On This Day

What Happened in October 1957

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
  • Oct 1 First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees appear in their 25th Baseball World Series; beat Milwaukee Braves, 3-1 in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; lose series, 4-3
  • Oct 2 New volcanic island appears off Fayal Island Azores

The Bridge on the River Kwai

Oct 2 "The Bridge on the River Kwai", directed by David Lean and starring William Holden and Alec Guinness, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1958)

Election of Interest

Oct 3 German statesman Willy Brandt is elected mayor of West Berlin (1957-1966)

Historic Event

Oct 3 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene

  • Oct 4 TV sitcom "Leave It to Beaver" debuts on CBS
  • Oct 4 Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite into elliptical low Earth orbit
  • Oct 4 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario
  • Oct 5 11th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 5-3
  • Oct 5 Ryder Cup Golf, Lindrick GC: Great Britain-Ireland win, 7½-4½; Dai Rees captains home team to first Cup victory since 1933
  • Oct 5 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 7 KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 8 Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
  • Oct 8 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • Oct 8 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • Oct 8 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • Oct 9 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Milwaukee Braves beat NY Yankees, 5-0 at Yankee Stadium to clinch 4 games to 3 series victory; MVP: Braves pitcher Lew Burdette (3-0)

Historic Event

Oct 10 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

  • Oct 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 10 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • Oct 12 "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
  • Oct 12 "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • Oct 12 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
  • Oct 12 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • Oct 13 German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency

#1 in the Charts

Oct 14 Everly Brothers' single "Wake Up Little Susie" reaches #1

Historic Event

Oct 14 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

  • Oct 15 Giants trade Minneapolis franchise to Red Sox for SF Seals-franchises only, not the players

Historic Event

Oct 16 Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia

  • Oct 16 USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space
  • Oct 17 "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • Oct 17 Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
  • Oct 17 Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed

Nobel Prize

Oct 17 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

  • Oct 17 II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
  • Oct 19 "Damn Yankees" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,022 performances

Sports History

Oct 19 Montreal Canadien Maurice "Rocket" Richard, becomes the 1st NHLer to score 500 goals

  • Oct 20 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings without losing a wicket

Historic Event

Oct 20 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

Nobel Prize

Oct 20 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

  • Oct 21 Giants purchase Class-A Phoenix team

Election of Interest

Oct 22 Konrad Adenauer re-elected Chancellor of West Germany

  • Oct 22 KJAC TV channel 4 in Port Arthur-Beaumont, TX (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Oct 23 First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
  • Oct 24 Cincinnati Redlegs decline to move to Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City
  • Oct 24 The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
  • Oct 25 Russian minister of Defense Zjoekov deposed

Murder of Interest

Oct 25 Cosa Nostra crime boss Albert Anastasia is murdered in a barber's chair in New York City, probably by fellow mobster Joe Gallo

Historic Event

Oct 26 USSR fires defense minister Marshal Georgi Zhukov

  • Oct 27 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • Oct 27 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 27 WPTA TV channel 21 in Fort Wayne, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 28 WMVS TV channel 10 in Milwaukee, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 29 Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)

Music Premiere

Oct 30 Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • Oct 30 WLWI (now WTHR) TV channel 13 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Oct 30 WYTV TV channel 33 in Youngstown, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 31 Yip Harburg, Fred Saidy, and Harold Arlen's musical "Jamaica", starring Lena Horne, opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 558 performances

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Stelios Mainas, Greek actor
  • Oct 2 John Cook, American golfer (British Open, PGA C'ship 1992 runner-up; 11 PGA Tour titles), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Oct 2 Gordie Roberts, American NHL defenceman (Stanley Cup 1991-92, Pittsburgh Penguins; first American to 1,000 NHL games), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 2 Wade Dooley, English rugby union lock (57 caps; 2 caps British Lions; Preston Grasshoppers RFC), born in Warrington, England
  • Oct 3 Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • Oct 4 Gregory T. Linteris, American astronaut and payload specialist (STS-83, STS-94), born in Demarest, New Jersey
  • Oct 4 Bill Fagerbakke, American actor (Coach - "Dauber"; SpongeBob - "Patrick Star"), born in Fontana, California
  • Oct 4 Kyra Schon, American actress (Night Of The Living Dead), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 4 Russell Simmons, American hip-hop music magnate (Def Jam), and entrepreneur, born in Queens, New York
  • Oct 5 Jeanne Evert, tennis player, Chris' sister
  • Oct 5 Larry Saumell, American jockey (d. 2011)
  • Oct 5 Lee "Kix" Thompson, saxophonist (Madness - "Baggy Trousers", "Our House"), born in St Pancras, London, England
  • Oct 5 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • Oct 5 Bernie Mac, American comedian (d. 2008)

Jayne Torvill

Oct 7 Jayne Torvill, English ice dancer (Torvill & Dean, Olympic gold 1984), born in Nottingham, England

  • Oct 8 Doug Cox, Canadian 90 kg Greco Roman wrestler (Olympics 1996), born in Guelph, Ontario
  • Oct 8 James DePaiva, American actor (Max Holden-One Life to Live), born in Livermore, California
  • Oct 8 Antonio Cabrini, Italian footballer (Juventus, Italian national team 1982 FIFA Champion), born in Cremona, Italy
  • Oct 8 Joe Castiglione, American college athletic director, born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Oct 9 Yuri Usachyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-18, TM-23), born in Donetsk, Russia
  • Oct 9 Don Garber, American sports commissioner, born in Queens, New York
  • Oct 9 Ini Kamoze [Cecil Campbell], Jamaican reggae singer ("Here Comes the Hotstepper"), born in Saint Mary's, Jamaica
  • Oct 10 Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist, born in Niigata, Japan
  • Oct 11 Dawn French, Welsh comedian and TV actress (Supergrass, French & Saunders, The Vicar of Dibley), born in Holyhead, Wales
  • Oct 11 Blair Cunningham, American rock drummer (Haircut 100), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Oct 11 Paul Bown, English actor (Watching), born in Fenton, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England
  • Oct 11 Paul Sereno, American paleontologist (discovered several new dinosaur species), born in Aurora, Illinois
  • Oct 14 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • Oct 14 Kenny Neal, American blues musician (Let Life Flow), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Oct 15 Mira Nair, Indian-American filmmaker (Monsoon Wedding), born in Rourkela, Odisha, India
  • Oct 15 Stacy Peralta, American film director (Dogtown and Z-Boys), born in Venice, California
  • Oct 15 Marco Cornez, Chilean soccer goalkeeper, (20 caps; FC Deportivo Palestino, Universidad Católica, Everton de Viña del Mar), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 2022)
  • Oct 17 Vincent Van Patten, Belrose NY, actor (Apple's Way, 3 for the Road)
  • Oct 17 Lawrence Bender, American film producer (Reservoir Dogs; Death Proof; Django Unchained; An Inconvenient Truth), born in The Bronx, New York City
  • Oct 17 Giuseppe Henry "Pino" Palladino, Italian-Welsh session and touring rock bassist (Paul Young; The Who; John Mayer Trio), born in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
  • Oct 18 Jon Lindstrom, Medford Ore, actor (Kevin Collins-General Hospital)
  • Oct 18 Doug Isaacson, Alaskan politician
  • Oct 19 Karl Wallinger, Welsh rocker and songwriter (The Waterboys, 1983-85; World Party - "Give It All Away"; "Ship Of Fools"), born in Prestatyn, Wales, UK
  • Oct 19 Ray Richmond, American columnist and media critic (Hollywood Reporter; Deadline Hollywood), born in Whittier, California
  • Oct 19 Doug Kirby, American travel guide writer (Roadside America), born in Holmdel, New Jersey
  • Oct 20 Chris Cowdrey, English cricket batsman and captain (6 Tests, 3 ODIs; son of Colin), born in Farnborough, London
  • Oct 20 Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer, born in Helsinki, Finland
  • Oct 21 Julian Cope [Kevin Stapleton], British pop musician (Eve's Volcano), born in Deri, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • Oct 21 Steve Lukather, American rock singer, guitarist, arranger, producer (Toto - "Africa"; Ringo's All-Starr Band, 2012-21), born in San Fernando Valley, California
  • Oct 21 Wolfgang Ketterle, German physicist, Nobel laureate

Paul Kagame

Oct 23 Paul Kagame, Rwandan leader, head of Rwandan Patriotic Front, President of Rwanda (2000-), born in Tambwe, Ruanda-Urundi

  • Oct 24 Ron Gardenhire, German-American baseball manager, born in Butzbach, Hessen, West Germany
  • Oct 24 John Kassir, American actor and comedian, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Oct 25 Robbie Macintosh, English rock session and touring guitarist (The Pretenders, 1982-87 - "Don't Get Me Wrong"; "2000 Miles"; Paul McCartney, 1988-93), born in Sutton, Surrey, England
  • Oct 26 Bob Golic, American football player, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Oct 27 Glenn Hoddle, English soccer ball player (Tottenham), born in Hayes, Middlesex, England
  • Oct 27 Jeff East, American actor (Huckleberry Finn, Superman), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Oct 28 Stephen Morris, British pop drummer (Joy Division - "Atmosphere"; New Order), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England.
  • Oct 29 Dan Castellaneta, American comedian, and Emmy Award-winning voice actor (The Simpsons -"Homer"), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 30 Aleksandr Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25), born in Moscow, Russia
  • Oct 31 Robert Pollard, American rock singer-songwriter (Guided by Voices), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Oct 31 Brian Stokes Mitchell, American Broadway singer and actor, born in Seattle, Washington

Famous Weddings

Marlon Brando

Oct 14 American "On The Waterfront" actor Marlon Brando (33) marries actress Anna Kashfi (23)

  • Oct 24 Singer Bing Cosby marries second wife actress Kathryn Grant

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 10 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, dies at 72
  • Oct 14 [Carl] Natanael Berg, Swedish composer, dies at 78
  • Oct 17 John HA Eman, founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
  • Oct 19 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, dies at 65
  • Oct 23 Frederick Burton, American actor (The Big Trail, One Way Passage), dies at 86
  • Oct 25 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), dies at 94
  • Oct 25 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), dies at 79
  • Oct 25 Maria "Mary" Beekman, actress (Modern Landhaaien), dies at 73
  • Oct 26 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), dies at 74
  • Oct 28 Anthony J Morabito, co-owner of San Francisco '49ers, dies while watching a game
  • Oct 29 Louis B. Mayer, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM), dies at 71
  • Oct 29 Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl, strangled in her apartment in an unsolved murder at 24