What Happened in 1955

Significant Events

  • Apr 11 Chartered Air India plane the "Kashmir Princess" is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by a Kuomintang secret agent
  • May 5 West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan
  • Dec 1 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama
More Historical Events

1955 in Film & TV

  • Jan 2 1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
  • Jan 19 "The Millionaire" TV program premieres on CBS
  • Apr 11 "Marty" directed by Delbert Mann and starring Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair premieres in New York (Best Picture 1956)
  • Jun 30 "Johnny Carson Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Aug 25 16th Venice Film Festival: "Ordet" directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer wins Golden Lion

1955 in Music

  • Jan 7 Marian Anderson becomes the 1st African American to perform with the New York Metropolitan Opera
  • Jul 9 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops the billboards chart, one of the best-selling singles ever
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio after it was destroyed in World War II
  • Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract
  • Dec 15 "Folsom Prison Blues" single released by Johnny Cash (Billboard Song of the Year 1968)

1955 in Sport

  • Jan 7 Marian Anderson becomes the 1st African American to perform with the New York Metropolitan Opera
  • Feb 17 Mike Souchak sets PGA 72-hole record of 257 (not broken until 2001)

Did You Know?

Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

On October 20, 1955


World Leaders in 1955

Famous People in 1955

Would You Believe?

Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

On April 15, 1955

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 15 Film director Stanley Kubrick (26) weds theatrical designer Ruth Sobotka (29)
  • Jan 17 Murderer Charles Manson (20) weds waitress Rosalie Jean Willis (17)
  • Feb 16 Playwright Brendan Behan (32) weds Beatrice Salkeld at Donnybrook Church in Dublin, Ireland
  • Feb 17 Novelist J. D. Salinger (36) weds Claire Douglas
  • Mar 17 Erotic writer Ana├»s Nin marries actor Rupert Pole at Quartzsite, Arizona, while still married to her first husband

Famous Divorces

  • Aug 9 Actress Elizabeth Montgomery (22) divorces socialite Frederick Gallatin Cammann after more than a year of marriage
  • Dec 30 Actor Gregory Peck (39) divorces real estate broker Greta Kukkonen (44) after 13 years of marriage
More Weddings & Divorces