On This Day

What Happened in November 1956

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • Nov 1 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • Nov 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • Nov 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • Nov 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 1 Nobel for physics awarded to William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain and John Bardeen

Physicist Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist
Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Nov 1 Kerala state is formed in India
  • Nov 2 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • Nov 3 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip

Film PremierThe Wizard of Oz

Nov 3 "The Wizard of Oz" 1st televised (CBS-TV)

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Publicity still of the Wizard of Oz, showing the Tin Man, Scarecrow, Dorothy and Cowardly Lion
Publicity still of the Wizard of Oz, showing the Tin Man, Scarecrow, Dorothy and Cowardly Lion
Learn More
  • Nov 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 5 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • Nov 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • Nov 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • Nov 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Nov 5 The Nat King Cole Show debuts on NBC, the first variety program to be hosted by an African-American

Musician Nat King Cole
Musician
Nat King Cole
  • Nov 6 Netherlands and Spain withdraw from Olympics in protest against Soviet actions in the Hungarian Revolution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 6 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • Nov 6 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United <b>Nations</b>United Nations

Nov 7 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld
  • Nov 8 UN demands USSR leave Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St Louis, to become NWA wrestling champion

Professional Wrestler Lou Thesz
Professional Wrestler
Lou Thesz

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 10 Gene de Paul and Johnny Mercer's musical "Li'l Abner" premieres in NYC

Songwriter Johnny Mercer
Songwriter
Johnny Mercer
  • Nov 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • Nov 13 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional
  • Nov 14 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion

Film release premierFilm Premier

Nov 15 "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Nov 15 "Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater NYC for 693 performances
  • Nov 16 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, named Musical Director of La Scala, Milan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Syracuse fullback Jim Brown, scores NCAA record of 43 pts (vs Colgate)

NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown
  • Nov 17 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Nov 18 Morocco gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Nov 21 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award
  • Nov 22 XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia; first to be staged in Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as first to be held outside Europe and North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Bill Sharman (Boston) begins NBA free throw streak of 55 games

NBA Guard Bill Sharman
NBA Guard
Bill Sharman
  • Nov 23 Vladimir Kuts of the Soviet Union runs Olympic record 28:45.6 to win the 10,000m at the Melbourne Olympics; later also wins 5,000m gold
  • Nov 24 "Pajama Game" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1063 performances
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos make it 3rd consecutive Championships; defeat Montreal Alouettes for 3rd straight year, 50-27
  • Nov 24 Americans go 1-2 in the men's 100m final at the Melbourne Olympics; Bobby Morrow and Thane Baker both record hand-timed 10.50s but automatic timing gives gold medal to Morrow
  • Nov 24 Glenn Davis leads an American trifecta in the men's 400m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record equalling 50.1s to beat teammates Eddie Southern and Joshua Culbreath
  • Nov 26 "The Price Is Right" debuts on NBC
  • Nov 26 USSR single sculls winner Vyacheslav Ivanov wins Olympic gold medal in his excitement he jumps for joy, & loses his medal, it sinks
  • Nov 26 Egil Danielsen of Norway sets a new world record throw of 85.71m to win the men's javelin gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 26 Australian sprinter Betty Cuthbert wins the coveted 100m gold medal in 11.5 at the Melbourne Olympics; takes sprint double winning 200m final four days later
  • Nov 26 American weightlifter Charles Vinci wins bantamweight gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with world-record 3-lift (snatch, clean & jerk, overhead press) total of 342.5 kilograms
  • Nov 27 F Goodrich and A Hackett's "Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • Nov 27 1957 NFL Draft: Paul Hornung from University of Notre Dame first pick by Green Bay Packers
  • Nov 27 Bobby Morrow takes out the Melbourne Olympics sprint double when he wins the 200m gold medal in equal world record 20.75s; beats American teammates Andy Stanfield and Thane Baker
  • Nov 27 Al Oerter wins first of 4 consecutive men's discus gold medals when he throws Olympic record 56.36m to lead an American medal sweep at the Melbourne Games; Fortune Gordien silver, Desmond Koch bronze
  • Nov 27 Elżbieta Krzesińska of Poland equals world record with leap of 6.53m to win the women's long jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 28 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • Nov 28 Leonid Spirin leads a Soviet Union 1-2-3 to win the men's 20 kilometre walk gold medal in 1:31:27.4 at the Melbourne Olympics; beats teammates Antanas Mikėnas and Bruno Junk
  • Nov 28 Lee Calhoun leads an American trifecta in the men's 110m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record 13.5s to beat teammates Jack Davis and Joel Shankle
  • Nov 28 Soviet runner Vladimir Kuts wraps up the Olympic middle distance double by winning the 5,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; runs Olympic records in both 5k and 10,000m events
  • Nov 28 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty of Australia retains her 80m hurdles Olympic title in OR 10.7s beating German Gisela Birkemeyer by just 0.2s at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 29 "Bells Are Ringing" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 925 performances
  • Nov 29 Chris Brasher becomes first Briton to win an Olympic gold medal in track and field since 1936; claims 3,000m steeplechase in 8:41.2 at the Melbourne Games; initially disqualified but reversed on appeal
  • Nov 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Nov 30 At 21 years, 10 months, 3 weeks, 5 days Floyd Patterson becomes youngest world heavyweight boxing champion; KOs Archie Moore in 5th round in Chicago; first Olympic gold medalist to win a professional heavyweight title

Boxing Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxing Champion
Floyd Patterson
Boxing Champion Archie Moore
Boxing Champion
Archie Moore
  • Nov 30 Australian Betty Cuthbert takes Olympic sprint double when she runs OR equalling 23.4s to win the 200m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; beats Christa Stubnick in repeat of 100m final 4 days earlier
  • Nov 30 Milt Campbell sets Olympic record total of 7,937 points to upset fellow American and world record holder Rafer Johnson, and win the decathlon gold medal at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 30 Jon Henricks swims world record 55.4 to win the men's 100m at the Melbourne Olympics; rare Australian 1-2-3 with John Devitt and Gary Chapman taking the minor medals
  • Nov 30 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 2nd straight K-1 10,000m canoeing gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; last time event held in the Summer Olympics; also wins 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m gold

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 3 Kevin Murphy, American actor and puppeteer
  • Nov 3 Gary Ross, American film director
  • Nov 3 Bob Welch, American baseball pitcher (AL Cy Young Award 1990; Oakland A's; World Series 1981, 89, 2001), born in Seal Beach, California (d. 2014)
  • Nov 4 James Honeyman-Scott, English rock guitarist and vocalist (Pretenders), born in Hereford, Herefordshire, England (d. 1982)
  • Nov 4 Jordan Rudess, American progressive rock keyboardist (Dream Theater), born in New York
  • Nov 5 Jeff Watson, American rock guitarist (Night Ranger), born in Sacramento, California
  • Nov 5 Rob Fisher, British rock keyboardist (Naked Eyes), born in Bath, England (d. 1999)
  • Nov 5 Helen O'Hara [Bevington], British rock violinist (Dexys Midnight Runners - "Come On Eileen"), born in Bristol, England
  • Nov 6 Graeme Wood, Australian cricketer (Australian lefty opening batsman 1978-88), born in East Fremantle, Australia
  • Nov 7 Denise Jannah [Zeefuik], Suriname-Dutch jazz singer (Farmer's Market), born in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • Nov 7 Judy Tenuta, American comedian, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 8 Randi Brooks, American actress (Man With 2 Brains, Tightrope), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 8 Richard Curtis, British screenwriter (Blackadder, Four Wedding and a Funeral), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • Nov 9 Kevin Savigar, English musician and record producer, born in England, United Kingdom
  • Nov 10 Matt Craven, Canadian actor (Juror, Killer, K2), born in Port Colborne, Ontario
  • Nov 10 Sinbad [David Adkins], American comedian and actor (First Kid, Vibe), born in Benton Harbor, Michigan
  • Nov 10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • Nov 11 Billy Smith, American country singer (Billy & Terry Smith), born in Reidsville, North Carolina
  • Nov 11 Ian Craig Marsh, English, rocker (The Human League, Heaven 17), born in Sheffield, England
  • Nov 12 Rhonda Shear, comedian (Up All Night), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Nov 13 Aldo Nova, Canadian rocker (Blood on the Bricks), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Nov 13 Ginger Alden, American actress, born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Nov 13 Charlie Baker, American politician, Governor of Massachusetts (2015-), born in Elmira, New York
  • Nov 14 Kenneth D Bowersox, Portsmouth Va, USN/astro (STS 50, 61, 73, 82)
  • Nov 15 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • Nov 15 Zlatko Kranjčar, Croatian soccer striker (2 caps; Dinamo Zagreb, Rapid Wien) and manager (Croatia, Montenegro, Dinamo Zagreb), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 2021)
  • Nov 16 Terry Labonte, American NASCAR driver
  • Nov 18 Tony Franklin, NFL kicker (Philadelphia Eagles, New England Patriots)
  • Nov 18 Warren Moon, NFL quarterback (Houston Oilers, Seahawks, Vikings)
  • Nov 18 Noel Brotherston, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1995)
  • Nov 18 Laura Lynch, American bluegrass and country musician and songwriter (Dixie Chicks, 1989-95), born in El Paso, Texas
  • Nov 19 Eileen Marie Collins, Elmira NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 63, 84)
  • Nov 19 Glynnis O'Connor, American actress (California Dreaming, Ode to Billy Joe), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 19 Scott Jacoby, actor (Bad Ronald, Return to Horror High), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 19 Ann Curry, American journalist
  • Nov 19 Ik-Hwan Bae, South Korean-American violinist (Bargemusic, 1982-95) and educator (Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, 1999-2014), born in Seoul, South Korea (d. 2014)
  • Nov 20 Bo Derek [Mary Collins], American actress (10, Tarzan the Ape Man), born in Long Beach, California
  • Nov 20 Dan Powers, American rock guitarist (Michael Stanley Band, 1983-87), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Nov 20 Mark Gastineau, American NFL end (NY Jets, Pro Bowl 1981-85), born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • Nov 21 Mariana Simionescu, Romanian tennis player (1st wife of Björn Borg), born in Tirgu Neamt, Romania
  • Nov 21 Terri Welles [Knepper], American playboy model (Dec 1980, Playmate of the Year 1981), born in Santa Monica, California
  • Nov 21 Cherry Jones, American stage and TV actress (Doubt, 24), born in Paris, Tennessee
  • Nov 22 Lawrence Gowan, Canadian singer (Styx)
  • Nov 22 Richard Kind, American actor
  • Nov 23 Bruce Edgar, cricketer (NZ opener through the 80')
  • Nov 23 Shane Gould, Australian freestyle swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1972), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Nov 25 Ena Heese, South African costume designer (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 25 Liana Vicens, Puerto Rico, 100m breaststroke (Olympics 1968)
  • Nov 25 Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • Nov 26 Nico Slothouwer, Dutch poet (Man & his Bag)
  • Nov 26 Dale Jarrett, American race car driver (Daytona 500 champion 1993, 96, 2000), born in Conover, North Carolina
  • Nov 26 Don Lake, Canadian television writer (The Bonnie Hunt Show), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Nov 26 Marty Smith, American motocross racer (AMA 125cc 1974, 75; AMA 500cc 1977), born in San Diego, California (d. 2020)
  • Nov 27 William Fichtner, American actor (Prison Break), born at Mitchel Air Force Base, New York
  • Nov 28 Kristine Arnold, American country singer (Sweethearts of Rodeo - "Midnight Girl"), born in Torrance, California
  • Nov 28 Lucy Gutteridge, actress (Top Secret, Trouble With Spies)
  • Nov 28 David Van Day [David Paul Day], British pop singer (Dollar - "Loves Gotta Hold On Me"), born in Brighton, Sussex, England
  • Nov 29 Hinton Battle, American Tony Award winning singer, dancer, and actor (The Wiz), born in Neubrücke, Hoppstädten, West Germany
  • Nov 29 Leo Laporte, American television personality
  • Nov 29 Eric Laakso, American football player

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 1 Lajos Asztalos, Hungarian chess player (International Chess Master 1950), dies at 67
  • Nov 1 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), dies at 85
  • Nov 2 Jacob Weinberg, Russian-born Jewish composer, dies at 77
  • Nov 2 Leo Baeck, President of World Union for Progressive Judaism, dies at 83
  • Nov 5 Art Tatum [Arthur Tatum Jr], American jazz pianist and composer, dies from complications of uremia at 47
  • Nov 7 Una Mae Carlisle, US pianist/singer, dies at 40
  • Nov 9 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), dies at 78

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

Nov 10 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil, dies at 80

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • Nov 11 Victor Young, American composer and orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show), dies at 56
  • Nov 19 Francis L Sullivan, British actor (Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, Missing Rembrandt), dies from a lung ailment at 53
  • Nov 22 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, dies at 77
  • Nov 22 Theodore Kosloff, Russian-born actor, ballet dancer and choreographer, dies at 74
  • Nov 23 Jeanne Cappe, Belgian author (Tres Grand Cardinal), dies at about 61
  • Nov 24 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, dies in a plane crash at Orly Airport, Paris at 36

Person of interestTommy Dorsey

Nov 26 Tommy Dorsey, American trombonist and big band leader (Opus No. 1; I'll Never Smile Again), dies at 51

Jazz Trombonist and Big Band Leader Tommy Dorsey
Jazz Trombonist and Big Band Leader
Tommy Dorsey