On This Day

What Happened in December 1955

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • Dec 3 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 4 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • Dec 5 American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) merge to form the AFL-CIO, with George Meany as President
  • Dec 5 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Montgomery Improvement Association formed by Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Edgar Nixon to support the Montgomery bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist
Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Dec 6 New York psychologist Joyce Brothers wins "$64,000 Question" with topic of boxing
  • Dec 8 21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • Dec 8 Turkish government of Menderes forms

Film release premierFilm Release

Dec 8 Black Ealing comedy "The Ladykillers", directed by Alexander Mackendrick and starring Alec Guinness is released in the UK

  • Dec 12 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
  • Dec 14 Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
  • Dec 14 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • Dec 14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain

Music releaseMusic Single

Dec 15 "Folsom Prison Blues" single released by Johnny Cash (Billboard Song of the Year 1968)

Country Singer Johnny Cash
Country Singer
Johnny Cash
  • Dec 19 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • Dec 20 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales
  • Dec 21 2nd National Film Awards (India): "Mirza Ghalib" wins the Golden Lotus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Author Aldous Huxley takes LSD for the first time

  • Dec 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music & popular music
  • Dec 26 National Football League Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Cleveland Browns beat Los Angeles Rams, 38-14; Browns defend title and win their 3rd NFL Championship of the 1950s in a second straight rout
  • Dec 26 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • Dec 28 44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 29 Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Dec 29 NHL officials wear new vertically striped black-and-white sweaters for the first time in Montreal Canadiens' 5-2 win over Toronto Maple Leafs
  • Dec 31 "Vamp" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Uwe Benter, German rowing coxswain (Olympic gold coxed four 1972), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • Dec 1 Pat Spillane, Irish Gaelic football left half forward and broadcaster (8 x All Ireland titles; Kerry), born in Templenoe, County Kerry, Ireland
  • Dec 1 Mark Thompson, American disc jockey and actor
  • Dec 1 Verónica Forqué, Spanish actress
  • Dec 2 Dennis Christopher, American actor (Breaking Away, California Dreaming), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 2 Paul Holmgren, American NHL right wing, coach and executive (Philadelphia Flyers), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • Dec 3 Melody Anderson, Canadian actress (Flash Gordon), born in Edmonton, Alberta
  • Dec 3 Warren Jeffs, American convicted polygamist
  • Dec 3 Alberto Tarantini, Argentine soccer defender (61 caps; FIFA World Cup 1978; Boca Juniors, River Plate, Toulouse), born in Ezeiza, Argentina
  • Dec 4 Brian Prout, American singer (Diamond Rio-Meet in the Middle), born in Troy, New York
  • Dec 4 Cassandra Wilson, American jazz singer, born in Jackson, Mississippi
  • Dec 4 Dave Taylor, Canadian ice hockey right wing and executive (NHL All-Star 1981-82, 86, 94; LA Kings; St. Louis Blues), born in Levack, Ontario
  • Dec 6 Bill Lloyd, American singer (Foster & Lloyd-Crazy Over You), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky
  • Dec 6 Malcolm Jarvis, Zimbabwean cricket lefty paceman (Zimbabwe's 1st Test side), born in Fort Victoria, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • Dec 6 Rick Buckler, English rock drummer (The Jam), born in Woking, Surrey, England
  • Dec 6 Steven Wright, American stand-up comedian (Steven Wright Live), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Dec 6 Tish Hinojosa, American country singer (Something in the Rain), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • Dec 7 Priscilla Barnes, American actress (License to Kill, 3s Company), born in Fort Dix, New Jersey
  • Dec 7 John Watkins, Australian politician (Deputy Premier of New South Wales), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Dec 8 Ian Greig, cricketer (brother of Tony Two Tests for England 1982)
  • Dec 9 Chamras Saewataporn, Thai composer and musician, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • Dec 10 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 11 Stu Jackson, NBA coach (NY Knicks (1989-90), born in Reading, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 12 Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman and president of the bidding and organizing committee for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, born in Heraklion, Greece
  • Dec 12 Eddy Schepers, Belgian professional cyclist, born in Tienen, Belgium
  • Dec 14 Jane Crafter, Australian-American golfer (1987 JC Penney Mixed Teams), born in Perth, Australia
  • Dec 15 Paul Simonon, English pop bassist (Clash-Havana 3 AM)
  • Dec 16 Carol M Browner, US Administrator (EPA)
  • Dec 16 Graeme Stevenson, cricketer (England medium pacer 1980-81)
  • Dec 16 Xander Berkeley, American actor
  • Dec 16 Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
  • Dec 19 Susil Fernando, cricketer (5 Tests for Sri Lanka 1983)
  • Dec 20 Ed Kuepper, Australian guitarist and singer-songwriter (The Saints), born in Bremen, Germany
  • Dec 20 Pierre Bokma, Dutch actor (Avonden, Leedvermaak), born in Paris, France
  • Dec 20 Sammy Mitchell, US programmer (Qedit/TSE/Semware)
  • Dec 21 Jane Kaczmarek, American actress, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Dec 21 Kazuyuki Sekiguchi, Japanese musician, born in Agano, Niigata Prefecture
  • Dec 22 Lonnie Smith, American baseball player, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 23 Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet (British Poet Laureate 2009-), born in Glasgow
  • Dec 24 Anwar Khan, Pakistani cricketer (bowled four overs for Pakistan 1979), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • Dec 24 Clarence Gilyard Jr., American actor (Chips, Duck Factory), born in Moses Lake, Washington
  • Dec 24 Grand L. Bush, American actor, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Dec 25 Claus Strigel, director (Obituary for the Automobile, Act of God)
  • Dec 25 William Andrews, actor (Sealed Cargo)
  • Dec 26 Evan Bayh, American politician, born in Shirkieville, Indiana
  • Dec 27 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)
  • Dec 27 Brad Murphey, Australian racing driver
  • Dec 28 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China (d. 2017)
  • Dec 29 Jan Pijnenburg, Dutch rock drummer (Doe Maar-Bomb), born in Vught, Netherlands
  • Dec 29 Neil Giraldo, American musician (Pat Benatar Band), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Dec 30 Dindo Yogo, Congolese musician (d. 2000)
  • Dec 31 Dawood Ibrahim, Indian crime boss (D-Company), born in Khed, Ratnagiri, India
  • Dec 31 Michigan J. Frog, Warner Bros. cartoon character created by Chuck Jones (Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series), first debuts in "One Froggy Evening"

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall (47) weds Cecilia Suyat

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall

LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 31 Actor Gregory Peck (39) weds philanthropist Veronique Passani (23)


Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 30 Actor Gregory Peck (39) divorces real estate broker Greta Kukkonen (44) after 13 years of marriage


Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Chief Thundercloud [Victor Daniels], Cherokee actor (The Lone Ranger, Colt .45), dies from stomach cancer at 57
  • Dec 3 Charles "Cow Cow" Davenport, American boogie-woogie and blues musician, dies of hardening of the arteries at 61
  • Dec 5 Paul Harvey, American actor (Spellbound, Calamity Jane, Heldorado, Jamboree), dies at 73

Person of interestHonus Wagner

Dec 6 Honus Wagner, American Baseball Hall of Fame shortstop (8-time NL batting champion), dies at 81

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Dec 8 Jacques Handschin, Swiss musicologist (Der Toncharakter), dies at 69
  • Dec 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
  • Dec 11 Franz Adolf Syberg, Danish composer, dies at 51
  • Dec 11 Johan C. Altorf, sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • Dec 13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • Dec 21 Dorothy Bernard, actress (Margaret-Life With Father), dies at 65
  • Dec 22 Len Braund, cricketer (23 Tests for England 987 runs 47 wkts), dies
  • Dec 24 Nana Bryant, actress (Mrs Nestor - Our Miss Brooks), dies at 67
  • Dec 27 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, dies at 74
  • Dec 30 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)