On This Day

What Happened in November 1955

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Nov 3 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties
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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
  • Nov 3 First virus crystallized (announced)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Nov 3 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • Nov 3 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 5 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio after it was destroyed in World War II
  • Nov 6 Ryder Cup Golf, Thunderbird Ranch & CC: US wins 8-4; Chick Harbert captains Americans to 7th consecutive event victory
  • Nov 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 7 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • Nov 9 Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca
  • Nov 9 UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics
  • Nov 10 "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 60 performances

  • Nov 12 1st West German officers sworn in
  • Nov 12 E Arcaro, E Sande & G Woolf inaugural inductees in Racing Hall of Fame
  • Nov 13 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
  • Nov 13 Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
  • Nov 15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • Nov 16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • Nov 18 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • Nov 19 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 19 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • Nov 20 Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
  • Nov 20 Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
  • Nov 21 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
  • Nov 21 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

AgreementContract of Interest

Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Nov 23 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • Nov 24 1st test flight of Fokker's F-27 Friendship
  • Nov 25 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states
  • Nov 25 Walter Piston's 6th Symphony premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Nov 26 "Boy Friend" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • Nov 26 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Edmonton Eskimos retain Championship with 34-19 win over Montreal Alouettes
  • Nov 26 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • Nov 26 20th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 26-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 28 KMVI (now WMAU) TV channel 12 in Wailuku, HI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 KTHV TV channel 11 in Little Rock, AR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 1956 NFL Draft: Gary Glick from University of Colorado A&M first pick by Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Nov 29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • Nov 30 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 245 performances
  • Nov 30 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Beth Leavel, American actress (The Drowsy Chaperone), born in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Nov 2 Frank Gilligan, singer (Mason Dixon-Karen Comes Around), born in Queens, New York
  • Nov 2 Mark Reynolds, American yachtsman (Olympic gold, Star class 1992, 2000), born in San Diego, California
  • Nov 2 Chris Burnett, American musician and composer, born in Olathe, Kansas
  • Nov 3 Phil Simms, American NFL quarterback (Super Bowl 1986 [MVP], 90; NY Giants) and broadcaster (ESPN, NBC CBS), born in Springfield, Kentucky
  • Nov 4 Peter Boynton, American actor (Tonio-As the World Turns), born in Damariscotta, Maine
  • Nov 4 Matti Vanhanen, 40th Prime Minister of Finland (2003-10), born in Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Nov 5 Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator, born in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Nov 5 Nestor Serrano, American actor (Navi Araz-24), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Nov 5 Kris Jenner, American TV personality (Keeping Up with the Kardashians), born in San Diego, California
  • Nov 6 Maria Shriver, American newscaster (Sunday Today) and ex-wife of Arnold Schwarzenegger, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 6 Paul Romer, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, endogenous growth theory), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Nov 7 Detlef Ultsch, German judoka (Olympic bronze 1980), born in Sonneberg, Bezirk Suhl, East Germany
  • Nov 7 René Marie, American jazz singer (Sound of Red), born in Warrenton, Virginia
  • Nov 9 Bob Nault, French Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Kenora—Rainy River), born in Ste. Anne, Manitoba
  • Nov 9 Karen Dotrice, British actress (Mary Poppins), born in Guernsey, Channel Islands
  • Nov 9 Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian film director (The Constant Gardener), born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • Nov 9 Don Schiff, American guitarist, born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • Nov 10 Jack Clark, Penns, American MLB outfielder (Giants, Cards, Yanks, Padres), born in New Brighton, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 10 James Chapman, American novelist (Stet)
  • Nov 10 Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director (2012, The Day After Tomorrow), born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • Nov 11 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972- )
  • Nov 12 Leslie McKeown, rock vocalist (Bay City Rollers-Saturday Night)

Person of interestWhoopi Goldberg

Nov 13 Whoopi Goldberg [Caryn Johnson], American actress, comedian and singer (Color Purple, Burglar), born in NYC, New York

  • Nov 14 Jack Sikma, NBA center (Seattle Supersonics, Milwaukee Bucks), born in Kankalee, Illinois
  • Nov 14 Willie Hernandez, pitcher (Cy Young Award)
  • Nov 15 Oliver Conant, American actor (Summer of '42), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 15 Joe Leeway, British instrumentalist and songwriter (Thompson Twins), born in Islington, London, England
  • Nov 15 Georgie Born, English academic, anthropologist and musician (Henry Cow), born in Wheatley, England
  • Nov 15 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • Nov 15 Ildikó Enyedi, Hungarian film director and screenwriter (On Body and Soul), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 16 Pierre Larouche, Canadian National Hockey League player
  • Nov 17 Bill McCreary, Ontario, NHL referee
  • Nov 17 Peter Cox, rocker (Go West-Call Me, Don't Look Down)
  • Nov 17 Yolanda King, actress (Fluke, Ghosts of Mississippi)
  • Nov 17 Dennis Maruk, Canadian hockey player
  • Nov 18 Jake Brockman, British musician (Echo and the Bunnymen), born in Borneo (d. 2009)
  • Nov 19 Gloria Guida, Merano Italy, Miss Teenage Italy (1974)
  • Nov 19 Sam Hamm, American screenwriter
  • Nov 20 Thea Vidale, actress (Family Matters)
  • Nov 20 Timothy Kristian Charles Mace, British cosmonaut
  • Nov 21 Cedric Maxwell, American basketball player
  • Nov 22 James Edwards, American basketball center (NBA C'ship 1989, 90 Detroit Pistons, 1996 Chicago Bulls), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Nov 22 Sue Novara-Reber, cyclist (1975 World sprint champ), born in Flint, Michigan
  • Nov 22 Wayne Tolleson, baseball player
  • Nov 23 Steven Brust, [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)
  • Nov 23 Ludovico Einaudi, Italian composer and pianist
  • Nov 23 Mary Landrieu, American politician, senior senator of Louisiana
  • Nov 24 Clement Burke, rock drummer (Blondie)

Person of interestIan Botham

Nov 24 Ian Botham, England cricket captain, all-rounder (102 Tests, 5,200 runs, 383 wickets), born in Heswall, England

Cricketer Ian Botham
Cricketer
Ian Botham
  • Nov 24 Scott Hoch, American golfer (US Masters 1989 runner-up, Ryder Cup 1997, 2002), born in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Nov 24 Elvis Ramone, American drummer (The Ramones)
  • Nov 24 Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • Nov 24 Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • Nov 25 Bruno Tonioli, Italian born British dancer
  • Nov 26 Bob Walk, American baseball player, born in Van Nuys, California
  • Nov 26 Jay Howell, American baseball pitcher (NY Yankees, Oakland A's), born in Miami, Florida
  • Nov 26 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Nov 27 Bill Nye, the Science Guy, TV Host
  • Nov 27 Pierre Mondou, Canadian ice hockey player
  • Nov 28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • Nov 28 Alessandro Altobelli, Italian footballer
  • Nov 28 Jeffrey Byron, American actor
  • Nov 29 Howie Mandel, comedian (Dr Wayne Fiscus-St Elsewhere), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Nov 30 Andy Gray, English soccer player
  • Nov 30 Billy Idol, [William Broad], rocker (White Wedding)
  • Nov 30 Kevin Conroy, actor (Tour of Duty, Another World), born in Westport, Connecticut
  • Nov 30 Richard Burr, American politician

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 23 Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 W H van Eemlandt, [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies
  • Nov 1 Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)

Person of interestCy Young

Nov 4 Cy Young, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (most wins in MLB history 511), dies of a heart attack at 88

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Nov 5 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • Nov 6 Charley Toorop, [Annie CP Fernhout-Toorop], Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Nov 6 Cornelis GN de Vooys, translator, dies at 82
  • Nov 9 Tom Powers, actor (Station West, Destination Moon), dies at 65
  • Nov 11 Jean-Louis Curtis [Albert Laffitte], French novelist (The Forests of the Night), dies at 38
  • Nov 11 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • Nov 12 Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
  • Nov 12 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Robert E Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois), dies at 59
  • Nov 15 Lloyd Bacon, director (Fuller Brush Girl, 42nd Street), dies at 65
  • Nov 16 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • Nov 17 James P. Johnson, American jazz composer and pianist (Charleston), dies at 64
  • Nov 22 Guy Ropartz [Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz], French composer, dies at 91 (b. 1864)
  • Nov 22 Shemp Howard [Samuel Horwitz], American actor and comedian (3 Stooges), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • Nov 27 Arthur Honegger, Swiss composer (King David, Pacific 231), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • Nov 27 Luis de Freitas Branco, Portuguese composer, dies at 65
  • Nov 27 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74
  • Nov 30 Josip Slavenski, Croatian composer, dies at 59