What Happened in November 1955

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado

Historic Event

Nov 3 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua

  • Nov 3 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • Nov 3 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 3 First virus crystallized (announced)

Polio

Nov 3 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties

  • Nov 5 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens after it was destroyed in World War II, with Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio"
  • Nov 6 Ryder Cup Golf, Thunderbird Ranch & CC: US wins 8-4; Chick Harbert captains Americans to 7th consecutive event victory
  • Nov 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 7 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • Nov 9 Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca
  • Nov 9 UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics
  • Nov 10 James Mundy and John La Touche's musical comedy "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 60 performances
  • Nov 12 1st West German officers sworn in

Hall of Fame

Nov 12 Eddie Arcaro, Earl Sande and George Woolf inaugural inductees in (Horse) Racing Hall of Fame

  • Nov 13 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
  • Nov 13 Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
  • Nov 15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • Nov 16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • Nov 18 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • Nov 19 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, North Dakota (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 19 National Review publishes its first issue
  • Nov 20 Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
  • Nov 20 Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
  • Nov 21 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Juan Peron
  • Nov 21 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Contract of Interest

Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment, paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

  • Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 23 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • Nov 24 1st test flight of Fokker's F-27 Friendship

Historic Event

Nov 25 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

  • Nov 25 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

Music Premiere

Nov 25 Walter Piston's 6th Symphony, composed to mark the 75th Anniversary of the Boston Symphony, premieres, led by Charles Munch

  • Nov 26 "Boy Friend" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • Nov 26 20th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 26-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 26 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Edmonton Eskimos retain Championship with 34-19 win over Montreal Alouettes
  • Nov 26 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • Nov 28 1956 NFL Draft: Gary Glick from University of Colorado A&M first pick by Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Nov 28 KMVI (now WMAU) TV channel 12 in Wailuku, HI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 KTHV TV channel 11 in Little Rock, AR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • Nov 30 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 245 performances
  • Nov 30 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 1 Beth Leavel, American Broadway actress and singer (Baby It's You; The Drowsy Chaperone), born in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Nov 2 Chris Burnett, American musician and composer, born in Olathe, Kansas
  • Nov 2 Frank Gilligan, American singer (Mason Dixon - "Karen Comes Around"), born in Queens, New York
  • Nov 2 Mark Reynolds, American yachtsman (Olympic gold, Star class 1992, 2000), born in San Diego, California
  • Nov 3 Phil Simms, American NFL quarterback (Super Bowl 1986 [MVP], 90; NY Giants) and broadcaster (ESPN, NBC CBS), born in Springfield, Kentucky
  • Nov 4 David Julius, American physiologist (2021 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for receptors for temperature and touch), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 4 Matti Vanhanen, 40th Prime Minister of Finland (2003-10), born in Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Nov 4 Peter Boynton, American actor (Tonio-As the World Turns), born in Damariscotta, Maine
  • Nov 5 Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator, born in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Kris Jenner

Nov 5 Kris Jenner, American businesswoman and TV personality (Keeping Up with the Kardashians), born in San Diego, California

  • Nov 5 Nestor Serrano, American actor (Navi Araz-24), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Nov 6 Maria Shriver, American newscaster (Sunday Today) and ex-wife of Arnold Schwarzenegger, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 6 Paul Romer, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, endogenous growth theory), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Nov 7 Detlef Ultsch, German judoka (Olympic bronze 1980), born in Sonneberg, Bezirk Suhl, East Germany
  • Nov 7 René Marie, American jazz singer (Sound of Red), born in Warrenton, Virginia
  • Nov 8 Patricia Barber, American jazz pianist and vocalist, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 9 Bob Nault, French Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Kenora—Rainy River), born in Ste. Anne, Manitoba
  • Nov 9 Don Schiff, American guitarist, born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • Nov 9 Fernando Meirelles, Brazilian film director (The Constant Gardener), born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • Nov 9 Karen Dotrice, British actress (Mary Poppins), born in Guernsey, Channel Islands
  • Nov 10 Jack Clark, American baseball utility (MLB All-Star 1978, 79, 85, 87; Silver Slugger Award 1985, 87; SF Giants, St. Louis Cardinals), born in New Brighton, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 10 James Chapman, American novelist (Stet)
  • Nov 10 Roland Emmerich, German film producer and director (2012, The Day After Tomorrow), born in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • Nov 11 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972-2006), born in Thimphu, Bhutan
  • Nov 12 Leslie McKeown, Scottish pop vocalist (Bay City Rollers - "Saturday Night"), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2021)
  • Nov 12 Tito Lupini, Italian rugby union prop (11 Tests; Rovigo) and coach (Rovigo), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2021)

Whoopi Goldberg

Nov 13 Whoopi Goldberg [Caryn Johnson], American comedian, actress (The Color Purple; Sister Act), singer, and TV host (The View), born in NYC, New York

  • Nov 14 Jack Sikma, NBA center (Seattle Supersonics, Milwaukee Bucks), born in Kankalee, Illinois
  • Nov 14 Willie Hernandez, pitcher (Cy Young Award)
  • Nov 15 Georgie Born, English academic, anthropologist and musician (Henry Cow), born in Wheatley, England
  • Nov 15 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • Nov 15 Ildikó Enyedi, Hungarian film director and screenwriter (On Body and Soul), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 15 Joe Leeway, British instrumentalist and songwriter (Thompson Twins), born in Islington, London, England
  • Nov 15 Oliver Conant, American actor (Summer of '42), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 16 Chris Layton, American blues-rock drummer (Double Trouble -"Pride and Joy"; Kenny Wayne Shepherd), born in Corpus Christi, Texas
  • Nov 16 Pierre Larouche, Canadian National Hockey League player
  • Nov 17 Bill McCreary, Ontario, NHL referee
  • Nov 17 Dennis Maruk, Canadian hockey player
  • Nov 17 Peter Cox, British pop-rock singer-songwriter (Go West - "Call Me"; "King of Wishful Thinking"), born in Kingston upon Thames, England
  • Nov 17 Yolanda King, actress (Fluke, Ghosts of Mississippi)
  • Nov 18 Jake Brockman, British musician (Echo and the Bunnymen), born in Borneo (d. 2009)
  • Nov 19 Gloria Guida, Italian actress, born in Merano, Italy
  • Nov 19 Peter Aykroyd, Canadian actor, comedian, and writer (SNL, 1980; PSI Factor), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 2021)
  • Nov 19 Sam Hamm, American screenwriter (Batman), born in Charlottesville, Virginia
  • Nov 20 Thea Vidale, American actress and comedian (Thea, Family Matters), born in Washington D. C.
  • Nov 20 Timothy Mace, British cosmonaut, (d. 2014)
  • Nov 21 Cedric Maxwell, American basketball player
  • Nov 21 Jacob Desvarieux, French zouk singer, and guitarist (Kassav'), born in Paris, France (d. 2021)
  • Nov 22 James Edwards, American basketball center (NBA C'ship 1989, 90 Detroit Pistons, 1996 Chicago Bulls), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Nov 22 Sue Novara-Reber, cyclist (1975 World sprint champ), born in Flint, Michigan
  • Nov 22 Wayne Tolleson, baseball player
  • Nov 23 Ludovico Einaudi, Italian pianist, classical and film composer (Divenire), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy
  • Nov 23 Mary Landrieu, American politician (US Senator of Louisiana, 1997-2005), born in Arlington, Virgina
  • Nov 23 Steven Brust [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg), born in St. Paul, Minnesota
  • Nov 24 Clem Burke [Clement Bozewski], American rock drummer (Blondie - "Heart Of Glass"), born in Bayonne, New Jersey
  • Nov 24 Elvis Ramone [Clement Bozewski], American drummer (The Ramones, August 1987), born in Bayonne, New Jersey

Ian Botham

Nov 24 Ian Botham, England cricket captain, all-rounder (102 Tests, 5,200 runs, 383 wickets), born in Heswall, England

  • Nov 24 Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • Nov 24 Scott Hoch, American golfer (US Masters 1989 runner-up, Ryder Cup 1997, 2002), born in Raleigh, North Carolina
  • Nov 24 Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • Nov 25 Bruno Tonioli, Italian born British dancer
  • Nov 26 Bob Walk, American baseball player, born in Van Nuys, California
  • Nov 26 Jay Howell, American baseball pitcher (NY Yankees, Oakland A's), born in Miami, Florida
  • Nov 26 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Nov 27 Bill Nye, American Science presenter (Bill Nye the Science Guy) and engineer, born in Washington D.C.
  • Nov 27 Pierre Mondou, Canadian ice hockey player, born in Sorel, Quebec
  • Nov 28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • Nov 28 Alessandro Altobelli, Italian soccer striker (61 caps; Internazionale 317 games), born in Sonnino, Italy
  • Nov 28 Jeffrey Byron, American actor
  • Nov 29 Howie Mandel, Canadian comedian (Dr Wayne Fiscus-St Elsewhere), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Nov 30 Andy Gray, English soccer player
  • Nov 30 Billy Idol [William Broad], British-American pop-punk singer ("White Wedding"; "Dancing With Myself"), born in Stanmore, England
  • Nov 30 Kevin Conroy, American actor (Tour of Duty, Another World), born in Westport, Connecticut
  • Nov 30 Richard Burr, American politician (Senator-R-North Carolina 2005-, Rep-R-North Carolina 1995-2005), born in Charlottesville, North Carolina

Famous Weddings

Rock Hudson

Nov 9 Actor Rock Hudson marries Phyllis Gates (divorced 1958)

William Shockley

Nov 23 Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning


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Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
  • Nov 1 W H van Eemlandt [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies

Cy Young

Nov 4 Cy Young, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (Cleveland Spiders, Boston Americans; most wins in MLB history 511), dies of a heart attack at 88

  • Nov 5 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • Nov 6 Charley Toorop [Annie CP Fernhout-Toorop], Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Nov 6 Cornelis GN de Vooys, translator, dies at 82
  • Nov 9 Tom Powers, actor (Station West, Destination Moon), dies at 65
  • Nov 11 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • Nov 12 Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (b. 1878)
  • Nov 12 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Robert E Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois), dies at 59
  • Nov 15 Lloyd Bacon, director (Fuller Brush Girl, 42nd Street), dies at 65
  • Nov 16 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • Nov 17 James P. Johnson, American pianist and jazz composer (Charleston), dies at 64
  • Nov 22 Guy Ropartz, French composer, dies at 91 (b. 1864)
  • Nov 22 Shemp Howard [Samuel Horwitz], American actor and comedian (3 Stooges), dies of a heart attack at 60

Arthur Honegger

Nov 27 Arthur Honegger, Swiss composer (King David; Pacific 231), dies of a heart attack at 63

  • Nov 27 Luis de Freitas Branco, Portuguese composer, dies at 65
  • Nov 27 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74
  • Nov 30 Josip Slavenski, Croatian composer, dies at 59