On This Day

What Happened in October 1954

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
  • Oct 2 8th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: All-Stars tie Detroit Red Wings, 2-2
  • Oct 2 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal, India
  • Oct 2 Baseball World Series: New York Giants beat Cleveland, 7-4 at Cleveland Stadium to sweep Indians, 4-0; MVP: Giants outfielder Dusty Rhodes
  • Oct 2 Don Liddle beats Bob Lemon 7-4 as the New York Giants complete an unlikely World Series sweep of the powerful Cleveland Indians; Cleveland season record of 111-43 sets American League mark for regular season wins
  • Oct 3 "Father Knows Best" premieres
  • Oct 3 KFVS TV channel 12 in Cape Girardeau, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 5 Hurricane Hazel forms in the Caribbean, killing 400-1000 people in the Bahamas and Haiti
  • Oct 7 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt

Catholic Encyclical

Oct 7 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem

  • Oct 9 KTIV TV channel 4 in Sioux City, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Oct 10 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after withdrawal of French troops

  • Oct 10 1st National Film Awards (India): "Shyamchi Aai" wins the Golden Lotus
  • Oct 11 "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 64 performances
  • Oct 11 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
  • Oct 13 Robert Paul Smith and Max Shulman's "Tender Trap" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 14 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
  • Oct 15 Hurricane Hazel makes landfall in the US in North Carolina as a category 4 hurricane, 195 die in US and Canada
  • Oct 15 KLTV TV channel 7 in Tyler-Longview, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 17 Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
  • Oct 18 Hurricane Hazel becomes most severe to ever hit the US, killing 195 in US and Canada
  • Oct 18 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, SC (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 18 WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (NYC)
  • Oct 18 Texas Instruments Inc. announces the first transistor radio.
  • Oct 19 Egypt and Great Britain sign treaty; British troops depart
  • Oct 19 KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 19 First ascent of Cho Oyu, sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,201 metres

Music Premiere

Oct 20 Leigh, Charlap, Styne, Comden and Green's musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin and Cyril Ritchard, opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC; runs for 152 performances

Historic Event

Oct 21 Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor" premieres

  • Oct 21 Indonesian troops land in New Guinea
  • Oct 22 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Oct 23 Britain, France & US agree to end occupation of Germany
  • Oct 23 Pakistan Governor-General Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
  • Oct 23 WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Oct 24 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States' support to South Vietnam

  • Oct 24 Britain's Mike Hawthorne wins season ending Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes; Argentine Maserati driver Juan Manuel Fangio takes second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from countryman José Froilán González
  • Oct 26 Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
  • Oct 26 City of Trieste returned to Italy
  • Oct 27 WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting

Television Premiere

Oct 27 Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland", premieres on ABC

  • Oct 27 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • Oct 28 Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Philadelphia syndicate
  • Oct 28 N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC

Nobel Prize

Oct 28 Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to Ernest Hemingway

Historic Event

Oct 29 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser disbands the Muslim Brotherhood

  • Oct 29 Sweden begins experimental TV
  • Oct 30 US Defense Department announces elimination of all racially segregated regiments
  • Oct 30 1st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
  • Oct 31 Algerian Revolution against French begins
  • Oct 31 KREM TV channel 2 in Spokane, WA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Richard Schlesinger, American news correspondent (CBS, 48 Hours), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 1 Martin Strel, Slovenian long distance swimmer (Danube, Mississippi, Yangtze, Amazon River records), born in Mokronog, Slovenia
  • Oct 1 Rodney William "Rod" Ansell, Australian bushman and inspiration for "Crocodile Dundee", born in Murgon, Queensland (d. 1999)
  • Oct 2 Greg Jennings, American country singer (Restless Heart - "Wheels"), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Oct 2 Lani O'Grady, American actress (Mary-8 is Enough), born in Walnut Creek, California
  • Oct 2 Lorraine Bracco, American actress (Sopranos, Goodfellas), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 3 Dennis Eckersley, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (AL Cy Young Award 1992; AL MVP 1992; Oakland A's), born in Oakland, California

Stevie Ray Vaughan

Oct 3 Stevie Ray Vaughan, American blues guitarist (Texas Flood; "Pride And Joy"; David Bowie - "Let's Dance"), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1990)

Al Sharpton

Oct 3 Al Sharpton [Alfred Charles], American minister and civil rights activist (Keepin' It Real), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Oct 3 Branko Cikatić, Croatian kickboxer (first K-1 World Grand Prix Heavyweight C'ship 1993), born in Split, Croatia (d. 2020)
  • Oct 3 Dawayne Bailey, American rock guitarist (Silver Bullet Band, 1983-86; Chicago, 1986-95), born in Manhattan, Kansas
  • Oct 6 David Hidalgo, American Tex-Mex and roots singer-songwriter, guitarist and accordion player (Los Lobos - "Will The Wolf Survive?"; Latin Playboys), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 7 Kenneth Atchley, American ambient music composer, born in California
  • Oct 8 Michael Dudikoff, American actor (American Ninja, TRON), born in Redondo Beach, California
  • Oct 8 Ben Amonette, American free pistol shooting athlete (Olympics 1992, 96), born in Radford, Virginia
  • Oct 8 Carl Vine, Australian classical composer, born in Perth, Australia
  • Oct 9 Scott Bakula, American actor (Quantum Leap, Gung Ho, Murphy Brown), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Oct 9 John O'Hurley, American actor (Seinfeld -"J.Peterman"), and game show host (Family Feud, 2006-10), born in Kittery, Maine
  • Oct 10 James Fearnley, British celtic-punk accordionist (The Pogues - "The Irish Rover"), born in Worsley, Greater Manchester, England

David Lee Roth

Oct 10 David Lee Roth, American rock singer (Van Halen - "Jump!"; solo -"Just a Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody"), born in Bloomington, Indiana

  • Oct 10 Rekha, Bollywood actress (Khoon Bhari Maang), born in Madras, India
  • Oct 10 Mohamed Mounir, Egyptian singer and actor (El Malek Howwa El Malek), born in Aswan, Egypt
  • Oct 12 Tom Blomberg, Dutch radio host and producer (Evening Rush Hour), born in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • Oct 12 Ed Cherry, American jazz and session guitarist (Dizzy Gillespie, 1978-92), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Oct 13 Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician and peace activist, born in Marrakesh, French Morocco
  • Oct 13 George Frazier, American baseball player, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Oct 13 Claude Ribbe, French historian and writer, born in Paris
  • Oct 14 Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • Oct 15 Jere Burns, American actor (Something So Right, Kirk-Dear John), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Oct 16 Stephen Mellor, American actor
  • Oct 18 Liz Burch, Australian actress
  • Oct 19 Joe Bryant, American basketball player
  • Oct 19 Sam Allardyce, English football manager
  • Oct 19 Deborah Blum, American writer
  • Oct 20 Steve Orich, American orchestrator and composer (Jersey Boys), born in New York City
  • Oct 20 Günter Müller, German sound artist, improvisor and percussionist, born in Munich, West Germany
  • Oct 21 Brian Tobin, Canadian premier of Newfoundland
  • Oct 22 Carla Dunlap, bodybuilder (Pumping Iron 2), born in Newark, New Jersey

Ang Lee

Oct 23 Ang Lee, Taiwanese-born American filmmaker (Brokeback Mountain; Life of Pi), born in Chaochou, Pingtung, Republic of China

  • Oct 24 Doug Davidson, American actor (Paul Williams-Young & Restless), born in Glendale, California
  • Oct 24 Perry Lee "Tiny" Tavares, American rocker, born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Oct 24 Brad Sherman, American politician, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 24 Tom Mulcair, Quebec politician (Leader of the New Democratic Party 2012-17), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Oct 24 Mike Rounds, American politician (31st Governor of South Dakota), born in Huron, South Dakota
  • Oct 24 Jozef Ráž, Slovak musician and singer, born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia

Malcolm Turnbull

Oct 24 Malcolm Turnbull, Australian politician, Prime Minister (2015-18), born in Sydney, Australia

  • Oct 24 Wang Jianlin, Chinese businessman and founder of Dalian Wanda Group, born in Cangxi County, Sichuan Province

Mike Eruzione

Oct 25 Mike Eruzione, American ice hockey player (Olympic gold Medal 1980), born in Winthrop, Massachusetts

  • Oct 26 D. W. Moffett, American actor (Fine Things, Lisa, Chicago Sons), born in Highland Park, Illinois
  • Oct 26 Vassilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer, born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Oct 26 Carlos Agostinho do Rosário, Mozambican politician, Prime Minister of Mozambique (2015-), born in Maxixe, Mozambique
  • Oct 27 Chris Tavaré, British cricketer (England opener & occasional scorer of runs), born in Orpington, Kent
  • Oct 27 Jan Duursema, American comic book artist (Star Wars comics), born in New Jersey
  • Oct 27 Uffe Steen, Danish jazz, rock and blues electric guitarist, born in Odense, Denmark
  • Oct 28 Sammy Stewart, American MLB pitcher (World Series 1983; AL ERA leader 1981; Cleveland Indians), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • Oct 29 Anita Meyer [Annita Meijer], Dutch pop and disco singer ("Just a Disillusion";, "Why Tell Me Why"), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Herman Ronald Frazier, American 400m/4x400m runner (Olympic gold 1976), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 29 Lee Child [James Grant], English author (Jack Reacher novels), born in Coventry, England
  • Oct 30 JoAnne Russell, American tennis player (Wimbledon doubles 1977), born in Miami, Florida
  • Oct 30 T. Graham Brown, American country singer ("Come As You Were"), born in Arabi, Georgia
  • Oct 30 Mario Testino, Peruvian-born English fashion photographer, born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 31 Ken Wahl [Anthony Calzaretta], American actor (Wiseguy, The Gladiator, The Wanderers), born in Chicago, Illinois

Famous Weddings

Corazon Aquino

Oct 11 Philippine president Corazon Aquino (21) weds Tarlac governor Benigno Aquino Jr (22) in Pasay City, Philippines

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Herbert Prior, British actor (Caught Short, Slave of Desire), dies at 87
  • Oct 5 Flor Alpaerts, Flemish composer (Tyl Uilenspiegel, Pallieter), dies at 78
  • Oct 6 Hakon Børresen, Danish composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 8 Morten Korch, Danish author, dies at 78
  • Oct 12 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, dies in a plane crash of his experiential F-100 Super Sabre at 36
  • Oct 20 Wilbur Shaw, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1937, 39, 40; Motorsports Hall of Fame of America 1991), dies in an airplane crash at 51
  • Oct 22 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer and pilot, dies at 54
  • Oct 22 Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • Oct 22 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (one of the modernist Group of Five), dies at 64
  • Oct 23 Henri Zagwijn, Dutch composer and musicologist, dies at 76 [1]
  • Oct 26 Floris HL Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp, dies
  • Oct 27 Franco Alfano, Italian opera composer (Puccini's Turandot), dies at 78
  • Oct 27 Frank Druce, English cricket batsman (5 Tests; Surrey), dies at 79
  • Oct 27 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), dies at 66