On This Day

What Happened in November 1954

Historical Events


Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 1 General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Nov 1 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
  • Nov 1 KUON TV channel 12 in Lincoln, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 US Senate admonishes Joseph McCarthy because of his slander campaigns

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • Nov 1 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.
  • Nov 1 Lee Petty with 32 top-10 finishes from 34 races wins NASCAR Grand National Championship by 283 points from Herb Thomas; Petty fails to finish season ending Wilkes 160
  • Nov 2 Charles Diggs Jr is elected Michigan's 1st black congressman to the House of Representatives
  • Nov 2 Strom Thurmond is the 1st senator elected by write-in vote (South Carolina)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 BBC radio comedy "Hancock's Half Hour" debuts starring Tony Hancock and Sid James, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson

Comedian Tony Hancock
Comedian
Tony Hancock
  • Nov 3 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born & Walter Bothe
  • Nov 4 "Fanny" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 888 performances
  • Nov 4 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Montreal Canadien center Jean Béliveau scores 3 goals in 44 seconds on future Hall of Fame goaltender Terry Sawchuk in 4-2 win v Boston Bruins; 2nd fastest NHL hat trick

NHL Legend Jean Béliveau
NHL Legend
Jean Béliveau
NHL Legend Terry Sawchuk
NHL Legend
Terry Sawchuk
  • Nov 7 US spy plane shot down North of Japan
  • Nov 7 Cleveland Browns' Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns & win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Wash 62-3
  • Nov 8 AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Nov 10 "Marine Corps War Memorial" unveiled in Arlington County, Virginia, dedicated to US Marine Corps who died in defense of US since 1775 (inspired by 1945 Iwo Jima photo of servicemen raising US flag)

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 11 Publication of "Two Towers", 2nd volume of "Lord of the Rings", by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Nov 12 Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Lee Kuan Yew and others form the People's Action Party (PAP) in Singapore to work towards self-rule in Singapore

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • Nov 13 1st Rugby League World Cup, Parc des Princes, Paris: Great Britain beats France, 16-12; Man of The Match: GB second rower Don Robinson
  • Nov 14 Egyptian President Naguib resigns, state of emergency declared
  • Nov 15 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
  • Nov 20 KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 22 Humane Society (US) forms in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 23 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
  • Nov 24 Air Force One, 1st US Presidential airplane, christened
  • Nov 24 France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
  • Nov 26 Test Cricket debut of Colin Cowdrey v Australia at Gabba
  • Nov 27 "By the Beautiful Sea" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 270 performances
  • Nov 27 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos win first of 3 straight Championships; defeat Montreal Alouettes, 26-25
  • Nov 27 Alger Hiss is released from prison after serving 44 months for perjury
  • Nov 27 19th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 28-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 28 1st pro football game in The Netherlands
  • Nov 28 KCKT (now KSNC) TV channel 2 in Great Bend, KS (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Nov 30 Ann Hodges is bruised by a meteor at Sylacauga, Alabama in first modern instance of a meteorite striking a human
  • Nov 30 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)
  • Nov 30 John Strydom succeeds D. F. Malan as premier of South Africa

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Chris Morris, Britsh rock guitarist and singer (Paper Lace - "The Night Chicago Died"), born in Nottingham, England)
  • Nov 2 Pat Croce, American entrepreneur, sports team executive and owner, TV personality (Philadelphia 76ers), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 3 Adam Ant [Stuart Goddard], English punk rocker (Goody Two Shoes, Antmusic), born in London
  • Nov 3 Godzilla, Japanese monster (Godzilla)
  • Nov 3 Kevin P Chilton, American General, test pilot and NASA astronaut (STS 49, 59, 76), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Nov 3 Brigitte Lin, Taiwanese actress (Red Dust, Swordsman II), born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • Nov 4 Chris Difford, British lyricist, guitarist and vocalist (Squeeze - "Black Coffee In Bed"; "Tempted"), born in Greenwich, London
  • Nov 4 Aleksandr Aksinin, Russian athlete (Olympic gold, 4×100m relay 1980; bronze 1976), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 2020)
  • Nov 5 Alvin Gentry, American basketball head coach (New Orleans Pelicans 2015-19; Miami Heat, Detroit Pistons, Los Angeles Clippers, Phoenix Suns), born in Shelby, North Carolina
  • Nov 5 Alejandro Sabella, Argentine soccer midfielder (8 caps; River Plate, Sheffield United, Estudiantes) and manager (Argentina 2011-14), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 2020)
  • Nov 6 Catherine Crier, American journalist and author (The Case Against Lawyers, A Deadly Game), born in Dallas, Texas
  • Nov 7 Kamal Haasan, Indian actor (Vishwaroopam), born in Paramakudi, Tamil Nadu
  • Nov 8 Rickie Lee Jones, American singer-songwriter ("Chuck E's In Love"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 8 David Bret, British biographer and broadcaster, born in Paris
  • Nov 8 Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director (2003-05), born in Guymon, Oklahoma
  • Nov 8 Kazuo Ishiguro, British author (An Artist of the Floating World, The Remains of the Day, When We Were Orphans), born in Nagasaki, Japan
  • Nov 8 Jeanette McGruder, American singer (P Funk; Brides of Funkenstein), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Nov 8 Ricky Lawson, American musician, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2013)
  • Nov 9 Dennis Stratton, British rock guitarist (Iron Maiden), born in London
  • Nov 9 Sue Upton, English actress (The Benny Hill Show) and dancer, born in Chadwell Heath, Essex, England
  • Nov 10 Juanito, Spanish soccer forward (34 caps; Real Madrid 284 games, 85 goals), born in Fuengirola, Spain (d. 1992)
  • Nov 10 Mario Cipollina, American rock bassist (Huey Lewis & The News), born in San Rafael, California
  • Nov 10 Hartwig Gauder, German race walker (Olympic gold men's 50k walk 1980), born in Vaihingen an der Enz, Germany (d. 2020)
  • Nov 11 Gail Marquis, American basketball WBL forward (NY Stars, Olympic silver 1976)
  • Nov 11 Mary Gaitskill, American writer, born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Nov 12 Bharat Reddy, cricket wicket-keeper (India 1979)
  • Nov 12 Paul McNamee, Australia, tennis star
  • Nov 12 Levine Andrade, Indian-British violinist (Arditti Quartet, 1974-90), film score composer and conductor, born in Bombay, India (d. 2018)
  • Nov 13 Chris Noth, American actor (Law and Order, The Good Wife), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • Nov 13 Scott McNealy, American CEO of Sun Microsystems
  • Nov 14 Bernard Hinault, French cyclist (Tour de France)
  • Nov 14 Yanni [Chryssomallis], Greek new age musician (Live at the Acropolis, Sand Dance), born in Kalamata, Greece

Person of interestCondoleezza Rice

Nov 14 Condoleezza Rice, 1st female African-American U.S. Secretary of State (2005-09), born in Birmingham, Alabama

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
US Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice
  • Nov 15 Ab Bryant, rock bassist/vocalist (Chilliwack)
  • Nov 15 Aleksander Kwaśniewski, Białogard Poland, politician and President of Poland (1995-2005)
  • Nov 15 Mitch Easter, American record producer (REM), born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina
  • Nov 15 Tony Thompson, American session and touring drummer (Chic; LaBelle; The Power Station), born in New York City (d. 2003)
  • Nov 16 Andrea Barrett, American novelist (Servants of the Map), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Nov 16 Bruce Edwards, American golf caddie for Hall of Fame golfer Tom Watson (d. 2004)
  • Nov 16 Dick Gross, Australian politician
  • Nov 17 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)
  • Nov 17 Jorge Hernández, Cuban boxer Olympic gold light flyweight 1976; World C'ship gold 1974, 78), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2019)
  • Nov 18 John Parr, British pop singer (St. Elmo's Fire), born in Worksop, Nottinghamshire
  • Nov 18 Evan Gray, New Zealand cricketer
  • Nov 18 Carter Burwell, American film composer (Coen Brothers films, Twilight Saga), born in New York City
  • Nov 19 Annette Guest, American pop singer (First Choice - "Smarty Pants"), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 19 Kathleen Quinlan, California, actress (Never Promised You a Rose Garden)
  • Nov 19 Tom Scheckel, American rock drummer (Buckinghams), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 19 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 6th President of Egypt (2014-present), born in Zagazig, Cairo
  • Nov 20 Frank Marino, Canadian rock guitarist (Mahogany Rush), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Nov 20 Steve Dahl, American radio host, Chicago's anti-disco DJ (WLS-FM), born in Pasadena, California
  • Nov 20 Berit Andnor, Swedish politician, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Nov 20 Steve Rogers, Australian rugby league centre (24 Tests; NSW; Cronulla-Sutherland), born in Gold Coast, Australia (d. 2006)
  • Nov 21 Thomas Rothman, American film executive
  • Nov 22 Paolo Gentiloni, Italian politician, Prime Minister (2016-2018), born in Rome, Italy
  • Nov 23 Bruce Hornsby, American pop, rock, and bluegrass, singer-songwriter, and piano player (The Way It Is), born in Williamsburg, Virginia
  • Nov 23 Ferry Hoogendijk, Dutch editor in chief (Elsevier Magazine)
  • Nov 23 Ken Schrom, baseball player
  • Nov 23 Glenn Brummer, American baseball player
  • Nov 24 Emir Kusturica, Serbian-French film maker (When Father Was Away on Business; Black Cat, White Cat), and punk rock bassist (No Smoking), born in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Nov 26 Roz Chast, American cartoonist (Can't We Talk About Something More Pleasant?), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 26 Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan founder and leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, born in Valvettithurai, Dominion of Ceylon (d. 2009)
  • Nov 27 Patricia McPherson, American actress (Knight Rider), born in Oak Harbor, Washington
  • Nov 27 Kimmy Robertson, American actress (Lucy Moran in TV series Twin Peaks), born in Hollywood, California
  • Nov 29 Joel Coen, filmmaker (Fargo, No Country for Old Men), born in St. Louis Park, Minnesota
  • Nov 30 George McArdle, rock bassist (Little River Band Melbourne
  • Nov 30 June Pointer, singer (Pointer Sisters-I'm So excited)
  • Nov 30 Simonetta Stefanelli, Italian Actress (The Godfather)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 1 Actor John Wayne (47) weds actress Pilar Pallete in Kona, Hawaii

Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 19 Actress Vera-Ellen (33) weds millionaire Victor Rothschild at St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Los Angeles

Actress Vera-Ellen
Actress
Vera-Ellen

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 20 NFL quarterback Johnny Unitas (21) weds his high school sweetheart Dorothy Hoelle

NFL Quarterback Johnny Unitas
NFL Quarterback
Johnny Unitas

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Nov 1 Actor John Wayne (47) divorces actress Esperanza Baur due to drunken violence after 7 years of marriage

Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne

Famous Deaths


Person of interestHenri Matisse

Nov 3 Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (Dance II), dies at 84

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Nov 4 Stig Dagerman, Swedish author (Burned Child), dies at 31
  • Nov 10 Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • Nov 11 J. Rosamund Johnson, American composer ("Lift Every Voice And Sing"), dies at 81
  • Nov 13 Fay Baker, actress (Sorority Girl), dies at 60

Person of interestLionel Barrymore

Nov 15 Lionel Barrymore [Blythe], American actor (Dr Kildare, Key Largo), dies at 76

  • Nov 16 Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist, dies at 80
  • Nov 19 Walter Bartley Wilson, founding member of Cardiff City F.C. (b. 1870)
  • Nov 20 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, dies at 74
  • Nov 21 Karol Rathaus, German-Austrian composer, dies at 59
  • Nov 21 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 69
  • Nov 22 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70
  • Nov 22 Moroni Olsen, American actor (Annie Oakley, Black Gold, Snow White), dies at 65
  • Nov 22 Roderick McMahon, Professional Wrestling/Boxing Booker (b. 1882)
  • Nov 26 Bill Doak, American baseball pitcher (NL ERA leader 1914, 21; St. Louis Cardinals), dies at 63

Person of interestEnrico Fermi

Nov 28 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Nov 29 George Robey, English musical theatre actor and comedian, dies at 85
  • Nov 29 Dink Johnson, American musician, dies at 62
  • Nov 30 Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)