On This Day

What Happened in October 1955

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 "Honeymooners" premieres
  • Oct 1 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • Oct 1 WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, PR (TCI) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 Baltimore Colts fullback Alan Ameche becomes the first rookie in NFL history to top 100 yards rushing in his first 2 games; totals 153 against Detroit Lions after 194 yards in debut v Chicago Bears
  • Oct 2 "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" premieres on CBS television in the US
  • Oct 2 9th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat All-Stars, 3-1
  • Oct 2 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • Oct 2 WHTN (now WOWK) TV ch 13 in Huntington-Charleston, WV (CBS) begins
  • Oct 3 "Captain Kangaroo" premieres on CBS-TV, Good Morning, Captain!
  • Oct 3 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • Oct 3 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • Oct 3 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • Oct 3 WDBJ TV channel 7 in Roanoke, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 3 WTVS TV channel 56 in Detroit, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 Brooklyn Dodgers win their first Baseball World Series with a 2-0 victory in Game 7 against arch-rival New York Yankees; Dodgers had lost their previous 7 World Series
  • Oct 4 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul

  • Oct 7 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Oct 8 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • Oct 11 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • Oct 11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Oct 13 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • Oct 17 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athelete

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • Oct 18 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • Oct 18 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • Oct 20 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
  • Oct 20 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • Oct 20 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Oct 22 WWNY TV channel 7 in Carthage-Watertown, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 23 Dominican League moves to winter baseball for 1st time
  • Oct 25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • Oct 25 Branch Rickey steps down as GM of the Pirates
  • Oct 25 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven
  • Oct 26 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • Oct 26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Oct 27 Argentine peso devalued
  • Oct 27 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 27 "Rebel Without a Cause", directed by Nicholas Ray, starring James Dean and Natalie Wood, is released

Actor James Dean
Actor
James Dean
  • Oct 28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • Oct 29 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • Oct 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • Oct 30 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • Oct 30 7th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 30 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • Oct 31 Mgr Alfrink appointed archbishop of Utrecht

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Howard Hewett, rock vocalist (Shalamar), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Oct 1 Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb
  • Oct 1 Jeff Reardon, American baseball pitcher (4-time MLB All Star; Montreal Expos, Minnesota Twins), born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts
  • Oct 2 Philip Oakey, English rock vocalist (Human Leauge-Only Human), born in Hinckley, Leicestershire, England
  • Oct 3 Ángela Molina, Spanish actress (Lola, Streets of Gold, Half of Heaven), born in Madrid, Spain
  • Oct 3 [Douglas] Allen Woody, bassist (The Allman Brothers Band, Gov't Mule), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2000)
  • Oct 4 Jorge Valdano, Argentine soccer forward and manager (23 caps; Real Madrid), born in Las Parejas, Argentina
  • Oct 4 John Rutherford, Scottish rugby union fly-half (42 caps; British & Irish Lions 1983), born in Selkirk, Scotland
  • Oct 5 Adair Ferguson, Australian rower (Olympics 1996)
  • Oct 5 Leo Barnes, Irish saxophonist (Hothouse Flowers-I'm Sorry, Don't Go)
  • Oct 6 Tony Dungy, American football coach
  • Oct 7 Yo-Yo Ma, Chinese-American cellist (2001 National Medal of Arts, 2011 Presidential Medal of Freedom), born in Paris, France
  • Oct 7 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • Oct 8 Bill Elliott, American auto racer (Winston Cup 1988), born in Dawsonville, Georgia
  • Oct 8 Lonnie Pitchford, American blues musician, born in Lexington, Mississipi (d. 1998)
  • Oct 9 Linwood Boomer, Canadian-American actor (Adam-Little House on the Prairie), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Oct 9 Steve Ovett, British athlete (Olympics gold 800m, bronze 1500m 1980), born in Brighton, England
  • Oct 12 Pat DiNizio, American rock vocalist (The Smithereens), born in Scotch Plains, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Oct 12 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia
  • Oct 12 Jane Siberry, Canadian musician (Calling All Angels), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Oct 15 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • Oct 15 Tanya Roberts, American actress (Charlie's Angels, Sheena), born in The Bronx, New York

Person of interestVictor Pecci

Oct 15 Victor Pecci, Paraguayan tennis star, born in Asuncion, Paraguay

Tennis Player Victor Pecci
Tennis Player
Victor Pecci
  • Oct 15 Kulbir Bhaura, British field hockey player (Olympic gold 1988), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, India
  • Oct 16 Ellen Dolan, Monticello IO, actress (Guiding Light, Margo Hughes-ATWT)
  • Oct 17 Sam Bottoms, actor (Prime Risk, Savages), born in Santa Barbara, California
  • Oct 17 Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
  • Oct 17 Kerry James Marshall, American artist whose works seek to challenge the marginalization of African-Americans, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Oct 18 Timmy Mallett, British TV presenter
  • Oct 18 David Twohy, American movie director and screenwriter
  • Oct 18 Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • Oct 18 Denis Watson, South African golfer (US Open 1985 runner-up; Senior PGA C'ship 2007), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • Oct 19 Lonnie Shelton, NBA forward (NY Knick, Seattle Supersonics)
  • Oct 19 Pat Klous, Hutchinson Ks, actress (Marcy-Flying High, Judy-Love Boat)
  • Oct 19 Nino DeFranco, Canadian musician (The DeFranco Family)
  • Oct 19 Melpo Kosti, Greek actress
  • Oct 20 Robert ten Brink, Dutch TV host/cabaret artist
  • Oct 20 Thomas Newman, American composer
  • Oct 20 David Profumo, English novelist
  • Oct 20 Aaron Pryor, American welterweight boxing champion, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Oct 21 Eric Faulkner, rock guitarist (Bay City Rollers), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Oct 21 Rich Mullins, American musician (d. 1997)
  • Oct 24 Ghulam Parkar, Indian cricketer (Indian batsman v England 1982), born in Kaluste, Maharashtra, India
  • Oct 25 Danny Darwin, American baseball pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates), born in Bonham, Texas
  • Oct 25 Robin Eubanks, American jazz trombonist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 25 Glynis Barber, South African-English actress (Dempsey and Makepeace), born in Durban, South Africa
  • Oct 26 Stephen K Robinson, PhD/astronaut (STS 85, sk:95), born in Sacramento, California
  • Oct 27 Debra Bowen, American politician, 31st Secretary of State of California (2007-15), born in Rockford, Illinois

Person of interestBill Gates

Oct 28 Bill Gates, American businessman and billionaire (founder and CEO of Microsoft, richest person in the world), born in Seattle, Washington

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates
  • Oct 28 Indra Nooyi, Indian American businesswoman (CEO of PepsiCo), born in Madras, India
  • Oct 29 Kevin DuBrow, American heavy metal singer (Quiet Riot) (d. 2007)
  • Oct 29 Roger O'Donnell, English musician (The Cure)
  • Oct 29 Boy Abunda, Filipino journalist and television personality
  • Oct 30 Shanna Reed, American actress (Major Dad, Mirrors), born in Kansas City, Kansas

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 2 Actress Joyce Randolph marries publisher Richard Charles

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Charles Christie, American film studio owner, dies at 75
  • Oct 2 O B Clarence, English actor (Penn of Pensnsylvania), dies at 85
  • Oct 4 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal and supreme commander, dies at 71
  • Oct 9 Alice Joyce, actress (Song O' My Heart), dies at 65
  • Oct 12 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • Oct 13 Manuel Ávila Camacho, 45th President of Mexico (1940-46), dies at 58
  • Oct 15 Fumio Hayasaka, composer, dies at 41
  • Oct 18 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), dies at 72
  • Oct 19 John Hodiak, American actor (Battleground, A Bell for Adamo, Lifeboat), dies from coronary thrombosis at 41
  • Oct 19 Carlos Dávila, President of Government Junta of Chile (1932), dies at 68
  • Oct 20 Eino Roiha, Finnish composer, dies at 51
  • Oct 21 Roy Minnett, Australian cricketer (all-rounder prior to WWI), dies
  • Oct 24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • Oct 26 Arne Eggen, Norwegian composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 27 Clark Griffith, American MLB baseball player and manager (NY Yankees), dies at 85
  • Oct 27 Vladimir Mikhaylovich Deshevov, composer, dies at 66
  • Oct 31 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), is shot by his wife after being mistaken for an intruder at 35
  • Oct 31 Alban Collignon, Belgian sport journalist, dies at 74