On This Day

What Happened in November 1956

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • Nov 1 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • Nov 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • Nov 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • Nov 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact

Catholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum

  • Nov 1 Kerala state is formed in India
  • Nov 2 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • Nov 3 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip

The Wizard of Oz

Nov 3 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz" televised for 1st time - hosted by Bert Lahr and 10 year old Liza Minnelli, as the finale of the Ford Star Jubilee series (CBS-TV)

  • Nov 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 5 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • Nov 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • Nov 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • Nov 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime

Television Debut

Nov 5 "The Nat King Cole Show" debuts on NBC, the first variety program to be hosted by an African-American

  • Nov 6 Netherlands and Spain withdraw from Olympics in protest against Soviet actions in the Hungarian Revolution

Election of Interest

Nov 6 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

  • Nov 6 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United Nations

Nov 7 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

  • Nov 8 UN demands USSR leave Hungary

Film Release

Nov 8 Biblical drama film "The Ten Commandments", directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner opens in the US

Historic Event

Nov 8 NYT critic Brooks Atkinson writes of Eugene O'Neill's latest play 'With the production of 'Long Day's Journey Into Night' at the Helen Hayes last evening, the American theater acquires size and stature." [1]

Pro Wrestling

Nov 9 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St Louis, to become NWA wrestling champion

Music Premiere

Nov 10 Gene de Paul and Johnny Mercer's musical "Li'l Abner", based on the hillbilly comic strip, opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 693 performances

  • Nov 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • Nov 13 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional
  • Nov 14 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion

Film Premiere

Nov 15 "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US

  • Nov 15 "Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 693 performances
  • Nov 16 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, named Musical Director of La Scala, Milan

Sports History

Nov 17 Syracuse fullback Jim Brown, scores NCAA record of 43 pts (vs Colgate)

  • Nov 17 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Nov 18 Morocco gains independence

Historic Event

Nov 18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

  • Nov 21 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award
  • Nov 22 XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia; first to be staged in Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as first to be held outside Europe and North America

Sports History

Nov 22 Boston shooting guard Bill Sharman hits 10 free throws in Celtics 101-78 over Philadelphia Warriors at Philadelphia Civic Center; begins NBA FT streak of 55 games

  • Nov 23 Vladimir Kuts of the Soviet Union runs Olympic record 28:45.6 to win the 10,000m at the Melbourne Olympics; later also wins 5,000m gold
  • Nov 24 Richard Adler and Jerry Ross' musical "The Pajama Game" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 1063 performances, and a Tony Award for Best Musical
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos make it 3rd consecutive Championships; defeat Montreal Alouettes for 3rd straight year, 50-27
  • Nov 24 Americans go 1-2 in the men's 100m final at the Melbourne Olympics; Bobby Morrow and Thane Baker both record hand-timed 10.50s but automatic timing gives gold medal to Morrow
  • Nov 24 Glenn Davis leads an American trifecta in the men's 400m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record equalling 50.1s to beat teammates Eddie Southern and Joshua Culbreath
  • Nov 26 TV game show "The Price Is Right", hosted by Bill Cullen, debuts on NBC
  • Nov 26 USSR coxless pairs scull rower Viktor Ivanov wins Olympic silver medal; in his excitement he drops his medal, it sinks in Lake Wendouree (Victoria, Australia) and is later recovered by a local teenager
  • Nov 26 Egil Danielsen of Norway sets a new world record throw of 85.71m to win the men's javelin gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 26 Australian sprinter Betty Cuthbert wins the coveted 100m gold medal in 11.5 at the Melbourne Olympics; takes sprint double winning 200m final four days later
  • Nov 26 American weightlifter Charles Vinci wins bantamweight gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with world-record 3-lift (snatch, clean & jerk, overhead press) total of 342.5 kilograms
  • Nov 27 Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett's "The Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • Nov 27 1957 NFL Draft: Paul Hornung from University of Notre Dame first pick by Green Bay Packers
  • Nov 27 Bobby Morrow takes out the Melbourne Olympics sprint double when he wins the 200m gold medal in equal world record 20.75s; beats American teammates Andy Stanfield and Thane Baker
  • Nov 27 Al Oerter wins first of 4 consecutive men's discus gold medals when he throws Olympic record 56.36m to lead an American medal sweep at the Melbourne Games; Fortune Gordien silver, Desmond Koch bronze
  • Nov 27 Elżbieta Krzesińska of Poland equals world record with leap of 6.53m to win the women's long jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 28 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • Nov 28 Leonid Spirin leads a Soviet Union 1-2-3 to win the men's 20 kilometre walk gold medal in 1:31:27.4 at the Melbourne Olympics; beats teammates Antanas Mikėnas and Bruno Junk
  • Nov 28 Lee Calhoun leads an American trifecta in the men's 110m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record 13.5s to beat teammates Jack Davis and Joel Shankle
  • Nov 28 Soviet runner Vladimir Kuts wraps up the Olympic middle distance double by winning the 5,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; runs Olympic records in both 5k and 10,000m events
  • Nov 28 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty of Australia retains her 80m hurdles Olympic title in OR 10.7s beating German Gisela Birkemeyer by just 0.2s at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 29 Jule Styne, Betty Comden and Adolph Green's musical"Bells Are Ringing", starring Judy Holiday, opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 924 performances, wins 2 Tony Awards
  • Nov 29 Chris Brasher becomes first Briton to win an Olympic gold medal in track and field since 1936; claims 3,000m steeplechase in 8:41.2 at the Melbourne Games; initially disqualified but reversed on appeal
  • Nov 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

Boxing Title Fight

Nov 30 At 21 years, 10 months, 3 weeks, 5 days Floyd Patterson becomes youngest world heavyweight boxing champion; KOs Archie Moore in 5th round in Chicago; first Olympic gold medalist to win a professional heavyweight title

  • Nov 30 Australian Betty Cuthbert takes Olympic sprint double when she runs OR equalling 23.4s to win the 200m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; beats Christa Stubnick in repeat of 100m final 4 days earlier
  • Nov 30 Milt Campbell sets Olympic record total of 7,937 points to upset fellow American and world record holder Rafer Johnson, and win the decathlon gold medal at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 30 Jon Henricks swims world record 55.4 to win the men's 100m at the Melbourne Olympics; rare Australian 1-2-3 with John Devitt and Gary Chapman taking the minor medals
  • Nov 30 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 2nd straight K-1 10,000m canoeing gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; last time event held in the Summer Olympics; also wins 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m gold

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 3 Kevin Murphy, American actor and puppeteer
  • Nov 3 Gary Ross, American film director
  • Nov 3 Bob Welch, American baseball pitcher (AL Cy Young Award 1990; Oakland A's; World Series 1981, 89, 2001), born in Seal Beach, California (d. 2014)
  • Nov 4 James Honeyman-Scott, English rock guitarist and vocalist (Pretenders), born in Hereford, Herefordshire, England (d. 1982)
  • Nov 4 Jordan Rudess, American progressive rock keyboardist (Dream Theater), born in New York
  • Nov 5 Jeff Watson, American rock guitarist (Night Ranger, 1982–89 & 1996–2007 - "Sister Christain"), born in Sacramento, California
  • Nov 5 Rob Fisher, British rock keyboardist (Naked Eyes -"Always Something There to Remind Me"), born in Bath, England (d. 1999)
  • Nov 5 Helen O'Hara [Bevington], British rock violinist (Dexys Midnight Runners - "Come On Eileen"), born in Bristol, England
  • Nov 6 Graeme Wood, Australian cricket batsman (59 Tests, 9 x 100, HS 172; 83 ODIs, 3 x 100; WA CA), born in East Fremantle, Australia
  • Nov 7 Denise Jannah [Zeefuik], Suriname-Dutch jazz singer (Farmer's Market), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • Nov 7 Judy Tenuta, American comedian, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 8 Randi Brooks, American actress (Man With 2 Brains, Tightrope), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 8 Richard Curtis, British screenwriter (Blackadder, Four Wedding and a Funeral), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Nov 9 Kevin Savigar, British session and touring keyboard player, songwriter, and record producer (Rod Stewart), born in London, England
  • Nov 9 Eve de Castro-Robinson, New Zealand classical composer (Other Echoes; A Chaos Of Delight), music director (Karlheinz Company), and educator (University of Auckland), born in London, England
  • Nov 10 Matt Craven, Canadian actor (Juror, Killer, K2), born in Port Colborne, Ontario
  • Nov 10 Sinbad [David Adkins], American comedian and actor (First Kid, Vibe), born in Benton Harbor, Michigan
  • Nov 10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • Nov 11 Billy Smith, American country singer (Billy & Terry Smith), born in Reidsville, North Carolina
  • Nov 11 Ian Craig Marsh, British rock keyboardist (The Human League - "Don't You Want Me"; Heaven 17), born in Sheffield, England
  • Nov 12 Rhonda Shear, American comedian (Up All Night), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Nov 13 Aldo Nova, Canadian rocker (Blood on the Bricks), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Nov 13 Ginger Alden, American actress, born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Nov 13 Charlie Baker, American politician, Governor of Massachusetts (2015-), born in Elmira, New York
  • Nov 13 Bill Scanlon, American tennis player (World #9 1984; 6 x ATP titles), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2021)
  • Nov 14 Kenneth D Bowersox, Portsmouth Va, USN/astro (STS 50, 61, 73, 82)
  • Nov 14 Keith Alexander, British soccer forward (3 caps St Lucia; Grimsby Town FC, Lincoln City FC) and manager (Lincoln, Peterborough, Macclesfield), born in Nottingham, England (d. 2010)
  • Nov 15 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • Nov 15 Zlatko Kranjčar, Croatian soccer striker (2 caps; Dinamo Zagreb, Rapid Wien) and manager (Croatia, Montenegro, Dinamo Zagreb), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 2021)
  • Nov 16 Terry Labonte, American NASCAR driver
  • Nov 17 Enzo Favata, Italian jazz saxophonist and composer, born in Alghero, Sardinia, Italy
  • Nov 18 Tony Franklin, American football kicker (Pro Bowl, NFL scoring leader 1986; New England Patriots), born in Big Spring, Texas
  • Nov 18 Warren Moon, NFL quarterback (Houston Oilers, Seahawks, Vikings)
  • Nov 18 Noel Brotherston, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1995)
  • Nov 18 Laura Lynch, American bluegrass and country musician and songwriter (Dixie Chicks, 1989-95), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Nov 19 Eileen Collins, American USAF and astronaut (STS 63, 84), born in Elmira, New York
  • Nov 19 Glynnis O'Connor, American actress (California Dreaming, Ode to Billy Joe), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 19 Scott Jacoby, American actor (Bad Ronald, Return to Horror High), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 19 Ann Curry, American journalist (NBC), born in Agaña, Guam
  • Nov 19 Ik-Hwan Bae, South Korean-American violinist (Bargemusic, 1982-95) and educator (Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, 1999-2014), born in Seoul, South Korea (d. 2014)
  • Nov 20 Bo Derek [Mary Collins], American actress (10, Tarzan the Ape Man), born in Long Beach, California
  • Nov 20 Dan Powers, American rock guitarist (Michael Stanley Band, 1983-87), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Nov 20 Mark Gastineau, American NFL end (NY Jets, Pro Bowl 1981-85), born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • Nov 21 Mariana Simionescu, Romanian tennis player (1st wife of Björn Borg), born in Tirgu Neamt, Romania
  • Nov 21 Terri Welles [Knepper], American playboy model (Dec 1980, Playmate of the Year 1981), born in Santa Monica, California
  • Nov 21 Cherry Jones, American stage and TV actress (Doubt, 24), born in Paris, Tennessee
  • Nov 22 Lawrence Gowan, Canadian singer (Styx)
  • Nov 22 Richard Kind, American actor
  • Nov 23 Bruce Edgar, New Zealand cricketer (NZ opener through the 80's), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Nov 23 Shane Gould, Australian freestyle swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1972), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Nov 25 Ena Heese, South African costume designer (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 25 Liana Vicens, Puerto Rico, 100m breaststroke (Olympics 1968)
  • Nov 25 Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • Nov 26 Nico Slothouwer, Dutch poet (The Man and His Bag), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Nov 26 Dale Jarrett, American race car driver (Daytona 500 champion 1993, 96, 2000), born in Conover, North Carolina
  • Nov 26 Don Lake, Canadian television writer (The Bonnie Hunt Show), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Nov 26 Marty Smith, American motocross racer (AMA 125cc 1974, 75; AMA 500cc 1977), born in San Diego, California (d. 2020)
  • Nov 27 William Fichtner, American actor (Prison Break), born at Mitchel Air Force Base, New York
  • Nov 28 Kristine Arnold, American country singer (Sweethearts of Rodeo - "Midnight Girl"), born in Torrance, California
  • Nov 28 Lucy Gutteridge, actress (Top Secret, Trouble With Spies)
  • Nov 28 David Van Day [David Paul Day], British pop singer (Dollar - "Loves Gotta Hold On Me"), born in Brighton, Sussex, England
  • Nov 29 Hinton Battle, American Tony Award-winning singer, dancer, and actor (The Wiz), born in Neubrücke, Hoppstädten, West Germany
  • Nov 29 Leo Laporte, American television personality (The Tech Guy), born in New York City
  • Nov 29 Eric Laakso, American NFL player (Miami Dolphins), born in New York City

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Lajos Asztalos, Hungarian chess player (International Chess Master 1950), dies at 67
  • Nov 1 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), dies at 85
  • Nov 2 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, dies at 77
  • Nov 2 Leo Baeck, President of World Union for Progressive Judaism, dies at 83
  • Nov 5 Art Tatum, American jazz pianist and composer, dies from complications of uremia at 47
  • Nov 7 Una Mae Carlisle, American jazz pianist and singer ("Walkin' By The River"), dies of pneumonia at 40
  • Nov 9 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), dies at 78
  • Nov 10 Victor Young, American violinist, arranger, orchestra leader, and composer ("Street of Dreams"; "Love Letters"; "I Don't Stand a Ghost of a Chance with You"), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 57
  • Nov 14 Ture Persson, Swedish sprinter (Olympic silver 1912), dies at 63
  • Nov 19 Francis L Sullivan, British actor (Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, Missing Rembrandt), dies from a lung ailment at 53
  • Nov 21 Jean Desmet, Dutch early film distributor and cinema owner dies at 80
  • Nov 22 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, dies at 77
  • Nov 22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 74
  • Nov 23 Jeanne Cappe, Belgian author (Tres Grand Cardinal), dies at about 61
  • Nov 24 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, dies in a plane crash at Orly Airport, Paris at 36

Tommy Dorsey

Nov 26 Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist and big band leader ("Opus No. 1"; "I'll Never Smile Again"; "Yes, Indeed!"), dies at 51