillips, American news host (NBC Dateline), born in Texas City, Texas
  • Dec 3 Paul Gregg, country singer (Restless Heart-Wheels)
  • Dec 3 Grace Andreacchi, American author
  • Dec 4 Tony Todd, American actor and producer (Platoon), born in Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 6 Chris Stamey, American musician, born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
  • Dec 6 Miles Chapin, American actor (French Postcards, Get Crazy, Funhouse), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 7 Bertín Osborne, Italian entertainer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • Dec 7 Gianfranco Jannuzzo, Italian entertainer, born in Agrigento, Italy
  • Dec 7 Julie Halston, American actress (Juror, Drunks, Addams Family Values), born in Suffolk County, New York
  • Dec 7 Mike Nolan, Irish singer (Bucks Fizz-My Camera Never Lies), born in Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • Dec 7 Mark Hofmann, American forger, bomber and convicted murderer, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Dec 8 Harold Hongju Koh, Korean-American Dean of Yale Law School
  • Dec 9 Herman Finkers, Dutch comedian, born in Almelo, Overijssel, Netherlands
  • Dec 9 Kip Hanrahan, American jazz producer (American Clavé), born in the Bronx, New York
  • Dec 9 Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourg politician, President of the European Commission (2014-), born in Redange, Luxembourg
  • Dec 10 Jack Hues, English musician (Wang Chung), born in Gillingham, Kent, England
  • Dec 11 Bradley Bryant, American golfer (US Senior Open 2007), born in Amarillo, Texas
  • Dec 11 Jermaine Jackson, American singer (Jackson 5-ABC), born in Gary, Indiana
  • Dec 11 Sylvester Clarke, West Indian cricketer (West Indian fast bowler & brick-thrower), born in Christ Church, Barbados
  • Dec 11 Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic musician, born in Iceland
  • Dec 11 Santiago Creel, Mexican politician (Secretary of the Interior), born in Mexico City
  • Dec 11 Brad Bryant, American golfer (US Senior Open 2007), born in Amarillo, Texas
  • Dec 12 Liz Claman, American television anchor (Countdown to the Closing Bell), born in Beverly Hills, California
  • Dec 13 John Anderson, American country singer and actor (I've Got a Feelin', Money in the Bank), born in Apopka, Florida
  • Dec 13 Steve Forbert, American musician (Romeo's Tune), born in Meridian, Mississippi
  • Dec 13 Tamora Pierce, American author of fantasy fiction (The Song of the Lioness), born in South Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 14 Alan Kulwicki, American NASCAR racer (Winston Cup), born in Greenfield, Wisconsin (d. 1993)
  • Dec 14 Eva Mattes, Austrian-German actress (Celeste, Man Like Eva), born in Tegernsee, Germany
  • Dec 14 Ib Andersen, Danish ballet dancer, born in Copenhagen
  • Dec 14 Steve MacLean, Canadian astronaut (STS 52), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Dec 14 James Horan, American actor (General Hospital, Transformers Prime), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Dec 15 Alex Cox, director (Repo Man)
  • Dec 15 Justin Ross, American actor (Sinatra, Chorus Line, Fan, Quick Change), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 16 Joslyn Y Hoyte-Smith, Barbados, 4X400m hurdler (Olympic bronze 1980)
  • Dec 18 Ray Liotta, actor (Goodfellas), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Dec 20 Michael Badalucco, American actor, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • Dec 20 Sandra Cisneros, American writer, born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestChris Evert

Dec 21 Chris Evert, American tennis player (18 Gram Slam singles titles), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
  • Dec 22 Derick Parry, cricketer (WI off-spinner early 80's), born in Cotton Ground, Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Dec 22 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • Dec 22 Hideshi Matsuda, Japanese racing driver, born in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan
  • Dec 23 Brian Teacher, American tennis player (Australian Open 1980), born in San Diego, California
  • Dec 25 Annie Lennox, Aberdeen Scotld, vocalist (Eurythmics-Sweet Dreams, Why)
  • Dec 25 Robin Campbell, British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
  • Dec 25 Steve Wariner, Noblesville Indiana, country singer (Small Town Girl)

Person of interestJoaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán

Dec 25 Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, Mexican drug lord and escape artist, born in La Tuna, Sinaloa, Mexico (or April 4th, 1957)

  • Dec 26 Ozzie Smith, infielder (St Louis Cardinals), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • Dec 26 Peter Woods, rocker (Romeo Void-Girl in Trouble)
  • Dec 26 Susan H Butcher, dog sled driver (Idatarod)
  • Dec 26 Ullrich Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic gold 1976)
  • Dec 26 Walter Diessner, German DR, 4 man cox (Olympic gold 1976)
  • Dec 26 Peter Edmund Hillary, New Zealand mountaineer, philanthropist and son of Sir Edmund Hillary, born in Auckland, New Zealand

Person of interestDenzel Washington

Dec 28 Denzel Washington, American actor (Dr Chandler-St Elsewhere), born in Mount Vernon, New York

  • Dec 28 Tony Rosato, Canadian comedian (SCTV, Saturday Night Live), born in Naples, Italy (d. 2017)
  • Dec 29 Glenn Myernick, American soccer player & coach (Olympic gold 1996), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • Dec 29 Roger Voudouris, American singer-songwriter & guitarist, born in Sacramento, California
  • Dec 29 Prince Takamado of Japan, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2002)
  • Dec 31 Alex Salmond, Scottish politician (Scottish National Party) First Minister of Scotland (2007-14), born in Linlithgow, Scotland
  • Dec 31 Hermann Tilke, German racing circuit architect, born in Olpe, Germany

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 29 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (24) weds Joan Archer

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Astronaut
Buzz Aldrin

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Fred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive, dies at 57
  • Dec 3 Enrique Soro Barriga, composer, dies at 70
  • Dec 4 Nina Vasar, wife of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • Dec 8 Gladys George, actress (Roaring Twenties), dies at 50
  • Dec 13 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • Dec 20 Emilis Melngailis, composer, dies at 80
  • Dec 20 James Hilton, English author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54
  • Dec 23 René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • Dec 25 Johnny Ace, American rhythm and blues singer, accidentally shoots himself in the head at 25
  • Dec 25 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96
  • Dec 25 Rosario Scalero, composer, dies at 84
  • Dec 31 Peter Van Anrooy, Dutch conductor and composer (Piet Hein Rhapsodie), dies at 75