On This Day

What Happened in July 1955

Historical Events


Sport awardWimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen of Denmark 6-3, 7-5, 6-1 for his only Wimbledon success

Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony Trabert
Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion
Tony Trabert
Tennis Player Kurt Nielsen
Tennis Player
Kurt Nielsen
  • Jul 1 KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 2 "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • Jul 2 "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Jul 2 "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Jul 2 US Open Women's Golf, Wichita GC: Uruguayan Fay Crocker beats Louise Suggs & Mary Lena Faulk by 4 to become the tournament's first overseas winner

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Beverly Fleitz 7-5, 8-6 for her 4th Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 8 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the 2nd of 3 consecutive Open titles, 2 strokes clear of runner-up John Fallon
  • Jul 9 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops the billboards chart, one of the best-selling singles ever

Father of Rock 'n' Roll Bill Haley
Father of Rock 'n' Roll
Bill Haley
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw

  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 14 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • Jul 15 WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 16 "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
  • Jul 16 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina clinches his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by finishing 2nd to fellow Mercedes driver Sterling Moss in the British Grand Prix at Aintree
  • Jul 17 1st LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Orchard Ridge CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 3 shots from Louise Suggs
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 17 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.
  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 22 Phillies longest win streak since 1892 hits 11
  • Jul 23 NY Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • Jul 23 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Meadowbrook CC: Doug Ford scores a 4 & 3 win over Cary Middlecoff in the Tuesday final; first of 2 majors (Masters 1957)
  • Jul 26 Last day as Test Cricket umpire for Frank Chester
  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • Jul 30 42nd Tour de France: French cyclist Louison Bobet claims last of his 3 straight general classification victories
  • Jul 31 KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, Iowa (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Jul 31 WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, West Virginia (NBC) 1st broadcast

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Keith Whitley, American country music singer (Don't Close Your Eyes), born in Ashland, Kentucky (d. 1989)
  • Jul 1 Mike Rossman, American boxer (world light-heavyweight champion 1978-79) born in Turnersville, New Jersey

Person of interestLi Keqiang

Jul 1 Li Keqiang, Chinese Premier of the State Council and China's head of government, born in Dingyuan County, Anhui Province

Premier of China Li Keqiang
Premier of China
Li Keqiang
  • Jul 2 Andrew Divoff, Venezuelan actor
  • Jul 2 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • Jul 3 Matt Keough, American baseball pitcher (MLB All Star 1978; Oakland A's), born in Pomona, California (d. 2020)
  • Jul 3 Neil Clark, Scottish rock guitarist (Lloyd Cole & The Commotions), born in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire
  • Jul 3 Sanma Akashiya, Japanese comedian and TV personality, born in Kushimoto, Wakayama, Japan
  • Jul 3 Marc Bonilla, American guitarist (Keith Emerson Band), born in Contra Costa, California
  • Jul 4 John Waite, English vocalist (Babies/Bad English-Forget Me Not, Missing You), born in Lancaster, England
  • Jul 5 Michael Gismondi, rock saxophonist (Michael Stanley Band)
  • Jul 5 Peter McNamara, Australian tennis player (Australian Open doubles 1979, Wimbledon doubles 1980, 82), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 2019)
  • Jul 6 William Wall, Irish writer (This is the Country), born in Cork City, Ireland
  • Jul 6 Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister of Egypt (2015-present), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jul 7 Len Barker, American baseball player, born in Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Jul 8 Mihaela Mitrache, Romanian actress
  • Jul 9 Fred Norris, American comedy writer and singer (Howard Stern Show), born in Willimantic, Connecticut
  • Jul 9 Jimmy Smits, American actor (Victor-LA Law, Running Scared, NYPD Blue), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jul 9 Lisa Banes, American actress (Cocktail, Look Back in Anger), born in Chagrin Falls, Ohio
  • Jul 9 Sergei Krichevsky, Ukrainian cosmonaut, born in Primorya, Russia
  • Jul 9 Willie Wilson, American baseball player, born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Jul 11 Sergey Babinov, USSR, ice hockey star (Olympic gold 1972)
  • Jul 13 Chris White, British jazz-rock saxophonist (Dire Straits), born in Bristol, England
  • Jul 14 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • Jul 17 Paul Stamets, American mycologist and environmentalist, born in Columbiana, Ohio
  • Jul 17 Christopher Chappell, Canadian cricketer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Jul 18 Teresa Ann Savoy, British-born actress (Caligula), born in London, England
  • Jul 18 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • Jul 18 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jul 18 Terry Chambers, English drummer (XTC), born in Wiltshire, England
  • Jul 19 Roger Binny, Indian cricket medium-pace all-rounder (early 80's), born in Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Jul 21 Henry Preistman, rocker (Christians-Harvest the World)
  • Jul 21 Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 21 Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer
  • Jul 22 Willem Dafoe, Wisc, actor (Platoon, Roadhouse 66, Mississippi Burning)
  • Jul 24 Lubov Odinokova, USSR, team handball (Olympic gold 1976, 80)
  • Jul 25 Bantubonke Holomisa, South African Minister of Defense of Transkei, born in Mqanduli, Eastern Cape
  • Jul 25 Iman [Abdulmajid], Somali-American model and actress (Star Trek 6), born in Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Jul 25 Ritva Elomaa, Finnish bodybuilder and politician, born in Lokalahti, Finland
  • Jul 26 Nicholas Walker, actor (Capitol, Jimmy-General Hospital), born in Bogotá, Colombia
  • Jul 26 Asif Ali Zardari , Pakistani politician, President of Pakistan (2008-13), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • Jul 27 Allan Border, Australian cricketer (captain of Australia team), born in Cremorne, New South Wales, Australia
  • Jul 27 Cat Bauer, American novelist (Harley, Like a Person), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Jul 29 "Country" Jem Finer, English banjo player (Pogues-Straight to Hell)
  • Jul 29 Dave Stevens, American illustrator
  • Jul 29 Jean-Hugues Anglade, French actor
  • Jul 30 Rat Scabies [Chris Miller], British rock drummer (the Damned), born in Surrey, England

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 2 Desmond Tutu marries Leah Nomalizo Shinxani

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 2 NFL placekicker Pat Summerall (25) weds Kathy Jacobs

CBS, Fox, and ESPN Sportscaster Pat Summerall
CBS, Fox, and ESPN Sportscaster
Pat Summerall

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 11 "Gone with the Wind" actor Clark Gable (54) weds former fashion model and actress Kay Spreckles

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 29 Mexican artist Diego Rivera (68) marries 4th wife art dealer Emma Hurtado

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 82
  • Jul 6 Paolo Gallico, composer, dies at 87
  • Jul 7 Franco Casavola, composer, dies at 63
  • Jul 9 Don Beauman, British Formula One racing driver, dies at 26
  • Jul 10 Henry W Methorst, Dutch director (Central Bureau of Statistic), dies
  • Jul 13 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, dies at 59
  • Jul 13 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • Jul 16 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise Courtenay], Belgian princess, dies at 81
  • Jul 17 Bronislaw Zygmunt Szulc, composer, dies at 73
  • Jul 19 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), dies at 64
  • Jul 22 Joseph Foley, American actor (Mr Peepers), dies at 45
  • Jul 23 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Un soir de joie), dies at 55
  • Jul 23 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nation (Nobel 1945), dies at 83
  • Jul 23 Harry Haden, actor (Harry-Stu Erwin Show), dies at 73
  • Jul 25 Ilmari Hannikainen, composer, dies at 62
  • Jul 25 Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, Soviet operetta and film composer, dies at 55